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Pisces Constellation

Pisces (Pronounciation:Pye-seas, Abbrev:Psc, Latin:Piscium) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Pisces takes up 889.417 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 2.16% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Fishes . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.

Pisces is a member constellation of the Zodiac grouping, a group of 12 star signs that astrologers use to predict someones future based on their date of birth and which constellation appeared when the Sun set. The Zodiac year may be divided up equally between the twelve signs but when they appear in the night sky no longer conforms to the Zodiac calendar. Pisces is an equatorial constellation that can be seen by countries nearest the Equator.

The brightest star in Pisces is Kullat Nunu. There are 14 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

Pisces Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Pisces is 1953. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 79. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 18.

There are 1 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is van Maanans Star which is roughly about 13.9 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 217107 which is about 64.77 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 5218 which is located about 81540.8 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Pisces with the naked eye is 60 Piscium. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.98. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

Van Maanen`s Star

Van Maanen`s star is a small white dwarf and is the third closest after Sirius B and Procyon B white dwarves. It is on its own compared to the other two that are closer. It is named after Adriaan van Maanen, a Dutch-American astronomer who discovered it whilst researching a Lalande 1299. It is the nearest star of any type in the constellation to us.

Legend of the Constellation

Aphrodite and her son Eros were transformed into fish to escape the monster Typhon by river nymphs. To show a sign of her gratitude, fishes were transposed into the sky. The fishes are shown tied together to indicate that they don`t lose one another.

Meteor Showers

There are 20 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.

NameActivityPeak ActivityClosest Star
April PiscidsApril 8-29Apr. 20/21
Delta PiscidsJun 20-26Jun 23Linteum

Pisces Facts


NamePisces
AbbreviationPsc
Is a Zodiac Sign Yes
Brightest StarKullat Nunu
Area889.417 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky2.16%
Size Position14th
Hemisphere Equatorial
Site Exoplanet Count14
Meteor Shower Count20
Nearest Starvan Maanans Star
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 217107
Dimmest Star60 Piscium
Furthest StarHIP 5218
Bright Star Count79
Hipparcos Star Count1953
Main Star Count18
Messier Deep Space Object Count1
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsAndromeda
Pegasus
Aquarius
Cetus
Aries
Triangulum

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.


Pisces Constellation Map


Pisces Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Pisces


StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
HD 12484166.331+02d 48` 57.202h 02m 26.71
HD 1502519.371+14d 03` 17.300h 19m 17.02
HD 21710764.772-02d 23` 43.222h 58m 15.54
HD 217786178.921-00d 25` 45.223h 03m 08.26
HD 21856693.141-02d 15` 37.823h 09m 10.36
HD 3167149.482+04d 22` 54.800h 34m 57.46
HD 4203251.862+20d 26` 57.200h 44m 41.12
HD 4313446.801+07d 50` 42.000h 45m 40.36
HD 5891819.511+20d 17` 33.301h 00m 33.19
HD 8574145.351+28d 34` 01.501h 25m 12.35
HIP 116454183.551+00d 26` 45.523h 35m 49.42

List of Named Stars in Pisces without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
1 Piscium352.99+01d 03` 53.622h 54m 59.47
100 Piscium755.01+12d 33` 31.201h 34m 51.61
101 Piscium1553.16+14d 39` 41.201h 35m 46.44
104 Piscium433.15+14d 17` 08.301h 39m 15.39
105 Piscium392.02+16d 24` 21.201h 39m 40.77
107 Piscium24.57+20d 16` 12.501h 42m 29.95
109 Piscium106.24+20d 05` 00.301h 44m 55.85
11 G. Psc445.58+03d 00` 43.223h 00m 42.90
112 G. Psc432.00+10d 17` 30.901h 11m 28.97
112 Piscium109.27+03d 05` 51.502h 00m 09.02
118 G. Psc373.61+07d 57` 40.901h 28m 22.85
121 G. Psc482.49+08d 12` 31.701h 33m 18.27
124 G. Psc178.43+08d 45` 38.801h 40m 34.89
13 G. Psc411.82+03d 31` 51.723h 01m 43.56
13 Piscium673.89-01d 05` 09.323h 31m 57.56
131 G. Psc321.03+03d 41` 07.501h 48m 26.02
138 G. Psc417.09+07d 44` 08.402h 04m 50.99
14 Piscium211.79-01d 14` 51.123h 34m 08.95
15 G. Psc289.15+06d 36` 58.823h 04m 00.80
15 Piscium280.69+01d 18` 47.523h 35m 28.61
16 G. Psc382.37+01d 18` 25.823h 05m 17.61
16 Piscium101.04+02d 06` 07.523h 36m 23.35
19 Piscium898.52+03d 29` 12.723h 46m 23.54
2 Piscium298.96+00d 57` 47.122h 59m 27.40
20 Piscium316.66-02d 45` 41.823h 47m 56.49
21 Piscium303.69+01d 04` 34.323h 49m 27.48
22 Piscium748.08+02d 55` 49.523h 51m 57.83
24 G. Psc673.89+00d 17` 28.723h 23m 31.90
24 Piscium448.03-03d 09` 19.423h 52m 55.52
25 Piscium411.82+02d 05` 26.323h 53m 04.75
26 Piscium414.44+07d 04` 15.723h 55m 07.78
27 Piscium234.48-03d 33` 20.923h 58m 40.41
29 Piscium454.27-03d 01` 38.900h 01m 49.44
3 Piscium585.57+00d 11` 09.023h 00m 37.88
30 G. Psc911.07-01d 47` 28.223h 29m 27.00
30 Piscium432.00-06d 00` 50.300h 01m 57.59
31 Piscium400.69+08d 57` 24.600h 02m 24.17
32 Piscium120.36+08d 29` 08.100h 02m 29.76
33 Piscium128.82-05d 42` 28.200h 05m 20.15
34 Piscium305.40+11d 08` 44.900h 10m 02.18
35 Piscium253.63+08d 49` 15.700h 14m 58.78
36 Piscium407.70+08d 14` 24.700h 16m 34.06
38 Piscium49.53+08d 52` 34.800h 17m 24.50
4 Ceti598.46-02d 32` 55.300h 07m 44.10
40 G. Psc324.22+07d 15` 02.323h 41m 56.71
40 Piscium530.35+16d 15` 03.200h 19m 56.28
41 Piscium407.70+08d 11` 24.900h 20m 35.86
42 Piscium501.79+13d 28` 56.800h 22m 25.45
43 Piscium588.74+14d 18` 55.900h 24m 38.15
44 Piscium469.98+01d 56` 23.000h 25m 24.22
45 G. Psc178.43+02d 12` 52.223h 48m 49.36
45 Piscium732.95+07d 41` 28.400h 25m 41.89
46 Piscium561.38+19d 30` 50.700h 27m 58.48
47 Piscium528.63+17d 53` 35.100h 28m 02.84
48 Piscium762.06+16d 26` 42.400h 28m 12.69
5 Ceti911.07-02d 26` 51.700h 08m 12.09
5 G. Psc372.76+03d 48` 36.622h 57m 32.76
5 Piscium265.82+02d 07` 39.423h 08m 40.84
51 Piscium264.10+06d 57` 19.600h 32m 23.75
52 Piscium260.93+20d 17` 40.000h 32m 35.40
53 Piscium1038.74+15d 13` 54.300h 36m 47.31
54 Piscium36.07+21d 15` 04.900h 39m 22.09
55 Piscium414.44+21d 26` 18.800h 39m 55.55
57 Piscium776.58+15d 28` 32.200h 46m 32.98
58 Piscium283.13+11d 58` 26.200h 47m 01.43
59 Piscium328.13+19d 34` 43.300h 47m 13.56
60 Piscium460.68+06d 44` 27.500h 47m 23.62
61 Piscium186.06+20d 55` 31.100h 47m 54.73
62 Piscium579.33+07d 17` 59.700h 48m 17.34
64 Piscium76.49+16d 56` 28.100h 48m 58.71
65 Piscium288.90+27d 42` 37.100h 49m 53.11
66 Piscium352.61+19d 11` 18.400h 54m 35.22
67 G. Psc190.18-05d 14` 54.700h 10m 18.85
67 Piscium253.63+27d 12` 33.700h 55m 58.52
68 Piscium648.44+28d 59` 32.000h 57m 50.15
7 G. Psc339.75-01d 24` 36.722h 58m 23.61
7 Piscium432.58+05d 22` 53.223h 20m 20.54
72 Piscium178.04+14d 56` 45.601h 05m 05.35
73 Piscium651.02+05d 39` 22.701h 04m 52.62
75 Piscium434.88+12d 57` 21.501h 06m 33.62
76 G. Psc382.82+01d 41` 19.300h 17m 47.65
76 Piscium563.32+32d 10` 53.601h 06m 11.20
77 Piscium132.53+04d 54` 31.201h 05m 49.22
77 Piscium B140.10+04d 54` 35.001h 05m 51.42
78 Piscium135.00+32d 00` 43.901h 08m 01.20
8 G. Psc293.84+07d 20` 24.922h 58m 42.64
80 Piscium114.85+05d 39` 00.801h 08m 22.34
82 Piscium480.36+31d 25` 29.201h 11m 06.77
84 G. Psc494.94-02d 13` 08.300h 24m 29.67
87 Piscium454.90+16d 08` 00.801h 14m 07.65
88 G. Psc119.21+10d 11` 25.200h 28m 20.03
88 Piscium519.37+06d 59` 42.701h 14m 42.40
89 Piscium245.60+03d 36` 52.301h 17m 47.98
9 Piscium368.55+01d 07` 21.723h 27m 14.77
91 Piscium350.34+28d 44` 18.201h 21m 07.35
92 G. Psc728.04+03d 08` 07.800h 37m 30.44
94 Piscium279.01+19d 14` 26.001h 26m 41.65
95 Piscium243.04+05d 21` 11.201h 27m 39.81
96 G. Piscium24.32+05d 17` 00.200h 48m 22.53
97 Piscium476.85+18d 21` 20.401h 29m 52.83
98 G. Psc449.88+03d 23` 06.600h 51m 18.31
Alrescha150.58+02d 45` 49.502h 02m 02.80
Chi Piscium383.72+21d 02` 04.801h 11m 27.19
CY Piscium921.37+07d 49` 53.401h 36m 43.52
DT Piscium1331.28+28d 31` 46.901h 14m 04.87
Fum al Samakah408.21+03d 49` 12.323h 03m 52.61
Gamma Piscium137.97+03d 16` 56.123h 17m 09.49
HR 515456.81+17d 24` 45.701h 46m 35.27
Iota Piscium44.73+05d 37` 38.523h 39m 56.82
Kaht181.81+07d 53` 24.301h 02m 56.66
Kappa Piscium153.49+01d 15` 21.023h 26m 55.91
Kullat Nunu349.59+15d 20` 45.001h 31m 28.99
Lambda Piscium106.62+01d 46` 49.523h 42m 02.88
Linteum311.22+07d 35` 06.700h 48m 40.90
Mu Piscium303.97+06d 08` 38.201h 30m 10.94
Nu Piscium363.21+05d 29` 15.401h 41m 25.91
Omega Piscium104.34+06d 51` 48.923h 59m 18.60
Phi Piscium446.19+24d 35` 01.601h 13m 44.94
Pi Piscium114.44+12d 08` 29.401h 37m 05.96
Psi1 Piscium275.01+21d 28` 23.601h 05m 40.93
Psi1 Piscium B280.21+21d 27` 55.701h 05m 41.68
Psi2 Piscium154.29+20d 44` 21.601h 07m 57.11
Psi3 Piscium376.63+19d 39` 30.201h 09m 49.20
Rho Piscium82.24+19d 10` 20.401h 26m 15.28
Sigma Piscium433.73+31d 48` 15.601h 02m 49.09
Tau Piscium168.82+30d 05` 23.001h 11m 39.59
Theta Piscium148.53+06d 22` 44.823h 27m 58.17
Torcularis Septentrionalis279.49 +09d 09` 27.501h 45m 23.59
Upsilon Piscium307.99+27d 15` 50.701h 19m 27.98
van Maanans Star13.90+05d 23` 42.700h 49m 09.18
WW Piscium1083.60+06d 28` 59.700h 59m 49.67
WZ Piscium809.34+08d 14` 53.302h 06m 12.27
Xi Piscium179.11+03d 11` 14.901h 53m 33.34
XZ Piscium637.04+00d 06` 33.623h 54m 46.65
Zeta Piscium173.86+07d 34` 31.801h 13m 43.80
Zeta Piscium B306.54+07d 34` 42.201h 13m 45.17



Objects of Interest (Galaxies, Nebulas, Supernovas, etc) in Pisces


NameTypeDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
M74 Spiral GalaxySpiral Galaxy24.000-36.000+15:4701h 36m 7

Pisces Constellation's Star Breakdown


Type Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k652
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k493
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k436
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k192
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k103
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k22

Size Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
IIINormal Giant135
VMain Sequence132
IVSubgiant42
IIBright Giant9
IbLess Luminous Supergiant1
DDwarf Star1

Breakdown of Dwarf Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
sdsd Type SubDwarf Star1

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
CC-Type Carbon Star2
RR-Type Carbon Star1
NN-Type Carbon Star1
SS-Type Carbon Star1


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