Lynx (Pronounciation:Links, Abbrev:Lyn, Latin:Lyncis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Lynx takes up 545.386 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 1.32% of the night sky. Lynx is the 28th largest in terms of size in the night sky.
The constellation name means The Lynx . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Johannes Hevelius years later.
There are 7 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 1565 stars. There are 60 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.
Lynx is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Lynx is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.
The distance to Lynx is not calculable because all the stars that make up the constellation are at various distances. The best answer for distance to Lynx is to calculate the average distance of the stars.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
The nearest star to Earth is HIP 38956 which is roughly about 28.1 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is 6 Lyncis which is about 182.01 Light Years.
The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 36580 and it is 163081.7 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The brightest star in Lynx is Alpha Lyncis and is located about 52.38 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 3.14 but an absolute magnitude of -0.83 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is recognised as being the brightest in the constellation as it has the Bayer status of Alpha.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Lynx with the naked eye is HD 75556. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.98. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.
Created by Johannes Hevelius in around 1687 and recognised by the International Astronomical Union. It is a faint constellation and not much in the way of interest that stands out.
There are 13 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The list below are major ones and which I have a date period for.
|Name||Activity||Peak Activity||Closest Star|
|March Lyncids||25 Jan- 15 May||07-Mar|
The following list contains the stars that make up the constellation. For a larger list of stars in the entire constellation area, please visit the For a list of named stars, that is stars that don't start HD or HIP, please visit Lynx Star List page.
|Name||Bayer||Distance (Lt.Yr.)||Right Ascension||Declination||Spectral Type||Colour|
|Elvashak||Alpha Lyncis||203.09||09h 21m 03.46||+34d 23` 33.1||M0IIIvar||Red|
|Alsciaukat||382.37||08h 22m 50.13||+43d 11` 18.1||K5III||Orange|
|10 Ursae Majoris||52.41||09h 00m 38.75||+41d 47` 00.4||F5V||Yellow/White|
|2 Lyncis||156.58||06h 19m 37.39||+59d 00` 39.3||A2Vs||White|
|15 Lyncis||178.33||06h 57m 16.60||+58d 25` 23.0||G5III-IV||Yellow|
|21 Lyncis||273.63||07h 26m 42.86||+49d 12` 41.9||A1V||White|
|38 Lyncis||124.82||09h 18m 50.67||+36d 48` 10.4||A1V||White|
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Brightest Star||Alpha Lyncis|
|Area||545.386 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||1.32%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||4|
|Meteor Shower Count||13|
|Nearest Star||HIP 38956|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||6 Lyncis|
|Brightest Star||Alpha Lyncis|
|Dimmest Star||HD 75556|
|Furthest Star||HIP 36580|
|Bright Star Count||60|
|Hipparcos Star Count||1565|
|Main Star Count||7|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Cassiopeia|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
|3c 186, Rogue Supermassive Black Hole||Quasar||8 Billion LY||+37d 53` 17.241||07h 44m 17m 4700|
|NGC 2419||Globular Cluster||300,000 Ly||+38 52 54.9||07 38 08m 51|
|NGC 2500||Barred Spiral Galaxy||33 MLy||50:44:14||8h 1h 53m 2|
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