Columba (Pronounciation:Col-um-bah, Abbrev:Col, Latin:Columbae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Columba takes up 270.184 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.65% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Dove . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Augustin Royer years later.
Columba is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Columba is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Columba is 806. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 45. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 7.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is HIP 27359 which is roughly about 49.02 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 43848 which is about 123.45 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 29612 which is located about 326163 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Columba with the naked eye is HD 43847. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 6. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Area||270.184 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.65%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||1|
|Meteor Shower Count||3|
|Nearest Star||HIP 27359|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 43848|
|Dimmest Star||HD 43847|
|Furthest Star||HIP 29612|
|Bright Star Count||45|
|Hipparcos Star Count||806|
|Main Star Count||7|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Lupus|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Exoplanet Count||Declination||Right Ascension|
|HD 43848||123.45||1||-40d 31` 56.4||06h 16m 31.27|
As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Declination||Right Ascension|
|AF Columbae||851.60||-40d 21` 14.3||06h 10m 10.42|
|Al Kurud||721.60||-37d 15` 10.5||06h 07m 31.63|
|AN Columbae||1436.84||-34d 20` 42.2||05h 21m 16.86|
|Epsilon Columbae||263.25||-35d 28` 13.6||05h 31m 12.74|
|Eta Columbae||472.02||-42d 48` 54.4||05h 59m 08.79|
|Gamma Columbae||869.77||-35d 16` 59.9||05h 57m 32.21|
|Ghusn al Zaitun||233.98||-33d 26` 10.6||06h 22m 06.85|
|Kappa Columbae||182.52||-35d 08` 26.6||06h 16m 33.14|
|Lambda Columbae||334.53||-33d 48` 05.2||05h 53m 06.88|
|Mu Columbae||1331.28||-32d 18` 23.0||05h 45m 59.89|
|Nu1 Columbae||128.41||-27d 52` 16.3||05h 37m 16.49|
|Nu2 Columbae||133.07||-28d 41` 23.3||05h 37m 44.64|
|Omicron Columbae||105.83||-34d 53` 39.8||05h 17m 29.02|
|Phact||261.35||-34d 04` 26.6||05h 39m 38.94|
|Pi1 Columbae||272.03||-42d 17` 55.7||06h 06m 41.07|
|Pi2 Columbae||242.86||-42d 09` 14.4||06h 07m 52.87|
|Sigma Columbae||1664.10||-31d 22` 56.8||05h 56m 20.94|
|SW Columbae||649.73||-39d 40` 42.4||05h 23m 24.00|
|SX Columbae||720.01||-36d 56` 24.7||06h 31m 34.95|
|Wezn||87.19||-35d 46` 09.5||05h 50m 57.55|
|WZ Columbae||428.60||-34d 40` 04.6||05h 42m 15.19|
|Xi Columbae||332.82||-37d 07` 14.2||05h 55m 29.89|
|K||Light Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k||260|
|G||Yellow 5,200 - 6,000k||196|
|F||Yellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k||149|
|A||White 7,500 - 10,000k||107|
|B||Blue-White 10,500 - 30,000k||41|
|M||Red Dwarf Star <3,700k||28|