Universe Guide

Puppis, The Stern Constellation

Puppis Constellation Star Map

Puppis (Pronounciation:Pup-pis, Abbrev:Pup, Latin:Puppis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Puppis takes up 673.434 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 1.63% of the night sky. Puppis is the 20th largest in terms of size in the night sky.

The constellation name means The Stern . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.

There are 8 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 2418 stars. There are 145 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.

Puppis is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Puppis is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.

There are 12 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Puppis. The current largest star so far identified in the constellation of Puppis is Naos.

There are 3 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.

Distance to Puppis

You can't just go to one location and arrive at the constellation because the constellation is made up of stars at different locations and different distances. The nearest main star in the constellation is at a distance of 63.54 light years and the furthest main star is a distance of 1,199.13 light years. The average distance to the main stars is 513.72 light years.

Puppis Star Facts

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

HIP 33499, Puppis's Nearest Star

The nearest star to Earth is HIP 33499 which is roughly about 26.12 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 69830 which is about 40.75 Light Years.

HIP 39314, Puppis's Furthest Star

The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 39314 and it is 326163.3 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

Tureis, Brightest Star in Puppis

The brightest star in Puppis is Tureis and is located about 167.42 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 2.83 but an absolute magnitude of 1.38 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is only recognised as being Rho Puppis rather than having Alpha status.

V468 Puppis, Puppis's Dimmest Visible Star

The dimmest star that can be seen in Puppis with the naked eye is V468 Puppis. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.

Puppis Mythology

One of three constellations when Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille broke up the Argo Navis. The other two constellations are Carina and Vela.

Meteor Showers Radiating from Puppis

There are 17 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The list below are major ones and which I have a date period for.

NameActivityPeak ActivityClosest Star
Pi PuppidsApr 15 - Apr 28 Apr 23Ahadi
Puppid/VelidsDec 01 - Dec 15 Dec 07Naos

List of Main Stars in Puppis

The following list contains the stars that make up the constellation. For a larger list of stars in the entire constellation area, please visit the For a list of named stars, that is stars that don't start HD or HIP, please visit Puppis Star List page.

NameBayerDistance (Lt.Yr.)Right AscensionDeclinationSpectral TypeColour
NaosZeta Puppis1083.6008h 03m 35.07-40d 00` 11.5O5IAfBlue
Nu PuppisNu Puppis371.4806h 37m 45.67-43d 11` 45.3B8III SBBlue/White
AzmidiXi Puppis1199.1307h 49m 17.66-24d 51` 35.2G6IaYellow
AhadiPi Puppis807.3407h 17m 08.56-37d 05` 51.0K3IbOrange
TureisRho Puppis63.5408h 07m 32.70-24d 18` 16.0F2mF5IIpYellow/White
HadirSigma Puppis193.6807h 29m 13.88-43d 18` 06.8K5III SBOrange
Tau PuppisTau Puppis182.0106h 49m 56.14-50d 36` 51.8K0III...Orange
L2 Puppis208.9507h 13m 32.23-44d 38` 25.9M5eRed

Puppis Facts

Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarTureis
Area673.434 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky1.63%
Size Position20th
Hemisphere Southern
Site Exoplanet Count12
Meteor Shower Count17
Nearest StarHIP 33499
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 69830
Largest StarNaos
Brightest StarTureis
Dimmest StarV468 Puppis
Furthest StarHIP 39314
Bright Star Count145
Hipparcos Star Count2418
Main Star Count8
Messier Deep Space Object Count3
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsMonoceros
Canis Major

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.

List of Deep Space Objects (Galaxies, Nebulas, Supernovas, etc) in Puppis

NameTypeDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
Messier 46 (NGC2437)Open Star Cluster5400-14:4907h 41m 8
Messier 47 (NGC2422)Open Star Cluster1600-14:3007h 36m 6
Messier 93 (NGC2447)Open Star Cluster3600-23:5207h 44m 6
NGC 2438Planetary Nebula2,900 -14 44 07.48426107707 41 50m 5198569363
NGC2440Planetary Nebula4,000-18 12 29.707 41 54m 91
Skull and Crossbones NebulaStar-Forming Nebula13,000 -26 25 4107 52 18m 5

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