Delphinus (Pronounciation:Del-fine-us, Abbrev:Del, Latin:Delphini) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Delphinus takes up 188.549 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.46% of the night sky. Delphinus is the 69th largest in terms of size in the night sky.
The constellation name means The Dolphin . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.
There are 7 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 521 stars. There are 18 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.
Delphinus is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Delphinus is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.
The distance to Delphinus is not calculable because all the stars that make up the constellation are at various distances. The best answer for distance to Delphinus is to calculate the average distance of the stars.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
The nearest star to Earth is Gliese 795 which is roughly about 54.54 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 196885 which is about 109.34 Light Years.
The furthest star that is located in the constellation is TX Delphini and it is 81540.84 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The brightest star in Delphinus is Rotanev and is located about 105.45 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 3.64 but an absolute magnitude of 1.19 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is only recognised as being Beta Delphini rather than having Alpha status.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Delphinus with the naked eye is HD 196775. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.
Delphinus is the dolphin that persuaded Amphitrite, a nereid that she should accept Poseidon's wooing. Amphitrite had wanted to keep her virginity thus running off. Delphinus was one of those tasked with finding her. Another story has Delphinus as the dolphin who saved the Greek poet Arion of Lesbos from drowning after he was thrown overboard.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Area||188.549 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.46%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||5|
|Meteor Shower Count||3|
|Nearest Star||Gliese 795|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 196885|
|Dimmest Star||HD 196775|
|Furthest Star||TX Delphini|
|Bright Star Count||18|
|Hipparcos Star Count||521|
|Main Star Count||7|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Vulpecula|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.