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Auriga Constellation

Auriga (Pronounciation:Or-rye-ga, Abbrev:Aur, Latin:Aurigae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Auriga takes up 657.438 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 1.59% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Charioteer . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.

Auriga is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Auriga is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Auriga is Capella. There are 4 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. The current largest star so far identified in the constellation of Auriga is Haldus.

Auriga Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Auriga is 1951. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 77. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 6.

There are 3 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is HIP 34603 which is roughly about 20.53 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 40979 which is about 108 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is Chi Aurigae which is located about 326163 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Auriga with the naked eye is AE Aurigae. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

Legend of the constellation

The Romans referred to it as Erichthonius, son of Minerva and Vulcan. The Greeks equivalence of the parents were Athena and Hephaestus. The son invented the four-horse chariot.

Meteor Showers

There are 25 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.

NameActivityPeak ActivityClosest Star
Zeta Aurigids11-Dec - 21 Jan31-JanHaedus
Alpha AurigidsAug 25-Sept 6Sept. 1/2Capella
Delta AurigidsSep 18 - Oct 10 Sep 29Delta Aurigae
November Iota Aurigids1 Nov- 23 Nov15-NovKabdhilinan

Auriga Facts


NameAuriga
AbbreviationAur
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Largest StarHaldus
Brightest StarCapella
Area657.438 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky1.59%
Size Position21st
Hemisphere Northern
Site Exoplanet Count4
Meteor Shower Count25
Nearest StarHIP 34603
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 40979
Dimmest StarAE Aurigae
Furthest StarChi Aurigae
Bright Star Count77
Hipparcos Star Count1951
Main Star Count6
Messier Deep Space Object Count3
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsCamelopardalis
Perseus
Taurus
Gemini
Lynx

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.


Auriga Constellation Map


Auriga Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Auriga


StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
HD 40979108.001+44d 15` 38.906h 04m 29.87
HD 43691262.191+41d 05` 32.806h 19m 34.66
HD 45350159.421+38d 57` 47.106h 28m 45.74
HD 49674144.261+40d 52` 05.006h 51m 30.49

List of Named Stars in Auriga without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
1 Aurigae503.34+37d 29` 17.504h 49m 54.67
14 Aurigae285.61+32d 41` 15.305h 15m 24.41
16 Aurigae232.31+33d 22` 19.205h 18m 10.55
18 Aurigae223.71+33d 59` 07.605h 19m 23.72
19 Aurigae2077.47+33d 57` 29.005h 20m 00.92
2 Aurigae601.78+36d 42` 11.504h 52m 38.00
22 Aurigae530.35+28d 56` 12.605h 23m 22.86
25 Camelopardalis709.05+54d 51` 53.505h 43m 58.60
26 Aurigae566.26+30d 29` 32.805h 38m 38.10
33 Camelopardalis734.60+55d 39` 24.105h 57m 40.57
34 Camelopardalis330.46+55d 19` 15.905h 59m 45.83
35 Camelopardalis440.17+51d 34` 24.606h 04m 29.11
36 Aurigae1156.61+47d 54` 07.106h 00m 58.56
38 Aurigae212.76+42d 54` 42.806h 03m 17.87
39 Aurigae162.19+42d 58` 55.106h 05m 03.42
40 Aurigae340.82+38d 28` 58.006h 06m 35.09
41 Aurigae334.18+48d 42` 40.006h 11m 36.58
42 Aurigae232.14+46d 25` 26.106h 17m 34.68
43 Aurigae395.35+46d 21` 38.706h 18m 16.86
45 Aurigae193.11+53d 27` 08.606h 21m 46.11
47 Aurigae610.79+46d 41` 07.906h 30m 02.98
49 Aurigae369.80+28d 01` 20.406h 35m 12.06
5 Aurigae194.84+39d 23` 40.905h 00m 18.35
51 Aurigae488.27+39d 23` 28.006h 38m 39.55
53 Aurigae346.61+28d 59` 03.806h 38m 23.02
54 Aurigae842.80+28d 15` 47.406h 39m 33.12
59 Aurigae491.21+38d 52` 08.906h 53m 01.41
6 Aurigae1098.19+39d 39` 16.805h 00m 23.21
60 Aurigae226.82+38d 26` 18.406h 53m 13.37
62 Aurigae836.32+38d 03` 09.406h 59m 02.88
63 Aurigae485.36+39d 19` 14.007h 11m 39.29
64 Aurigae278.06+40d 53` 00.107h 18m 02.22
65 Aurigae236.01+36d 45` 38.307h 22m 02.69
66 Aurigae1208.01+40d 40` 20.807h 24m 08.47
9 Aurigae85.74+51d 35` 53.305h 06m 40.66
AB Aurigae454.27+30d 33` 04.504h 55m 45.84
AE Aurigae1874.50+34d 18` 44.005h 16m 18.15
AR Aurigae398.25+33d 46` 02.705h 18m 18.89
Capella42.80+45d 59` 56.505h 16m 41.30
Capella Ab05h 16m 41.30
Chi Aurigae326163.34+32d 11` 31.305h 32m 43.67
Delta Aurigae126.03+54d 17` 05.905h 59m 31.55
EO Aurigae1538.51+36d 37` 55.405h 18m 21.07
Haedus785.94+41d 04` 33.205h 02m 28.68
Haldus2131.79+43d 49` 23.905h 01m 58.13
Hoedus II243.41+41d 14` 04.705h 06m 30.87
IQ Aurigae413.39+33d 44` 54.505h 19m 00.02
IU Aurigae716.84+34d 46` 58.305h 27m 52.40
Kabdhilinan493.44+33d 09` 58.104h 56m 59.62
Kappa Aurigae176.97+29d 29` 55.406h 15m 22.74
Lambda Aurigae41.20+40d 06` 02.405h 19m 08.08
LY Aurigae994.40+35d 22` 30.105h 29m 42.65
Mahasim165.57+37d 12` 46.005h 59m 43.24
Menkalinan81.11+44d 56` 50.805h 59m 31.77
Mu Aurigae152.98+38d 29` 04.805h 13m 25.73
MZ Aurigae1575.67+36d 37` 56.105h 20m 33.04
NO Aurigae1941.45+31d 55` 14.205h 40m 42.05
Nu Aurigae230.34+39d 08` 54.505h 51m 29.39
Omega Aurigae170.50+37d 53` 25.704h 59m 15.38
Omicron Aurigae413.39+49d 49` 34.605h 45m 54.05
Phi Aurigae453.00+34d 28` 33.605h 27m 38.89
Pi Aurigae751.53+45d 56` 12.305h 59m 56.10
Psi1 Aurigae3977.60+49d 17` 16.406h 24m 53.90
Psi2 Aurigae416.02+42d 29` 20.406h 39m 19.83
Psi3 Aurigae1370.43+39d 54` 09.306h 38m 49.19
Psi4 Aurigae323.57+44d 31` 28.306h 43m 05.01
Psi5 Aurigae54.52+43d 34` 37.306h 46m 44.34
Psi6 Aurigae360.40+48d 47` 22.106h 47m 39.58
Psi7 Aurigae378.82+41d 46` 53.606h 50m 45.96
Psi8 Aurigae748.08+38d 30` 18.306h 53m 57.07
Psi9 Aurigae1259.32+46d 16` 26.406h 56m 32.06
PU Aurigae563.32+42d 47` 31.905h 18m 15.68
Rho Aurigae529.49+41d 48` 16.805h 21m 48.41
RT Aurigae+30d 29` 35.106h 28m 34.09
Sigma Aurigae467.28+37d 23` 07.405h 24m 39.14
SU Aurigae476.15+30d 34` 01.704h 55m 59.38
Tau Aurigae206.83+39d 10` 52.105h 49m 10.46
Upsilon Aurigae522.70+37d 18` 20.505h 51m 02.41
UU Aurigae8583.25+38d 26` 44.006h 36m 32.84
V352 Aurigae1012.93+43d 54` 36.206h 55m 14.66
V403 Aurigae527.77+49d 01` 46.905h 57m 04.64
V420 Aurigae+37d 40` 33.705h 22m 35.23
V423 Aurigae1331.28+35d 42` 32.305h 23m 10.07
V433 Aurigae1058.97+29d 12` 54.805h 39m 18.31
V440 Aurigae599.56+32d 07` 28.905h 51m 25.74
V538 Aurigae40.04+53d 28` 56.405h 41m 20.33
WASP-1212d 40` 2006h 30m 33
WW Aurigae262.82+32d 27` 17.806h 32m 27.20
Xi Aurigae238.25 +55d 42` 24.905h 54m 50.79



Objects of Interest (Galaxies, Nebulas, Supernovas, etc) in Auriga


NameTypeDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
M36 Open ClusterOpen Cluster4.1+34:0805h 36m 1
M37 Open ClusterOpen Cluster4511+32:3305h 52m 4
M38 Open ClusterOpen Cluster4.2+35:5005h 28m 4

Auriga Constellation's Star Breakdown


Type Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k465
KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k416
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k394
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k300
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k226
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k62
OBlue Star >33,000k9

Size Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
VMain Sequence142
IIINormal Giant100
IVSubgiant32
IIBright Giant24
IbLess Luminous Supergiant14
IabIntermediate Luminous Supergiant4
IaLuminous Supergiant1
DDwarf Star1

Breakdown of Dwarf Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
VIVI Type Sub-Dwarf Star1
VIIVII Dwarf Star1

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
CC-Type Carbon Star6
NN-Type Carbon Star4
RR-Type Carbon Star3


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Deborah RaineyFriday, 13th May 2016 1:53:18 PM
Curious as to WHY "Auriga RA 6h 10m 27s 051 33'" is noted as missing? thank you.