Fornax (Pronounciation:For-nax, Abbrev:For, Latin:Fornacis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Fornax takes up 397.502 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.96% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Furnace . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.
Fornax is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Fornax is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Fornax is 1069. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 26. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 3.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is HIP 14559 which is roughly about 28.43 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 20781 which is about 115.37 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 17712 which is located about 108721.1 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Fornax with the naked eye is HD 16975. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Brightest Star||Alpha Fornacis|
|Area||397.502 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.96%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||5|
|Meteor Shower Count||0|
|Nearest Star||HIP 14559|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 20781|
|Dimmest Star||HD 16975|
|Furthest Star||HIP 17712|
|Bright Star Count||26|
|Hipparcos Star Count||1069|
|Main Star Count||3|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Cetus|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Exoplanet Count||Declination||Right Ascension|
|HD 20781||115.37||2||-28d 47` 01.2||03h 20m 02.71|
|HD 20782||115.87||1||-28d 51` 14.1||03h 20m 03.35|
|HD 20868||150.72||1||-33d 43` 49.2||03h 20m 42.49|
|HIP 13044||19186.08||1||-36d 06` 27.1||02h 47m 37.44|
As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Declination||Right Ascension|
|AI Fornacis||976.54||-24d 07` 22.2||03h 19m 34.90|
|Alpha Fornacis||46.44||-28d 59` 20.8||03h 12m 04.28|
|Beta Fornacis||172.66||-32d 24` 22.6||02h 49m 05.36|
|Chi1 Fornacis||351.85||-35d 55` 15.1||03h 25m 55.82|
|Chi2 Fornacis||454.90||-35d 40` 52.8||03h 27m 33.37|
|Chi3 Fornacis||372.76||-35d 51` 12.3||03h 28m 11.50|
|Delta Fornacis||847.18||-31d 56` 18.2||03h 42m 14.90|
|Epsilon Fornacis||105.01||-28d 05` 25.7||03h 01m 37.45|
|Eta1 Fornacis||497.96||-35d 33` 01.9||02h 47m 33.78|
|Eta2 Fornacis||449.88||-35d 50` 37.3||02h 50m 14.75|
|Eta3 Fornacis||459.38||-35d 40` 32.6||02h 50m 40.40|
|Gamma1 Fornacis||436.05||-24d 33` 36.0||02h 49m 50.99|
|Gamma2 Fornacis||458.74||-27d 56` 31.3||02h 49m 54.15|
|Iota1 Fornacis||582.43||-30d 02` 41.9||02h 36m 09.28|
|Iota2 Fornacis||110.71||-30d 11` 38.0||02h 38m 18.60|
|Kappa Fornacis||71.64||-23d 48` 58.7||02h 22m 32.42|
|Lambda1 Fornacis||364.84||-34d 38` 59.7||02h 33m 07.04|
|Lambda2 Fornacis||84.08||-34d 34` 38.4||02h 36m 58.62|
|Mu Fornacis||320.40||-30d 43` 25.8||02h 12m 54.46|
|Nu Fornacis||371.06||-29d 17` 48.6||02h 04m 29.43|
|Omega Fornacis||483.92||-28d 13` 56.4||02h 33m 50.71|
|Phi Fornacis||151.99||-33d 48` 39.8||02h 28m 01.69|
|Pi Fornacis||294.37||-30d 00` 05.6||02h 01m 14.80|
|Psi Fornacis||190.85||-38d 26` 13.5||02h 53m 34.35|
|Rho Fornacis||268.89||-30d 10` 02.4||03h 47m 56.02|
|Sigma Fornacis||329.46||-29d 20` 17.4||03h 46m 27.42|
|Tau Fornacis||384.17||-27d 56` 35.2||03h 38m 47.66|
|TY Fornacis||328.13||-25d 11` 11.5||02h 30m 13.67|
|TZ Fornacis||567.24||-35d 33` 27.7||03h 14m 40.07|
|UX Fornacis||132.69||-37d 55` 41.9||02h 43m 25.51|
|Zeta Fornacis||106.38||-25d 16` 27.6||02h 59m 36.07|
|K||Light Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k||364|
|G||Yellow 5,200 - 6,000k||264|
|F||Yellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k||262|
|A||White 7,500 - 10,000k||88|
|M||Red Dwarf Star <3,700k||33|
|B||Blue-White 10,500 - 30,000k||11|
|sd||sd Type SubDwarf Star||1|
|S||S-Type Carbon Star||2|
|C||C-Type Carbon Star||1|
|R||R-Type Carbon Star||1|