Lyra (Pronounciation:Lie-rah, Abbrev:Lyr, Latin:Lyrae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Lyra takes up 286.476 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.69% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Lyra . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.
Lyra is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Lyra is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Lyra is 938. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 37. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 5.
There are 2 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is Vega which is roughly about 25.05 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 176051 which is about 48.51 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 90053 which is located about 326163 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Lyra with the naked eye is HD 175635. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
Maybe one of the Stymphalian birds that Hercules had to kill as part of his twelve labours. Not entirely sure.
There are 9 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.
|Name||Activity||Peak Activity||Closest Star|
|Lyrids||April 16-25||Apr. 22||Vega|
|Eta Lyrids||May 03 - May 12||May 09||Aladfar|
|June Lyrids||June 10-21||Jun. 15/16|
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Area||286.476 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.69%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||7|
|Meteor Shower Count||9|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 176051|
|Dimmest Star||HD 175635|
|Furthest Star||HIP 90053|
|Bright Star Count||37|
|Hipparcos Star Count||938|
|Main Star Count||5|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||2|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Draco|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Exoplanet Count||Declination||Right Ascension|
|Gliese 758||51.40||1||+33d 13` 17.7||19h 23m 33.96|
|HD 173416||454.90||1||+36d 33` 23.3||18h 43m 36.09|
|HD 175370||886.31||1||+43d 42` 48.8||18h 52m 59.74|
|HD 176051||48.51||1||+32d 54` 05.8||18h 57m 01.47|
|HD 177830||192.54||2||+25d 55` 14.8||19h 05m 20.80|
|HD 180314||428.60||1||+31d 51` 37.1||19h 14m 50.18|
As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Declination||Right Ascension|
|16 Lyrae||122.11||+46d 56` 06.1||19h 01m 26.36|
|17 Lyrae||135.62||+32d 30` 06.0||19h 07m 25.50|
|19 Lyrae||891.16||+31d 17` 00.5||19h 11m 46.01|
|Aladfar||1387.93||+39d 08` 45.5||19h 13m 45.49|
|Alathfar||438.98||+39d 30` 26.1||18h 24m 13.80|
|Delta1 Lyrae||991.38||+36d 58` 18.2||18h 53m 43.56|
|Delta2 Lyrae||736.26||+36d 53` 55.0||18h 54m 30.29|
|Epsilon Lyrae||162.35||+39d 40` 11.9||18h 44m 20.34|
|Epsilon2 Lyrae||155.54||+39d 36` 45.3||18h 44m 22.78|
|FL Lyrae||424.69||+46d 19` 26.5||19h 12m 04.86|
|HK Lyrae||+36d 57` 30.9||18h 42m 50.00|
|HR 7403||2363.50||+37d 56` 28.3||19h 27m 36.40|
|Iota Lyrae||896.05||+36d 06` 00.6||19h 07m 18.13|
|Kappa Lyrae||251.67||+36d 03` 52.0||18h 19m 51.72|
|Lambda Lyrae||1105.64||+32d 08` 43.8||19h 00m 00.82|
|Nu1 Lyrae||1309.89||+32d 48` 46.2||18h 49m 45.91|
|Nu2 Lyrae||231.49||+32d 33` 03.9||18h 49m 52.92|
|R Lyrae||298.14||+43d 56` 45.2||18h 55m 20.09|
|RR Lyrae||942.67||+42d 47` 05.4||19h 25m 28.00|
|Sheliak||962.13||+33d 21` 45.6||18h 50m 04.79|
|Sulafat||620.08||+32d 41` 22.4||18h 58m 56.62|
|Theta Lyrae||832.05||+38d 08` 01.4||19h 16m 22.10|
|V473 Lyrae||1399.84||+27d 55` 34.7||19h 15m 59.49|
|V478 Lyrae||91.21||+30d 15` 15.3||19h 07m 32.31|
|V533 Lyrae||428.60||+43d 13` 18.6||18h 36m 45.53|
|V542 Lyrae||578.30||+38d 15` 58.3||18h 58m 01.90|
|V543 Lyrae||979.47||+40d 40` 45.1||18h 58m 46.59|
|V550 Lyrae||1235.47||+41d 24` 49.6||19h 06m 17.03|
|Vega||25.05||+38d 46` 58.8||18h 36m 56.19|
|W Lyrae||+36d 40` 13.3||18h 14m 55.87|
|XY Lyrae||1716.65||+39d 40` 05.9||18h 38m 06.47|
|Zeta1 Lyrae||156.13||+37d 36` 18.2||18h 44m 46.34|
|Zeta2 Lyrae||155.54||+37d 35` 40.4||18h 44m 48.19|
|M56 Globular Cluster||Globular Cluster||32.9||+30:11||19h 16m 6|
|Ring Nebula||Supernova Remnant||1.6-3.8||+33:02||18h 53m 6|
|K||Light Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k||267|
|A||White 7,500 - 10,000k||247|
|F||Yellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k||141|
|G||Yellow 5,200 - 6,000k||114|
|B||Blue-White 10,500 - 30,000k||97|
|M||Red Dwarf Star <3,700k||36|
|Ib||Less Luminous Supergiant||3|
|C||C-Type Carbon Star||3|
|R||R-Type Carbon Star||2|
|Bob||Tuesday, 31st May 2016 3:18:08 AM|
|According to Roman legend, Lyra represents the lyre (Harp like instrument) that Orpheus, son of Apollo (Hermes) and famous musician, played. He left people, beasts, and even inanimate objects awestruck by the music he played. When his wife died of a snake bite, Orpheus took to the underworld to retrieve her. When he played there for Pluto (Hades) and Proserpina (Persephone) Pluto offered him a deal whereas he and his wife, Eurydice, could leave on one condition. Orpheus couldn’t look back at his wife until he had reached the surface. Nearing the top, the anxious Orpheus couldn’t bear not seeing his wife and, knowing not whether or not his wife was struggling, he looked back and lost her. Devastated, he lived a depressed life until the women, furious that he rejected them for small boys, stoned and dismembered him. As a testament to him, Jupiter then put his Lyre in the sky.|