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Indus, The Indian Constellation Facts and Mythology

Indus Constellation Star Map

Indus (Pronounciation:In-dus, Abbrev:Ind, Latin:Indi) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Indus takes up 294.006 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.71% of the night sky. Indus is the 49th largest in terms of size in the night sky.

The constellation name means The Indian . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman years later.

There are 7 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 950 stars. There are 19 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.

Indus is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Indus is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.

The distance to Indus is not calculable because all the stars that make up the constellation are at various distances. The best answer for distance to Indus is to calculate the average distance of the stars.

There are 5 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Indus. For a list of named stars, that is stars that don't start HD or HIP, please visit Indus Star List Page.

There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.

Indus Star Facts

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

Epsilon Indi, Nearest Star

The nearest star to Earth is Epsilon Indi which is roughly about 11.81 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 207229 which is about 337.99 Light Years.

HIP 105736, Furthest Star

The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 105736 and it is 163081.7 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

Persian, Brightest Star in Indus

The brightest star in Indus is Persian and is located about 108.19 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 3.11 but an absolute magnitude of 0.71 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is recognised as being the brightest in the constellation as it has the Bayer status of Alpha.

HD 207964, Dimmest Visible Star

The dimmest star that can be seen in Indus with the naked eye is HD 207964. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.92. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.

Indus Mythology

There is no Greek or otherwise legend behind this constellation. It was created to fill the void in the star maps. It was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman who created a few other constellations as well. It is supposed to represent a man holding arrows in his hand.

White Hole

GRB 060614 is a Gamma-Ray Burst that was picked up by the N.A.S.A. Swift satellite. Normally, gamma-ray bursts should only last no more than a few seconds, but this one lasted 102 seconds. What is even more surprising is that there was no supernova present at the time. The Gamma-Ray Burst was trillions of times more powerful than the Sun. This has led to speculation that the GRB may in fact be a White Hole. Ref: Astronaut

Indus Facts


NameIndus
AbbreviationInd
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarPersian
Area294.006 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky0.71%
Size Position49th
Hemisphere Southern
Site Exoplanet Count5
Meteor Shower Count1
Nearest StarEpsilon Indi
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 207229
Brightest StarPersian
Dimmest StarHD 207964
Furthest StarHIP 105736
Bright Star Count19
Hipparcos Star Count950
Main Star Count7
Messier Deep Space Object Count0
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsMicroscopium
Sagittarius
Telescopium
Pavo
Octans
Tucana
Grus

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.



List of Deep Space Objects (Galaxies, Nebulas, Supernovas, etc) in Indus


NameTypeDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
Asassn-15lhSupernova Remnant3.82 Giga Light Years-61:39:34.6422h 2m 15m 45s


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