Universe Guide

Home / Facts / Constellations

Centaurus Constellation

Centaurus (Pronounciation:Cen-tore-us, Abbrev:Cen, Latin:Centauri) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Centaurus takes up 1060.422 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 2.57% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Centaur . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.

Centaurus is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere. The brightest star in Centaurus is Rigil Kentaurus. There are 14 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) detailed on this site.

Legend of the Constellation

Centaurs were half horse - half man creatures of Grecian Legend. The most famous is Sagittarius . Hercules encountered Centaurs during his fourth labour as he went to Capture the Erymanthian Boar. The constellation refers to Pholus, a friend of Hercules who provided him with food and help.

Items of Interest

The constellation contains the three closest stars to the Earth. The closest is a red dwarf star that goes by the name Proxima Centauri, a small red dwarf star. Its interest has increased recently because it was found to have a planet orbiting. A little further away are the twin stars Alpha Centauri A and B also known as Rigil Kentaurus. Proxima Centauri is a little too dim to be seen by the naked eye but Alpha A and B are possible.

Meteor Showers

There are 4 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.

NameActivityPeak ActivityClosest Star
Alpha CentauridsJan 28 - Feb 21 Feb 07Rigil Kentaurus
Beta Centaurids2-Feb - 25 FebFeb 8/9Hadar
Omicron CentauridsJan 31 - Feb 19Feb 11Omicron Centauri
Theta CentauridsFeb 12 - Feb 16Feb 14Menkent

Centaurus Facts


NameCentaurus
AbbreviationCen
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarRigil Kentaurus
Area1060.422 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky2.57%
Size Position9th
Hemisphere Southern
Site Exoplanet Count14
Meteor Shower Count4
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsHydra
Antlia
Vela
Carina
Musca
Crux
Circinus
Lupus

Centaurus Constellation Map


Centaurus Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.


List of Named Stars in Centaurus

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
1 Centauri63.28-33d 02` 36.113h 45m 41.57
10 G. Cen849.38-49d 44` 10.011h 12m 56.74
100 G. Cen171.48-51d 21` 33.012h 11m 31.67
102 G. Cen1424.29-38d 55` 45.012h 13m 25.06
104 G. Cen401.68-41d 54` 46.212h 15m 30.71
106 G. Cen489.73-36d 05` 38.312h 17m 47.29
11 G. Cen628.45-44d 22` 20.011h 13m 14.69
112 G. Cen371.91-39d 18` 08.512h 23m 36.76
114 G. Cen335.21-38d 54` 40.912h 23m 44.79
116 G. Cen620.08-41d 23` 02.812h 24m 44.77
120 G. Cen86.79-48d 54` 46.812h 26m 48.71
126 G. Cen212.48-49d 54` 34.912h 33m 59.26
127 G. Cen92.37-44d 40` 21.112h 34m 42.46
128 G. Cen115.87-41d 01` 19.012h 35m 45.61
129 G. Cen237.38-39d 52` 10.012h 36m 01.07
13 G. Cen424.14-53d 13` 54.911h 13m 39.41
130 G. Cen332.82-50d 20` 07.312h 36m 46.65
133 G. Cen906.01-46d 08` 44.612h 41m 23.04
137 G. Cen223.86-40d 10` 40.112h 43m 26.24
138 G. Cen791.66-36d 20` 56.912h 43m 58.66
140 G. Cen355.30-33d 18` 55.512h 46m 46.22
141 G. Cen611.94-48d 27` 34.412h 50m 19.53
142 G. Cen332.14-52d 47` 14.612h 50m 57.90
144 G. Cen523.54-48d 05` 39.512h 52m 05.47
145 G. Cen465.95-39d 40` 49.412h 51m 56.95
147 G. Cen1792.11-53d 49` 47.712h 52m 24.61
148 G. Cen413.39-54d 57` 08.912h 53m 04.26
15 G. Cen797.47-43d 44` 01.311h 14m 54.13
151 G. Cen130.78-44d 09` 05.112h 54m 58.71
152 G. Cen661.59-42d 54` 56.512h 55m 19.46
155 G. Cen386.45-54d 35` 14.312h 56m 58.26
162 G. Cen135.45-33d 30` 18.313h 00m 32.71
168 G. Cen329.46-47d 07` 00.613h 05m 06.70
172 G. Cen344.42-41d 35` 18.313h 06m 35.05
174 G. Cen554.70-59d 51` 37.813h 07m 24.31
176 G. Cen250.51-35d 51` 42.613h 06m 54.23
177 G. Cen326.49-53d 27` 35.013h 07m 38.32
180 G. Cen6040.06-63d 18` 10.713h 11m 53.07
181 G. Cen276.88-42d 13` 58.213h 11m 08.94
182 G. Cen222.33-43d 22` 06.613h 11m 23.31
185 G. Centauri67.42-37d 48` 11.313h 12m 03.47
186 G. Cen137.51-59d 48` 58.813h 12m 55.71
187 G. Cen575.24-42d 41` 59.013h 12m 50.86
189 G. Cen366.06-50d 41` 59.213h 13m 23.38
19 G. Cen169.61-45d 52` 48.611h 16m 27.94
190 G. Cen356.07-58d 41` 02.113h 14m 12.15
191 G. Centauri59.36-59d 06` 10.313h 14m 15.43
192 G. Cen346.98-43d 08` 21.013h 13m 57.80
193 G. Cen235.33-48d 57` 24.513h 14m 43.36
194 G. Cen386.91-36d 22` 16.913h 15m 09.49
196 G. Cen211.66-43d 58` 46.013h 17m 13.92
198 G. Cen609.65-51d 17` 08.713h 18m 34.89
2 Centauri183.03-34d 27` 02.313h 49m 26.75
2 G. Cen406.18-51d 12` 45.911h 06m 05.74
20 G. Cen237.04-38d 00` 51.811h 17m 12.06
200 G. Cen436.63-59d 46` 21.913h 20m 35.06
203 G. Cen5017.90-55d 48` 02.513h 20m 48.34
205 G. Cen413.39-46d 52` 48.213h 20m 57.76
209 G. Cen3433.30-52d 10` 58.613h 22m 16.29
210 G. Cen2117.94-48d 33` 46.013h 23m 02.61
211 G. Cen988.37-47d 56` 35.613h 22m 52.50
213 G. Cen817.45-33d 11` 23.613h 23m 08.64
215 G. Cen127.86-64d 29` 06.313h 25m 14.14
217 G. Cen203.34-39d 45` 17.913h 26m 07.64
22 G. Cen343.69-41d 56` 03.511h 17m 14.37
220 G. Cen1424.29-49d 08` 37.313h 27m 06.40
221 G. Cen1953.07-41d 29` 51.213h 26m 56.12
222 G. Cen2609.31-49d 22` 52.613h 27m 20.66
223 G. Cen403.67-40d 09` 45.713h 27m 14.67
229 G. Cen319.45-38d 23` 55.513h 32m 05.39
232 G. Cen991.38-48d 16` 19.713h 34m 28.99
233 G. Cen602.89-33d 18` 39.013h 34m 43.61
235 G. Cen116.53-61d 41` 29.713h 37m 12.20
236 G. Cen414.97-44d 08` 35.413h 37m 06.05
237 G. Cen430.29-34d 28` 03.913h 36m 50.58
238 G. Cen516.90-58d 24` 52.513h 38m 07.63
239 G. Cen412.34-46d 25` 40.213h 37m 23.50
242 G. Cen3882.90-57d 37` 21.713h 38m 48.96
243 G. Cen226.50-64d 34` 35.613h 40m 10.80
248 G. Cen496.44-40d 03` 05.713h 39m 48.59
25 G. Cen351.09-44d 38` 45.111h 22m 23.15
251 G. Cen782.17-58d 47` 13.413h 42m 01.12
253 G. Cen2886.40-56d 46` 04.713h 42m 56.12
254 G. Cen847.18-50d 47` 24.713h 42m 54.64
256 G. Cen360.00-41d 24` 03.413h 42m 55.06
258 G. Cen2001.00-42d 04` 03.013h 43m 40.10
26 G. Cen1055.54-36d 09` 53.211h 23m 12.70
263 G. Cen342.25-54d 40` 59.913h 46m 14.54
268 G. Cen211.52-50d 14` 57.613h 47m 27.58
269 G. Cen497.96-50d 19` 14.413h 47m 38.67
27 G. Cen760.29-56d 46` 45.711h 23m 08.17
275 G. Cen367.30-39d 54` 03.013h 50m 19.39
278 G. Cen1591.04-46d 53` 55.113h 51m 47.23
279 G. Cen189.08-36d 25` 58.813h 51m 36.58
28 G. Cen2764.10-42d 40` 08.811h 24m 22.06
282 G. Cen171.85-31d 37` 08.913h 52m 01.00
283 G. Cen901.00-53d 22` 23.813h 53m 43.11
288 G. Cen352.99-52d 09` 38.813h 55m 12.17
29 G. Cen274.09-36d 03` 47.211h 25m 29.53
290 G. Cen456.17-54d 07` 56.513h 56m 19.99
291 G. Cen126.22-54d 42` 14.813h 56m 32.99
293 G. Cen318.21-46d 35` 33.813h 56m 19.89
294 G. Centauri209.62-63d 41` 11.813h 57m 38.94
298 G. Cen346.25-50d 22` 10.613h 59m 17.46
299 G. Cen193.45-61d 28` 51.414h 00m 17.47
3 Centauri343.69-32d 59` 38.513h 51m 49.63
3 G. Cen381.92-50d 57` 24.311h 06m 27.57
30 G. Cen446.19-37d 44` 51.211h 25m 33.13
302 G. Cen664.28-40d 13` 19.014h 01m 19.08
305 G. Cen545.42-56d 12` 48.214h 03m 26.58
306 G. Cen124.49-31d 41` 03.114h 03m 01.71
31 G. Cen88.78-63d 58` 20.311h 25m 43.56
310 G. Cen6523.27-59d 42` 57.214h 06m 25.16
312 G. Cen428.04-43d 05` 29.814h 06m 10.91
313 G. Cen366.89-63d 12` 28.914h 08m 14.27
316 G. Cen151.77-49d 52` 04.314h 07m 41.56
317 G. Cen305.40-48d 42` 14.314h 07m 40.84
319 G. Cen525.22-43d 28` 14.714h 08m 51.90
32 G. Cen611.94-53d 09` 35.811h 26m 47.30
321 G. Centauri182.42-53d 26` 19.414h 09m 54.96
324 G. Cen2131.79-53d 39` 56.314h 13m 16.42
329 G. Cen1028.91-53d 30` 35.714h 15m 21.33
33 G. Cen1364.70-61d 06` 54.611h 26m 35.43
330 G. Cen445.58-41d 50` 14.814h 14m 42.76
332 G. Cen69.21-45d 00` 01.514h 15m 38.58
334 G. Cen157.72-61d 16` 21.914h 19m 51.70
337 G. Cen239.65-37d 00` 10.114h 19m 23.91
34 G. Cen699.92-42d 40` 27.211h 28m 35.11
340 G. Centauri383.27-58d 27` 33.014h 22m 37.12
341 G. Cen1370.43-34d 47` 12.414h 22m 19.74
347 G. Cen320.08-42d 19` 06.514h 26m 13.53
348 G. Cen480.36-39d 52` 26.214h 26m 49.89
349 G. Cen4530.05-59 d 11` 51.114h 28m 43.50
350 G. Cen921.37-40d 50` 42.414h 30m 56.63
351 G. Cen315.13-38d 52` 11.214h 31m 10.84
352 G. Cen330.12-30d 42` 53.914h 33m 09.62
354 G. Cen559.46-60d 00` 56.114h 35m 17.08
357 G. Cen366.89-41d 31` 02.614h 35m 31.50
358 G. Cen454.90-39d 35` 50.514h 36m 24.14
359 G. Cen481.07-40d 12` 41.514h 36m 44.15
361 G. Cen721.60-38d 47` 38.914h 38m 19.34
365 G. Cen1136.46-56d 26` 26.714h 40m 32.77
367 G. Cen618.91-36d 08` 05.414h 41m 01.41
369 G. Cen1152.52-30d 55` 59.214h 41m 51.25
373 G. Cen501.02-38d 17` 25.614h 47m 05.06
375 G. Cen514.45-36d 38` 04.514h 48m 38.06
377 G. Cen127.66-30d 34` 37.814h 52m 33.33
380 G. Cen1045.40-33d 18` 02.014h 54m 37.92
381 G. Cen253.82-33d 51` 20.814h 55m 44.69
382 G. Cen373.18-39d 24` 57.514h 56m 35.78
383 G. Cen637.04-32d 38` 12.214h 56m 30.87
384 G. Cen335.21-39d 54` 25.114h 58m 36.59
386 G. Cen530.35-37d 52` 52.314h 59m 13.94
388 G. Cen390.61-38d 03` 29.915h 01m 13.07
389 G. Cen417.62-34d 21` 31.715h 01m 58.10
39 G. Cen558.50-40d 26` 10.811h 32m 48.14
4 Centauri637.04-31d 55` 39.313h 53m 12.55
41 G. Cen385.54-40d 35` 12.111h 33m 37.26
43 G. Cen191.86-49d 08` 13.011h 34m 57.00
49 G. Cen412.86-37d 14` 13.911h 36m 40.74
5 G. Cen564.30-48d 38` 24.111h 07m 34.15
50 G. Cen1622.70-61d 03` 08.811h 36m 22.38
52 G. Cen233.81-61d 17` 00.411h 37m 00.80
54 G. Cen285.11-61d 49` 35.611h 38m 07.37
58 G. Centauri888.73-62d 05` 24.411h 40m 53.65
59 G. Cen213.60-43d 05` 44.411h 41m 19.86
60 G. Cen849.38-37d 11` 24.411h 43m 27.20
62 G. Cen460.03-62d 52` 41.711h 43m 52.82
63 G. Cen391.55-49d 04` 11.511h 45m 12.66
64 G. Cen691.02-45d 41` 24.511h 45m 44.00
67 G. Cen436.05-35d 54` 24.511h 47m 07.02
7 G. Cen293.58 -46d 16` 00.411h 12m 10.24
70 G. Cen-62d 38` 57.811h 50m 27.28
74 G. Cen335.56-56d 59` 16.211h 52m 10.39
76 G. Cen1545.80-57d 24` 36.711h 54m 11.51
77 G. Cen165.06-37d 44` 56.711h 54m 26.06
79 G. Cen5623.51-63d 16` 45.011h 55m 00.02
80 G. Cen411.30-39d 41` 22.111h 55m 54.73
81 G. Cen158.18-47d 04` 20.811h 56m 44.02
84 G. Cen397.28-45d 49` 55.911h 59m 10.71
85 G. Cen1025.67-51d 41` 48.311h 59m 10.88
88 G. Cen82.59-42d 26` 01.612h 03m 39.31
9 G. Cen164.40-49d 06` 03.911h 12m 33.15
90 G. Cen383.72-51d 28` 21.012h 04m 16.74
97 G. Cen236.01-37d 52` 13.012h 10m 33.78
A Centauri426.36-54d 15` 50.911h 34m 45.71
Alpha Centauri B4.09-60d 50` 22.114h 39m 39.39
B Centauri433.15-45d 10` 24.411h 51m 08.75
C1 Centauri721.60-47d 22` 21.211h 35m 13.36
C2 Centauri201.58-47d 38` 29.511h 35m 55.56
C3 Centauri353.37-47d 44` 50.611h 37m 34.05
Chi Centauri510.43-41d 10` 46.514h 06m 02.79
D Centauri571.21-45d 43` 26.112h 14m 02.73
Delta Centauri414.97-50d 43` 20.712h 08m 21.54
E Centauri599.56-48d 41` 32.912h 08m 14.73
Epsilon Centauri427.47-53d 27` 58.913h 39m 53.27
Eta Centauri305.68-42d 09` 27.914h 35m 30.45
F Centauri494.19-55d 08` 34.712h 18m 59.83
G Centauri448.03-51d 27` 02.212h 26m 31.79
H Centauri368.55-51d 11` 55.412h 57m 04.38
Hadar392.02-60d 22` 22.714h 03m 49.44
HR 452330.07-40d 30` 04.811h 46m 32.25
Iota Centauri58.78-36d 42` 43.513h 20m 36.07
J Centauri354.53-60d 59` 18.113h 22m 37.98
K Centauri507.25-51d 09` 54.413h 29m 25.26
Ke Kwan383.27-42d 06` 14.914h 59m 09.70
Lambda Centauri419.77-63d 01` 11.411h 35m 46.93
M Centauri262.61-51d 25` 57.713h 46m 39.37
Menkent58.82-36d 22` 07.314h 06m 41.32
Mu Centauri505.68-42d 28` 25.313h 49m 37.01
Muhlifain130.15-48d 57` 35.612h 41m 31.20
N Centauri259.89-52d 48` 41.313h 52m 04.90
Nu Centauri436.63-41d 41` 15.613h 49m 30.30
Omicron Centauri5722.16-59d 26` 31.411h 31m 46.07
Omicron2 Centauri5346.94-59d 30` 56.311h 31m 48.81
Phi Centauri525.22-42d 06` 02.513h 58m 16.28
Pi Centauri357.64-54d 29` 27.711h 21m 00.44
Proxima Centauri4.23-62d 40` 52.914h 29m 47.75
Przybylski`s Star365.24-46d 42` 35.211h 37m 37.08
Psi Centauri258.86-37d 53` 07.014h 20m 33.48
Q Centauri271.35-54d 33` 33.713h 41m 44.81
Rho Centauri378.82-52d 22` 06.312h 11m 39.15
Rigil Kentaurus 4.32-60d 50` 06.514h 39m 40.90
Sigma Centauri411.82-50d 13` 50.212h 28m 02.41
T Centauri1376.22-33d 35` 50.613h 41m 45.58
Tau Centauri131.25-48d 32` 28.612h 37m 42.33
U Centauri436.63-39d 02` 28.112h 28m 22.49
Upsilon1 Centauri427.47-44d 48` 12.713h 58m 40.77
Upsilon2 Centauri1269.12-45d 36` 12.114h 01m 43.49
V1019 Centauri491.95-37d 48` 11.214h 52m 51.09
V1154 Centauri1012.93-52d 06` 56.513h 05m 30.83
V716 Centauri1028.91-54d 37` 32.214h 13m 39.84
V744 Centauri513.64-49d 57` 00.013h 39m 59.90
V761 Centauri457.45-39d 30` 42.414h 23m 02.26
V765 Centauri1000.50-39d 44` 51.213h 39m 40.85
V766 Centauri2416.02-62d 35` 22.913h 47m 10.87
V767 Centauri-47 d 07` 41.413h 53m 57.25
V788 Centauri339.75-44d 19` 33.212h 08m 53.84
V789 Centauri1190.38-41d 11` 46.613h 04m 48.25
V795 Centauri481.78-57d 05` 09.914h 14m 57.16
V808 Centauri3507.13-63d 33` 14.211h 29m 15.14
V809 Centauri-61d 16` 42.511h 31m 15.05
V810 Centauri7090.51-62d 29` 21.811h 43m 31.20
V815 Centauri274.32-42d 38` 19.611h 07m 16.76
V817 Centauri1591.04-41d 13` 53.712h 08m 54.60
V824 Centauri377.50-52d 34` 00.713h 10m 58.47
V827 Centauri388.29-51d 00` 44.713h 44m 16.03
V828 Centauri716.84-41d 25` 23.914h 03m 27.49
V831 Centauri378.82-59d 55` 13.913h 12m 17.63
V863 Centauri438.39-50d 39` 40.512h 08m 05.26
V869 Centauri819.51-51d 30` 16.714h 09m 35.06
V871 Centauri9593.04-63 d 22` 21.911h 38m 20.37
V883 Centauri1244.90-59d 16` 36.014h 08m 56.27
V914 Centauri1140.43-53d 58` 06.811h 40m 42.49
V918 Centauri702.94-57d 41` 47.611h 47m 19.17
V928 Centauri737.93-41d 44` 09.112h 29m 57.88
V964 Cen408.73-52d 44` 52.013h 20m 37.85
V992 Centauri509.63-54d 40` 09.514h 05m 46.53
X2 Centauri438.98-35d 11` 11.012h 25m 21.76
Xi1 Centauri220.53-49d 31` 38.113h 03m 33.35
Xi2 Centauri467.28-49d 54` 22.413h 06m 54.66
Zeta Centauri381.92-47d 17` 17.813h 55m 32.43


Add a Comment


Name:
Email: (Optional)
Comment: