Pisces (Pronounciation:Pye-seas, Abbrev:Psc, Latin:Piscium) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Pisces takes up 889.417 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 2.16% of the night sky. Pisces is the 14th largest in terms of size in the night sky.
The constellation name means The Fishes . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.
There are 21 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 1953 stars. There are 79 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.
Pisces is a member constellation of the Zodiac grouping, a group of 12 star signs that astrologers use to predict someones future based on their date of birth and which constellation appeared when the Sun set. The Zodiac year may be divided up equally between the twelve signs but when they appear in the night sky no longer conforms to the Zodiac calendar. Pisces is an equatorial constellation that can be seen by countries nearest the Equator.
The distance to Pisces is not calculable because all the stars that make up the constellation are at various distances. The best answer for distance to Pisces is to calculate the average distance of the stars.
There are 1 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 5218 and it is 81540.84 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The brightest star in Pisces is Kullat Nunu and is located about 30.43 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 3.62 but an absolute magnitude of -1.53 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is only recognised as being Eta Piscium rather than having Alpha status.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Pisces with the naked eye is 60 Piscium. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.98. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.
The star has been observed as being a cannibal star, a star that has consumed another star. BP Piscium has burped so to speak and created an accretion disk round itself and streams at the poles. Most vampire stars usually consume their victims over time but this would seem to have gobbled it up.
Van Maanen's star is a small white dwarf and is the third closest dwarf star after Sirius B and Procyon B white dwarves. It is on its own compared to the other two that are closer. It is named after Adriaan van Maanen, a Dutch-American astronomer who discovered it whilst researching a Lalande 1299. It is also the nearest star of any type in the constellation to us.
Aphrodite and her son Eros were transformed into fish to escape the monster Typhon by river nymphs. To show a sign of her gratitude, fishes were transposed into the sky. The fishes are shown tied together to indicate that they don't lose one another.
There are 20 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The list below are major ones and which I have a date period for.
|Name||Activity||Peak Activity||Closest Star|
|Daytime April Piscids||16th April|
|April Piscids||April 8-29||Apr. 20/21|
|Delta Piscids||Jun 20-26||Jun 23||Linteum|
|omega Piscids||17th September|
|Southern delta Piscids||19th September|
|gamma Piscids||13th October|
The following list contains the stars that make up the constellation. For a larger list of stars in the entire constellation area, please visit the For a list of named stars, that is stars that don't start HD or HIP, please visit Pisces Star List page.
|Name||Bayer||Distance (Lt.Yr.)||Right Ascension||Declination||Spectral Type||Colour|
|Alrescha||Alpha Piscium||150.58||02h 02m 02.80||+02d 45` 49.5||A2||White|
|Fum al Samakah||Beta Piscium||408.21||23h 03m 52.61||+03d 49` 12.3||B6Ve||Blue/White|
|Gamma Piscium||Gamma Piscium||137.97||23h 17m 09.49||+03d 16` 56.1||G7III||Yellow|
|Linteum||Delta Piscium||311.22||00h 48m 40.90||+07d 35` 06.7||K5III||Orange|
|Kaht||Epsilon Piscium||181.81||01h 02m 56.66||+07d 53` 24.3||K0III||Orange|
|Revati||Zeta Piscium||173.86||01h 13m 43.80||+07d 34` 31.8||A7IV||White|
|Zeta Piscium B||Zeta Piscium B||306.54||01h 13m 45.17||+07d 34` 42.2||F7V||Yellow/White|
|Kullat Nunu||Eta Piscium||349.59||01h 31m 28.99||+15d 20` 45.0||G8III||Yellow|
|Theta Piscium||Theta Piscium||148.53||23h 27m 58.17||+06d 22` 44.8||K1III||Orange|
|Iota Piscium||Iota Piscium||44.73||23h 39m 56.82||+05d 37` 38.5||F7V||Yellow/White|
|Kappa Piscium||Kappa Piscium||153.49||23h 26m 55.91||+01d 15` 21.0||A0p||White|
|Lambda Piscium||Lambda Piscium||106.62||23h 42m 02.88||+01d 46` 49.5||A7V||White|
|Mu Piscium||Mu Piscium||303.97||01h 30m 10.94||+06d 08` 38.2||K4III||Orange|
|Nu Piscium||Nu Piscium||363.21||01h 41m 25.91||+05d 29` 15.4||K3III||Orange|
|Torcular||Omicron Piscium||279.49||01h 45m 23.59||+09d 09` 27.5||K0III||Orange|
|Tau Piscium||Tau Piscium||168.82||01h 11m 39.59||+30d 05` 23.0||K0III-IV...||Orange|
|Upsilon Piscium||Upsilon Piscium||307.99||01h 19m 27.98||+27d 15` 50.7||A3V||White|
|Psi1 Piscium||Psi1 Piscium||275.01||01h 05m 40.93||+21d 28` 23.6||A1Vn||White|
|Psi1 Piscium B||Psi1 Piscium B||280.21||01h 05m 41.68||+21d 27` 55.7||A0Vn||White|
|Omega Piscium||Omega Piscium||104.34||23h 59m 18.60||+06d 51` 48.9||F4IV||Yellow/White|
|4 Ceti||598.46||00h 07m 44.10||-02d 32` 55.3||B8IIIsp...||Blue/White|
|Is a Zodiac Sign||Yes|
|Brightest Star||Kullat Nunu|
|Area||889.417 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||2.16%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||33|
|Meteor Shower Count||20|
|Nearest Star||Van Maanen's Star|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 217107|
|Brightest Star||Kullat Nunu|
|Dimmest Star||60 Piscium|
|Furthest Star||HIP 5218|
|Bright Star Count||79|
|Hipparcos Star Count||1953|
|Main Star Count||21|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||1|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Andromeda|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
|Messier 74 (NGC628)||Spiral Galaxy||24,000-36,000 kly||+15:47||01h 36m 7|
|NGC 520||Anniversary Galaxy||100 Million Ly||03:47:45.60||01h 24h 35m 19|
|NGC 524||Lenticular Galaxy||90 Million Ly||09:32:23.33||01h 24h 47m 56|
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