Camelopardalis (Pronounciation:Camel-o-pard-alis, Abbrev:Cam, Latin:Camelopardalis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Camelopardalis takes up 756.828 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 1.83% of the night sky. Camelopardalis is the 18th largest in terms of size in the night sky.
The constellation name means The Giraffe . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Jakob Bartsch years later.
There are 6 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 2095 stars. There are 75 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.
Camelopardalis is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Camelopardalis is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are 1 non-Messier deep space objects that are covered on this site and the list is below.
The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.
You can't just go to one location and arrive at the constellation because the constellation is made up of stars at different locations and different distances. The nearest main star in the constellation is at a distance of 174.98 light years and the furthest main star is a distance of 6,272.37 light years. The average distance to the main stars is 1,372.32 light years.
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
The nearest star to Earth is HIP 57544 which is roughly about 17.45 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 33564 which is about 68.12 Light Years.
The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 21201 and it is 326163.3 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The brightest star in Camelopardalis is Beta Camelopardalis and is located about 12.20 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 4.03 but an absolute magnitude of -3.11 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is only recognised as being Beta Camelopardalis rather than having Alpha status.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Camelopardalis with the naked eye is HIP 23766. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 6. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.
Camelopardalis is clearly visible for the whole of the year in the northern hemisphere albeit depending on how far north/south. Unlike some constellation that move across the sky, this constellation just spins on a central axis.
Sadly, the Camelopardalis is not visible from a large part of the southern hemisphere. You would not be able to see it from Sydney. It can just be viewable from Darwin and anywhere north of that location. Its visible from November to February if you are lucky enough to be in a position to see it.
This constellation was created by Petrus Plancius to fill a void in the skies. Therefore there is no ancient mythological legend behind this constellation. It has been mistaken for meaning Camel on the grounds that the name starts with Camel. It was included in a star atlas by Jakob Bartsch who described it as being the animal that Rebecca rode to see Isaac in the Bible. SeaSky
There are 7 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The list below are major ones and which I have a date period for.
|Name||Activity||Peak Activity||Closest Star|
|Camelopardalids||May 23 - May 24||May 24|
The following list contains the stars that make up the constellation. For a larger list of stars in the entire constellation area, please visit the For a list of named stars, that is stars that don't start HD or HIP, please visit Camelopardalis Star List page.
|Name||Bayer||Distance (Lt.Yr.)||Right Ascension||Declination||Spectral Type||Colour|
|Alpha Camelopardalis||Alpha Camelopardalis||6272.37||04h 54m 03.01||+66d 20` 33.6||O9.5Ia SB:||Blue|
|Beta Camelopardalis||Beta Camelopardalis||872.09||05h 03m 25.10||+60d 26` 32.2||G0Ib||Yellow|
|Gamma Camelopardalis||Gamma Camelopardalis||358.82||03h 50m 21.48||+71d 19` 56.5||A2IVn||White|
|HD 42818||174.98||06h 18m 50.78||+69d 19` 12.1||A0Vn||White|
|M Camelopardalis||183.75||07h 00m 03.85||+76d 58` 38.8||K4III||Orange|
|7 Camelopardalis||371.91||04h 57m 17.22||+53d 45` 07.5||A1V||White|
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Brightest Star||Beta Camelopardalis|
|Area||756.828 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||1.83%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||8|
|Meteor Shower Count||7|
|Nearest Star||HIP 57544|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 33564|
|Brightest Star||Beta Camelopardalis|
|Dimmest Star||HIP 23766|
|Furthest Star||HIP 21201|
|Bright Star Count||75|
|Hipparcos Star Count||2095|
|Main Star Count||6|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Ursa Minor|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
|Caldwell 7||Intermediate Spiral Galaxy||8 MLy||65:36:09||7h 36h 51m 4|
|NGC 1569||Dwarf Irregular Galaxy||10.96||64:50.53||4h 30m 49|
|NGC 2655||Lenticular Galaxy||80 Million Ly||78 13 23.43||8 55 40m 08|
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