Sculptor (Pronounciation:Skulp-tor, Abbrev:Scl, Latin:Sculptoris) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Sculptor takes up 474.764 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 1.15% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Sculptor . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by AbbÃ© Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.
Sculptor is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Sculptor is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Sculptor is 1370. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 33. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 5.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is Gliese 1 which is roughly about 14.16 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 4208 which is about 105.59 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 4043 which is located about 326163 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Sculptor with the naked eye is HD 2363. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts.There are no major meteor showers that radiate from within this constellation.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Brightest Star||Alpha Sculptoris|
|Area||474.764 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||1.15%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||3|
|Meteor Shower Count||1|
|Nearest Star||Gliese 1|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 4208|
|Dimmest Star||HD 2363|
|Furthest Star||HIP 4043|
|Bright Star Count||33|
|Hipparcos Star Count||1370|
|Main Star Count||5|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Cetus|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Exoplanet Count||Declination||Right Ascension|
|HD 4113||143.68||1||-37d 58` 56.5||00h 43m 12.56|
|HD 4208||105.59||1||-26d 30` 57.8||00h 44m 26.45|
|HD 9578||187.02||1||-38d 14` 41.7||01h 33m 17.17|
As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Declination||Right Ascension|
|AI Sculptoris||226.35||-37d 51` 23.1||01h 12m 45.37|
|AL Sculptoris||883.91||-31d 55` 17.3||23h 55m 16.57|
|Alpha Sculptoris||776.58||-29d 21` 26.9||00h 58m 36.35|
|AV Sculptoris||563.32||-31d 02` 08.8||00h 23m 12.59|
|Beta Sculptoris||174.05||-37d 49` 06.1||23h 32m 58.19|
|BU Sculptoris||737.93||-29d 29` 06.6||23h 59m 27.90|
|Delta Sculptoris||137.45||-28d 07` 48.1||23h 48m 55.48|
|Epsilon Sculptoris||91.70||-25d 03` 08.8||01h 45m 38.65|
|Eta Sculptoris||451.75||-33d 00` 25.4||00h 27m 55.71|
|Gamma Sculptoris||182.21||-32d 31` 54.6||23h 18m 49.43|
|Gliese 1||14.16||-37d 21` 06.1||00h 05m 20.29|
|Iota Sculptoris||330.46||-28d 58` 52.7||00h 21m 31.18|
|Kappa Sculptoris||252.64||-27d 59` 16.5||00h 09m 21.02|
|Kappa Sculptoris B||793.58||-27d 47` 59.2||00h 11m 34.42|
|Lambda1 Sculptoris||473.39||-38d 27` 48.5||00h 42m 42.89|
|Lambda2 Sculptoris||338.70||-38d 25` 19.1||00h 44m 11.92|
|Mu Sculptoris||291.74||-32d 04` 22.8||23h 40m 38.21|
|Pi Sculptoris||214.86||-32d 19` 36.7||01h 42m 08.65|
|R Sculptoris||867.46||-32d 32` 35.2||01h 26m 58.10|
|S Sculptoris||1098.19||-32d 02` 43.0||00h 15m 22.24|
|Sigma Sculptoris||232.31||-31d 33` 07.4||01h 02m 26.38|
|Tau Sculptoris||226.19||-29d 54` 26.8||01h 36m 08.43|
|Theta Sculptoris||69.40||-35d 08` 00.2||00h 11m 43.89|
|Xi Sculptoris||513.64||-38d 54` 59.9||01h 01m 18.23|
|Z Sculptoris||130.99||-33d 57` 40.3||00h 39m 57.59|
|Zeta Sculptoris||502.56||-29d 43` 13.6||00h 02m 19.91|
|F||Yellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k||394|
|G||Yellow 5,200 - 6,000k||386|
|K||Light Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k||366|
|A||White 7,500 - 10,000k||94|
|M||Red Dwarf Star <3,700k||41|
|B||Blue-White 10,500 - 30,000k||18|
|sd||sd Type SubDwarf Star||2|
|S||S-Type Carbon Star||2|
|C||C-Type Carbon Star||1|