Pavo (Pronounciation:Pave-oh, Abbrev:Pav, Latin:Pavonis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Pavo takes up 377.666 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.92% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Peacock . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman years later.
Pavo is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Pavo is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Pavo is 1246. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 44. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 10.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is HIP 86990 which is roughly about 19.02 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 189567 which is about 57.82 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 96968 which is located about 326163 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Pavo with the naked eye is HD 175401. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.98. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Area||377.666 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.92%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||9|
|Meteor Shower Count||4|
|Nearest Star||HIP 86990|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 189567|
|Dimmest Star||HD 175401|
|Furthest Star||HIP 96968|
|Bright Star Count||44|
|Hipparcos Star Count||1246|
|Main Star Count||10|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Telescopium|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Exoplanet Count||Declination||Right Ascension|
|HD 175167||219.49||1||-69d 56` 37.6||19h 00m 00.85|
|HD 175607||147.65||2||-66d 11` 30.3||19h 01m 05.30|
|HD 181433||87.28||3||-66d 28` 09.7||19h 25m 09.90|
|HD 189567||57.82||1||-67d 19` 09.3||20h 05m 31.49|
|HD 190984||597.37||1||-64d 37` 14.1||20h 11m 30.72|
|HD 196050||163.00||1||-60d 38` 03.6||20h 37m 51.94|
As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Declination||Right Ascension|
|Beta Pavonis||135.11||-66d 12` 11.7||20h 44m 57.56|
|Delta Pavonis||19.92||-66d 10` 45.6||20h 08m 41.86|
|Epsilon Pavonis||105.08||-72d 54` 36.7||20h 00m 35.39|
|Eta Pavonis||352.23||-64d 43` 25.4||17h 45m 44.00|
|Gamma Pavonis||30.21||-65d 22` 05.3||21h 26m 26.49|
|Iota Pavonis||57.44||-62d 00` 10.0||18h 10m 26.26|
|Kappa Pavonis||500.25||-67d 14` 00.7||18h 56m 57.04|
|KZ Pavonis||433.73||-70d 25` 19.9||20h 58m 40.11|
|Lambda Pavonis||1430.54||-62d 11` 15.2||18h 52m 13.04|
|Mu1 Pavonis||238.95||-66d 56` 56.0||20h 00m 23.11|
|Mu2 Pavonis||236.35||-66d 56` 37.7||20h 01m 52.40|
|MW Pavonis||682.35||-71d 56` 58.3||20h 46m 27.69|
|Nu Pavonis||438.98||-62d 16` 41.5||18h 31m 22.43|
|NZ Pavonis||188.86||-65d 36` 16.9||19h 51m 01.09|
|Omega Pavonis||563.32||-60d 12` 02.3||18h 58m 36.59|
|Omicron Pavonis||893.60||-70d 07` 34.4||21h 13m 20.44|
|Peacock||178.82||-56d 44` 05.6||20h 25m 38.85|
|Phi1 Pavonis||90.65||-60d 34` 52.7||20h 35m 34.77|
|Phi2 Pavonis||80.43||-60d 32` 51.0||20h 40m 02.27|
|Pi Pavonis||130.00||-63d 40` 05.0||18h 08m 34.79|
|R Pavonis||1098.19||-63d 36` 57.4||18h 12m 52.98|
|Rho Pavonis||189.63||-61d 31` 47.1||20h 37m 35.24|
|Sigma Pavonis||302.00||-68d 46` 35.0||20h 49m 18.28|
|SX Pavonis||411.82||-69d 30` 19.0||21h 28m 44.79|
|Tau Pavonis||634.56||-69d 11` 26.7||19h 16m 28.60|
|Theta Pavonis||220.83||-65d 04` 39.0||18h 48m 37.96|
|Upsilon Pavonis||785.94||-66d 45` 38.3||20h 41m 57.06|
|V Pavonis||1208.01||-57d 43` 26.2||17h 43m 18.94|
|Xi Pavonis||468.63||-61d 29` 38.1||18h 23m 13.62|
|Y Pavonis||1315.17||-69d 44` 01.9||21h 24m 16.73|
|Zeta Pavonis||218.46||-71d 25` 39.8||18h 43m 02.13|
|K||Light Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k||371|
|F||Yellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k||302|
|G||Yellow 5,200 - 6,000k||249|
|A||White 7,500 - 10,000k||160|
|M||Red Dwarf Star <3,700k||64|
|B||Blue-White 10,500 - 30,000k||63|
|Iab||Intermediate Luminous Supergiant||1|
|Ib||Less Luminous Supergiant||1|
|C||C-Type Carbon Star||3|
|R||R-Type Carbon Star||1|
|kimmberly litchner||Wednesday, 16th March 2016 4:42:57 PM|
|the legend behind pavo is a greek on. Hera, wife of Zeus and hence the Queen of the heavens, was an excessively jealous wife. And with good reason; Zeus was excessively amorous. Scholars have assiduously traced at least fifty lovers and mistresses of this supreme Greek god. Io was one of these lovers. The trouble was, Io was one of Hera's priestesses, and Hera soon discovered the infidelity. To protect Io, Zeus transformed her into a heifer. But Hera was not fooled, and she claimed ownership over the heifer, then chose Argus Panoptes to guard the animal. As indicated by its name, Argus Panoptes was "all eyes". Indeed, the beast had one hundred eyes, which surely should have been sufficient to guard one small heifer. Zeus engaged Hermes with the task of rescuing Io. To avoid detection by one of Argus' one hundred eyes, Hermes charmed the animal with a flute when it was fast asleep, then threw a huge boulder on top of it, and for good measure cut off its head. An angry Hera set a gadfly to pester Io, who then roamed around most of the Mediterranean nations before finally settling down in Egypt, where Zeus changed her back into human form. She later established the worship of Isis in Egypt. As for the unfortunate Argus Panoptes, Hera put all of its many eyes on the tail of her sacred bird, the peacock. Only much later, in the seventeenth century, would the peacock itself become part of the heavenly zoo. Johann Bayer introduced the constellation in Uranometria in 1603, along with a number of other birds: Apus, Grus, Phoenix, and Tucana.|