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Sagitta, The Arrow Constellation

Sagitta (Pronounciation:Sadge-e-tar, Abbrev:Sge, Latin:Sagittae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Sagitta takes up 79.932 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.19% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Arrow . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.

Sagitta is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Sagitta is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Sagitta is Gamma Sagittae. There are 3 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Sagitta. For a list of named stars, that is stars that don't start HD or HIP, please visit Sagitta Star List Page.

Sagitta Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Sagitta is 290. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 14. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 4.

There are 1 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is HIP 93873 which is roughly about 27.77 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 231701 which is about 386.45 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 98230 which is located about 65232.67 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Sagitta with the naked eye is HD 190211. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

Sagitta was an arrow that Hercules fired to kill the Stymphalian Birds, his sixth labour.

There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.

Sagitta Facts

Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarGamma Sagittae
Area79.932 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky0.19%
Size Position86th
Hemisphere Northern
Site Exoplanet Count3
Meteor Shower Count0
Nearest StarHIP 93873
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 231701
Dimmest StarHD 190211
Furthest StarHIP 98230
Bright Star Count14
Hipparcos Star Count290
Main Star Count4
Messier Deep Space Object Count1
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsVulpecula

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.

Sagitta Constellation Map

Sagitta Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Deep Space Objects (Galaxies, Nebulas, Supernovas, etc) in Sagitta

NameTypeDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
Messier 71 (NGC6838)Globular Cluster13000+18:4719h 53m 8

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Kamiya Edwards
you need the other staars in aquarius
That doesnt give much info for me and I am REALLY FREAKING OUT RIGHT NOW. WHAT ARE THE FREAKIN SURROUNDING CONSTELLATIONS OF CYGNUS!?!?!?!?! By the way you do/did a good job keep at it :)
Wie hoch ist die Radialgeschwindigkeit ?
Dan neeleman
Its impossible...stars...yoyo's...cotton candy mmmmmm carnivals.ADD noooooooooooo its add... wait if you add one and one together its TWO! DANG GINA!!!
i'm a sagittarius!
Hello i really like your site!
Megan Maxham
you need to get some more stars for aquarius
Hello everyone. I'm doing this constellation for my science class. Can anyone help me?