Universe Guide

Home / Facts / Constellations

Pictor Constellation

Pictor (Pronounciation:Pick-tore, Abbrev:Pic, Latin:Pictoris) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Pictor takes up 246.739 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.6% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Easle . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.

Pictor is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Pictor is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Pictor is Alpha Pictoris. There are 11 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

Pictor Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Pictor is 746. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 23. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 3.

There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is Kapteyn`s Star which is roughly about 12.76 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 40307 which is about 42.39 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 24439 which is located about 7955.2 Light Years away from the Sun.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Pictor with the naked eye is HD 39937. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.93. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.

There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.

Pictor Facts


NamePictor
AbbreviationPic
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarAlpha Pictoris
Area246.739 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky0.6%
Size Position59th
Hemisphere Southern
Site Exoplanet Count11
Meteor Shower Count1
Nearest StarKapteyn`s Star
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 40307
Dimmest StarHD 39937
Furthest StarHIP 24439
Bright Star Count23
Hipparcos Star Count746
Main Star Count3
Messier Deep Space Object Count0
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsColumba
Caelum
Dorado
Volans
Carina

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.


Pictor Constellation Map


Pictor Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Pictor


StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
AB Pictoris150.241-58d 03` 15.906h 19m 12.90
Beta Pictoris63.411-51d 04` 00.205h 47m 17.08
HD 4030742.396-60d 01` 24.005h 54m 04.30
HD 41004132.971-48d 14` 23.505h 59m 49.69
HD 41248170.862-56d 09` 43.106h 00m 32.65

List of Named Stars in Pictor without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
AE Pictoris1240.16-61d 52` 46.506h 31m 10.65
AK Pictoris69.46-61d 32` 00.806h 38m 00.42
Alpha Pictoris96.56-61d 56` 31.106h 48m 11.54
Delta Pictoris1299.46-54d 58` 07.206h 10m 17.91
EBLM J0555–57Ab632.10-57d 17` 26.005h 55m 32.68
Eta1 Pictoris85.05-49d 09` 05.305h 02m 48.73
Eta2 Pictoris443.76-49d 34` 40.205h 04m 57.95
Gamma Pictoris176.78-56d 09` 59.405h 49m 49.58
Iota Pictoris135.56-53d 27` 42.204h 50m 55.39
Iota Pictoris B125.69-53d 27` 35.704h 50m 56.58
Kappa Pictoris634.56-56d 08` 04.005h 22m 22.15
Kapteyn`s Star12.76-45d 00` 16.205h 11m 35.21
Lambda Pictoris374.47-50d 28` 53.104h 42m 46.46
Mu Pictoris756.76-58d 45` 13.806h 31m 58.31
Nu Pictoris157.41-56d 22` 11.706h 22m 55.87
R Pictoris6656.39-49d 14` 45.404h 46m 09.51
S Pictoris1325.87-48d 30` 25.505h 10m 57.24
SW Pictoris959.30-60d 05` 48.706h 02m 09.32
Theta Pictoris512.84-52d 18` 58.205h 24m 46.29
TV Pictoris634.56-47d 08` 04.604h 48m 57.44
TX Pictoris505.68-47d 18` 49.405h 36m 02.85
Zeta Pictoris116.49-50d 36` 23.505h 19m 22.11

Pictor Constellation's Star Breakdown


Type Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k223
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k181
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k166
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k88
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k38
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k33

Size Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
IIINormal Giant289
VMain Sequence283
IVSubgiant109
IIBright Giant5
PPulsar1
IbLess Luminous Supergiant1

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
NN-Type Carbon Star1
SS-Type Carbon Star1


Add a Comment


Name:
Email: (Optional)
Comment: