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Pegasus, The Winged Horse Constellation

Pegasus Constellation Star Map

Pegasus (Pronounciation:Peg-a-sus, Abbrev:Peg, Latin:Pegasi) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Pegasus takes up 1120.794 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 2.72% of the night sky. Pegasus is the 7th largest in terms of size in the night sky.

The constellation name means The Winged Horse . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.

There are 13 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 2689 stars. There are 98 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.

Pegasus is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Pegasus is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.

There are 26 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Pegasus. The current largest star so far identified in the constellation of Pegasus is S Pegasi.

There are 1 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are 2 non-Messier deep space objects that are covered on this site and the list is below.

The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.

Distance to Pegasus

You can't just go to one location and arrive at the constellation because the constellation is made up of stars at different locations and different distances. The nearest main star in the constellation is at a distance of 38.25 light years and the furthest main star is a distance of 689.56 light years. The average distance to the main stars is 260.18 light years.

Pegasus Star Facts

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

HIP 108953, Pegasus's Furthest Star

The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 108953 and it is 326163.3 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

Markab, Brightest Star in Pegasus

The brightest star in Pegasus is Markab and is located about 79.78 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 2.49 but an absolute magnitude of -0.57 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is recognised as being the brightest in the constellation as it has the Bayer status of Alpha.

18 Pegasi, Pegasus's Dimmest Visible Star

The dimmest star that can be seen in Pegasus with the naked eye is 18 Pegasi. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 6. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.

51 Pegasi / Helvetios

51 Pegasi was the first Sun like star to be identified as having a planet in orbit round it. The planet was nicknamed Bellerophon but it would later have the official name of Dimidium. Before Helvetios, exoplanets round more inhospitable locations were found. Later analysis of the planet found the planet being boiled away by being too close and therefore all hope of life existing on the planet went to.

How to Find and View Pegasus in the Night Sky

Northern Hemisphere

London, Great Britain

Pegasus can be viewed as soon as it gets dark in London in a southernly direction, over the course of hours and days, it will nose dive in a westernly direction. It will be partially visible in March at about 7pm and will have disappeared later on. It will be viewable in late August after 9pm when it will on the NE-E horizon. Over the next hours and months, it will rise into the sky but not by much.

Miami, United States

The earlier you can see it, the better, the later you see it, the more it will be heading to disappear under the horizon. In January, its good to see it about 7-9 pm. From September, it can be clearly viewed NE-E direction as it makes a return to the skies for the rest of the year.

Southern Hemisphere

Sydney, Australia

The best time to see Pegasus is September to February when it is on the horizon. It will not get very far off the horizon so you might not get a good view.

Darwin, Australia

The best time to see Pegasus is December when it reaches the highest point before coming back down. Its best to see the constellation as soon as it gets dark otherwise the constellation will start coming back down out of focus and disappear.

Pegasus Mythology

According to the films, Clash of the Titans (1981), Pegasus was the mythical winged horse that was tamed by Perseus whilst on a mission to save Andromeda from the sea whale Cetus.

According to Greek Mythology, the ancient story of Pegasus is different. When Perseus beheaded the Gorgon Medusa, the woman with a tail for a body and snakes for hair, Pegasus was released. Pegasus would be tamed by Bellerophon and used in the quest to kill the Chimera. The Chimera was a creature that had the body and head of a lion and could fly with wings. At the end of its tail was another head.

Meteor Showers Radiating from Pegasus

There are 21 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The list below are major ones and which I have a date period for.

NameActivityPeak ActivityClosest Star
Daytime q Pegasids15th March  
PegasidsJuly 7-13July 9thMarkab
September Rho Pegasids20th September  
November Gamma Pegasids11th November  


List of Main Stars in Pegasus

The following list contains the stars that make up the constellation. For a larger list of stars in the entire constellation area, please visit the For a list of named stars, that is stars that don't start HD or HIP, please visit Pegasus Star List page.

NameBayerDistance (Lt.Yr.)Right AscensionDeclinationSpectral TypeColour
MarkabAlpha Pegasi133.3523h 04m 45.62+15d 12` 19.3B9.5IIIBlue/White
ScheatBeta Pegasi196.0123h 03m 46.33+28d 04` 56.8M2II-IIIvarRed
AlgenibGamma Pegasi391.5500h 13m 14.15+15d 11` 01.0B2IVBlue/White
EnifEpsilon Pegasi689.5621h 44m 11.14+09d 52` 30.0K2IbvarOrange
HomamZeta Pegasi204.3622h 41m 27.67+10d 49` 53.0B8.5VBlue/White
MatarEta Pegasi214.3022h 43m 00.13+30d 13` 16.7G2II-III..Yellow
BihamTheta Pegasi92.2922h 10m 11.82+06d 11` 52.0A2VWhite
Iota PegasiIota Pegasi38.2522h 07m 00.47+25d 20` 42.2F5VYellow/White
JihKappa Pegasi111.6221h 44m 38.70+25d 38` 42.0F5IVYellow/White
Lambda PegasiLambda Pegasi365.2422h 46m 31.84+23d 33` 56.4G8II-IIIYellow
Xi PegasiXi Pegasi53.1622h 46m 41.44+12d 10` 26.7F7VYellow/White
Pi PegasiPi Pegasi263.0322h 09m 59.25+33d 10` 41.8F5IIIYellow/White
21 Pegasi629.6622h 03m 19.02+11d 23` 11.6B9.5VBlue/White

Pegasus Facts


NamePegasus
AbbreviationPeg
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarMarkab
Area1120.794 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky2.72%
Size Position7th
Hemisphere Northern
Site Exoplanet Count26
Meteor Shower Count21
Nearest StarEQ Pegasi
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)Helvetios
Largest StarS Pegasi
Brightest StarMarkab
Dimmest Star18 Pegasi
Furthest StarHIP 108953
Bright Star Count98
Hipparcos Star Count2689
Main Star Count13
Messier Deep Space Object Count1
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsLacerta
Cygnus
Vulpecula
Delphinus
Equuleus
Aquarius
Pisces
Andromeda

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.


List of Deep Space Objects (Galaxies, Nebulas, Supernovas, etc) in Pegasus


NameTypeDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
EINSTEIN CROSSQuasar+03 21 30.6322 40 30m 234
Fried Egg Galaxy (NGC 7742)Galaxy in a Pair of Galaxies+10 46 01.53638959023 44 15m 7546655695
Messier 15 (NGC7078)Globular Cluster33000+12:1021h 30m 0
NGC 1Galaxy in a Pair of Galaxies+27 42 29.02456224400 07 15m 8554856380
NGC 14Irregular Galaxy+15 48 56.51193306600 08 46m 4277865824
NGC 15Spiral Galaxy+21 37 28.46590423200 09 02m 4781555435
NGC 16Lenticular Galaxy+27 43 46.0300 09 04m 300
NGC 2Spiral Galaxy+27 40 42.03237804700 07 17m 1152703830
NGC 22Spiral Galaxy+27 49 56.13021379700 09 48m 2020305947
NGC 23Barred Spiral Galaxy+25 55 25.4600 09 53m 411
NGC 26Spiral Galaxy+25 49 54.90485408800 10 25m 8798210531
NGC 41Spiral Galaxy+22 01 23.9600 12 47m 952
NGC 42Lenticular Galaxy+22 06 01.0000 12 56m 361
NGC 52Edge-on Spiral Galaxy+18 34 55.1500 14 40m 101
NGC 7137Spiral Galaxy+22 09 34.48632244621 48 13m 0539321468
NGC 7147Galaxy+03 04 18.19894389921 51 58m 4141136094
NGC 7207Lenticular Galaxy+16 46 04.06662388922 05 45m 6655050607
NGC 7217Unbarred Spiral Galaxy+31 21 33.3222 07 52m 368
NGC 7237Galaxy+13 50 27.1322 14 46m 885
NGC 7317Elliptical Galaxy+33 56 41.75876299022 35 51m 8681756144
NGC 7320Galaxy+33 56 53.63050086322 36 03m 4063163619
NGC 7331Galaxy45,000,000+34 24 57.3122 37 04m 102
NGC 7337Barred Spiral Galaxy+34 22 27.5422 37 26m 631
NGC 7347Spiral Galaxy+11 01 39.2222 39 56m 162
NGC 7357Spiral Galaxy+30 10 16.60848465622 42 23m 9150826257
NGC 7367Spiral Galaxy+03 38 47.01695747422 44 34m 4725404190
NGC 7387Lenticular Galaxy+11 38 12.23383255022 50 17m 6524019786
NGC 7407Spiral Galaxy+32 07 50.7922 53 20m 859
NGC 7427Lenticular Galaxy+08 30 20.44164942622 57 09m 9356750464
NGC 7437Galaxy+14 18 32.4622 58 10m 049
NGC 7457Spiral Galaxy+30 08 41.79446818723 00 59m 9274269967
NGC 7467Galaxy+15 33 14.5423 02 27m 480
NGC 7479Spiral Galaxy110,000,000+12 19 22.3623 04 56m 668
NGC 7487Galaxy+28 10 44.9923 06 50m 530
NGC 7497Spiral Galaxy+18 10 37.8523 09 03m 428
NGC 7500Spiral Galaxy+11 00 44.1923 10 29m 788
NGC 7505Galaxy+13 37 53.62446135423 11 00m 6514525270
NGC 7508Galaxy+12 56 25.5723 11 49m 197
NGC 7509Elliptical Galaxy+14 36 33.75960035123 12 21m 4169871685
NGC 7511Spiral Galaxy+13 43 35.79699280523 12 26m 2986603599
NGC 7512Elliptical Galaxy+31 07 32.2523 12 20m 955
NGC 7514Spiral Galaxy+34 52 53.20117882623 12 25m 8541566157
NGC 7515Spiral Galaxy+12 40 45.58550994923 12 48m 6738020699
NGC 7516Spiral Galaxy+20 14 54.41949754223 12 51m 8573999818
NGC 7519Spiral Galaxy+10 46 19.7523 13 11m 235
NGC 7523Galaxy+13 59 12.1723 13 34m 680
NGC 7525Elliptical Galaxy+14 01 15.57377864523 13 40m 4956372546
NGC 7527Elliptical Galaxy+24 54 08.20642037123 13 41m 7943193387
NGC 7528Elliptical Galaxy+10 13 53.18403859723 14 20m 2616923873
NGC 7529Spiral Galaxy+08 59 33.1123 14 03m 208
NGC 7535Galaxy+13 34 54.0323 14 12m 598
NGC 7536Spiral Galaxy+13 25 35.0323 14 13m 132
NGC 7539Spiral Galaxy+23 41 05.48798324723 14 29m 4305994766
NGC 7540Galaxy+15 57 01.45550718223 14 36m 0806198992
NGC 7542Galaxy+10 38 35.72495614623 14 41m 6363205773
NGC 7543Spiral Galaxy+28 19 37.3023 14 34m 512
NGC 7547Barred Spiral Galaxy+18 58 24.5323 15 03m 479
NGC 7548Spiral Galaxy+25 16 55.02063802123 15 11m 1213097407
NGC 7549Barred Spiral Galaxy+19 02 29.9223 15 17m 285
NGC 7550Elliptical Galaxy+18 57 40.9223 15 16m 099
NGC 7551Galaxy+15 57 01.45550718223 14 36m 0806198992
NGC 7553Barred Spiral Galaxy+19 02 53.48082818623 15 33m 0988722697
NGC 7558Spiral Galaxy+18 55 11.09376420923 15 38m 2373174194
NGC 7559Galaxy+13 17 25.00135996323 15 46m 5578105797
NGC 7563Barred Spiral Galaxy+13 11 46.6323 15 55m 950
NGC 7567Galaxy+15 50 59.7023 16 10m 290
NGC 7568Spiral Galaxy+24 29 49.38478986423 16 24m 9004432525
NGC 7569Spiral Galaxy+08 54 20.32592552523 16 44m 5353165748
NGC 7570Barred Spiral Galaxy+13 28 58.80453285223 16 44m 6679437364
NGC 7572Spiral Galaxy+18 28 59.5023 16 50m 361
NGC 7578Elliptical Galaxy+18 42 29.3023 17 13m 548
NGC 7579Galaxy+09 24 35.6923 17 40m 862
NGC 7580Galaxy in Group of Galaxies+14 00 04.23022565223 17 36m 3923523459
NGC 7584Barred Lenticular Galaxy+09 25 5923 17 53m 1
NGC 7586Barred Lenticular Galaxy+08 15 1023 17 39m 2
NGC 7587Spiral Galaxy+09 40 48.56015883723 17 59m 1371253740
NGC 7588Galaxy+18 45 07.96507996023 17 57m 8097900875
NGC 7593Spiral Galaxy+11 20 56.8523 17 56m 982
NGC 7594Spiral Galaxy+10 17 53.7823 18 13m 916
NGC 7595Elliptical Galaxy+09 55 56.43834142823 18 30m 2076037050
NGC 7597Spiral Galaxy+18 41 20.8923 18 30m 205
NGC 7598Galaxy+18 44 59.00947407123 18 33m 2220114728
NGC 7601Spiral Galaxy+09 14 01.0623 18 47m 109
NGC 7602Spiral Galaxy+18 41 54.01811851523 18 43m 5275410779
NGC 7608Spiral Galaxy+08 21 00.5923 19 15m 337
NGC 7609Elliptical Galaxy+09 30 29.85156702923 19 30m 0444164101
NGC 7610Spiral Galaxy+10 11 05.9323 19 41m 367
NGC 7612Spiral Galaxy+08 34 34.9323 19 44m 202
NGC 7615Spiral Galaxy+08 23 57.9223 19 54m 441
NGC 7616Spiral Galaxy+10 09 15.5723 19 27m 246
NGC 7619Elliptical Galaxy+08 12 22.6323 20 14m 524
NGC 7620Spiral Galaxy+24 13 16.12800358223 20 05m 6850964680
NGC 7621Galaxy+08 21 59.07945568423 20 24m 6111808724
NGC 7623Lenticular Galaxy+08 23 44.80740400623 20 30m 0035556734
NGC 7624Barred Spiral Galaxy+27 18 56.6723 20 22m 632
NGC 7625Spiral Galaxy+17 13 32.1623 20 30m 132
NGC 7626Elliptical Galaxy+08 13 01.4323 20 42m 524
NGC 7628Elliptical Galaxy+25 53 54.90450139423 20 54m 8896771887
NGC 7630Elliptical Galaxy+11 23 50.42050272423 21 16m 3259839080
NGC 7631Spiral Galaxy+08 13 03.4123 21 26m 675
NGC 7634Spiral Galaxy+08 53 12.9923 21 41m 777
NGC 7638Galaxy+11 19 51.923 22 33m 24
NGC 7641Spiral Galaxy+11 53 33.2623 22 30m 937
NGC 7643Spiral Galaxy+11 59 19.85113013323 22 50m 3804080887
NGC 7644Galaxy+13 58 20.2523 24 25m 986
NGC 7647Elliptical Galaxy+16 46 37.9423 23 57m 414
NGC 7648Spiral Galaxy+09 40 02.8523 23 54m 031
NGC 7649Elliptical Galaxy+14 38 49.6823 24 20m 087
NGC 7651Galaxy+13 58 20.2523 24 25m 986
NGC 7653Lenticular Galaxy+15 16 32.14194327623 24 49m 3611914459
NGC 7659Galaxy+14 12 35.40309971423 25 55m 6849781212
NGC 7660Elliptical Galaxy+27 01 47.8723 25 48m 677
NGC 7664Spiral Galaxy+25 04 48.4023 26 39m 749
NGC 7671Spiral Galaxy+12 28 02.6023 27 19m 329
NGC 7672Spiral Galaxy+12 23 06.5323 27 31m 435
NGC 7673Disturbed Spiral Galaxy+23 35 20.1823 27 41m 060
NGC 7674Barred Spiral Galaxy+08 46 44.23827854023 27 56m 6974755223
NGC 7675Elliptical Galaxy+08 46 06.69298128323 28 05m 9210547115
NGC 7677Barred Spiral Galaxy+23 31 53.1923 28 06m 240
NGC 7678Barred Spiral Galaxy+22 25 16.57297016323 28 27m 8602784329
NGC 7680Elliptical Galaxy+32 24 56.86208220523 28 35m 1048056521
NGC 7681Spiral Galaxy+17 18 35.1223 28 54m 895
NGC 7683Spiral Galaxy+11 26 42.3723 29 03m 809
NGC 7688Spiral Galaxy+21 24 41.58573877123 31 05m 5140653844
NGC 7691Barred Spiral Galaxy+15 50 52.0323 32 24m 412
NGC 7698Spiral Galaxy+24 56 40.69808979523 34 01m 5631271380
NGC 7737Spiral Galaxy+27 03 10.48552060523 42 46m 4006746115
NGC 7747Barred Spiral Galaxy+27 21 39.3923 45 32m 263
NGC 7767Spiral Galaxy+27 05 13.66747516723 50 56m 3636164459
NGC 7777Spiral Galaxy+28 17 00.66029945823 53 12m 5059147313
NGC 7800Irregular Galaxy+14 48 20.0623 59 36m 306
NGC 7803Spiral Galaxy+13 06 40.45838226900 01 19m 9677421510
NGC 7805Spiral Galaxy+31 26 01.6700 01 26m 774
NGC 7806Spiral Galaxy+31 26 30.6600 01 30m 057
NGC 7810Spiral Galaxy+12 58 17.6900 02 19m 161
NGC 7814Spiral Galaxy+16 08 42.8200 03 14m 947
NGC 7817Spiral Galaxy+20 45 08.4200 03 58m 899
NGC 7819Spiral Galaxy+31 28 19.3000 04 24m 495
NGC 7839Binary Star+27 38 07.700 07 00m 50
NGC 9Spiral Galaxy+23 49 00.9200 08 54m 713
Pegasus Dwarf Irregular GalaxyDwarf Irregular Galaxy3,000,00014:44.3523h 28m 36m 2
Pegasus Dwarf Spheroidal GalaxyDwarf Spheroidal Galaxy2,700,00024:34.5723h 51m 46m 3


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