Pictor (Pronounciation:Pick-tore, Abbrev:Pic, Latin:Pictoris) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Pictor takes up 246.739 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.6% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Easle . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.
Pictor is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Pictor is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Pictor is 746. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 23. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 3.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is Kapteyn`s Star which is roughly about 12.76 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 40307 which is about 42.39 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 24439 which is located about 7955.2 Light Years away from the Sun.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Pictor with the naked eye is HD 39937. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.93. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Brightest Star||Alpha Pictoris|
|Area||246.739 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.6%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||11|
|Meteor Shower Count||1|
|Nearest Star||Kapteyn`s Star|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 40307|
|Dimmest Star||HD 39937|
|Furthest Star||HIP 24439|
|Bright Star Count||23|
|Hipparcos Star Count||746|
|Main Star Count||3|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Columba|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Exoplanet Count||Declination||Right Ascension|
|AB Pictoris||150.24||1||-58d 03` 15.9||06h 19m 12.90|
|Beta Pictoris||63.41||1||-51d 04` 00.2||05h 47m 17.08|
|HD 40307||42.39||6||-60d 01` 24.0||05h 54m 04.30|
|HD 41004||132.97||1||-48d 14` 23.5||05h 59m 49.69|
|HD 41248||170.86||2||-56d 09` 43.1||06h 00m 32.65|
As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Declination||Right Ascension|
|AE Pictoris||1240.16||-61d 52` 46.5||06h 31m 10.65|
|AK Pictoris||69.46||-61d 32` 00.8||06h 38m 00.42|
|Alpha Pictoris||96.56||-61d 56` 31.1||06h 48m 11.54|
|Delta Pictoris||1299.46||-54d 58` 07.2||06h 10m 17.91|
|EBLM J0555–57Ab||632.10||-57d 17` 26.0||05h 55m 32.68|
|Eta1 Pictoris||85.05||-49d 09` 05.3||05h 02m 48.73|
|Eta2 Pictoris||443.76||-49d 34` 40.2||05h 04m 57.95|
|Gamma Pictoris||176.78||-56d 09` 59.4||05h 49m 49.58|
|Iota Pictoris||135.56||-53d 27` 42.2||04h 50m 55.39|
|Iota Pictoris B||125.69||-53d 27` 35.7||04h 50m 56.58|
|Kappa Pictoris||634.56||-56d 08` 04.0||05h 22m 22.15|
|Kapteyn`s Star||12.76||-45d 00` 16.2||05h 11m 35.21|
|Lambda Pictoris||374.47||-50d 28` 53.1||04h 42m 46.46|
|Mu Pictoris||756.76||-58d 45` 13.8||06h 31m 58.31|
|Nu Pictoris||157.41||-56d 22` 11.7||06h 22m 55.87|
|R Pictoris||6656.39||-49d 14` 45.4||04h 46m 09.51|
|S Pictoris||1325.87||-48d 30` 25.5||05h 10m 57.24|
|SW Pictoris||959.30||-60d 05` 48.7||06h 02m 09.32|
|Theta Pictoris||512.84||-52d 18` 58.2||05h 24m 46.29|
|TV Pictoris||634.56||-47d 08` 04.6||04h 48m 57.44|
|TX Pictoris||505.68||-47d 18` 49.4||05h 36m 02.85|
|Zeta Pictoris||116.49||-50d 36` 23.5||05h 19m 22.11|
|K||Light Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k||223|
|F||Yellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k||181|
|G||Yellow 5,200 - 6,000k||166|
|A||White 7,500 - 10,000k||88|
|M||Red Dwarf Star <3,700k||38|
|B||Blue-White 10,500 - 30,000k||33|
|Ib||Less Luminous Supergiant||1|
|N||N-Type Carbon Star||1|
|S||S-Type Carbon Star||1|