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Taurus Constellation

Taurus (Pronounciation:Tore-us, Abbrev:Tau, Latin:Tauri) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Taurus takes up 797.249 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 1.93% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Bull . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.

Taurus is a member constellation of the Zodiac grouping, a group of 12 star signs that astrologers use to predict someones future based on their date of birth and which constellation appeared when the Sun set. The Zodiac year may be divided up equally between the twelve signs but when they appear in the night sky no longer conforms to the Zodiac calendar. Taurus is an equatorial constellation that can be seen by countries nearest the Equator.

The brightest star in Taurus is Aldebaran. There are 13 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. The current largest star so far identified in the constellation of Taurus is 119 Tauri.

Taurus Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Taurus is 2219. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 143. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 9.

There are 2 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are 2 non-Messier deep space objects that are covered on this site and the list is below.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is Gliese 176 which is roughly about 30.25 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is Gliese 176 which is about 30.25 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 21533 which is located about 108721 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Taurus with the naked eye is 129 Tauri. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 6. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

Legend of the Constellation

Taurus was the bull that was terrorising the Island of Crete. After gaining permission from Minos, the King. He set about capturing the bull. Once caught, he took the bull back with him to Eurystheus. Instead of sacrificing it, he released it because Hera feared it would enhance Hercules image.

Items of Interest

The constellation contains two famous star clusters, the Pleiades and the Hyades clusters. The Pleiades is probably the more famous but the Hyades are much closer to the Earth. Both are just about visible as a cloud with the naked eye.

Meteor Showers

There are 33 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.

NameActivityPeak ActivityClosest Star
Daytime Beta Taurids5 Jun- 17 Jul28-JunElnath
Southern TauridsSept 17-Nov 27Oct. 30-Nov. 7Ushakaron
Northern TauridsOct 12-Dec 2Nov. 4-7

Taurus Facts


NameTaurus
AbbreviationTau
Is a Zodiac Sign Yes
Largest Star119 Tauri
Brightest StarAldebaran
Area797.249 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky1.93%
Size Position17th
Hemisphere Equatorial
Site Exoplanet Count13
Meteor Shower Count33
Nearest StarGliese 176
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)Gliese 176
Dimmest Star129 Tauri
Furthest StarHIP 21533
Bright Star Count143
Hipparcos Star Count2219
Main Star Count9
Messier Deep Space Object Count2
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count1
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsPerseus
Aries
Cetus
Eridanus
Orion
Gemini
Auriga

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.


Taurus Constellation Map


Taurus Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Taurus


StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
Ain146.661+19d 10` 49.904h 28m 36.93
Aldebaran66.651+16d 30` 35.104h 35m 55.20
Gliese 17630.252+18d 57` 39.204h 42m 55.37
HD 24040151.991+17d 28` 37.103h 50m 22.90
HD 283668137.851+24d 26` 40.204h 27m 52.69
HD 284149352.991+20d 18` 11.304h 06m 38.80
HD 285507134.831+15d 20` 06.304h 07m 01.15
HD 28678739.601+04d 34` 31.104h 31m 25.45
HD 32963109.821+20d 43` 54.505h 37m 02.54
HD 37124118.693+26d 19` 41.205h 07m 55.81

List of Named Stars in Taurus without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
1 G. Tauri1217.03+04d 52` 55.603h 23m 38.99
10 Tauri45.54+00d 24` 10.203h 36m 52.52
101 Tauri133.13+15d 55` 00.504h 59m 44.27
103 Tauri1496.16+24d 15` 54.705h 08m 06.62
104 Tauri50.34+18d 38` 42.005h 07m 26.68
105 Tauri1080.01+21d 42` 17.405h 07m 55.43
108 Tauri699.92+22d 17` 05.505h 15m 27.66
109 Tauri247.28+22d 05` 48.105h 19m 16.59
11 Tauri477.55+25d 19` 46.303h 40m 46.30
110 Tauri407.20+16d 41` 57.705h 23m 37.72
111 Tauri46.92+17d 23` 00.805h 24m 25.31
113 Tauri585.57+16d 42` 00.605h 26m 05.72
114 Tauri624.83+21d 56` 13.105h 27m 38.08
115 Tauri549.10+17d 57` 44.205h 27m 10.09
116 Tauri424.14+15d 52` 26.805h 27m 45.61
117 Tauri613.09+17d 14` 21.305h 28m 01.60
118 Tauri425.25+25d 09` 01.105h 29m 16.49
119 Tauri1792.11+18d 35` 39.305h 32m 12.75
12 Tauri371.91+03d 03` 24.603h 39m 51.14
120 Tauri1553.16+18d 32` 24.805h 33m 31.63
121 Tauri552.82+24d 02` 22.705h 35m 27.12
122 Tauri158.49+17d 02` 25.505h 37m 03.71
125 Tauri427.47+25d 53` 49.705h 39m 44.19
126 Tauri635.80+16d 32` 03.105h 41m 17.72
129 Tauri734.60+15d 49` 21.005h 46m 45.49
13 Tauri539.11+19d 42` 01.003h 42m 18.94
130 Tauri1782.31+17d 43` 44.905h 47m 26.20
131 Tauri339.75+14d 29` 18.305h 47m 13.15
132 Tauri363.62+24d 34` 03.205h 49m 00.96
133 Tauri633.33+13d 53` 58.705h 47m 42.90
134 Tauri248.79+12d 39` 04.905h 49m 32.94
135 Tauri316.66+14d 18` 20.505h 50m 28.90
136 Tauri423.04+27d 36` 44.205h 53m 19.64
137 Tauri424.14+14d 10` 18.505h 52m 22.30
139 Tauri1553.16+25d 57` 14.105h 57m 59.66
14 G. Tauri389.22-01d 07` 16.403h 39m 59.55
14 Tauri409.75+19d 39` 54.603h 43m 47.14
18 G. Tauri335.21+06d 48` 13.203h 46m 09.36
18 Tauri409.24+24d 50` 21.703h 45m 09.73
2 G. Tauri363.62+00d 54` 37.103h 23m 36.31
24 G. Tauri229.05+06d 02` 24.503h 57m 01.70
25 G. Tauri130.57+10d 19` 49.503h 59m 40.41
26 G. Tauri571.21+09d 59` 52.904h 01m 46.13
26 Tauri246.72+23d 51` 26.203h 48m 56.91
29 Tauri533.82+06d 03` 00.103h 45m 40.43
30 Tauri453.63+11d 08` 36.103h 48m 16.25
31 Tauri778.43+06d 32` 05.703h 52m 00.22
32 Tauri138.09+22d 28` 41.703h 56m 52.03
33 G. Tauri113.69+08d 11` 49.904h 03m 56.51
33 Tauri680.93+23d 10` 32.103h 57m 03.80
34 G. Tauri115.46+02d 49` 38.104h 04m 09.79
36 Tauri1132.51+24d 06` 21.704h 04m 21.67
37 G. Tauri203.47+03d 19` 22.204h 09m 43.04
37 Tauri187.13+22d 04` 55.404h 04m 41.66
39 Tauri55.24+22d 00` 33.204h 05m 20.15
4 Tauri361.20+11d 20` 11.303h 30m 24.48
40 G. Tauri431.43+10d 12` 45.104h 13m 34.55
40 Tauri640.79+05d 26` 08.304h 03m 44.60
41 Tauri420.31+27d 36` 00.104h 06m 36.40
43 G. Tauri391.08+10d 00` 41.204h 14m 36.24
44 Eridani382.82+01d 22` 51.104h 28m 32.11
44 Tauri205.26+26d 28` 51.704h 10m 49.88
45 Tauri120.62+05d 31` 22.904h 11m 20.20
46 Tauri118.52+07d 42` 57.704h 13m 33.11
47 G. Tauri688.11+10d 07` 17.504h 19m 37.43
47 Tauri331.80+09d 15` 50.004h 13m 56.39
48 Tauri148.12+15d 24` 02.704h 15m 46.21
49 Eridani851.60+00d 59` 54.004h 37m 13.68
49 G. Tauri360.80+06d 07` 51.304h 20m 41.25
5 G. Tauri484.64+03d 14` 55.303h 29m 03.80
5 Tauri342.25+12d 56` 12.103h 30m 52.37
51 Tauri176.30+21d 34` 45.804h 18m 23.14
52 G. Tauri343.69+02d 04` 46.404h 27m 00.66
53 G. Tauri307.41+01d 51` 30.904h 28m 03.62
53 Tauri270.00+21d 08` 32.704h 19m 26.08
55 G. Tauri389.68+10d 15` 44.704h 30m 02.30
55 Tauri151.77+16d 31` 21.604h 19m 54.78
56 Tauri326.16+21d 46` 24.904h 19m 36.69
57 Tauri149.07+14d 02` 06.904h 19m 57.63
58 G. Tauri141.87+05d 24` 36.104h 32m 04.74
58 Tauri153.13+15d 05` 43.804h 20m 36.24
59 G. Tauri557.54+09d 24` 49.004h 33m 48.18
6 G. Tauri502.56+06d 11` 19.503h 30m 45.40
6 Tauri350.34+09d 22` 24.803h 32m 35.93
60 G. Tauri484.64+05d 34` 07.104h 34m 08.28
60 Tauri144.77+14d 04` 38.104h 22m 03.45
62 Tauri908.53+24d 18` 03.704h 23m 59.76
63 G. Tauri160.36+07d 52` 15.604h 39m 06.10
63 Tauri162.76+16d 46` 38.404h 23m 25.00
64 Tauri161.39+17d 26` 39.204h 24m 05.69
66 Tauri395.83+09d 27` 39.504h 23m 51.84
7 Tauri429.16+24d 27` 52.103h 34m 26.62
70 Tauri153.85+15d 56` 27.904h 25m 37.25
71 Tauri160.12+15d 37` 06.004h 26m 20.67
72 Tauri377.94+22d 59` 46.904h 27m 17.45
75 Tauri186.70+16d 21` 34.704h 28m 26.37
76 Tauri187.77+14d 44` 27.704h 28m 23.34
79 Tauri159.34+13d 02` 51.504h 28m 50.10
80 Tauri149.48+15d 38` 16.404h 30m 08.53
81 Tauri146.52+15d 41` 31.004h 30m 38.83
83 Tauri147.45+13d 43` 28.004h 30m 37.30
84 Tauri547.25+15d 06` 18.604h 31m 07.16
85 Tauri147.32+15d 51` 05.904h 31m 51.69
88 Tauri156.21+10d 09` 39.304h 35m 39.23
89 Tauri162.51+16d 02` 00.204h 38m 09.38
9 G. Tauri438.39+06d 25` 03.803h 34m 49.10
9 Tauri426.36+23d 12` 40.003h 36m 58.03
90 Tauri153.56+12d 30` 39.104h 38m 09.40
93 Tauri416.56+12d 11` 51.504h 40m 03.42
95 Tauri157.41+24d 05` 20.304h 43m 13.75
96 Tauri1087.21+15d 54` 15.304h 49m 44.08
97 Tauri167.18+18d 50` 23.804h 51m 22.41
98 Tauri284.36+25d 03` 01.904h 58m 09.38
99 Tauri455.54+23d 56` 54.904h 57m 48.65
Alcyone403.17+24d 06` 18.903h 47m 29.06
Asterope I371.91+24d 33` 16.603h 45m 54.46
Asterope II380.14+24d 31` 40.803h 46m 02.89
Atlas382.37+24d 03` 12.703h 49m 09.73
Celaeno377.07+24d 17` 22.503h 44m 48.20
Chi Tauri291.22+25d 37` 45.704h 22m 34.93
Electra404.67+24d 06` 48.403h 44m 52.52
Elnath133.89+28d 36` 28.305h 26m 17.50
HU Tauri329.79+20d 41` 05.104h 38m 15.84
Hyadum I161.55+15d 37` 39.704h 19m 47.53
Hyadum II155.61+17d 32` 33.304h 22m 56.03
Iota Tauri172.76+21d 35` 24.205h 03m 05.70
Kappa Tauri153.92+22d 17` 38.304h 25m 22.10
Kappa Tauri B148.05+22d 12` 00.404h 25m 24.94
Kleeia148.53+17d 55` 40.804h 25m 29.32
L Tauri189.52+20d 25` 06.405h 07m 48.43
Lambda Tauri483.92+12d 29` 25.404h 00m 40.82
Maia383.27+24d 22` 04.303h 45m 49.59
Merope380.14+23d 56` 54.503h 46m 19.56
Mu Tauri455.54+08d 53` 32.704h 15m 32.05
Nu Tauri116.95+05d 59` 21.504h 03m 09.38
Omega Tauri283.87+19d 36` 33.504h 09m 09.90
Omega Tauri 294.40+20d 34` 43.504h 17m 15.69
Omicron Tauri290.96+09d 01` 44.603h 24m 48.84
Phi Tauri321.03+27d 21` 03.404h 20m 21.23
Pi Tauri416.56+14d 42` 49.904h 26m 36.38
Pleione381.92+24d 08` 12.603h 49m 11.20
Psi Tauri90.03+29d 00` 04.604h 07m 00.52
Rho Tauri158.25+14d 50` 40.204h 33m 50.86
Sigma1 Tauri147.05+15d 48` 00.104h 39m 09.20
Sigma2 Tauri155.54+15d 55` 04.904h 39m 16.45
SZ Tauri1359.01+18d 32` 35.004h 37m 14.78
T Tauri595.19+19d 32` 06.504h 21m 59.42
Tau Tauri398.25+22d 57` 25.104h 42m 14.70
Taygeta409.24+24d 28` 02.603h 45m 12.48
Teide 1+24d 22` 31.73h 47m 17.925
Theta 1 Tauri154.36+15d 57` 44.004h 28m 34.43
Theta 2 Tauri150.37+15d 52` 15.404h 28m 39.67
Tien Kwan444.97+21d 08` 33.305h 37m 38.68
Upsilon Tauri153.78+22d 48` 49.304h 26m 18.39
Ushakaron209.08+09d 43` 58.003h 27m 10.12
V1116 Tauri155.02+23d 20` 27.504h 36m 29.07
V1137 Tauri872.09+22d 24` 48.504h 12m 51.25
V1141 Tauri554.70+20d 58` 55.704h 23m 32.36
V1143 Tauri645.87+08d 35` 25.004h 26m 21.10
V1156 Tauri171.57+28d 01` 50.205h 09m 45.06
V711 Tauri100.08+00d 35` 17.403h 36m 47.31
V731 Tauri827.83+23d 12` 15.905h 43m 19.50
V766 Tauri401.68+13d 02` 46.103h 51m 15.86
V774 Tauri69.57+06d 11` 13.604h 15m 28.86



Objects of Interest (Galaxies, Nebulas, Supernovas, etc) in Taurus


NameTypeDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
Crab NebulaSupernova Remnant4.9-8.1+22:0105h 34m 5
Merope NebulaReflection Nebula440+23:4703h 46h 1
Pleiades, the Seven SistersOpen Cluster444.0+24:0703h 47m 0

Taurus Constellation's Star Breakdown


Type Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k662
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k466
KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k388
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k356
BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k211
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k61
OBlue Star >33,000k1

Size Breakdown


TypeDescriptionCount
VMain Sequence262
IIINormal Giant125
IVSubgiant63
IIBright Giant12
IbLess Luminous Supergiant7
IaLuminous Supergiant1
IabIntermediate Luminous Supergiant1

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type


TypeDescriptionCount
CC-Type Carbon Star4
RR-Type Carbon Star3
NN-Type Carbon Star1
SS-Type Carbon Star1


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