Cancer (Pronounciation:Can-sir, Abbrev:Cnc, Latin:Cancri) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Cancer takes up 505.872 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 1.23% of the night sky. Cancer is the 31st largest in terms of size in the night sky.
The constellation name means The Crab . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.
There are 5 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 1186 stars. There are 48 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.
Cancer is a member constellation of the Zodiac grouping, a group of 12 star signs that astrologers use to predict someones future based on their date of birth and which constellation appeared when the Sun set. The Zodiac year may be divided up equally between the twelve signs but when they appear in the night sky no longer conforms to the Zodiac calendar. Cancer is an equatorial constellation that can be seen by countries nearest the Equator.
The distance to Cancer is not calculable because all the stars that make up the constellation are at various distances. The best answer for distance to Cancer is to calculate the average distance of the stars.
There are 30 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Cancer. For a list of named stars, that is stars that don't start HD or HIP, please visit Cancer Star List Page.
There are 2 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 44539 and it is 163081.7 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The brightest star in Cancer is Altarf and is located about 35.06 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 3.53 but an absolute magnitude of -1.31 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is only recognised as being Beta Cancri rather than having Alpha status.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Cancer with the naked eye is 5 Cancri. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.
Up until the mid-2010, the star was known as 55 Cancri but because of its significance, I.A.U. elected to rename it in a competition. It significance is that Copernicus has a large than usual number of exoplanets in orbit round it. It has five planets in orbit round the star so far known as at April 2018.
Cancer was a crab in Ancient Greek mythology that Hera sent to make things harder for Hercules . It had little effect on the warrior as Hercules fought Hydra for the second labour. Hercules was the Illegitimate son of Zeus and a mortal. Hera, wife of Zeus was determined to exact revenge for her husband being unfaithful.
The only connection between Cancer the constellation and Cancer the disease is that they share the same name. You're not at a higher risk of getting the disease if you are born under the constellation of Cancer. Getting Cancer is down to other factors including but not limited to genes, lifestyle including smoking, eating and drinking.
If you are worried, talk to a doctor as I'm no medical professional. The reason why the disease is so called is because in the Ancient Greece, it was noted by Hippocrates and Galen amongst others that the veins round a tumour look like crabs. StackExchange
There are 18 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The list below are major ones and which I have a date period for.
|Name||Activity||Peak Activity||Closest Star|
|Delta Cancrids||14-Dec - 14 Fen||17-Jan||Asellus Australis|
|Tau Cancrids||Oct 9-25||Oct 17||Tau Cancri|
|Is a Zodiac Sign||Yes|
|Area||505.872 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||1.23%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||30|
|Meteor Shower Count||18|
|Nearest Star||CU Cancri|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||Copernicus|
|Dimmest Star||5 Cancri|
|Furthest Star||HIP 44539|
|Bright Star Count||48|
|Hipparcos Star Count||1186|
|Main Star Count||5|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||2|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Lynx|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
|Messier 67 - King Cobra Cluster||Open Cluster||2.61-2.93 kly||+11:49||08h 50m 4|
|Praesepe, the Beehive Cluster (M44, NGC2632)||Open Cluster||5770||+19:59||08h 40m 1|