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Fornax Constellation

Fornax (Pronounciation:For-nax, Abbrev:For, Latin:Fornacis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Fornax takes up 397.502 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.96% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Furnace . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.

Fornax is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Fornax is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Fornax is Alpha Fornacis. There are 5 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

Fornax Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Fornax is 1069. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 26. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 3.

There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is HIP 14559 which is roughly about 28.43 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 20781 which is about 115.37 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 17712 which is located about 108721.1 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Fornax with the naked eye is HD 16975. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.

There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.

Fornax Facts


NameFornax
AbbreviationFor
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarAlpha Fornacis
Area397.502 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky0.96%
Size Position41st
Hemisphere Southern
Site Exoplanet Count5
Meteor Shower Count0
Nearest StarHIP 14559
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 20781
Dimmest StarHD 16975
Furthest StarHIP 17712
Bright Star Count26
Hipparcos Star Count1069
Main Star Count3
Messier Deep Space Object Count0
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsCetus
Sculptor
Phoenix
Eridanus

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.


Fornax Constellation Map


Fornax Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Fornax


StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
HD 20781115.372-28d 47` 01.203h 20m 02.71
HD 20782115.871-28d 51` 14.103h 20m 03.35
HD 20868150.721-33d 43` 49.203h 20m 42.49
HIP 1304419186.081-36d 06` 27.102h 47m 37.44

List of Named Stars in Fornax without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
AI Fornacis976.54-24d 07` 22.203h 19m 34.90
Alpha Fornacis46.44-28d 59` 20.803h 12m 04.28
Beta Fornacis172.66-32d 24` 22.602h 49m 05.36
Chi1 Fornacis351.85-35d 55` 15.103h 25m 55.82
Chi2 Fornacis454.90-35d 40` 52.803h 27m 33.37
Chi3 Fornacis372.76-35d 51` 12.303h 28m 11.50
Delta Fornacis847.18-31d 56` 18.203h 42m 14.90
Epsilon Fornacis105.01-28d 05` 25.703h 01m 37.45
Eta1 Fornacis497.96-35d 33` 01.902h 47m 33.78
Eta2 Fornacis449.88-35d 50` 37.302h 50m 14.75
Eta3 Fornacis459.38-35d 40` 32.602h 50m 40.40
Gamma1 Fornacis436.05-24d 33` 36.002h 49m 50.99
Gamma2 Fornacis458.74-27d 56` 31.302h 49m 54.15
Iota1 Fornacis582.43-30d 02` 41.902h 36m 09.28
Iota2 Fornacis110.71-30d 11` 38.002h 38m 18.60
Kappa Fornacis71.64-23d 48` 58.702h 22m 32.42
Lambda1 Fornacis364.84-34d 38` 59.702h 33m 07.04
Lambda2 Fornacis84.08-34d 34` 38.402h 36m 58.62
Mu Fornacis320.40-30d 43` 25.802h 12m 54.46
Nu Fornacis371.06-29d 17` 48.602h 04m 29.43
Omega Fornacis483.92-28d 13` 56.402h 33m 50.71
Phi Fornacis151.99-33d 48` 39.802h 28m 01.69
Pi Fornacis294.37-30d 00` 05.602h 01m 14.80
Psi Fornacis190.85-38d 26` 13.502h 53m 34.35
Rho Fornacis268.89-30d 10` 02.403h 47m 56.02
Sigma Fornacis329.46-29d 20` 17.403h 46m 27.42
Tau Fornacis384.17-27d 56` 35.203h 38m 47.66
TY Fornacis328.13-25d 11` 11.502h 30m 13.67
TZ Fornacis567.24-35d 33` 27.703h 14m 40.07
UX Fornacis132.69-37d 55` 41.902h 43m 25.51
Zeta Fornacis106.38-25d 16` 27.602h 59m 36.07

Fornax Constellation's Star Breakdown


Type Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k364
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k264
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k262
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k88
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k33
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k11

Size Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
VMain Sequence453
IIINormal Giant386
IVSubgiant88
IIBright Giant8
DDwarf Star1

Breakdown of Dwarf Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
sdsd Type SubDwarf Star1

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
SS-Type Carbon Star2
CC-Type Carbon Star1
RR-Type Carbon Star1


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