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Corona Australis, The Southern Crown Constellation Facts and Mythology

Corona Australis Constellation Star Map

Corona Australis (Pronounciation:Core-ona Ore-stra-liss, Abbrev:CrA, Latin:Coronae Australis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Corona Australis takes up 127.696 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.31% of the night sky. Corona Australis is the 80th largest in terms of size in the night sky.

The constellation name means The Southern Crown . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.

There are 6 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 485 stars. There are 28 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.

Corona Australis is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Corona Australis is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.

The distance to Corona Australis is not calculable because all the stars that make up the constellation are at various distances. The best answer for distance to Corona Australis is to calculate the average distance of the stars.

There are 1 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Corona Australis.

There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.

Corona Australis Star Facts

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

HIP 89211, Nearest Star

The nearest star to Earth is HIP 89211 which is roughly about 42.74 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 166724 which is about 138.03 Light Years.

HIP 94864, Furthest Star

The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 94864 and it is 108721.1 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

Alfecca Meridiana, Brightest Star in Corona Australis

The brightest star in Corona Australis is Alfecca Meridiana and is located about 84.87 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 4.11 but an absolute magnitude of 1.19 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is recognised as being the brightest in the constellation as it has the Bayer status of Alpha.

HD 179433, Dimmest Visible Star

The dimmest star that can be seen in Corona Australis with the naked eye is HD 179433. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.91. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.

Corona Australis Mythology

It was created by Ptolemy to signify a crown. There are two crowns, one in the north Corona Borealis and this one in the south. The crown or wreath as it was also known as was associated with Centaurus or Sagittarius.

Corona Australis Facts


NameCorona Australis
AbbreviationCrA
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarAlfecca Meridiana
Area127.696 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky0.31%
Size Position80th
Hemisphere Southern
Site Exoplanet Count1
Meteor Shower Count1
Nearest StarHIP 89211
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 166724
Brightest StarAlfecca Meridiana
Dimmest StarHD 179433
Furthest StarHIP 94864
Bright Star Count28
Hipparcos Star Count485
Main Star Count6
Messier Deep Space Object Count0
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsSagittarius
Scorpius
Ara
Telescopium

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.



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