Universe Guide

Home / Facts / Constellations

Pavo Constellation

Pavo (Pronounciation:Pave-oh, Abbrev:Pav, Latin:Pavonis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Pavo takes up 377.666 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.92% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Peacock . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman years later.

Pavo is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Pavo is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Pavo is Peacock. There are 9 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

Pavo Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Pavo is 1246. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 44. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 10.

There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is HIP 86990 which is roughly about 19.02 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 189567 which is about 57.82 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 96968 which is located about 326163.3 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Pavo with the naked eye is HD 175401. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.98. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.

There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.

Pavo Facts

Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarPeacock
Area377.666 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky0.92%
Size Position44th
Hemisphere Southern
Site Exoplanet Count9
Meteor Shower Count4
Nearest StarHIP 86990
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 189567
Dimmest StarHD 175401
Furthest StarHIP 96968
Bright Star Count44
Hipparcos Star Count1246
Main Star Count10
Messier Deep Space Object Count0
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsTelescopium

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.

Pavo Constellation Map

Pavo Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Pavo

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
HD 175167219.491-69d 56` 37.619h 00m 00.85
HD 175607147.652-66d 11` 30.319h 01m 05.30
HD 18143387.283-66d 28` 09.719h 25m 09.90
HD 18956757.821-67d 19` 09.320h 05m 31.49
HD 190984597.371 -64d 37` 14.120h 11m 30.72
HD 196050163.001-60d 38` 03.620h 37m 51.94

List of Named Stars in Pavo without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
Beta Pavonis135.11-66d 12` 11.720h 44m 57.56
Delta Pavonis19.92-66d 10` 45.620h 08m 41.86
Epsilon Pavonis105.08-72d 54` 36.720h 00m 35.39
Eta Pavonis352.23-64d 43` 25.417h 45m 44.00
Gamma Pavonis30.21-65d 22` 05.321h 26m 26.49
Iota Pavonis57.44-62d 00` 10.018h 10m 26.26
Kappa Pavonis500.25-67d 14` 00.718h 56m 57.04
KZ Pavonis433.73-70d 25` 19.920h 58m 40.11
Lambda Pavonis1430.54-62d 11` 15.218h 52m 13.04
Mu1 Pavonis238.95-66d 56` 56.020h 00m 23.11
Mu2 Pavonis236.35-66d 56` 37.720h 01m 52.40
MW Pavonis682.35-71d 56` 58.320h 46m 27.69
Nu Pavonis438.98-62d 16` 41.518h 31m 22.43
NZ Pavonis188.86-65d 36` 16.919h 51m 01.09
Omega Pavonis563.32-60d 12` 02.318h 58m 36.59
Omicron Pavonis893.60-70d 07` 34.421h 13m 20.44
Peacock178.82-56d 44` 05.620h 25m 38.85
Phi1 Pavonis90.65-60d 34` 52.720h 35m 34.77
Phi2 Pavonis80.43-60d 32` 51.020h 40m 02.27
Pi Pavonis130.00-63d 40` 05.018h 08m 34.79
R Pavonis1098.19-63d 36` 57.418h 12m 52.98
Rho Pavonis189.63-61d 31` 47.120h 37m 35.24
Sigma Pavonis302.00-68d 46` 35.020h 49m 18.28
SX Pavonis411.82-69d 30` 19.021h 28m 44.79
Tau Pavonis634.56-69d 11` 26.719h 16m 28.60
Theta Pavonis220.83-65d 04` 39.018h 48m 37.96
Upsilon Pavonis785.94-66d 45` 38.320h 41m 57.06
V Pavonis1208.01-57d 43` 26.217h 43m 18.94
Xi Pavonis468.63-61d 29` 38.118h 23m 13.62
Y Pavonis1315.17-69d 44` 01.921h 24m 16.73
Zeta Pavonis218.46-71d 25` 39.818h 43m 02.13

Pavo Constellation's Star Breakdown

Type Breakdown

KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k371
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k302
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k249
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k160
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k64
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k63

Size Breakdown

IIINormal Giant496
VMain Sequence439
IIBright Giant10
IabIntermediate Luminous Supergiant1
IbLess Luminous Supergiant1

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type

CC-Type Carbon Star3
RR-Type Carbon Star1

Add a Comment

Email: (Optional)

kimmberly litchnerWednesday, 16th March 2016 4:42:57 PM
the legend behind pavo is a greek on. Hera, wife of Zeus and hence the Queen of the heavens, was an excessively jealous wife. And with good reason; Zeus was excessively amorous. Scholars have assiduously traced at least fifty lovers and mistresses of this supreme Greek god. Io was one of these lovers. The trouble was, Io was one of Hera&#39;s priestesses, and Hera soon discovered the infidelity. To protect Io, Zeus transformed her into a heifer. But Hera was not fooled, and she claimed ownership over the heifer, then chose Argus Panoptes to guard the animal. As indicated by its name, Argus Panoptes was &quot;all eyes&quot;. Indeed, the beast had one hundred eyes, which surely should have been sufficient to guard one small heifer. Zeus engaged Hermes with the task of rescuing Io. To avoid detection by one of Argus&#39; one hundred eyes, Hermes charmed the animal with a flute when it was fast asleep, then threw a huge boulder on top of it, and for good measure cut off its head. An angry Hera set a gadfly to pester Io, who then roamed around most of the Mediterranean nations before finally settling down in Egypt, where Zeus changed her back into human form. She later established the worship of Isis in Egypt. As for the unfortunate Argus Panoptes, Hera put all of its many eyes on the tail of her sacred bird, the peacock. Only much later, in the seventeenth century, would the peacock itself become part of the heavenly zoo. Johann Bayer introduced the constellation in Uranometria in 1603, along with a number of other birds: Apus, Grus, Phoenix, and Tucana.