Musca (Pronounciation:Muss-car, Abbrev:Mus, Latin:Muscae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Musca takes up 138.355 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.34% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Fly . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman years later.
Musca is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Musca is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Musca is 604. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 31. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 7.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is HIP 57367 which is roughly about 15.03 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 111232 which is about 95.71 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is TU Muscae which is located about 163081.7 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Musca with the naked eye is HD 105151. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.95. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Brightest Star||Alpha Muscae|
|Area||138.355 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.34%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||3|
|Meteor Shower Count||0|
|Nearest Star||HIP 57367|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 111232|
|Dimmest Star||HD 105151|
|Furthest Star||TU Muscae|
|Bright Star Count||31|
|Hipparcos Star Count||604|
|Main Star Count||7|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Crux|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Exoplanet Count||Declination||Right Ascension|
|HD 108341||161.23||1||-71d 25` 23.7||12h 27m 31.62|
|HD 111232||95.71||1||-68d 25` 31.5||12h 48m 51.71|
|KR Muscae||316.05||1||-70d 11` 41.2||11h 33m 25.51|
As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Declination||Right Ascension|
|Alpha Muscae||315.44||-69d 08` 07.9||12h 37m 11.08|
|Beta Muscae||341.53||-68d 06` 29.1||12h 46m 16.87|
|BO Muscae||1098.19||-67d 45` 24.8||12h 34m 54.46|
|Delta Muscae||90.90||-71d 32` 55.7||13h 02m 15.78|
|Epsilon Muscae||301.44||-67d 57` 38.4||12h 17m 34.64|
|Eta Muscae||382.82||-67d 53` 40.4||13h 15m 15.00|
|FH Muscae||372.76||-66d 30` 40.0||12h 39m 55.90|
|Gamma Muscae||324.86||-72d 07` 58.7||12h 32m 28.11|
|GT Muscae||501.79||-65d 23` 51.9||11h 39m 29.63|
|Iota1 Muscae||221.13||-74d 53` 15.0||13h 25m 07.36|
|Iota2 Muscae||520.20||-74d 41` 30.2||13h 27m 18.58|
|KY Muscae||-67d 11` 35.0||12h 38m 52.37|
|KZ Muscae||10872.11||-71d 37` 18.5||12h 39m 19.18|
|Lambda Chamaeleontis||424.69||-75d 22` 01.4||12h 07m 50.09|
|Lambda Muscae||127.16||-66d 43` 43.8||11h 45m 36.57|
|LS Muscae||1000.50||-71d 28` 32.6||13h 03m 05.36|
|Mu Muscae||429.73||-66d 48` 53.5||11h 48m 14.49|
|R Muscae||2038.52||-69d 24` 27.2||12h 42m 05.03|
|RT Muscae||3469.82||-67d 18` 18.9||11h 44m 32.89|
|S Muscae||1639.01||-70d 09` 06.4||12h 12m 47.03|
|T Muscae||132.05||-14d 46` 20.6||13h 20m 39.30|
|Theta Muscae||12544.74||-65d 18` 21.7||13h 08m 07.16|
|TU Muscae||163081.67||-65 d 44` 32.1||11h 31m 10.93|
|UU Muscae||1489.33||-65d 24` 15.1||11h 52m 17.73|
|Zeta1 Muscae||326.82||-68d 18` 25.9||12h 22m 12.03|
|Zeta2 Muscae||329.79||-67d 31` 19.5||12h 22m 07.39|
|B||Blue-White 10,500 - 30,000k||164|
|F||Yellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k||117|
|K||Light Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k||103|
|G||Yellow 5,200 - 6,000k||91|
|A||White 7,500 - 10,000k||87|
|M||Red Dwarf Star <3,700k||19|
|O||Blue Star >33,000k||2|
|Ib||Less Luminous Supergiant||18|
|Iab||Intermediate Luminous Supergiant||5|
|N||N-Type Carbon Star||1|