Microscopium (Pronounciation:Micro-scope-e-um, Abbrev:Mic, Latin:Microscopii) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Microscopium takes up 209.513 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.51% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Microscope . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.
Microscopium is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Microscopium is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.
The brightest star in Microscopium is Gamma Microscopii. There are 4 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Microscopium.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Microscopium is 651. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 23. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 5.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is Lacaille 8760 which is roughly about 12.87 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 203949 which is about 263.67 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 102339 which is located about 163081.7 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Microscopium with the naked eye is HD 201852. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.97. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
One of the new constellations, does not have a legend behind it.There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Brightest Star||Gamma Microscopii|
|Area||209.513 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.51%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||4|
|Meteor Shower Count||2|
|Nearest Star||Lacaille 8760|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 203949|
|Dimmest Star||HD 201852|
|Furthest Star||HIP 102339|
|Bright Star Count||23|
|Hipparcos Star Count||651|
|Main Star Count||5|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Capricornus|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Declination||Right Ascension|
|2 Piscis Austrini||328.13||-32d 20` 29.9||21h 06m 24.68|
|3 Piscis Austrini||366.89||-27d 37` 08.6||21h 13m 17.27|
|Alpha Microscopii||378.38||-33d 46` 46.8||20h 49m 58.08|
|AT Microscopii||34.88||-32d 26` 03.6||20h 41m 50.97|
|AU Microscopii||32.32||-31d 20` 24.1||20h 45m 09.34|
|AV Microscopii||1144.43||-42d 08` 01.3||20h 41m 24.63|
|Beta Microscopii||482.49||-33d 10` 40.7||20h 51m 58.76|
|BO Microscopii||170.23||-36d 35` 40.1||20h 47m 45.00|
|BY Microscopii||1025.67||-27d 55` 30.7||20h 54m 06.58|
|Delta Microscopii||301.44||-30d 07` 29.8||21h 06m 01.12|
|Epsilon Microscopii||182.21||-32d 10` 20.9||21h 17m 56.25|
|Eta Microscopii||712.15||-41d 23` 09.4||21h 06m 25.50|
|Gamma Microscopii||229.05||-32d 15` 28.0||21h 01m 17.46|
|Iota Microscopii||115.54||-43d 59` 17.8||20h 48m 29.00|
|Lacaille 8760||12.87||-38d 51` 52.5||21h 17m 17.71|
|Nu Microscopii||233.98||-44d 30` 57.5||20h 33m 55.06|
|Theta1 Microscopii||197.20||-40d 48` 34.2||21h 20m 45.58|
|Theta2 Microscopii||390.61||-41d 00` 24.1||21h 24m 24.80|
|V Microscopii||2104.28||-40d 42` 05.1||21h 23m 48.76|
|WASP-133||-35d 47` 48.00||20h 58m 18.00|
|WASP-7||-39d 13` 31.00||20h 44m 10.00|
|WASP-94 A||-34d 08` 07.90||20h 55m 07.94|
|WASP-94 B||-34d 08` 07.90||20h 55m 09.16|
|Zeta Microscopii||115.37||-38d 37` 52.3||21h 02m 57.97|
|ZZ Microscopii||911.07||-42d 39` 20.1||21h 00m 35.20|
|K||Light Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k||195|
|G||Yellow 5,200 - 6,000k||183|
|F||Yellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k||163|
|A||White 7,500 - 10,000k||54|
|M||Red Dwarf Star <3,700k||29|
|B||Blue-White 10,500 - 30,000k||8|
|sd||sd Type SubDwarf Star||1|
|S||S-Type Carbon Star||1|