Crater (Pronounciation:Cray-ter, Abbrev:Crt, Latin:Crateris) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Crater takes up 282.398 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.68% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Cup . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.
Crater is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Crater is an equatorial constellation that can be seen by countries nearest the Equator.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Crater is 572. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 17. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 9.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is HIP 54532 which is roughly about 35.07 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 98649 which is about 135.45 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 56025 which is located about 108721 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Crater with the naked eye is HD 100343. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.94. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
Crater is a cup that Corvus the crow used to fetch water for his master Apollo.
There are 8 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.
|Name||Activity||Peak Activity||Closest Star|
|Eta Craterids||11-Jan - 22 Jan||16/17 Jan||Eta Crateris|
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Brightest Star||Delta Crateris|
|Area||282.398 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.68%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||3|
|Meteor Shower Count||8|
|Nearest Star||HIP 54532|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 98649|
|Dimmest Star||HD 100343|
|Furthest Star||HIP 56025|
|Bright Star Count||17|
|Hipparcos Star Count||572|
|Main Star Count||9|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Leo|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Exoplanet Count||Declination||Right Ascension|
|HD 96167||283.62||1||-10d 17` 28.6||11h 05m 15.10|
|HD 98219||437.80||1||-23d 58` 31.3||11h 17m 47.64|
|HD 98649||135.45||1||-23d 13` 00.9||11h 20m 51.90|
As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Declination||Right Ascension|
|Alkes||159.18||-18d 17` 56.8||10h 59m 46.75|
|Beta Crateris||340.11||-22d 49` 32.2||11h 11m 39.49|
|Epsilon Crateris||376.20||-10d 51` 33.8||11h 24m 36.61|
|Eta Crateris||251.48||-17d 09` 02.9||11h 56m 00.98|
|Gamma Crateris||82.32||-17d 41` 02.5||11h 24m 52.98|
|Iota Crateris||87.19||-13d 12` 08.1||11h 38m 39.96|
|Kappa Crateris||228.57||-12d 21` 24.5||11h 27m 09.58|
|Labrum||185.74||-14d 46` 44.6||11h 19m 20.52|
|Lambda Crateris||139.86||-18d 46` 47.6||11h 23m 22.07|
|Psi Crateris||501.79||-18d 29` 59.3||11h 12m 30.38|
|R Crateris||851.60||-18d 19` 29.6||11h 00m 33.87|
|S Crateris||2588.60||-07d 35` 48.0||11h 52m 45.10|
|SY Crateris||797.47||-12d 35` 33.1||11h 15m 39.77|
|Theta Crateris||280.45||-09d 48` 08.1||11h 36m 40.95|
|VX Crateris||688.11||-16d 37` 12.8||11h 39m 50.35|
|Zeta Crateris||352.99||-18d 21` 02.2||11h 44m 45.76|
|K||Light Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k||200|
|F||Yellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k||128|
|G||Yellow 5,200 - 6,000k||98|
|A||White 7,500 - 10,000k||79|
|M||Red Dwarf Star <3,700k||35|
|B||Blue-White 10,500 - 30,000k||4|
|Ib||Less Luminous Supergiant||2|
|R||R-Type Carbon Star||1|
|C||C-Type Carbon Star||1|