Universe Guide

Pisces, The Fishes Constellation

Pisces Constellation Star Map

Pisces (Pronounciation:Pye-seas, Abbrev:Psc, Latin:Piscium) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Pisces takes up 889.417 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 2.16% of the night sky. Pisces is the 14th largest in terms of size in the night sky.

The constellation name means The Fishes . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.

There are 21 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 1953 stars. There are 79 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.

Pisces is a member constellation of the Zodiac grouping, a group of 12 star signs that astrologers use to predict someones future based on their date of birth and which constellation appeared when the Sun set. The Zodiac year may be divided up equally between the twelve signs but when they appear in the night sky no longer conforms to the Zodiac calendar. Pisces is an equatorial constellation that can be seen by countries nearest the Equator.

There are 33 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Pisces.

There are 1 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.

Distance to Pisces

You can't just go to one location and arrive at the constellation because the constellation is made up of stars at different locations and different distances. The nearest main star in the constellation is at a distance of 44.73 light years and the furthest main star is a distance of 598.46 light years. The average distance to the main stars is 245.46 light years.

Pisces Star Facts

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

HIP 5218, Pisces's Furthest Star

The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 5218 and it is 81540.84 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

Kullat Nunu, Brightest Star in Pisces

The brightest star in Pisces is Kullat Nunu and is located about 30.43 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 3.62 but an absolute magnitude of -1.53 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is only recognised as being Eta Piscium rather than having Alpha status.

60 Piscium, Pisces's Dimmest Visible Star

The dimmest star that can be seen in Pisces with the naked eye is 60 Piscium. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.98. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.

BP Piscium

The star has been observed as being a cannibal star, a star that has consumed another star. BP Piscium has burped so to speak and created an accretion disk round itself and streams at the poles. Most vampire stars usually consume their victims over time but this would seem to have gobbled it up.

Van Maanen's Star

Van Maanen's star is a small white dwarf and is the third closest dwarf star after Sirius B and Procyon B white dwarves. It is on its own compared to the other two that are closer. It is named after Adriaan van Maanen, a Dutch-American astronomer who discovered it whilst researching a Lalande 1299. It is also the nearest star of any type in the constellation to us.

How to Find and View Pisces in the Night Sky

For Northern Hemisphere, I am assuming you are viewing from London, Great Britain and for the southern hemisphere, I am assuming you are in Sydney, Australia. If you are in a different location to either of these, you will need to adjust accordingly.

Pisces is a Zodiac sign for mainly March but it is not the best time of the year to see it. Since the time of when the Zodiac was drawn up, the constellations have moved out of position.

Northern Hemisphere

The best time to view the constellation would be any time in October/November when it will be dark early and you will be able to see it about 9pm in the evening when it is dark. Pisces will be visible as early as July but the problem is that it will only be visible in the morning when the Sun is out. It can also be viewed in August but the problem with that is you would need to be up at about 1 o'clock in the morning to be able to see it. The constellation will be on the horizon in the east. If you can wait another month, the constellation will be higher in the sky later in the month and into November. On the 1st of November, the constellation will be in a more south-easterly direction. The constellation will not be getting any higher and instead start to make its move downwards out of view.

Southern Hemisphere

Pisces can be seen from 9pm in October, the same time as in the Northern Hemisphere. It can be seen earlier but you'd have to stay up longer and into the early morning to see it. You will be able to fully view the constellation from about North-East to East direction just above the horizon. If you can wait until December, it will be higher in the sky at around 9pm. It will also be viewing in January the following year. Those closer to the equator such as Darwin will be able to see the constellation higher in the sky.

Pisces Mythology

Aphrodite and her son Eros were transformed into fish to escape the monster Typhon by river nymphs. To show a sign of her gratitude, fishes were transposed into the sky. The fishes are shown tied together to indicate that they don't lose one another.

Meteor Showers Radiating from Pisces

There are 21 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The list below are major ones and which I have a date period for.

NameActivityPeak ActivityClosest Star
Daytime April Piscids16th April  
April PiscidsApril 8-29Apr. 20/21  
Delta PiscidsJun 20-26Jun 23Linteum
Omega Piscids17th September  
Southern delta Piscids19th September  
gamma Piscids13th October  

List of Main Stars in Pisces

The following list contains the stars that make up the constellation. For a larger list of stars in the entire constellation area, please visit the For a list of named stars, that is stars that don't start HD or HIP, please visit Pisces Star List page.

NameBayerDistance (Lt.Yr.)Right AscensionDeclinationSpectral TypeColour
AlreschaAlpha Piscium150.5802h 02m 02.80+02d 45` 49.5A2White
Fum al SamakahBeta Piscium408.2123h 03m 52.61+03d 49` 12.3B6VeBlue/White
Gamma PisciumGamma Piscium137.9723h 17m 09.49+03d 16` 56.1G7IIIYellow
LinteumDelta Piscium311.2200h 48m 40.90+07d 35` 06.7K5IIIOrange
KahtEpsilon Piscium181.8101h 02m 56.66+07d 53` 24.3K0IIIOrange
RevatiZeta Piscium173.8601h 13m 43.80+07d 34` 31.8A7IVWhite
Zeta Piscium BZeta Piscium B306.5401h 13m 45.17+07d 34` 42.2F7VYellow/White
Kullat NunuEta Piscium349.5901h 31m 28.99+15d 20` 45.0G8IIIYellow
Theta PisciumTheta Piscium148.5323h 27m 58.17+06d 22` 44.8K1IIIOrange
Iota PisciumIota Piscium44.7323h 39m 56.82+05d 37` 38.5F7VYellow/White
Kappa PisciumKappa Piscium153.4923h 26m 55.91+01d 15` 21.0A0pWhite
Lambda PisciumLambda Piscium106.6223h 42m 02.88+01d 46` 49.5A7VWhite
Mu PisciumMu Piscium303.9701h 30m 10.94+06d 08` 38.2K4IIIOrange
Nu PisciumNu Piscium363.2101h 41m 25.91+05d 29` 15.4K3IIIOrange
TorcularOmicron Piscium279.4901h 45m 23.59+09d 09` 27.5K0IIIOrange
Tau PisciumTau Piscium168.8201h 11m 39.59+30d 05` 23.0K0III-IV...Orange
Upsilon PisciumUpsilon Piscium307.9901h 19m 27.98+27d 15` 50.7A3VWhite
Psi1 PisciumPsi1 Piscium275.0101h 05m 40.93+21d 28` 23.6A1VnWhite
Psi1 Piscium BPsi1 Piscium B280.2101h 05m 41.68+21d 27` 55.7A0VnWhite
Omega PisciumOmega Piscium104.3423h 59m 18.60+06d 51` 48.9F4IVYellow/White
4 Ceti598.4600h 07m 44.10-02d 32` 55.3B8IIIsp...Blue/White

Pisces Facts

Is a Zodiac Sign Yes
Brightest StarKullat Nunu
Area889.417 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky2.16%
Size Position14th
Hemisphere Equatorial
Site Exoplanet Count33
Meteor Shower Count21
Nearest StarVan Maanen's Star
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 217107
Brightest StarKullat Nunu
Dimmest Star60 Piscium
Furthest StarHIP 5218
Bright Star Count79
Hipparcos Star Count1953
Main Star Count21
Messier Deep Space Object Count1
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsAndromeda

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.

List of Deep Space Objects (Galaxies, Nebulas, Supernovas, etc) in Pisces

NameTypeDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
3C 9Quasar+15 40 54.76601055700 20 25m 2227767358
Messier 74 (NGC628)Spiral Galaxy24,000,000 - 36,000,000+15:4701h 36m 7
NGC 100Spiral Galaxy+16 29 11.0000 24 02m 837
NGC 12Spiral Galaxy+04 36 45.1200 08 44m 752
NGC 199Lenticular Galaxy+03 08 18.84161025300 39 33m 1575868375
NGC 3Lenticular Galaxy+08 18 05.8400 07 16m 804
NGC 36Barred Spiral Galaxy+06 23 21.62691417100 11 22m 2986137597
NGC 38Spiral Galaxy-05 35 10.3700 11 46m 984
NGC 4Lenticular Galaxy+08 22 3000 07 24m 4
NGC 46F8 Star+05 59 15.82751926600 14 09m 8802403693
NGC 498Lenticular Galaxy+33 29 21.2901 23 11m 298
NGC 500Lenticular Galaxy+05 23 13.96019026701 22 39m 3645008508
NGC 509Lenticular Galaxy+09 26 01.08583986801 23 24m 1141524258
NGC 517Lenticular Galaxy+33 25 46.5401 24 43m 806
NGC 520Colliding Spiral Galaxies100,000,00003:47:45.6001h 24h 35m 19
NGC 524Lenticular Galaxy90,000,00009:32:23.3301h 24h 47m 56
NGC 57Elliptical Galaxy+17 19 42.2200 15 30m 873
NGC 60LINER-type Active Galaxy Nucleus-00 18 12.69108070400 15 58m 2449783101
NGC 63Spiral Galaxy+11 27 01.02199720300 17 45m 5468454248
NGC 7397Galaxy+01 07 58.07147069922 52 46m 7041583113
NGC 75Lenticular Galaxy+06 26 57.3300 19 26m 356
NGC 7501Elliptical Galaxy+07 35 20.2023 10 30m 396
NGC 7503Elliptical Galaxy+07 34 03.3023 10 42m 239
NGC 7506Spiral Galaxy-02 09 36.20157410623 11 40m 9675627116
NGC 7517Elliptical Galaxy-02 06 01.49624892923 13 13m 8353980323
NGC 7518Spiral Galaxy+06 19 18.41167465823 13 12m 7537321282
NGC 7521Barred Lenticular Galaxy-01 43 53.1023 13 35m 295
NGC 7524Galaxy-01 43 48.64858321223 13 46m 5535156430
NGC 7530Spiral Galaxy-02 46 44.9523 14 11m 839
NGC 7532Barred Spiral Galaxy-02 43 41.4423 14 22m 190
NGC 7533Galaxy-02 02 01.50522314323 14 22m 0762993084
NGC 7534Irregular Galaxy-02 41 53.4723 14 26m 673
NGC 7537Spiral Galaxy+04 29 54.4323 14 34m 515
NGC 7541Barred Spiral Galaxy+04 32 02.0423 14 43m 857
NGC 7544Lenticular Galaxy-02 11 57.55611408423 14 56m 9900608086
NGC 7546Galaxy-02 19 29.17903522823 15 05m 6202306376
NGC 7554Elliptical Galaxy-02 22 43.023 15 41m 34
NGC 7556Galaxy-02 22 53.5523 15 44m 473
NGC 7557Spiral Galaxy+06 42 29.91446889623 15 39m 7616979049
NGC 7562Elliptical Galaxy+06 41 14.9723 15 57m 503
NGC 7564Spiral Galaxy+07 18 41.97869230423 15 38m 3909096199
NGC 7566Seyfert II Galaxy-02 19 50.0823 16 37m 427
NGC 7577Galaxy+07 21 55.47529257023 17 17m 1080522446
NGC 7583Galaxy+07 22 45.8423 17 52m 778
NGC 7589Galaxy+00 15 40.26625880823 18 15m 6787076663
NGC 7591Barred Spiral Galaxy+06 35 09.11106414223 18 16m 2683208567
NGC 7603Spiral Seyfert Galaxy+00 14 37.97461771323 18 56m 6537061537
NGC 7604Lenticular Galaxy+07 25 4823 17 51m 8
NGC 7611Spiral Galaxy+08 03 47.5623 19 36m 621
NGC 7613Galaxy+00 25 21.3423 19 51m 651
NGC 7617Spiral Galaxy+08 09 56.68397134823 20 08m 9643278913
NGC 7629Lenticular Galaxy+01 24 11.33260302723 21 19m 3807325626
NGC 7642Spiral Galaxy+01 26 33.8923 22 53m 401
NGC 7667Spiral Galaxy-00 06 30.1623 24 22m 839
NGC 7679Spiral Galaxy+03 30 40.9923 28 46m 670
NGC 7682Barred Spiral Galaxy+03 32 00.0023 29 03m 896
NGC 7684Galaxy+00 04 51.75017306923 30 32m 0346788462
NGC 7685Spiral Galaxy+03 54 05.7223 30 33m 508
NGC 7687Lenticular Galaxy+03 32 47.64961298723 30 54m 4548171027
NGC 7693Galaxy-01 17 30.94423179923 33 10m 5121886680
NGC 7694Irregular Galaxy-02 42 10.2223 33 15m 762
NGC 7695Lenticular Galaxy-02 43 12.2223 33 15m 029
NGC 7696Galaxy+04 52 14.77426896623 33 50m 1099972505
NGC 7757Spiral Galaxy+04 10 16.30362579723 48 45m 5501892758
NGC 7787Galaxy+00 32 57.94245439223 56 07m 8144504159
NGC 7797Spiral Galaxy+03 38 04.5823 58 58m 879
NGC 78Galaxy in a Pair of Galaxies+00 50 00.79283409200 20 27m 5103686063
NGC 7802Spiral Galaxy+06 14 31.64346475500 01 00m 4271077119
NGC 7809Galaxy+02 56 28.0000 02 09m 447
NGC 7811Spiral Galaxy+03 21 06.93423416700 02 26m 4201066673
NGC 7816Spiral Galaxy+07 28 43.36767521900 03 48m 8789653696
NGC 7818Spiral Galaxy+07 22 46.00990557600 04 08m 8648046096
NGC 7820Spiral Galaxy+05 12 01.05476835500 04 30m 7769320980
NGC 7824Spiral Galaxy+06 55 12.49004653800 05 06m 2406522424
NGC 7825Barred Spiral Galaxy+05 12 13.03780141800 05 06m 6396188481
NGC 7827Barred Spiral Galaxy+05 13 20.41225390600 05 27m 6491444110
NGC 7832Elliptical Galaxy-03 42 58.1100 06 28m 449
NGC 7834Spiral Galaxy+08 22 04.5700 06 37m 809
NGC 7835Spiral Galaxy+08 25 33.5600 06 46m 772
NGC 7837Spiral Galaxy+08 21 04.68482404000 06 51m 4135428404
NGC 7838Spiral or Lenticular Galaxy+08 21 03.36847023000 06 53m 9305496236
NGC 95Spiral Galaxy+10 29 29.70342861200 22 13m 5413157834
SN 2005GLSupernova Remnant+32 16 56.800 49 50m 02

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