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Draco Constellation

Draco (Pronounciation:Drac-o, Abbrev:Dra, Latin:Draconis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Draco takes up 1082.952 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 2.63% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Dragon . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.

Draco is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere. The brightest star in Draco is Eltanin. There are 7 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) detailed on this site.

Legend of the Constellation

There are said to be two possible stories behind this constellation. The first is that the Dragon that fought Minerva during the wars between the Gods and the Giants. The Dragon got there because it lost the fight with Minerva and was thrown into the heavens.

The other story is that it is the dragon that Hera put in the Garden of Hesperidia`s to protect the golden apples. The apples grew on a tree given to her as a wedding present by Gaia. Hercules slayed the dragon by throwing a spear into the garden. Atlas retrieved the apples for Hercules who took them to Eurystheus.

Meteor Showers

There are 35 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.

NameActivityPeak ActivityClosest Star
January Draconids10-24 Jan13/16 Jan
Eta DraconidsMar 22 - Apri 8Mar 29/31Aldhibain
DraconidsOctober 6-10Oct. 9/10Rastaban

Draco Facts


NameDraco
AbbreviationDra
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarEltanin
Area1082.952 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky2.63%
Size Position8th
Hemisphere Northern
Site Exoplanet Count7
Meteor Shower Count35
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsUrsa Minor
Camelopardalis
Ursa Major
Bootes
Hercules
Lyra
Cygnus
Cepheus

Draco Constellation Map


Draco Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.


List of Named Stars in Draco


StarDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
AC Draconis669.74+68d52`48.920h 20m 05.98
Aldhibah328.46+65d42`52.717h 08m 47.23
Aldhibain92.08+61d30`50.716h 23m 59.51
Alrakis89.48+54d28`11.517h 05m 20.18
Alsafi18.77+69d39`55.419h 32m 20.59
Altais97.42+67d39`40.719h 12m 33.15
BY Draconis53.34+51d43`11.718h 33m 55.60
Chi Draconis26.28+72d44`01.318h 21m 02.34
CL Dra109.52+54d44`58.215h 57m 47.59
CN Draconis571.21+68d26`16.819h 46m 44.66
CX Draconis1294.30+52d59`16.718h 46m 43.08
DK Draconis481.07+72d33`04.512h 15m 41.51
DL Draconis132.64+61d15`43.214h 42m 03.16
DQ Draconis391.08+55d12`18.216h 24m 25.33
Dsiban75.22+72d09`27.317h 41m 58.04
Edasich101.20+58d57`57.715h 24m 55.78
Eltanin154.29+51d29`20.217h 56m 36.38
ER Draconis381.92+60d13`32.114h 31m 42.87
Gianfar333.16+69d19`52.011h 31m 24.29
Grumium112.55+56d52`20.817h 53m 31.63
Kappa Draconis490.47+69d47`17.612h 33m 29.04
Kuma98.66+55d11`02.817h 32m 10.42
LV Draconis671.12+50d32`00.519h 00m 13.67
Nu Draconis99.44+55d10`22.117h 32m 15.88
Omega Draconis75.55+68d45`25.917h 36m 57.09
Omicron Draconis341.89+59d23`17.818h 51m 12.01
Phi Draconis302.84+71d20`15.818h 20m 45.44
Pi Draconis228.89+65d42`51.919h 20m 40.07
Psi1 Draconis74.48+72d08`58.217h 41m 56.31
Psi2 Draconis1055.54+72d00`18.517h 55m 11.14
R Draconis2508.95+66d45`17.916h 32m 40.26
Rastaban380.14+52d18`04.917h 30m 25.98
Rho Draconis428.60+67d52`24.420h 02m 49.05
RY Draconis1405.88+65d59`39.912h 56m 25.89
Struve 239811.64+59d37`33.718h 42m 48.22
Struve 2398 B11.27+59d37`20.518h 42m 48.51
Tau Draconis146.39+73d21`18.819h 15m 33.29
Theta Draconis68.61+58d33`52.016h 01m 53.70
Thuban303.13+64d22`32.914h 04m 23.43
Tyl147.99+70d16`04.219h 48m 10.21
Upsilon Draconis344.05+71d17`49.518h 54m 23.77
UX Draconis1259.32+76d33`34.619h 21m 35.53
VW Draconis491.95+60d40`14.117h 16m 29.45


Objects of Interest (Galaxies, Nebulas, Supernovas, etc) in Draco


NameTypeDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
Spindle GalaxyLenticular Galaxy30 Million+55:45:4815h 06h 29m 5
Tadpole GalaxyBarred Spiral Galaxy400 Million+55:25:3216h 6h 3


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