Lyra (Pronounciation:Lie-rah, Abbrev:Lyr, Latin:Lyrae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Lyra takes up 286.476 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.69% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Lyra . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.
Lyra is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Lyra is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.
The brightest star in Lyra is Vega. There are 867 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Lyra. For a list of named stars, that is stars that don't start HD or HIP, please visit Lyra Star List Page.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Lyra is 938. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 37. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 5.
There are 2 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is Vega which is roughly about 25.05 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 176051 which is about 48.51 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 90053 which is located about 326163.3 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Lyra with the naked eye is HD 175635. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
Maybe one of the Stymphalian birds that Hercules had to kill as part of his twelve labours. Not entirely sure.
There are 9 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.
|Name||Activity||Peak Activity||Closest Star|
|Lyrids||April 16-25||Apr. 22||Vega|
|Eta Lyrids||May 03 - May 12||May 09||Aladfar|
|June Lyrids||June 10-21||Jun. 15/16|
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Area||286.476 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.69%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||867|
|Meteor Shower Count||9|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 176051|
|Dimmest Star||HD 175635|
|Furthest Star||HIP 90053|
|Bright Star Count||37|
|Hipparcos Star Count||938|
|Main Star Count||5|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||2|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Draco|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Messier 56 (NGC6779)||Globular Cluster||32900||+30:11||19h 16m 6|
|Ring Nebula (M57, NGC6720)||Supernova Remnant||1.6-3.8 kly||+33:02||18h 53m 6|
Lyrids is a Meteor Shower that falls just to the east of constellation of Lyra. It could be said that the meteor shower is more Hercules than Lyra but it has been given to Lyra. It is associated with the comet C/1861 G1 Thatcher which is a mid-range comet with its orbit taking 415 years, considerable longer than Encke but not as long as Hyakutake which estimated at 40,000 Years.
|Max Activity Date||22 Apr|
|Activity Period||April 16-25|
|Zenith Hourly Rate||18|
|Associated Comet||C/1983 H1 (IRAS-Araki-Alcock)|
|Max Activity Date||09 May|
|Activity Period||May 03 - May 12|
|Zenith Hourly Rate||3|
|Max Activity Date||15 Jun|
|Activity Period||June 10-21|
|Bob||Tuesday, 31st May 2016 3:18:08 AM|
|According to Roman legend, Lyra represents the lyre (Harp like instrument) that Orpheus, son of Apollo (Hermes) and famous musician, played. He left people, beasts, and even inanimate objects awestruck by the music he played. When his wife died of a snake bite, Orpheus took to the underworld to retrieve her. When he played there for Pluto (Hades) and Proserpina (Persephone) Pluto offered him a deal whereas he and his wife, Eurydice, could leave on one condition. Orpheus couldnâ€™t look back at his wife until he had reached the surface. Nearing the top, the anxious Orpheus couldnâ€™t bear not seeing his wife and, knowing not whether or not his wife was struggling, he looked back and lost her. Devastated, he lived a depressed life until the women, furious that he rejected them for small boys, stoned and dismembered him. As a testament to him, Jupiter then put his Lyre in the sky.|