Caelum (Pronounciation:Cee-lum, Abbrev:Cae, Latin:Caeli) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Caelum takes up 124.865 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.3% of the night sky. Caelum is the 81st largest in terms of size in the night sky.
The constellation name means The Chisel . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.
There are 4 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 342 stars. There are 7 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.
Caelum is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Caelum is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.
You can't just go to one location and arrive at the constellation because the constellation is made up of stars at different locations and different distances. The nearest main star in the constellation is at a distance of 65.77 light years and the furthest main star is a distance of 704.46 light years. The average distance to the main stars is 261.26 light years.
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
The nearest star to Earth is HIP 22451 which is roughly about 57.88 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HIP 21934 which is about 113.37 Light Years.
The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 23249 and it is 12080.12 light years away from the Sun.
The brightest star in Caelum is Alpha Caeli and is located about 161.74 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 4.44 but an absolute magnitude of 2.92 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is recognised as being the brightest in the constellation as it has the Bayer status of Alpha.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Caelum with the naked eye is HD 32515. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.92. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.
There is no Greek Mythological Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts. It is a very faint constellation so the Ancients wouldn't seen fit to put anything there.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Brightest Star||Alpha Caeli|
|Area||124.865 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.3%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||3|
|Meteor Shower Count||0|
|Nearest Star||HIP 22451|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HIP 21934|
|Brightest Star||Alpha Caeli|
|Dimmest Star||HD 32515|
|Furthest Star||HIP 23249|
|Bright Star Count||7|
|Hipparcos Star Count||342|
|Main Star Count||4|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Eridanus|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
|NGC 1558||Galaxy||-45 01 53.36||04 20 16m 179|
|NGC 1567||Spiral Galaxy||-48 15 16.919880506||04 21 08m 7582856163|
|NGC 1570||Spiral Galaxy||-43 37 46.37||04 22 08m 948|
|NGC 1571||Galaxy||-43 37 46.37||04 22 08m 948|
|NGC 1572||Barred Spiral Galaxy||-40 36 03.50||04 22 42m 814|
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