Pyxis (Pronounciation:Picks-is, Abbrev:Pyx, Latin:Pyxidis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Pyxis takes up 220.833 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.54% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Compass . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.
Pyxis is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Pyxis is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Pyxis is 629. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 18. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 3.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is HD 72673 which is roughly about 39.82 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 73256 which is about 123.17 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 43041 which is located about 81540.84 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Pyxis with the naked eye is HD 73072. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.95. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Brightest Star||Alpha Pyxidis|
|Area||220.833 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.54%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||4|
|Meteor Shower Count||5|
|Nearest Star||HD 72673|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 73256|
|Dimmest Star||HD 73072|
|Furthest Star||HIP 43041|
|Bright Star Count||18|
|Hipparcos Star Count||629|
|Main Star Count||3|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Hydra|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Exoplanet Count||Declination||Right Ascension|
|HATS-52||1||-31d 16` 10.00||09h 20m 21.00|
|HD 73256||123.17||1||-30d 02` 16.0||08h 36m 23.14|
|HD 73267||176.78||1||-34d 27` 37.0||08h 36m 17.85|
|HD 77338||132.91||1||-25d 31` 35.1||09h 01m 12.47|
As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Declination||Right Ascension|
|AI Pyxidis||1254.47||-34d 37` 22.7||08h 46m 49.25|
|AK Pyxidis||696.93||-28d 38` 19.6||08h 48m 14.63|
|Alpha Pyxidis||879.15||-33d 11` 11.1||08h 43m 35.55|
|Beta Pyxidis||416.02||-35d 18` 29.9||08h 40m 06.14|
|Delta Pyxidis||247.28||-27d 40` 53.9||08h 55m 31.52|
|Epsilon Pyxidis||211.93||-30d 21` 55.0||09h 09m 56.41|
|Eta Pyxidis||231.81||-26d 15` 17.9||08h 37m 52.17|
|Gamma Pyxidis||207.35||-27d 42` 36.2||08h 50m 32.01|
|Kappa Pyxidis||560.42||-25d 51` 30.7||09h 08m 02.86|
|Lambda Pyxidis||192.09||-28d 50` 02.1||09h 23m 12.34|
|RZ Pyxidis||1217.03||-27d 29` 01.5||08h 52m 04.40|
|Theta Pyxidis||502.56||-25d 57` 55.5||09h 21m 29.60|
|TY Pyxidis||183.96||-27d 48` 58.3||08h 59m 42.75|
|VX Pyxidis||414.44||-34d 38` 02.6||08h 32m 58.51|
|XY Pyxidis||929.24||-35d 06` 49.6||08h 27m 59.43|
|Zeta Pyxidis||244.32||-29d 33` 39.1||08h 39m 42.49|
|K||Light Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k||174|
|A||White 7,500 - 10,000k||156|
|G||Yellow 5,200 - 6,000k||104|
|F||Yellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k||80|
|B||Blue-White 10,500 - 30,000k||68|
|M||Red Dwarf Star <3,700k||22|
|Ib||Less Luminous Supergiant||3|
|C||C-Type Carbon Star||3|
|N||N-Type Carbon Star||1|