Norma (Pronounciation:Nore-ma, Abbrev:Nor, Latin:Normae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Norma takes up 165.29 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.4% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Rule . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.
Norma is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Norma is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Norma is 681. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 26. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 4.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is HIP 79537 which is roughly about 45.29 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 142415 which is about 111.66 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 76661 which is located about 326163.3 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Norma with the naked eye is HD 141544. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 6. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.
There are 1 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The Meteor Shower is known as the Gamma Normids.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Brightest Star||Gamma Normae|
|Area||165.29 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.4%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||4|
|Meteor Shower Count||1|
|Nearest Star||HIP 79537|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 142415|
|Dimmest Star||HD 141544|
|Furthest Star||HIP 76661|
|Bright Star Count||26|
|Hipparcos Star Count||681|
|Main Star Count||4|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Lupus|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Exoplanet Count||Declination||Right Ascension|
|HD 142415||111.66||1||-60d 12` 00.0||15h 57m 40.92|
|HD 143361||214.16||1||-44d 26` 03.3||16h 01m 50.48|
|HD 148156||168.30||1||-46d 19` 03.7||16h 28m 17.25|
|HD 330075||161.79||1||-49d 57` 47.9||15h 49m 37.90|
As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Declination||Right Ascension|
|Delta Normae||122.34||-45d 10` 23.8||16h 06m 29.42|
|Epsilon Normae||530.35||-47d 33` 17.0||16h 27m 11.05|
|Eta Normae||219.49||-49d 13` 47.0||16h 03m 12.86|
|Gamma1 Normae||1469.20||-50d 04` 05.2||16h 17m 00.94|
|Gamma2 Normae||128.77||-50d 09` 19.4||16h 19m 50.57|
|Iota1 Normae||128.46||-57d 46` 29.5||16h 03m 32.22|
|Iota2 Normae||279.97||-57d 56` 03.0||16h 09m 18.56|
|Kappa Normae||428.04||-54d 37` 49.5||16h 13m 28.73|
|Lambda Normae||348.84||-42d 40` 26.2||16h 19m 17.64|
|Mu Normae||4181.58||-44d 02` 43.1||16h 34m 05.02|
|QU Normae||1822.14||-46d 14` 35.6||16h 29m 42.33|
|QY Normae||748.08||-53d 42` 37.2||16h 04m 21.32|
|R Nor||1896.30||-49d 30` 28.6||15h 35m 57.35|
|S Normae||2811.75||-57d 53` 59.2||16h 18m 51.83|
|T Normae||903.50||-54d 59` 12.4||15h 44m 03.85|
|Theta Normae||385.54||-47d 22` 18.9||16h 15m 15.35|
|V360 Normae||2160.02||-55d 03` 19.9||15h 51m 06.81|
|V367 Normae||1598.84||-53d 40` 16.2||16h 13m 16.97|
|V368 Normae||774.73||-53d 48` 40.0||16h 16m 43.27|
|V378 Normae||7765.79||-57d 45` 22.7||16h 29m 45.22|
|Zeta Normae||217.73||-55d 32` 27.0||16h 13m 22.80|
|G||Yellow 5,200 - 6,000k||160|
|B||Blue-White 10,500 - 30,000k||135|
|F||Yellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k||130|
|K||Light Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k||124|
|A||White 7,500 - 10,000k||62|
|M||Red Dwarf Star <3,700k||28|
|O||Blue Star >33,000k||4|
|Ib||Less Luminous Supergiant||15|
|Iab||Intermediate Luminous Supergiant||1|
|C||C-Type Carbon Star||2|