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Caelum Constellation

Caelum (Pronounciation:Cee-lum, Abbrev:Cae, Latin:Caeli) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Caelum takes up 124.865 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.3% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Chisel . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.

Caelum is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Caelum is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Caelum is Alpha Caeli. There are 1 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

Caelum Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Caelum is 342. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 7. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 4.

There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is HIP 22451 which is roughly about 57.88 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HIP 21934 which is about 113.37 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 23249 which is located about 12080.1 Light Years away from the Sun.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Caelum with the naked eye is HD 32515. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.92. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.

There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.

Caelum Facts


NameCaelum
AbbreviationCae
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarAlpha Caeli
Area124.865 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky0.3%
Size Position81st
Hemisphere Southern
Site Exoplanet Count1
Meteor Shower Count0
Nearest StarHIP 22451
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HIP 21934
Dimmest StarHD 32515
Furthest StarHIP 23249
Bright Star Count7
Hipparcos Star Count342
Main Star Count4
Messier Deep Space Object Count0
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsEridanus
Horologium
Dorado
Pictor
Columba
Lepus

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.


Caelum Constellation Map


Caelum Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Caelum


StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
HIP 21934113.371-44d 11` 43.004h 42m 56.55

List of Named Stars in Caelum without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
Alpha Caeli65.77-41d 51` 48.904h 40m 33.82
Beta Caeli93.51-37d 08` 41.204h 42m 03.45
Delta Caeli704.46-44d 57` 13.504h 30m 50.10
Gamma Caeli181.30-35d 28` 58.305h 04m 24.31
Lambda Caeli739.60-41d 03` 53.304h 43m 44.26
Nu Caeli171.39-41d 19` 15.604h 50m 16.18
RV Caeli1190.38-41d 57` 35.404h 28m 09.48
X Caeli320.71-35d 42` 18.705h 04m 26.14
Zeta Caeli429.73-30d 01` 14.204h 47m 49.56

Caelum Constellation's Star Breakdown


Type Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k128
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k87
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k67
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k37
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k13
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k4

Size Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
VMain Sequence149
IIINormal Giant137
IVSubgiant27
IIBright Giant3

Breakdown of Dwarf Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
VIVI Type Sub-Dwarf Star1

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
CC-Type Carbon Star1


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