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Columba Constellation

Columba (Pronounciation:Col-um-bah, Abbrev:Col, Latin:Columbae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Columba takes up 270.184 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.65% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Dove . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Augustin Royer years later.

Columba is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Columba is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Columba is Phact. There are 1 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

Columba Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Columba is 806. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 45. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 7.

There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is HIP 27359 which is roughly about 49.02 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 43848 which is about 123.45 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 29612 which is located about 326163 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Columba with the naked eye is HD 43847. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 6. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

It was created by Augustin Royer as he split the Canis Majorconstellation into two.

There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.

Columba Facts


NameColumba
AbbreviationCol
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarPhact
Area270.184 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky0.65%
Size Position54th
Hemisphere Southern
Site Exoplanet Count1
Meteor Shower Count3
Nearest StarHIP 27359
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 43848
Dimmest StarHD 43847
Furthest StarHIP 29612
Bright Star Count45
Hipparcos Star Count806
Main Star Count7
Messier Deep Space Object Count0
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsLupus
Centaurus
Musca
Apus
Triangulum Australe
Norma

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.


Columba Constellation Map


Columba Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Columba


StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
HD 43848123.451-40d 31` 56.406h 16m 31.27

List of Named Stars in Columba without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
AF Columbae851.60-40d 21` 14.306h 10m 10.42
Al Kurud721.60 -37d 15` 10.506h 07m 31.63
AN Columbae1436.84-34d 20` 42.205h 21m 16.86
Epsilon Columbae263.25-35d 28` 13.605h 31m 12.74
Eta Columbae472.02-42d 48` 54.405h 59m 08.79
Gamma Columbae869.77-35d 16` 59.905h 57m 32.21
Ghusn al Zaitun233.98-33d 26` 10.606h 22m 06.85
Kappa Columbae182.52-35d 08` 26.606h 16m 33.14
Lambda Columbae334.53-33d 48` 05.205h 53m 06.88
Mu Columbae1331.28-32d 18` 23.005h 45m 59.89
Nu1 Columbae128.41-27d 52` 16.305h 37m 16.49
Nu2 Columbae133.07-28d 41` 23.305h 37m 44.64
Omicron Columbae105.83-34d 53` 39.805h 17m 29.02
Phact261.35-34d 04` 26.605h 39m 38.94
Pi1 Columbae272.03-42d 17` 55.706h 06m 41.07
Pi2 Columbae242.86-42d 09` 14.406h 07m 52.87
Sigma Columbae1664.10-31d 22` 56.805h 56m 20.94
SW Columbae649.73-39d 40` 42.405h 23m 24.00
SX Columbae720.01-36d 56` 24.706h 31m 34.95
Wezn87.19-35d 46` 09.505h 50m 57.55
WZ Columbae428.60-34d 40` 04.605h 42m 15.19
Xi Columbae332.82-37d 07` 14.205h 55m 29.89

Columba Constellation's Star Breakdown


Type Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k260
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k196
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k149
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k107
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k41
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k28

Size Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
VMain Sequence321
IIINormal Giant287
IVSubgiant80
IIBright Giant7


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