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Musca Constellation

Musca (Pronounciation:Muss-car, Abbrev:Mus, Latin:Muscae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Musca takes up 138.355 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.34% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Fly . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman years later.

Musca is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Musca is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Musca is Alpha Muscae. There are 3 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

Musca Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Musca is 604. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 31. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 7.

There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is HIP 57367 which is roughly about 15.03 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 111232 which is about 95.71 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is TU Muscae which is located about 163081.7 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Musca with the naked eye is HD 105151. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.95. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.

There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.

Musca Facts


NameMusca
AbbreviationMus
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarAlpha Muscae
Area138.355 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky0.34%
Size Position77th
Hemisphere Southern
Site Exoplanet Count3
Meteor Shower Count0
Nearest StarHIP 57367
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 111232
Dimmest StarHD 105151
Furthest StarTU Muscae
Bright Star Count31
Hipparcos Star Count604
Main Star Count7
Messier Deep Space Object Count0
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsCrux
Centaurus
Carina
Chamaeleon
Apus
Circinus

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.


Musca Constellation Map


Musca Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Musca


StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
HD 108341161.231-71d 25` 23.712h 27m 31.62
HD 11123295.711-68d 25` 31.512h 48m 51.71
KR Muscae316.051-70d 11` 41.211h 33m 25.51

List of Named Stars in Musca without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
Alpha Muscae315.44-69d 08` 07.912h 37m 11.08
Beta Muscae341.53-68d 06` 29.112h 46m 16.87
BO Muscae1098.19-67d 45` 24.812h 34m 54.46
Delta Muscae90.90-71d 32` 55.713h 02m 15.78
Epsilon Muscae301.44-67d 57` 38.412h 17m 34.64
Eta Muscae382.82-67d 53` 40.413h 15m 15.00
FH Muscae372.76-66d 30` 40.012h 39m 55.90
Gamma Muscae324.86-72d 07` 58.712h 32m 28.11
GT Muscae501.79-65d 23` 51.911h 39m 29.63
Iota1 Muscae221.13-74d 53` 15.013h 25m 07.36
Iota2 Muscae520.20-74d 41` 30.213h 27m 18.58
KY Muscae-67d 11` 35.012h 38m 52.37
KZ Muscae10872.11-71d 37` 18.512h 39m 19.18
Lambda Chamaeleontis424.69-75d 22` 01.412h 07m 50.09
Lambda Muscae127.16-66d 43` 43.811h 45m 36.57
LS Muscae1000.50-71d 28` 32.613h 03m 05.36
Mu Muscae429.73-66d 48` 53.511h 48m 14.49
R Muscae2038.52-69d 24` 27.212h 42m 05.03
RT Muscae3469.82-67d 18` 18.911h 44m 32.89
S Muscae1639.01-70d 09` 06.412h 12m 47.03
T Muscae132.05-14d 46` 20.613h 20m 39.30
Theta Muscae12544.74-65d 18` 21.713h 08m 07.16
TU Muscae163081.67-65 d 44` 32.111h 31m 10.93
UU Muscae1489.33-65d 24` 15.111h 52m 17.73
Zeta1 Muscae326.82-68d 18` 25.912h 22m 12.03
Zeta2 Muscae329.79-67d 31` 19.512h 22m 07.39

Musca Constellation's Star Breakdown


Type Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k164
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k117
KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k103
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k91
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k87
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k19
OBlue Star >33,000k2

Size Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
VMain Sequence229
IIINormal Giant169
IVSubgiant106
IbLess Luminous Supergiant18
IIBright Giant16
IabIntermediate Luminous Supergiant5
IaLuminous Supergiant3
WWolf-Rayet Star2
DDwarf Star1

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
NN-Type Carbon Star1


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