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Guide to Space, Planets and the Rest of the Universe

Will Aliens be Friendly or Hostile when they arrive?

We won't know if Alien will be hostile like the creatures in V who want to enslave us and use us as a food source or if they will friendly like Vulcans in star Trek until they arrive and show themselves to the general population.

The alleged U.F.O. abductions might give the impression that the aliens are hostile by kidnapping people and subjecting them to experiments including of sexual nature. One of the arguments of alien abductions is that they've come all this way, do a few experiments and then leave.

Hostile Aliens

Professor Stephen Hawkings, one of the greatest living astronomical scientists alive today said in his Discovery programme in 2010 that aliens could well be hostile based on history. Stephen cites what happened when Europeans travelled to the Americas, it didn't end too well for the natives.

If you go back further in time to the time of the Romans, they were among the most technically advanced populations at the time. The Romans were also one of the most aggressive and expansionist, conquering Europe and some parts of Africa and the Middle East.

Aggressive aliens are more likely to create technology that would enable them to cross the cosmos to us. Hopefully not but we do have to have to prepare ourselves for that eventuality. If hostile aliens were the first to arrive, Earth will not go down without a fight. Although we haven't made the push into deep space, we're not going to be a push-over.

Too late too hide

We have been pumping out radio signals from our planet for the past hundred or so years so any intelligent civilisation that is within 110 light years from Earth will know we're here. If you'd like to know how far signals from different years have reached, its highly recommended to visit LightYear.FM.

According to the site if you pull back, the earliest signals would just be reaching 49 Librae about now. If amongst those listening were hostile aliens, they could be on their way, we'd have 100 or so years (provided from 49 Librae) to prepare, that is if we haven't blown ourselves up by then. The good news is that the site does say that the signals would be hard to distinguish amongst background noise after a few light years from Earth so if the aliens are unable to filter out our signals then we're safe. It'll also probably explain why we've not heard from anyone yet because we have not filtered the noise out from all the background noise.

Alien Abductions

The galaxy has about 100 billion stars, give or take, and to choose a star to visit would be guesswork unless you had some clue as to whether its worth visiting or studying from afar. Therefore it will explain why Alien Abductions are a relatively new thing because before our radio signals, it'd be a needle in a haystack kind of search.

The first modern day alien abduction took place on September 19th, 1961 when a couple Betty and Barney Hill driving home on a rural highway near Portsmouth, Hampshire were unable to account for two hours. After investigation, they discovered the cause to be an alien abduction and from then on, reported alien abductions increased. Quartz Media

Friendly Aliens

The opposite type to hostile aliens are the friendly aliens, the ones that want to share information, be our friends etc. The friendly alien is the type that we all hope that will come.

There's few example, in fact I can't think of any where contact between two technologically different groups ended well for the lesser. Just because history doesn't provide a case for this doesn't mean it won't be the case for alien contact.

We'd also have to be careful in case aliens pretend to be our friends like the Visitors did in V but their motives were sinister in the least.

Disinterested Aliens

Aliens might know we're here but because we're not advanced enough, they might not be interested in contacting us. Its not a new thought, its one that's been used in Star Trek. In Star Trek, Vulcans only contacted humans once humans had managed faster than light speed. Contacting Earth before we're technically advanced enough would break the first.

If the reported U.F.O. - Unidentified Flying Object are really from outer space and that they've not made real conclusive contact, it would seem that they are disinterested in making contact with us. Either disinterested or a prelude to a much bigger visit.

Government Conspiracy

Conspiracy theorists alleged that aliens have already made contact with U.S. Government and are being held in Area 51 in the Nevada Desert. They believe that a U.F.O. crash landed in Roswell and that the craft was taken away to be studied. If the U.S. Government did have the craft, how comes we've not got very far in terms of technology after years of studying.

There is also a theory that the Government has made contact with aliens but are keeping details of the contact quiet as not to scare people. The Hostile alien theory would be to not alarm the populace. The friendly alien argument is to prevent other governments from gaining the knowledge.


This might disappoint you to hear that there is no conclusion as to which way the aliens go until they arrive. You need to form your own conclusion.

Comments11/30/2017 9:22:33 AM

Where are the nearest and farthest exoplanets?

The nearest Extrasolar Planet(Exoplanet) that we've so far discovered is the planet that is orbiting Proxima Centauri. Proxima is a small red dwarf star in the Centaurus constellation in the southern hemisphere. The star is not visible to the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.

The star is roughly a mere 4.1 light years away from us, an astronomical neighbour. A light year is the distance that light travels in a year which is approximately 5.9 trillion miles or 63 thousand times the distance between the Earth and the Sun. We currently don't have anything capable of travelling that distance or has been there so what we know about is guess work and calculations.

The planet is close its star and orbits very quickly, in fact, it takes about 12 days to orbit the star. We don't know if there is life on the planet but its been calculated to orbit the star within the Goldilocks Zone, the area of space which is neither too hot nor too cold for life to exist. Any images you might see of the planet including though se on this site are artists impressions and not the real thing.

The farthest exoplanet that we may have discovered so far exists in the Andromeda Galaxy. Its not even in the Milky Way, our home galaxy. The Andromeda Galaxy, located in the constellation of Andromeda is an estimated 2.537 million light years away according to Google. The only way we could ever get there is to use a wormhole or use Doctor Who's spaceship, the Tardis. The discovery was made by micro-lensing, in other words studying the light rays coming towards the Earth.

If you thought the exoplanet in Andromeda Galaxy might have made you short-changed and you was looking for something a bit closer, say in our galaxy. One of the farthest is OGLE-2014-BLG-0124L which is located near the Galactic Centre of our galaxy about 13,000 light years away. It is in the constellation of Sagittarius. Caltech

The record for the farthest exoplanet will probably be beaten and this article will be out of date one day. The nearest exoplanet will probably always be Proxima Centauri b unless we discover a Rogue Planet, that is a planet that doesn't orbit a star.

We're here because of an evolutionary fluke that kick-started complex life on this planet by the binding of two simple cells. The chances of this happening elsewhere is very large. It is quite possible that we're alone in the universe or just alone this galaxy. We've not discovered life anywhere yet so anything is possible. It might be that we should be looking at other galaxies for life, one intelligent life-form per galaxy. Daily Mail

Comments11/29/2017 7:17:22 AM

Largest Exoplanet in Relation to Star Discovered

Scientists have been finding Extrasolar Planet(Exoplanet) left, right and centre across the galaxy. Scientists have even discovered a planet in orbit round the nearest star to us, Proxima Centauri. You'd now think that nothing would catch many people's attentions. Now along comes NGTS-1b, an exoplanet named after its star.

It is a Hot and Super Jupiter. The planet orbits close to the planet and orbits in 2.6 Earth days and therefore it is quite close to its star, in fact, it is only 3% of the distance between the Earth and the Sun. The star is a red Dwarf Star, a star type that comprises of up to 70% of stars in the galaxy. The dwarf gives it away, it is a small star, much smaller and cooler than our own sun.

An artists impression of NGTS-1b

An artists impression of NGTS-1b, credit: University of Warwick, Mark Garlick.

Although exoplanets have been discovered around small stars such as Trappist-1, what makes this unique is that the exoplanet is nearly as big as the star it is orbiting. The planet is bigger than our biggest planet, Jupiter. There probably no chance of there being any form of life on the planet because it is too close to its star.

The team that discovered it was the University of Warwick in the U.K. It was discovered using the Next Generation Transit Survey (NGTS) in Chile from where it got its name from. The star is located about 600 light years away in the constellation of Columba the Dove.

Further reading : C.B.C., Fox, National Geographic

Comments11/5/2017 8:52:00 AM

Whats in the space between stars and galaxies?

The obvious answer to this is nothing, emptiness and a large void. The truth is not that simple. In the immediate vicinity of a star is its solar system. Each star will have its own solar system with its own set of planets, asteroids and possibly a kuiper belt. For purposes of this question, the solar system ends at the Heliopause, the point at which the star's solar winds meet the winds from other stars. The area between a star and the heliopause is known as the Heliosphere which our planet, Earth resides in. Other places will say the end of the of the Solar System is past the Oort Cloud which may or may not exist.

The Voyager 1 space probe broke through the Heliopause in August 2012, the exact date is debatable so it is now in Interstellar Space travelling towards Gliese 445 in the constellation of Camelopardalis. It should encounter the Oort Cloud in 300 years time. Unfortunately, it'll have stopped transmitting back to Earth by then. Hopefully, we'll have Interstellar travelling by then and overtaken it.

The space between stars will include radiation from other stars, dust, asteroids, comets and any far travelling space probes. The distance between these items will be immense. You would have to travel large distances in order to see any.

Between the stars will be rogue planets, asteroids and comets to name some. Rogue Planets for example are those that have broken free or been ejected from their solar systems. They'll also be brown dwarves, failed stars because they don't have enough mass to start nuclear reaction. These stars are dark and not very easy to spot. Dwarf Star

In addition to those above, they'll also be nebulas, supernova remnants and other deep space objects. What you won't find between stars are quasars as they are galaxies in their own right. A Quasar is an active galactic nucleus which is a supermassive black hole that spews out streams of gamma rays.

The difference in the space between stars and the space between galaxies (Intergalactic Space) is not much except you'd also have Intergalactic Rogue Stars, Rogue stars are stars that have escaped the gravity of the galaxy that it used to be a part of. It won't be just stars that are between galaxies, they'll be rogue planets, planets that no longer orbit planets. In addition to stars and planets, there will be the usual suspects again, asteroids, comets, dust etc.

Comments11/4/2017 12:33:22 PM

Battle for Azeroth

Its Blizzcon 2017 and as is customary, news of the next expansion has been revealed. The expansion is not as some had said it would be called i.e. 'Tides of Vengeance' but 'Battle for Azeroth'. Two trailers have been released, the first trailer is a cinematic showing the Alliance attacking the home of the Lady Sylvanas, the Banshee Queen, leader of the Horde. The other gives more information aout the expansion.

Cinematic video for Battle for Azeroth Expansion

Features video for Battle for Azeroth Expansion

Comments11/3/2017 8:36:22 AM

MCM London Comic Con 2017

If you're into your comics and science fiction, did you visit the MCM London Comic- Con 2017 held between the 27th and 29th of October at the Excel Centre, East London? It's a different management team to the other major Comic-Con that is held at Olympia, Kensington, West London. If you missed that one, there will be another one in London year plus there's one in Birmingham between 18-19 November.

For some, it was a time to meet their on-screen heroes, others to show off their Costumes or just buy comics or other paraphernalia. I went there to meet Anthony Lemke aka Marcus Boone to find out about Dark Matter. Awesome bloke, spoke to him for a while. The series isn't dead yet, more hibernating, the sets are in storage. The series could come back most likely for a mini-series or even a film like what they did with Firefly to tidy everything up if the powers that be can get to some sort of agreement. Fingers crossed. Look out for him as a guest star in the non-space Blindspot.

I didn't dress up unless you class wearing a NY Yankee's cap as dressing up as a Yankees fan? Also bumped into this chap....

Kylo Ren Fan

Wasn't Adam Driver but the costume was good tho. It wasn't just Star Wars people dressed up as but there were also lots of D.C. Comics character, Harlequin, Batman, Robin etc. Apart from Starlord and a few Captain Americas, I don't think I saw that many Marvel characters.

Comments10/29/2017 3:26:28 AM

Green Lantern in Justice League

It looks like that Green Lantern is joining the others in the new Justice League movie due out in November if what is being said on the internet is correct. Just which Green Lantern will be appearing is the question. Its been noted that Idris Elba who played Heimdall in the Avenger films had expressed an interest. He could quite easily play John Stewart. He would if he appeared upset a few die hard Marvel fans who hate the idea of an actor changing from one comic to the other.Gamespot

We know that Henry Carvil will be back as Superman but we we don't know exactly how. In the previous film, he was killed or seemingly killed by Doomsday, having a Justice League film without Superman wouldn't really work. Superman is bigger than all the other except probably Batman which I'd say they were equals. In the comics after Superman was killed by Doomsday, he came back with another costume, a darker one so it'll be interesting to see what he wears. I know in the picture below it does show the familiar red and blue but that could just be a distraction. The only shots we have seen of Henry in the new movie is in the memory of Lois Lane. We know from trailers that Meera, Aquawoman and wife of Aquaman will be playing a role but as to how big is unknown.

Early reviews have been saying that the new Justice League, now directed by Joss Weddon is the best yet. Lets hope so as a lot is riding on this movie. At a running time of 2hrs 50 according to Google, it'll should hopefully give us our moneys worth, if not, be a lot of disappointed people. In fact, it needs to be a long film to cope with so many characters, not just those but also Diana Prince - Wonder Woman and Cyborg.Express

Justice League

Comments10/28/2017 4:07:08 AM

Star Wars - The Last Jedi Second Trailer

Contains Spoilers if you haven't and don't plan to watch any trailers before the film comes out. The second trailer for the Star Wars VIII - The Last Jedi trailer has been released. In a word, Awesome. Hopefully, the film will build on and improve on the previous episode which to some including myself looked like a remake of the first film Star Wars IV - A New Hope. For example, both heroes in both films are orphans from desert planets. People jokingly refer to it as The First Order Strikes Back in reference to the second film Star Wars V - The Empire Strikes Back with good reason as in both films, the orphan heroes are undergoing training by a Jedi Master, this time its Luke Skywalker.

We also see Snoke a little more clearer rather than just a hologram as he was in the previous film. Who we don't see are the new characters, DJ and Rose Tico for example. We see Finn back in First Order outfit which we believe is because he's undercover as an Imperial Officer rather than as a standard Stormtrooper. Although we don't see Captain Phasma with her mask off in the clip, its rumoured we will in the final film.

Rumours are of Rey may turn to the dark side given that she's asking for help with the Force and Kylo Ren is hold out his hand for her. Fingers crossed its a corker of a movie.

The Last Jedi 2nd Trailer

Comments10/10/2017 7:52:19 AM

Cassini Mission at an End

The Cassini-Huygens mission has come to an end after 20 years. The Cassini spacecraft was directed to crash into Saturn, the giant ringed gas planet that is sixth on order from the Sun. The probe had been ordered to crash into Saturn to prevent it from crashing into one of the moons and possibly contaminating it with any virus that may have hitch-hiked onto it.

The mission had been a collaborative effort between National Aeronautics and Space Administration (N.A.S.A.) of the United States, the European Space Agency and the Italian space agency. The project cost about $4 Billion (£3 Billion) pounds and helped with our understanding of the giant planet.

It had been launched by N.A.S.A. at Cape Canaveral in Florida, 1997. During the journey, it spent six months studying Jupiter before heading onto Saturn before eventually reaching the ringed planet in 2004.

The craft had two parts, the Cassini part which examined the planet and moons and Huygens which was released into the atmosphere of Titan to study the atmosphere. Titan along with Enceladus are two moons that show promise as to supporting life. Future Jupiter missions will delve further into the atmospheres of these moons. Titan stands out from all other moons in the solar system including our own because it is the only one with a thick atmosphere.

Top 10 Cassini and Huygens Discoveries and Events

For more information and details about the above events, visit N.A.S.A. JPL

Comments9/16/2017 11:22:29 AM

Dark Matter comes to an End

The Canadian sci-fi series Dark Matter will not be renewed for a fourth series and has been cancelled. The show followed a group of amnesiac criminals plus an orphan as they traverse the galaxy to survive. It had been running for the past three years. The cancellation had been due to falling viewer numbers I presume. The press release was released on Joseph Mallozzi, producer and artist's Official Blog.

The group was led by Portia Lin, who it turned out to be a synthetic female, not created in the same way as you me. In the last episodes, it was discovered that she had a child but we don't get to see them be reunited. Portia was played by Melissa O'Neil who won the Canadian Idol in 2005 and slimmed down and got fit since that time.

The series also starred Antony Lemke and Roger Cross, both not new to science fiction, both had starred in Andromeda albeit in different episodes and not together. Zoie Palmer played the role of Android, the female artificial robot, Zoie played her character like a robot and not as a real person unlike for example Rommie was too human.

Alex Mollari Jr, played the role of Ryo Tetsuda, an Emperor of Zairon who was unseated by his mother-in-law and having his brother put in place instead. Ryo would manage to regain his crown at the end of the second series, only to loose it again in an uprising at the end of the third series.

The girl with the green hair, Emily Kolburn was an orphan but we learnt in the last ever episode who her mother was and it was a surprise. We also learnt and briefly through a memory of her sister but we never met her in the storyline.

The man to the left of Emily was Derrick Moss who had come onboard the Raza in the hope of finding a murderer. Derrick was killed at the beginning of the second series and made a few guest appearances throughout the series.

The series also featured guest appearances from two actors who appeared in Stargate Atlantis, an offshoot series of the main one. The only thing that the series didn't have was Aliens, however this was being rectified if you can say that at the end of the third series but we didn't get to see much of them. The aliens were able to control the minds of other people. At the very end, we see a massive seemingly alien spaceship coming through a wormhole.

The science fiction show could still have a reprieve but at the moment, the series has been officially cancelled by Space T.V. in Canada. Another network could pick it up and run with it but we'll have to see. Its not the first time a series has been taken over by another network when one has dropped out. Although not science fiction but the first such series to spring to mind is Ripper Street. Ripper Street was first produced by B.B.C. but when the BBC didn't want anymore to do with it, Amazon Prime took over the show and produced a few more in conjunction with B.B.C. who would later show it on terrestrial television. Fingers crossed.

Group picture of the characters from the Dark Matter series

Comments9/2/2017 10:46:16 AM
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