Ara (Pronounciation:Are-ah, Abbrev:Ara, Latin:Arae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Ara takes up 237.057 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.57% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Altar . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.
Ara is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Ara is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.
The brightest star in Ara is Beta Arae. There are 6 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. The current largest star so far identified in the constellation of Ara is Westerlund 1-26.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Ara is 964. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 43. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 8.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is HIP 82724 which is roughly about 12.06 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HIP 85523 which is about 14.81 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 86894 which is located about 108721 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Ara with the naked eye is V862 Arae. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
Ara represents the Centaur Chiron, usually described as upside down. For more on Chiron, have a look at Centaur .There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Largest Star||Westerlund 1-26|
|Brightest Star||Beta Arae|
|Area||237.057 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.57%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||6|
|Meteor Shower Count||0|
|Nearest Star||HIP 82724|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HIP 85523|
|Dimmest Star||V862 Arae|
|Furthest Star||HIP 86894|
|Bright Star Count||43|
|Hipparcos Star Count||964|
|Main Star Count||8|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Scorpius|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Exoplanet Count||Declination||Right Ascension|
|HD 152079||271.80||1||-46d 19` 57.8||16h 53m 29.83|
|HD 154672||211.25||1||-56d 26` 56.3||17h 10m 04.88|
|HD 154857||209.48||2||-56d 40` 50.4||17h 11m 15.63|
|HD 156411||178.72||1||-48d 32` 55.7||17h 19m 51.43|
|HIP 85523||14.81||1||-46d 53` 35.0||17h 28m 39.46|
As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Declination||Right Ascension|
|41 G. Arae||28.71||-46d 38` 11.4||17h 19m 02.95|
|Beta Arae||645.87||-55d 31` 47.4||17h 25m 18.00|
|Cervantes||50.59||-51d 50` 00.9||17h 44m 08.72|
|Choo||267.35||-49d 52` 33.5||17h 31m 50.52|
|Delta Arae||197.91||-60d 41` 01.0||17h 31m 05.98|
|Epsilon1 Arae||360.80||-53d 09` 37.8||16h 59m 35.05|
|Epsilon2 Arae||88.80||-53d 14` 11.9||17h 03m 08.71|
|Eta Arae||299.23||-59d 02` 28.7||16h 49m 47.11|
|Gamma Arae||1113.19||-56d 22` 39.7||17h 25m 23.66|
|HR 6384||1538.51||-56d 53` 18.6||17h 14m 13.40|
|Iota Arae||934.57||-47d 28` 05.4||17h 23m 16.08|
|Kappa Arae||455.54||-50d 38` 00.7||17h 26m 00.03|
|Lambda Arae||69.96||-49d 24` 54.6||17h 40m 23.73|
|Nu2 Arae||508.84||-53d 07` 49.0||17h 51m 11.03|
|Pi Arae||145.35||-54d 30` 00.3||17h 38m 05.57|
|R Arae||404.67||-56d 59` 39.8||16h 39m 44.74|
|Rho1 Arae||644.59||-50d 40` 29.2||16h 56m 08.85|
|Rho2 Arae||519.37||-50d 38` 27.9||16h 58m 17.95|
|Sigma Arae||378.38||-46d 30` 20.1||17h 35m 39.61|
|Theta Arae||813.37||-50d 05` 29.2||18h 06m 37.88|
|V535 Arae||381.48||-56d 49` 16.9||17h 38m 05.63|
|V539 Arae||988.37||-53d 36` 44.6||17h 50m 28.39|
|V626 Arae||1203.55||-50d 30` 38.4||17h 42m 03.62|
|V828 Arae||1405.88||-58d 57` 29.6||17h 01m 47.39|
|V854 Arae||1113.19||-48d 52` 24.2||17h 11m 38.67|
|V862 Arae||1832.38||-56d 55` 15.4||17h 31m 23.28|
|V872 Arae||161.15||-51d 28` 42.9||16h 40m 44.39|
|Westerlund 1-26||-45d 50' 36.76||16h 47m 05.40|
|Zeta Arae||486.09||-55d 59` 24.2||16h 58m 37.23|
|K||Light Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k||221|
|G||Yellow 5,200 - 6,000k||208|
|F||Yellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k||189|
|B||Blue-White 10,500 - 30,000k||147|
|A||White 7,500 - 10,000k||104|
|M||Red Dwarf Star <3,700k||45|
|O||Blue Star >33,000k||5|
|Ib||Less Luminous Supergiant||14|
|Iab||Intermediate Luminous Supergiant||7|
|VI||VI Type Sub-Dwarf Star||1|
|C||C-Type Carbon Star||2|