Phoenix (Pronounciation:Fee-nicks, Abbrev:Phe, Latin:Phoenicis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Phoenix takes up 469.319 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 1.14% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Pheonix . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman years later.
Phoenix is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Phoenix is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Phoenix is 1401. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 39. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 8.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is Nu Phoenicis which is roughly about 49.3 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 142 which is about 83.87 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 10676 which is located about 326163 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Phoenix with the naked eye is HD 3750. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 6. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.
There are 7 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.
|Name||Activity||Peak Activity||Closest Star|
|July Phoenicids||July 9-17||Jul. 14/15|
|Phoenicids||Nov 29-Dec 9||Dec. 5/6||Zeta Phoenicis|
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Area||469.319 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||1.14%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||7|
|Meteor Shower Count||7|
|Nearest Star||Nu Phoenicis|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 142|
|Dimmest Star||HD 3750|
|Furthest Star||HIP 10676|
|Bright Star Count||39|
|Hipparcos Star Count||1401|
|Main Star Count||8|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Sculptor|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Exoplanet Count||Declination||Right Ascension|
|HD 142||83.87||3||-49d 04` 30.3||00h 06m 18.66|
|HD 2039||334.53||1||-56d 39` 00.3||00h 24m 20.19|
|HD 5388||175.17||1||-47d 24` 19.9||00h 55m 11.96|
|HD 6434||134.95||1||-39d 29` 13.0||01h 04m 40.28|
|HD 8535||171.39||1||-41d 16` 10.7||01h 23m 37.19|
As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Declination||Right Ascension|
|AE Phoenicis||165.23||-49d 31` 40.8||01h 32m 32.80|
|AI Phoenicis||931.90||-46d 15` 56.1||01h 09m 34.15|
|Ankaa||84.72||-42d 18` 18.4||00h 26m 16.87|
|AW Phoenicis||1012.93||-46d 45` 23.3||01h 29m 30.54|
|BD Phoenicis||251.67||-50d 12` 22.1||01h 50m 54.48|
|Beta Phoenicis||27180.28||-46d 43` 06.6||01h 06m 05.11|
|Chi Phoenicis||375.33||-44d 42` 48.2||02h 01m 42.40|
|Delta Phoenicis||142.12||-49d 04` 23.1||01h 31m 14.98|
|Epsilon Phoenicis||144.19||-45d 44` 49.2||00h 09m 24.54|
|Eta Phoenicis||246.35||-57d 27` 47.2||00h 43m 21.24|
|Gamma Phoenicis||233.64||-43d 19` 03.8||01h 28m 21.94|
|HR 239||354.14||-43d 23` 41.8||00h 50m 03.76|
|Iota Phoenicis||248.79||-42d 36` 54.4||23h 35m 04.53|
|Kappa Phoenicis||77.66||-43d 40` 47.7||00h 26m 12.12|
|Lambda1 Phoenicis||172.76||-48d 48` 12.8||00h 31m 24.86|
|Lambda2 Phoenicis||113.57||-48d 00` 02.4||00h 35m 41.13|
|Mu Phoenicis||245.79||-46d 05` 06.0||00h 41m 19.58|
|Nu Phoenicis||49.30||-45d 31` 55.5||01h 15m 10.57|
|Omega Phoenicis||393.44||-57d 00` 08.7||01h 02m 01.81|
|Phi Phoenicis||306.83||-42d 29` 48.8||01h 54m 22.06|
|Pi Phoenicis||287.37||-52d 44` 45.4||23h 58m 55.72|
|Psi Phoenicis||341.89||-46d 18` 08.8||01h 53m 38.82|
|Rho Phoenicis||242.14||-50d 59` 12.9||00h 50m 41.13|
|Sigma Phoenicis||604.01||-50d 13` 35.1||23h 47m 15.99|
|SX Phoenicis||254.82||-41d 34` 47.3||23h 46m 32.69|
|Tau Phoenicis||593.02||-48d 48` 35.5||00h 01m 04.60|
|Theta Phoenicis||257.23||-46d 38` 16.4||23h 39m 27.92|
|Upsilon Phoenicis||185.74||-41d 29` 13.0||01h 07m 47.83|
|WASP-18||324.22||-45d 40` 40.6||01h 37m 25.01|
|Xi Phoenicis||218.61||-56d 30` 05.2||00h 41m 46.30|
|Zeta Phoenicis||298.68||-55d 14` 45.0||01h 08m 23.06|
|F||Yellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k||431|
|K||Light Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k||401|
|G||Yellow 5,200 - 6,000k||350|
|A||White 7,500 - 10,000k||97|
|M||Red Dwarf Star <3,700k||73|
|B||Blue-White 10,500 - 30,000k||11|
|sd||sd Type SubDwarf Star||1|
|C||C-Type Carbon Star||1|
|S||S-Type Carbon Star||1|