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Sculptor, The Sculptor Constellation Facts and Mythology

Sculptor Constellation Star Map

Sculptor (Pronounciation:Skulp-tor, Abbrev:Scl, Latin:Sculptoris) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Sculptor takes up 474.764 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 1.15% of the night sky. Sculptor is the 36th largest in terms of size in the night sky.

The constellation name means The Sculptor . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.

There are 6 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 1370 stars. There are 33 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.

Sculptor is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Sculptor is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.

The distance to Sculptor is not calculable because all the stars that make up the constellation are at various distances. The best answer for distance to Sculptor is to calculate the average distance of the stars.

There are 6 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Sculptor.

There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.

Sculptor Star Facts

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

Gliese 1, Nearest Star

The nearest star to Earth is Gliese 1 which is roughly about 14.16 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 4208 which is about 105.59 Light Years.

HIP 4043, Furthest Star

The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 4043 and it is 326163.3 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

Alpha Sculptoris, Brightest Star in Sculptor

The brightest star in Sculptor is Alpha Sculptoris and is located about 13.70 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 4.3 but an absolute magnitude of -2.58 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is recognised as being the brightest in the constellation as it has the Bayer status of Alpha.

HD 2363, Dimmest Visible Star

The dimmest star that can be seen in Sculptor with the naked eye is HD 2363. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.99. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.

Sculptor Mythology

There is no Greek Legend behind this constellation. It was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille to fill in the voids in the astronomical charts in the southern hemisphere.

Sculptor Facts


NameSculptor
AbbreviationScl
Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarAlpha Sculptoris
Area474.764 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky1.15%
Size Position36th
Hemisphere Southern
Site Exoplanet Count6
Meteor Shower Count1
Nearest StarGliese 1
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 4208
Brightest StarAlpha Sculptoris
Dimmest StarHD 2363
Furthest StarHIP 4043
Bright Star Count33
Hipparcos Star Count1370
Main Star Count6
Messier Deep Space Object Count0
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsCetus
Aquarius
Piscis Austrinus
Grus
Phoenix
Fornax

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.



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