Sagitta (Pronounciation:Sadge-e-tar, Abbrev:Sge, Latin:Sagittae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Sagitta takes up 79.932 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.19% of the night sky. Sagitta is the 86th largest in terms of size in the night sky.
The constellation name means The Arrow . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.
There are 4 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 290 stars. There are 14 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.
Sagitta is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Sagitta is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.
There are 1 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.
You can't just go to one location and arrive at the constellation because the constellation is made up of stars at different locations and different distances. The nearest main star in the constellation is at a distance of 258.45 light years and the furthest main star is a distance of 594.10 light years. The average distance to the main stars is 429.34 light years.
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
The nearest star to Earth is HIP 93873 which is roughly about 27.77 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 231701 which is about 386.45 Light Years.
The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 98230 and it is 65232.67 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The brightest star in Sagitta is Gamma Sagittae and is located about 41.16 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 3.51 but an absolute magnitude of -0.98 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is only recognised as being Gamma Sagittae rather than having Alpha status.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Sagitta with the naked eye is HD 190211. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.
The arrow can be seen in low sky from about April time. It follows the Cygnus constellation round the sky before falling back to Earth and disappearing in November whilst Cygnus stays in the sky.
The arrow can be seen from about May in a East-North-East direction, rising up and then falling back down to Earth in September in a West-North-West direction. It is a small constellation.
Sagitta was an arrow that Hercules fired to kill the Stymphalian Birds, his sixth labour.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Brightest Star||Gamma Sagittae|
|Area||79.932 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.19%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||3|
|Meteor Shower Count||0|
|Nearest Star||HIP 93873|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 231701|
|Brightest Star||Gamma Sagittae|
|Dimmest Star||HD 190211|
|Furthest Star||HIP 98230|
|Bright Star Count||14|
|Hipparcos Star Count||290|
|Main Star Count||4|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||1|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Vulpecula|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
|Messier 71 (NGC6838)||Globular Cluster||13000||+18:47||19h 53m 8|
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You can decline to give a name which if that is the case, the comment will be attributed to a random star. A name is preferred even if its a random made up one by yourself.
|you need the other staars in aquarius|
|That doesnt give much info for me and I am REALLY FREAKING OUT RIGHT NOW. WHAT ARE THE FREAKIN SURROUNDING CONSTELLATIONS OF CYGNUS!?!?!?!?! By the way you do/did a good job keep at it :)|
|Wie hoch ist die Radialgeschwindigkeit ?|
|Its impossible...stars...yoyo's...cotton candy mmmmmm carnivals.ADD noooooooooooo its add... wait if you add one and one together its TWO! DANG GINA!!!|
|i'm a sagittarius!|
|Hello i really like your site!|
|you need to get some more stars for aquarius|
|Hello everyone. I'm doing this constellation for my science class. Can anyone help me?|