Universe Guide

Sagitta, The Arrow Constellation

Sagitta Constellation Star Map

Sagitta (Pronounciation:Sadge-e-tar, Abbrev:Sge, Latin:Sagittae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Sagitta takes up 79.932 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.19% of the night sky. Sagitta is the 86th largest in terms of size in the night sky.

The constellation name means The Arrow . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.

There are 4 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 290 stars. There are 14 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.

Sagitta is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Sagitta is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.

There are 3 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Sagitta.

There are 1 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.

Distance to Sagitta

You can't just go to one location and arrive at the constellation because the constellation is made up of stars at different locations and different distances. The nearest main star in the constellation is at a distance of 258.45 light years and the furthest main star is a distance of 594.10 light years. The average distance to the main stars is 429.34 light years.

Sagitta Star Facts

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

HIP 93873, Sagitta's Nearest Star

The nearest star to Earth is HIP 93873 which is roughly about 27.77 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 231701 which is about 386.45 Light Years.

HIP 98230, Sagitta's Furthest Star

The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 98230 and it is 65232.67 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

Gamma Sagittae, Brightest Star in Sagitta

The brightest star in Sagitta is Gamma Sagittae and is located about 41.16 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 3.51 but an absolute magnitude of -0.98 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is only recognised as being Gamma Sagittae rather than having Alpha status.

HD 190211, Sagitta's Dimmest Visible Star

The dimmest star that can be seen in Sagitta with the naked eye is HD 190211. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.

How to Find and View Sagitta in the Night Sky

Northern Hemisphere

The arrow can be seen in low sky from about April time. It follows the Cygnus constellation round the sky before falling back to Earth and disappearing in November whilst Cygnus stays in the sky.

Southern Hemisphere

The arrow can be seen from about May in a East-North-East direction, rising up and then falling back down to Earth in September in a West-North-West direction. It is a small constellation.

Sagitta Mythology

Sagitta was an arrow that Hercules fired to kill the Stymphalian Birds, his sixth labour.

Sagitta Facts

Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarGamma Sagittae
Area79.932 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky0.19%
Size Position86th
Hemisphere Northern
Site Exoplanet Count3
Meteor Shower Count0
Nearest StarHIP 93873
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 231701
Brightest StarGamma Sagittae
Dimmest StarHD 190211
Furthest StarHIP 98230
Bright Star Count14
Hipparcos Star Count290
Main Star Count4
Messier Deep Space Object Count1
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsVulpecula

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.

List of Deep Space Objects (Galaxies, Nebulas, Supernovas, etc) in Sagitta

NameTypeDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
Messier 71 (NGC6838)Globular Cluster13000+18:4719h 53m 8

Comments and Questions

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Kamiya Edwards
you need the other staars in aquarius
That doesnt give much info for me and I am REALLY FREAKING OUT RIGHT NOW. WHAT ARE THE FREAKIN SURROUNDING CONSTELLATIONS OF CYGNUS!?!?!?!?! By the way you do/did a good job keep at it :)
Wie hoch ist die Radialgeschwindigkeit ?
Dan neeleman
Its impossible...stars...yoyo's...cotton candy mmmmmm carnivals.ADD noooooooooooo its add... wait if you add one and one together its TWO! DANG GINA!!!
i'm a sagittarius!
Hello i really like your site!
Megan Maxham
you need to get some more stars for aquarius
Hello everyone. I'm doing this constellation for my science class. Can anyone help me?
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