Sculptor (Pronounciation:Skulp-tor, Abbrev:Scl, Latin:Sculptoris) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Sculptor takes up 474.764 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 1.15% of the night sky. Sculptor is the 36th largest in terms of size in the night sky.
The constellation name means The Sculptor . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.
There are 6 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 1370 stars. There are 33 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.
Sculptor is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Sculptor is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.
You can't just go to one location and arrive at the constellation because the constellation is made up of stars at different locations and different distances. The nearest main star in the constellation is at a distance of 137.45 light years and the furthest main star is a distance of 776.58 light years. The average distance to the main stars is 342.08 light years.
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
The nearest star to Earth is Gliese 1 which is roughly about 14.16 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 4208 which is about 105.59 Light Years.
The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 4043 and it is 326163.3 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The brightest star in Sculptor is Alpha Sculptoris and is located about 13.70 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 4.3 but an absolute magnitude of -2.58 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is recognised as being the brightest in the constellation as it has the Bayer status of Alpha.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Sculptor with the naked eye is HD 2363. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.
There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts in the southern hemisphere.
From London, you are not able to see the constellation fully as it just hovers over on the horizon. Beta Sculptoris is never visible but the other stars that make up the triangular shape are visible for that Mid-October to Mid-November.
To see the constellation, you would need to go as far south as Miami. The constellation is viewable at about 9pm from Mid-November to March.
The Sculptor constellation can be seen in a south-easterly direction appearing in August at about 9 p.m. before disappearing in March the following year. It does a complete revolution of the sky. The more south you are, the better you are at seeing it. At the South Pole, it is visible the whole year round but there's not that many people who are there to appreciate it.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Brightest Star||Alpha Sculptoris|
|Area||474.764 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||1.15%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||6|
|Meteor Shower Count||1|
|Nearest Star||Gliese 1|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 4208|
|Brightest Star||Alpha Sculptoris|
|Dimmest Star||HD 2363|
|Furthest Star||HIP 4043|
|Bright Star Count||33|
|Hipparcos Star Count||1370|
|Main Star Count||6|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Cetus|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
|Cartwheel Galaxy||Ring Galaxy||500,000,000||-33 42 59||00 37 41m 1|
|NGC 10||Emission Line Galaxy||-33 51 30.188422237||00 08 34m 5366016486|
|NGC 150||-27 48 12.767534106||00 34 15m 4718877833|
|NGC 24||Galaxy in a Group of Galaxies||22500000||-24 57 47.27||00 09 56m 542|
|NGC 423||Lenticular Galaxy||-29 14 04.28||01 11 22m 213|
|NGC 7||Spiral Galaxy||-29 55 01||00 08 20m 3|
|NGC 7507||Elliptical Galaxy||-28 32 22.70||23 12 07m 595|
|NGC 7513||Barred Spiral Galaxy||-28 21 27.280872769||23 13 14m 0668979645|
|NGC 7636||Spiral Galaxy||-29 16 50.354736666||23 22 32m 9727405787|
|NGC 7645||Spiral Galaxy||-29 23 16.913844508||23 23 47m 3117587488|
|NGC 7793||Spiral Galaxy||13,000,000||-32 35 27||23 57 51m 11|
|NGC 7812||Spiral Galaxy||-34 14 08.40||00 02 54m 460|
|Whale Galaxy||Irregular Galaxy||-39 11 47.86||00 14 53m 602|
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