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Phoenix Constellation

Phoenix (Pronounciation:Fee-nicks, Abbrev:Phe, Latin:Phoenicis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Phoenix takes up 469.319 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 1.14% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Pheonix . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman years later.

Phoenix is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Phoenix is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Phoenix is Ankaa. There are 7 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

Phoenix Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Phoenix is 1401. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 39. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 8.

There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is Nu Phoenicis which is roughly about 49.3 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 142 which is about 83.87 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 10676 which is located about 326163 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Phoenix with the naked eye is HD 3750. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 6. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.

Meteor Showers

There are 7 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.

NameActivityPeak ActivityClosest Star
July PhoenicidsJuly 9-17Jul. 14/15
PhoenicidsNov 29-Dec 9Dec. 5/6Zeta Phoenicis

Phoenix Facts

Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarAnkaa
Area469.319 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky1.14%
Size Position37th
Hemisphere Northern
Site Exoplanet Count7
Meteor Shower Count7
Nearest StarNu Phoenicis
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 142
Dimmest StarHD 3750
Furthest StarHIP 10676
Bright Star Count39
Hipparcos Star Count1401
Main Star Count8
Messier Deep Space Object Count0
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsSculptor

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.

Phoenix Constellation Map

Phoenix Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Phoenix

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
HD 14283.873-49d 04` 30.300h 06m 18.66
HD 2039334.53 1-56d 39` 00.300h 24m 20.19
HD 5388175.171-47d 24` 19.900h 55m 11.96
HD 6434134.951-39d 29` 13.001h 04m 40.28
HD 8535171.391-41d 16` 10.701h 23m 37.19

List of Named Stars in Phoenix without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
AE Phoenicis165.23-49d 31` 40.801h 32m 32.80
AI Phoenicis931.90-46d 15` 56.101h 09m 34.15
Ankaa84.72-42d 18` 18.400h 26m 16.87
AW Phoenicis1012.93-46d 45` 23.301h 29m 30.54
BD Phoenicis251.67-50d 12` 22.101h 50m 54.48
Beta Phoenicis27180.28-46d 43` 06.601h 06m 05.11
Chi Phoenicis375.33-44d 42` 48.202h 01m 42.40
Delta Phoenicis142.12-49d 04` 23.101h 31m 14.98
Epsilon Phoenicis144.19-45d 44` 49.200h 09m 24.54
Eta Phoenicis246.35-57d 27` 47.200h 43m 21.24
Gamma Phoenicis233.64-43d 19` 03.801h 28m 21.94
HR 239354.14-43d 23` 41.800h 50m 03.76
Iota Phoenicis248.79-42d 36` 54.423h 35m 04.53
Kappa Phoenicis77.66-43d 40` 47.700h 26m 12.12
Lambda1 Phoenicis172.76-48d 48` 12.800h 31m 24.86
Lambda2 Phoenicis113.57-48d 00` 02.400h 35m 41.13
Mu Phoenicis245.79-46d 05` 06.000h 41m 19.58
Nu Phoenicis49.30-45d 31` 55.501h 15m 10.57
Omega Phoenicis393.44-57d 00` 08.701h 02m 01.81
Phi Phoenicis306.83-42d 29` 48.801h 54m 22.06
Pi Phoenicis287.37-52d 44` 45.423h 58m 55.72
Psi Phoenicis341.89-46d 18` 08.801h 53m 38.82
Rho Phoenicis242.14-50d 59` 12.900h 50m 41.13
Sigma Phoenicis604.01-50d 13` 35.123h 47m 15.99
SX Phoenicis254.82-41d 34` 47.323h 46m 32.69
Tau Phoenicis593.02-48d 48` 35.500h 01m 04.60
Theta Phoenicis257.23-46d 38` 16.423h 39m 27.92
Upsilon Phoenicis185.74-41d 29` 13.001h 07m 47.83
WASP-18324.22-45d 40` 40.601h 37m 25.01
Xi Phoenicis218.61-56d 30` 05.200h 41m 46.30
Zeta Phoenicis298.68-55d 14` 45.001h 08m 23.06

Phoenix Constellation's Star Breakdown

Type Breakdown

FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k431
KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k401
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k350
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k97
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k73
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k11

Size Breakdown

VMain Sequence612
IIINormal Giant494
IIBright Giant6

Breakdown of Dwarf Stars by Type

sdsd Type SubDwarf Star1

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type

CC-Type Carbon Star1
SS-Type Carbon Star1

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