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Draco Constellation

Draco (Pronounciation:Drac-o, Abbrev:Dra, Latin:Draconis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Draco takes up 1082.952 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 2.63% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Dragon . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.

Draco is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Draco is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Draco is Eltanin. There are 8 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

Draco Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Draco is 2689. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 121. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 16.

There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are 0 non-Messier deep space objects that are covered on this site and the list is below.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is Struve 2398 B which is roughly about 11.27 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is Edasich which is about 101.2 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 57123 which is located about 163082 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Draco with the naked eye is HIP63340. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 6. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

Legend of the Constellation

There are said to be two possible stories behind this constellation. The first is that the Dragon that fought Minerva during the wars between the Gods and the Giants. The Dragon got there because it lost the fight with Minerva and was thrown into the heavens.

The other story is that it is the dragon that Hera put in the Garden of Hesperidia`s to protect the golden apples. The apples grew on a tree given to her as a wedding present by Gaia. Hercules slayed the dragon by throwing a spear into the garden. Atlas retrieved the apples for Hercules who took them to Eurystheus.

Meteor Showers

There are 35 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.

NameActivityPeak ActivityClosest Star
January Draconids10-24 Jan13/16 Jan
Eta DraconidsMar 22 - Apri 8Mar 29/31Aldhibain
DraconidsOctober 6-10Oct. 9/10Rastaban

Draco Facts


NameDraco
AbbreviationDra
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarEltanin
Area1082.952 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky2.63%
Size Position8th
Hemisphere Northern
Site Exoplanet Count8
Meteor Shower Count35
Nearest StarStruve 2398 B
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)Edasich
Dimmest StarHIP63340
Furthest StarHIP 57123
Bright Star Count121
Hipparcos Star Count2689
Main Star Count16
Messier Deep Space Object Count0
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count2
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsUrsa Minor
Camelopardalis
Ursa Major
Bootes
Hercules
Lyra
Cygnus
Cepheus

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.


Draco Constellation Map


Draco Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Draco


StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
HD 109246215.431+74d 29` 22.812h 32m 07.56
HD 113337120.311+63d 36` 36.613h 01m 47.15
HD 139357385.081+53d 55` 19.715h 35m 16.22
HD 143105158.721+68d 43` 12.715h 53m 36.55
HD 156279119.391+63d 21` 06.117h 12m 23.21
HD 163607224.482+56d 23` 30.017h 53m 40.57
HIP 91258146.521+61d 42` 11.018h 36m 53.20

List of Named Stars in Draco without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
10 Draconis371.48+64d 43` 23.813h 51m 25.94
15 Draconis486.81+68d 46` 05.016h 27m 59.05
16 Draconis426.92+52d 53` 59.916h 36m 11.43
17 Draconis412.34+52d 55` 27.716h 36m 13.73
18 Draconis736.26+64d 35` 20.716h 40m 55.12
19 Draconis49.77+65d 08` 04.816h 56m 01.36
2 Draconis237.56+69d 19` 23.711h 36m 02.62
20 Draconis228.09+65d 02` 20.616h 56m 25.32
205 Draconis748.08+49d 25` 55.418h 47m 29.57
26 Draconis46.28+61d 52` 33.017h 34m 59.25
27 Draconis210.97+68d 08` 04.917h 31m 57.89
29 Draconis337.64+74d 13` 38.217h 32m 41.35
3 Draconis601.78+66d 44` 41.311h 42m 28.43
30 Draconis217.01+50d 46` 50.017h 49m 04.33
35 Draconis103.58+76d 57` 44.217h 49m 26.94
36 Draconis74.76+64d 23` 49.918h 13m 53.36
37 Draconis276.18+68d 45` 21.518h 15m 17.05
38 Draconis617.73+68d 44` 30.118h 16m 58.77
39 Draconis184.17+58d 48` 02.118h 23m 54.65
4 Draconis621.26+69d 12` 04.512h 30m 06.76
40 Draconis236.87+80d 00` 01.918h 00m 03.37
41 Draconis207.22+80d 00` 13.718h 00m 09.07
45 Draconis2117.94+57d 02` 44.218h 32m 34.52
46 Draconis340.46+55d 32` 21.818h 42m 37.96
48 Draconis276.18+57d 48` 54.018h 56m 45.08
49 Draconis491.95+55d 39` 29.919h 00m 43.47
50 Draconis279.97+75d 26` 01.718h 46m 22.26
51 Draconis362.40+53d 23` 47.819h 04m 55.17
53 Draconis344.05+56d 51` 32.719h 11m 40.52
54 Draconis165.23+57d 42` 18.919h 13m 55.16
55 Draconis304.83+65d 58` 42.419h 09m 45.80
59 Draconis89.04+76d 33` 38.919h 09m 09.75
6 Draconis601.78+70d 01` 18.412h 34m 44.07
64 Draconis587.68+64d 49` 15.620h 01m 28.53
65 Draconis360.40+64d 38` 03.820h 02m 20.16
66 Draconis171.85+61d 59` 42.920h 05m 32.73
68 Draconis157.72+62d 04` 42.120h 11m 34.74
69 Draconis526.07+76d 28` 53.519h 59m 36.69
7 Draconis741.28+66d 47` 25.112h 47m 34.34
71 Draconis377.94+62d 15` 26.720h 19m 36.70
73 Draconis395.83+74d 57` 16.820h 31m 30.40
74 Draconis207.88+81d 05` 26.720h 29m 27.31
75 Draconis455.54+81d 25` 21.620h 28m 14.45
76 Draconis352.61+82d 31` 52.020h 42m 35.10
8 Draconis95.54+65d 26` 18.812h 55m 28.56
9 Draconis624.83+66d 35` 50.312h 59m 55.28
AC Draconis669.74+68d 52` 48.920h 20m 05.98
Aldhibah328.46+65d 42` 52.717h 08m 47.23
Aldhibain92.08+61d 30` 50.716h 23m 59.51
Alrakis89.48+54d 28` 11.517h 05m 20.18
Alsafi18.77+69d 39` 55.419h 32m 20.59
Altais97.42+67d 39` 40.719h 12m 33.15
BY Draconis53.34+51d 43` 11.718h 33m 55.60
Chi Draconis26.28+72d 44` 01.318h 21m 02.34
CL Dra109.52+54d 44` 58.215h 57m 47.59
CN Draconis571.21+68d 26` 16.819h 46m 44.66
CX Draconis1294.30+52d 59` 16.718h 46m 43.08
DK Draconis481.07+72d 33` 04.512h 15m 41.51
DL Draconis132.64+61d 15` 43.214h 42m 03.16
DQ Draconis391.08+55d 12` 18.216h 24m 25.33
Dsiban75.22+72d 09` 27.317h 41m 58.04
Edasich101.20+58d 57` 57.715h 24m 55.78
Eltanin154.29+51d 29` 20.217h 56m 36.38
ER Draconis381.92+60d 13` 32.114h 31m 42.87
Fafnir314.83+65d 33` 48.818h 25m 58.99
Gianfar333.16+69d 19` 52.011h 31m 24.29
Grumium112.55+56d 52` 20.817h 53m 31.63
Kappa Draconis490.47+69d 47` 17.612h 33m 29.04
Kuma98.66+55d 11` 02.817h 32m 10.42
LV Draconis671.12+50d 32` 00.519h 00m 13.67
Nu Draconis99.44+55d 10` 22.117h 32m 15.88
Omega Draconis75.55+68d 45` 25.917h 36m 57.09
Omicron Draconis341.89+59d 23` 17.818h 51m 12.01
Phi Draconis302.84+71d 20` 15.818h 20m 45.44
Pi Draconis228.89+65d 42` 51.919h 20m 40.07
Psi1 Draconis74.48+72d 08` 58.217h 41m 56.31
Psi2 Draconis1055.54+72d 00` 18.517h 55m 11.14
R Draconis2508.95+66d 45` 17.916h 32m 40.26
Rastaban380.14+52d 18` 04.917h 30m 25.98
Rho Draconis428.60+67d 52` 24.420h 02m 49.05
RY Draconis1405.88+65d 59` 39.912h 56m 25.89
Struve 239811.64+59d 37` 33.718h 42m 48.22
Struve 2398 B11.27+59d 37` 20.518h 42m 48.51
Tau Draconis146.39+73d 21` 18.819h 15m 33.29
Theta Draconis68.61+58d 33` 52.016h 01m 53.70
Thuban303.13+64d 22` 32.914h 04m 23.43
Tyl147.99+70d 16` 04.219h 48m 10.21
Upsilon Draconis344.05+71d 17` 49.518h 54m 23.77
UX Draconis1259.32+76d 33` 34.619h 21m 35.53
VW Draconis491.95+60d 40` 14.117h 16m 29.45



Objects of Interest (Galaxies, Nebulas, Supernovas, etc) in Draco


NameTypeDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
Spindle GalaxyLenticular Galaxy30 Million+55:45:4815h 06h 29m 5
Tadpole GalaxyBarred Spiral Galaxy400 Million+55:25:3216h 6h 3

Draco Constellation's Star Breakdown


Type Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k948
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k575
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k472
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k455
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k113
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k48

Size Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
IIINormal Giant146
VMain Sequence104
IVSubgiant38
IIBright Giant6
IaLuminous Supergiant4
IbLess Luminous Supergiant3
DDwarf Star1

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
RR-Type Carbon Star5
CC-Type Carbon Star2
NN-Type Carbon Star1


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