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Lyra Constellation

Lyra (Pronounciation:Lie-rah, Abbrev:Lyr, Latin:Lyrae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Lyra takes up 286.476 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.69% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Lyra . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.

Lyra is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Lyra is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Lyra is Vega. There are 7 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

Lyra Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Lyra is 938. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 37. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 5.

There are 2 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is Vega which is roughly about 25.05 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 176051 which is about 48.51 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 90053 which is located about 326163 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Lyra with the naked eye is HD 175635. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

Maybe one of the Stymphalian birds that Hercules had to kill as part of his twelve labours. Not entirely sure.

Meteor Showers

There are 9 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.

NameActivityPeak ActivityClosest Star
LyridsApril 16-25Apr. 22Vega
Eta LyridsMay 03 - May 12 May 09Aladfar
June LyridsJune 10-21Jun. 15/16

Lyra Facts


NameLyra
AbbreviationLyr
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarVega
Area286.476 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky0.69%
Size Position52nd
Hemisphere Northern
Site Exoplanet Count7
Meteor Shower Count9
Nearest StarVega
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 176051
Dimmest StarHD 175635
Furthest StarHIP 90053
Bright Star Count37
Hipparcos Star Count938
Main Star Count5
Messier Deep Space Object Count2
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsDraco
Hercules
Vulpecula
Cygnus

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.


Lyra Constellation Map


Lyra Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Lyra


StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
Gliese 75851.401+33d 13` 17.719h 23m 33.96
HD 173416454.901+36d 33` 23.318h 43m 36.09
HD 175370886.311+43d 42` 48.818h 52m 59.74
HD 17605148.511+32d 54` 05.818h 57m 01.47
HD 177830192.542+25d 55` 14.819h 05m 20.80
HD 180314428.601+31d 51` 37.119h 14m 50.18

List of Named Stars in Lyra without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
16 Lyrae122.11+46d 56` 06.119h 01m 26.36
17 Lyrae135.62+32d 30` 06.019h 07m 25.50
19 Lyrae891.16+31d 17` 00.519h 11m 46.01
Aladfar1387.93+39d 08` 45.519h 13m 45.49
Alathfar438.98+39d 30` 26.118h 24m 13.80
Delta1 Lyrae991.38+36d 58` 18.218h 53m 43.56
Delta2 Lyrae736.26+36d 53` 55.018h 54m 30.29
Epsilon Lyrae162.35+39d 40` 11.918h 44m 20.34
Epsilon2 Lyrae155.54+39d 36` 45.318h 44m 22.78
FL Lyrae424.69+46d 19` 26.519h 12m 04.86
HK Lyrae+36d 57` 30.918h 42m 50.00
HR 74032363.50+37d 56` 28.319h 27m 36.40
Iota Lyrae896.05+36d 06` 00.619h 07m 18.13
Kappa Lyrae251.67+36d 03` 52.018h 19m 51.72
Lambda Lyrae1105.64+32d 08` 43.819h 00m 00.82
Nu1 Lyrae1309.89+32d 48` 46.218h 49m 45.91
Nu2 Lyrae231.49+32d 33` 03.918h 49m 52.92
R Lyrae298.14+43d 56` 45.218h 55m 20.09
RR Lyrae942.67+42d 47` 05.419h 25m 28.00
Sheliak962.13+33d 21` 45.618h 50m 04.79
Sulafat620.08+32d 41` 22.418h 58m 56.62
Theta Lyrae832.05+38d 08` 01.419h 16m 22.10
V473 Lyrae1399.84+27d 55` 34.719h 15m 59.49
V478 Lyrae91.21+30d 15` 15.319h 07m 32.31
V533 Lyrae428.60+43d 13` 18.618h 36m 45.53
V542 Lyrae578.30+38d 15` 58.318h 58m 01.90
V543 Lyrae979.47+40d 40` 45.118h 58m 46.59
V550 Lyrae1235.47+41d 24` 49.619h 06m 17.03
Vega25.05+38d 46` 58.818h 36m 56.19
W Lyrae+36d 40` 13.318h 14m 55.87
XY Lyrae1716.65+39d 40` 05.918h 38m 06.47
Zeta1 Lyrae156.13+37d 36` 18.218h 44m 46.34
Zeta2 Lyrae155.54+37d 35` 40.418h 44m 48.19



Objects of Interest (Galaxies, Nebulas, Supernovas, etc) in Lyra


NameTypeDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
M56 Globular ClusterGlobular Cluster32.9+30:1119h 16m 6
Ring NebulaSupernova Remnant1.6-3.8+33:0218h 53m 6

Lyra Constellation's Star Breakdown


Type Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k267
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k247
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k141
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k114
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k97
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k36

Size Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
IIINormal Giant65
VMain Sequence54
IVSubgiant30
IIBright Giant8
IbLess Luminous Supergiant3
IaLuminous Supergiant2

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
CC-Type Carbon Star3
RR-Type Carbon Star2


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BobTuesday, 31st May 2016 3:18:08 AM
According to Roman legend, Lyra represents the lyre (Harp like instrument) that Orpheus, son of Apollo (Hermes) and famous musician, played. He left people, beasts, and even inanimate objects awestruck by the music he played. When his wife died of a snake bite, Orpheus took to the underworld to retrieve her. When he played there for Pluto (Hades) and Proserpina (Persephone) Pluto offered him a deal whereas he and his wife, Eurydice, could leave on one condition. Orpheus couldn’t look back at his wife until he had reached the surface. Nearing the top, the anxious Orpheus couldn’t bear not seeing his wife and, knowing not whether or not his wife was struggling, he looked back and lost her. Devastated, he lived a depressed life until the women, furious that he rejected them for small boys, stoned and dismembered him. As a testament to him, Jupiter then put his Lyre in the sky.