Puppis (Pronounciation:Pup-pis, Abbrev:Pup, Latin:Puppis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Puppis takes up 673.434 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 1.63% of the night sky. Puppis is the 20th largest in terms of size in the night sky.
The constellation name means The Stern . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.
There are 8 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 2418 stars. There are 145 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.
Puppis is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Puppis is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.
There are 12 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Puppis. The current largest star so far identified in the constellation of Puppis is Naos.
There are 3 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.
You can't just go to one location and arrive at the constellation because the constellation is made up of stars at different locations and different distances. The nearest main star in the constellation is at a distance of 63.54 light years and the furthest main star is a distance of 1,199.13 light years. The average distance to the main stars is 513.72 light years.
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
The nearest star to Earth is HIP 33499 which is roughly about 26.12 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 69830 which is about 40.75 Light Years.
The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 39314 and it is 326163.3 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The brightest star in Puppis is Tureis and is located about 167.42 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 2.83 but an absolute magnitude of 1.38 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is only recognised as being Rho Puppis rather than having Alpha status.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Puppis with the naked eye is V468 Puppis. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.
There are 17 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The list below are major ones and which I have a date period for.
|Name||Activity||Peak Activity||Closest Star|
|Pi Puppids||Apr 15 - Apr 28||Apr 23||Ahadi|
|Puppid/Velids||Dec 01 - Dec 15||Dec 07||Naos|
The following list contains the stars that make up the constellation. For a larger list of stars in the entire constellation area, please visit the For a list of named stars, that is stars that don't start HD or HIP, please visit Puppis Star List page.
|Name||Bayer||Distance (Lt.Yr.)||Right Ascension||Declination||Spectral Type||Colour|
|Naos||Zeta Puppis||1083.60||08h 03m 35.07||-40d 00` 11.5||O5IAf||Blue|
|Nu Puppis||Nu Puppis||371.48||06h 37m 45.67||-43d 11` 45.3||B8III SB||Blue/White|
|Azmidi||Xi Puppis||1199.13||07h 49m 17.66||-24d 51` 35.2||G6Ia||Yellow|
|Ahadi||Pi Puppis||807.34||07h 17m 08.56||-37d 05` 51.0||K3Ib||Orange|
|Tureis||Rho Puppis||63.54||08h 07m 32.70||-24d 18` 16.0||F2mF5IIp||Yellow/White|
|Hadir||Sigma Puppis||193.68||07h 29m 13.88||-43d 18` 06.8||K5III SB||Orange|
|Tau Puppis||Tau Puppis||182.01||06h 49m 56.14||-50d 36` 51.8||K0III...||Orange|
|L2 Puppis||208.95||07h 13m 32.23||-44d 38` 25.9||M5e||Red|
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Area||673.434 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||1.63%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||12|
|Meteor Shower Count||17|
|Nearest Star||HIP 33499|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 69830|
|Dimmest Star||V468 Puppis|
|Furthest Star||HIP 39314|
|Bright Star Count||145|
|Hipparcos Star Count||2418|
|Main Star Count||8|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||3|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Monoceros|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
|Messier 46 (NGC2437)||Open Star Cluster||5400||-14:49||07h 41m 8|
|Messier 47 (NGC2422)||Open Star Cluster||1600||-14:30||07h 36m 6|
|Messier 93 (NGC2447)||Open Star Cluster||3600||-23:52||07h 44m 6|
|NGC 2438||Planetary Nebula||2,900||-14 44 07.484261077||07 41 50m 5198569363|
|NGC2440||Planetary Nebula||4,000||-18 12 29.7||07 41 54m 91|
|Skull and Crossbones Nebula||Star-Forming Nebula||13,000||-26 25 41||07 52 18m 5|
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