Universe Guide

Home / Facts / Constellations

Sculptor Constellation

Sculptor (Pronounciation:Skulp-tor, Abbrev:Scl, Latin:Sculptoris) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Sculptor takes up 474.764 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 1.15% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Sculptor . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.

Sculptor is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Sculptor is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Sculptor is Alpha Sculptoris. There are 3 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

Sculptor Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Sculptor is 1370. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 33. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 5.

There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is Gliese 1 which is roughly about 14.16 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 4208 which is about 105.59 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 4043 which is located about 326163 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Sculptor with the naked eye is HD 2363. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.

There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.

Sculptor Facts


NameSculptor
AbbreviationScl
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarAlpha Sculptoris
Area474.764 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky1.15%
Size Position36th
Hemisphere Southern
Site Exoplanet Count3
Meteor Shower Count1
Nearest StarGliese 1
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 4208
Dimmest StarHD 2363
Furthest StarHIP 4043
Bright Star Count33
Hipparcos Star Count1370
Main Star Count5
Messier Deep Space Object Count0
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsCetus
Aquarius
Piscis Austrinus
Grus
Phoenix
Fornax

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.


Sculptor Constellation Map


Sculptor Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Sculptor


StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
HD 4113143.681-37d 58` 56.500h 43m 12.56
HD 4208105.591-26d 30` 57.800h 44m 26.45
HD 9578187.021-38d 14` 41.701h 33m 17.17

List of Named Stars in Sculptor without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
AI Sculptoris226.35-37d 51` 23.101h 12m 45.37
AL Sculptoris883.91-31d 55` 17.323h 55m 16.57
Alpha Sculptoris776.58-29d 21` 26.900h 58m 36.35
AV Sculptoris563.32-31d 02` 08.800h 23m 12.59
Beta Sculptoris174.05-37d 49` 06.123h 32m 58.19
BU Sculptoris737.93-29d 29` 06.623h 59m 27.90
Delta Sculptoris137.45-28d 07` 48.123h 48m 55.48
Epsilon Sculptoris91.70-25d 03` 08.801h 45m 38.65
Eta Sculptoris451.75-33d 00` 25.400h 27m 55.71
Gamma Sculptoris182.21-32d 31` 54.623h 18m 49.43
Gliese 114.16-37d 21` 06.100h 05m 20.29
Iota Sculptoris330.46-28d 58` 52.700h 21m 31.18
Kappa Sculptoris252.64-27d 59` 16.500h 09m 21.02
Kappa Sculptoris B793.58-27d 47` 59.200h 11m 34.42
Lambda1 Sculptoris473.39-38d 27` 48.500h 42m 42.89
Lambda2 Sculptoris338.70-38d 25` 19.100h 44m 11.92
Mu Sculptoris291.74-32d 04` 22.823h 40m 38.21
Pi Sculptoris214.86-32d 19` 36.701h 42m 08.65
R Sculptoris867.46-32d 32` 35.201h 26m 58.10
S Sculptoris1098.19-32d 02` 43.000h 15m 22.24
Sigma Sculptoris232.31-31d 33` 07.401h 02m 26.38
Tau Sculptoris226.19-29d 54` 26.801h 36m 08.43
Theta Sculptoris69.40-35d 08` 00.200h 11m 43.89
Xi Sculptoris513.64-38d 54` 59.901h 01m 18.23
Z Sculptoris130.99-33d 57` 40.300h 39m 57.59
Zeta Sculptoris502.56-29d 43` 13.600h 02m 19.91

Sculptor Constellation's Star Breakdown


Type Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k394
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k386
KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k366
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k94
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k41
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k18

Size Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
VMain Sequence591
IIINormal Giant398
IVSubgiant115
IIBright Giant4
DDwarf Star1

Breakdown of Dwarf Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
sdsd Type SubDwarf Star2

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
SS-Type Carbon Star2
CC-Type Carbon Star1


Add a Comment


Name:
Email: (Optional)
Comment: