Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second nearest planet to the Earth. The nearest planet to Earth is Venus. Venus doesn't have any moons and its toxic atmosphere doesn't inspire much in the way of research compared to the other planets.
Mars has two irregular shaped moons orbiting it. Whilst most moons in the solar system are spherical in nature, the moons orbiting Venus are irregularly shaped. It was once believed that the moons may have been captured asteroids that flew too close to Mars and were captured by gravity.
The moons were first discovered by Asaph Hall, an American astronomer in August 1877. He had set about searching for a moon in orbit round Mars and eventually found one. It was six days later that he would find the other. Although Mars can be spotted without a telescope, the moons cannot be spotted without a visual aid such as binoculars or telescope. N.A.S.A.
The actual answer to the question is 2, they are called Deimos and Phobos. Their names have a Greek mythology to them. Instead of being named after Roman deities, they are named after Greek mythological characters. They are named after the sons of Ares, the Greek equivalent of Mars, the Roman God of Wars. Their names mean Fear/Panic (Phobos) and Flight/to run from after defeat (Deimos)
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