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Microscopium, The Microscope Constellation

Microscopium (Pronounciation:Micro-scope-e-um, Abbrev:Mic, Latin:Microscopii) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Microscopium takes up 209.513 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.51% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Microscope . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.

Microscopium is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Microscopium is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Microscopium is Gamma Microscopii. There are 4 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Microscopium.

Microscopium Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Microscopium is 651. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 23. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 5.

There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is Lacaille 8760 which is roughly about 12.87 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 203949 which is about 263.67 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 102339 which is located about 163081.7 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Microscopium with the naked eye is HD 201852. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.97. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

One of the new constellations, does not have a legend behind it.

There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.

Microscopium Facts

Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarGamma Microscopii
Area209.513 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky0.51%
Size Position66th
Hemisphere Southern
Site Exoplanet Count4
Meteor Shower Count2
Nearest StarLacaille 8760
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 203949
Dimmest StarHD 201852
Furthest StarHIP 102339
Bright Star Count23
Hipparcos Star Count651
Main Star Count5
Messier Deep Space Object Count0
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsCapricornus
Piscis Austrinus

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.

Microscopium Constellation Map

Microscopium Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Named Stars in Microscopium

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
2 Piscis Austrini328.13-32d 20` 29.921h 06m 24.68
3 Piscis Austrini366.89-27d 37` 08.621h 13m 17.27
Alpha Microscopii378.38-33d 46` 46.820h 49m 58.08
AT Microscopii34.88-32d 26` 03.620h 41m 50.97
AU Microscopii32.32-31d 20` 24.120h 45m 09.34
AV Microscopii1144.43-42d 08` 01.320h 41m 24.63
Beta Microscopii482.49-33d 10` 40.720h 51m 58.76
BO Microscopii170.23-36d 35` 40.120h 47m 45.00
BY Microscopii1025.67-27d 55` 30.720h 54m 06.58
Delta Microscopii301.44-30d 07` 29.821h 06m 01.12
Epsilon Microscopii182.21-32d 10` 20.921h 17m 56.25
Eta Microscopii712.15-41d 23` 09.421h 06m 25.50
Gamma Microscopii229.05-32d 15` 28.021h 01m 17.46
Iota Microscopii115.54-43d 59` 17.820h 48m 29.00
Lacaille 876012.87-38d 51` 52.521h 17m 17.71
Nu Microscopii233.98-44d 30` 57.520h 33m 55.06
Theta1 Microscopii197.20-40d 48` 34.221h 20m 45.58
Theta2 Microscopii390.61-41d 00` 24.121h 24m 24.80
V Microscopii2104.28-40d 42` 05.121h 23m 48.76
WASP-133-35d 47` 48.0020h 58m 18.00
WASP-7-39d 13` 31.0020h 44m 10.00
WASP-94 A-34d 08` 07.9020h 55m 07.94
WASP-94 B-34d 08` 07.9020h 55m 09.16
Zeta Microscopii115.37-38d 37` 52.321h 02m 57.97
ZZ Microscopii911.07-42d 39` 20.121h 00m 35.20

Microscopium Constellation's Star Breakdown

Type Breakdown

KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k195
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k183
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k163
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k54
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k29
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k8

Size Breakdown

VMain Sequence293
IIINormal Giant215
IIBright Giant5

Breakdown of Dwarf Stars by Type

sdsd Type SubDwarf Star1

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type

SS-Type Carbon Star1

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