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Sagitta Constellation

Sagitta (Pronounciation:Sadge-e-tar, Abbrev:Sge, Latin:Sagittae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Sagitta takes up 79.932 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.19% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Arrow . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.

Sagitta is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Sagitta is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Sagitta is Gamma Sagittae. There are 1 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

Sagitta Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Sagitta is 290. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 14. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 4.

There are 1 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is HIP 93873 which is roughly about 27.77 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 231701 which is about 386.45 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 98230 which is located about 65232.67 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Sagitta with the naked eye is HD 190211. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

Sagitta was an arrow that Hercules fired to kill the Stymphalian Birds, his sixth labour.

There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.

Sagitta Facts


NameSagitta
AbbreviationSge
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarGamma Sagittae
Area79.932 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky0.19%
Size Position86th
Hemisphere Northern
Site Exoplanet Count1
Meteor Shower Count0
Nearest StarHIP 93873
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 231701
Dimmest StarHD 190211
Furthest StarHIP 98230
Bright Star Count14
Hipparcos Star Count290
Main Star Count4
Messier Deep Space Object Count1
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsVulpecula
Hercules
Aquila
Delphinus

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.


Sagitta Constellation Map


Sagitta Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Sagitta


StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
HD 231701386.451+16d 28` 27.319h 32m 04.12

List of Named Stars in Sagitta without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
1 Sagittae299.51+21d 13` 55.619h 15m 17.34
11 Sagittae455.54+16d 47` 20.819h 57m 45.44
13 Sagittae1019.26+17d 30` 59.520h 00m 03.31
15 Sagittae57.95+17d 04` 16.220h 04m 06.47
18 Sagittae331.47+21d 35` 55.520h 16m 19.78
2 Sagittae365.65+16d 56` 15.919h 24m 22.08
3 Sagittae396.31+16d 57` 25.419h 24m 45.39
9 Sagittae+18d 40` 18.819h 52m 21.77
Beta Sagittae439.57+17d 28` 34.019h 41m 02.93
Delta Sagittae594.10+18d 32` 03.319h 47m 23.27
Epsilon Sagittae480.36+16d 27` 46.019h 37m 17.38
Eta Sagittae160.36+19d 59` 27.220h 05m 09.47
Gamma Sagittae258.45+19d 29` 31.519h 58m 45.39
S Sagittae3294.58+16d 38` 05.319h 56m 01.26
Sham425.25+18d 00` 50.219h 40m 05.78
Theta Sagittae147.59+20d 54` 53.220h 09m 56.61
U Sagittae782.17+19d 36` 37.719h 18m 48.41
V338 Sagittae791.66+16d 50` 47.219h 12m 34.45
V340 Sagittae4128.65+16d 34` 16.119h 39m 25.34
V344 Sagittae1583.32+16d 39` 51.720h 08m 06.50
Zeta Sagittae255.01+19d 08` 31.119h 48m 58.65



Objects of Interest (Galaxies, Nebulas, Supernovas, etc) in Sagitta


NameTypeDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
M71 Globular ClusterGlobular Cluster13+18:4719h 53m 8

Sagitta Constellation's Star Breakdown


Type Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k73
KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k59
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k46
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k45
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k42
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k11
OBlue Star >33,000k1

Size Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
IIINormal Giant26
VMain Sequence21
IVSubgiant15
IIBright Giant7
IbLess Luminous Supergiant4
IaLuminous Supergiant2
IabIntermediate Luminous Supergiant2
WWolf-Rayet Star2

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
CC-Type Carbon Star2
RR-Type Carbon Star1


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Kamiya Edwards
you need the other staars in aquarius
Rachell
That doesnt give much info for me and I am REALLY FREAKING OUT RIGHT NOW. WHAT ARE THE FREAKIN SURROUNDING CONSTELLATIONS OF CYGNUS!?!?!?!?! By the way you do/did a good job keep at it :)
Schaula
Wie hoch ist die Radialgeschwindigkeit ?
Dan neeleman
Its impossible...stars...yoyo's...cotton candy mmmmmm carnivals.ADD noooooooooooo its add... wait if you add one and one together its TWO! DANG GINA!!!
margaret
i'm a sagittarius!
Map
Hello i really like your site!
Megan Maxham
you need to get some more stars for aquarius
Sarah
Hello everyone. I'm doing this constellation for my science class. Can anyone help me?