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1994 XM1 Asteroid

1994 XM1 is an asteroid, a large rock that orbits the Sun mainly between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. They tend to be an irregular shaped but Ceres asteroid is known to be spherical in shape but because it doesn't clear its path round the Sun, it is only a dwarf planet. A close approach will occur on 1994 Dec 09 when it will get to within 0.0007 A.U. Its orbit takes 2.98 years to travel round the Sun.

The absolute magnitude of the object is 28.2 which is the brightness of the object. A higher absolute magnitude means that the object is faint whereas a very low number means it is very bright.

The Semi-Major Axis of the orbit is 2.068, which is the furthest point from the centre to the edge of an elliptical point.

The orbital inclination, the angle at which 1994 XM1 orbits in relation to the orbital plane is 4.6 degrees. The orbital eccentricity is 0.568, it is the degree at which 1994 XM1 orbits close to a circular (0) orbit as opposed to an elliptical (1) orbit.

asteroid XM1 reached a minimum distance of 112000 km from Earth on 7th August 1994. Although it might be small, it would unleash as much damage as four hydrogen bombs, the sort that destroyed Hiroshima during the Second World War had it hit the planet. 1

Path of 1994 XM1 Orbit

If the white lines are above, then the path of the object is under the ecliptic. If the white lines are below, the path is above the ecliptic. This refers to the Inclination of the object. The image was created using N.A.S.A. Solar System Dynamics.

Path of 1994 XM1 Orbit

1994 XM1 Facts

Asteroid TypeApollo
Date of Closest Approach1994 Dec 09
Distance on Closest Approach0.0007 A.U.
Orbital Period2.98
Absolute Magnitude28.2
Semi-Major Axis2.068
Orbital Inclination4.6
Orbital Eccentricity0.568

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