Sextans (Pronounciation:Sex-tans, Abbrev:Sex, Latin:Sextantis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Sextans takes up 313.515 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.76% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Sextants . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Johannes Hevelius years later.
Sextans is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Sextans is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.
The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Sextans is 638. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 17. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 3.
There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The nearest star to Earth is HIP 51317 which is roughly about 23.05 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 92788 which is about 115.66 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 48167 which is located about 36240.4 Light Years away from the Sun.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Sextans with the naked eye is HD 94014. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 5.95. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
Created by Johannes Hevelius in around 1687 and recognised by the International Astronomical Union.
There are 9 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.
|Name||Activity||Peak Activity||Closest Star|
|Daytime Sextantids||9 Sep- 9 Oct||27-Sep|
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Brightest Star||Alpha Sextantis|
|Area||313.515 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.76%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||3|
|Meteor Shower Count||9|
|Nearest Star||HIP 51317|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 92788|
|Dimmest Star||HD 94014|
|Furthest Star||HIP 48167|
|Bright Star Count||17|
|Hipparcos Star Count||638|
|Main Star Count||3|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count||0|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Leo|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Exoplanet Count||Declination||Right Ascension|
|HD 86081||310.93||1||-03d 48` 30.5||09h 56m 05.96|
|HD 92788||115.66||2||-02d 10` 59.6||10h 42m 48.54|
As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.
|Star||Distance (Lt. Yrs.)||Declination||Right Ascension|
|12 Sextantis||195.19||+03d 23` 05.1||09h 59m 43.12|
|13 Sextantis||182.72||+03d 12` 04.6||10h 04m 08.48|
|14 Sextantis||356.07||+05d 36` 41.5||10h 06m 47.44|
|17 Sextantis||596.28||-08d 24` 29.4||10h 10m 07.56|
|18 Sextantis||473.39||-08d 25` 06.1||10h 10m 55.86|
|19 Sextantis||416.02||+04d 36` 52.9||10h 12m 48.39|
|20 Sextantis||169.08||-07d 23` 02.7||10h 13m 44.49|
|21 Sextantis||834.18||-07d 59` 36.4||10h 14m 08.41|
|23 Sextantis||2508.95||+02d 17` 23.0||10h 21m 02.01|
|24 Sextantis||252.64||-00d 54` 07.8||10h 23m 28.33|
|25 Sextantis||339.75||-04d 04` 26.6||10h 23m 26.51|
|26 Sextantis||817.45||-00d 59` 17.1||10h 26m 36.94|
|27 Sextantis||613.09||-04d 23` 18.0||10h 26m 46.90|
|31 Sextantis||463.96||+02d 09` 01.1||10h 30m 30.96|
|33 Sextantis||120.09||-01d 44` 28.3||10h 41m 24.27|
|34 Sextantis||232.81||+03d 34` 58.9||10h 42m 37.53|
|35 Sextantis||552.82||+04d 44` 51.9||10h 43m 20.91|
|36 Sextantis||479.65||+02d 29` 16.9||10h 45m 09.48|
|4 Sextantis||145.67||+04d 20` 37.6||09h 50m 30.17|
|40 Sextantis||280.45||-04d 01` 26.1||10h 49m 17.30|
|41 Sextantis||310.63||-08d 53` 51.8||10h 50m 18.06|
|6 Sextantis||207.35||-04d 14` 35.8||09h 51m 14.02|
|7 Sextantis||661.59||+02d 27` 14.0||09h 52m 12.27|
|9 Sextantis||793.58||+04d 56` 43.4||09h 54m 06.72|
|Alpha Sextantis||283.37||-00d 22` 17.9||10h 07m 56.30|
|Beta Sextantis||404.67||-00d 38` 13.1||10h 30m 17.50|
|Delta Sextantis||321.98||-02d 44` 20.6||10h 29m 28.73|
|Epsilon Sextantis||193.45||-08d 04` 08.1||10h 17m 37.90|
|Gamma Sextantis||277.59||-08d 06` 17.7||09h 52m 30.47|
|S Sextantis||3261.63||-00d 20` 33.4||10h 34m 56.04|
|T Sextantis||1443.20||+02d 03` 26.6||09h 53m 28.41|
|Y Sextantis||371.48||+01d 05` 40.4||10h 02m 47.96|
|K||Light Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k||248|
|F||Yellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k||154|
|A||White 7,500 - 10,000k||88|
|G||Yellow 5,200 - 6,000k||83|
|M||Red Dwarf Star <3,700k||27|
|B||Blue-White 10,500 - 30,000k||10|
|sd||sd Type SubDwarf Star||1|
|S||S-Type Carbon Star||1|
|C||C-Type Carbon Star||1|
|Braxton||Thursday, 20th April 2017 6:29:43 PM|
|I like every this websit but can u add what the type of star the sextant constellation is|