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Vela Constellation

Vela (Pronounciation:Vee-lar, Abbrev:Vel, Latin:Velorum) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Vela takes up 499.649 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 1.21% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Sails . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later.

Vela is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Vela is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere.

The brightest star in Vela is Al Suhail. There are 11 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

Vela Star and Deep Space Object Count

The number of stars that have been catalogued as part of the Hipparcos Star Catalogue from Vela is 2234. The number of stars that are of magnitude 6.0 or lower in the constellation is 125. The number of stars in the constellation that make up the outline is 11.

There are no deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.

Stars of Interest

The nearest star to Earth is Luhman 16 which is roughly about 6.516 Light Years from the Earth. The nearest star to the Earth with an exoplanet is HD 85512 which is about 36.39 Light Years. The furthest star that can be located in the constellation is HIP 40445 which is located about 326163.3 Light Years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

The dimmest star that can be seen in Vela with the naked eye is HD 68895. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 6. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

Legend of the Constellation

One of three constellations when Nicolas Louis de Lacaille broke up the Argo Navis. The other two constellations are Carina and Puppis.

Meteor Showers

There are 11 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.

NameActivityPeak ActivityClosest Star
Gamma Velids1-17 Jan5/8 JanRegor

Vela Facts

Is a Zodiac Sign No
Brightest StarAl Suhail
Area499.649 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky1.21%
Size Position32nd
Hemisphere Southern
Site Exoplanet Count11
Meteor Shower Count11
Nearest StarLuhman 16
Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)HD 85512
Dimmest StarHD 68895
Furthest StarHIP 40445
Bright Star Count125
Hipparcos Star Count2234
Main Star Count11
Messier Deep Space Object Count0
*Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count0
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsAntlia

*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.

Vela Constellation Map

Vela Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Vela

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
HATS-291-54d 53` 35.5009h 00m 23.04
HD 73526328.462-41d 19` 10.208h 37m 16.53
HD 7528995.061-41d 44` 10.508h 47m 40.41
HD 83443134.281-43d 16` 18.909h 37m 11.81
HD 85390105.592-49d 47` 24.409h 50m 02.47
HD 8551236.391-43d 30` 05.909h 51m 06.68
HD 93385137.622-41d 27` 51.310h 46m 15.15
WASP-191-45d 39` 33.0009h 53m 40.00

List of Named Stars in Vela without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
AH Velorum2452.36-46d 38` 39.708h 11m 59.97
AI Velorum319.45-44d 34` 33.108h 14m 05.12
Alsephina80.55-54d 42` 30.808h 44m 42.20
CV Velorum1430.54-51d 33` 20.109h 00m 38.00
FZ Velorum224.79-47d 14` 05.408h 58m 52.43
GK Velorum731.31-43d 58` 36.109h 25m 07.89
GU Velorum199.12-53d 05` 18.708h 27m 36.65
GX Velorum4727.00-44d 52` 04.509h 11m 04.40
GY Velorum715.27-51d 12` 16.810h 16m 40.17
GZ Velorum1853.20-55d 01` 45.510h 19m 36.77
H Velorum353.37-52d 43` 24.608h 56m 19.28
HR 3413446.19-50d 58` 10.808h 35m 52.04
HR 3440444.97-53d 26` 23.408h 39m 23.87
HR 35621208.01-45d 02` 30.108h 55m 19.21
HR 3600429.16-41d 51` 51.409h 01m 20.88
HR 3831230.34-48d 45` 04.209h 36m 25.41
HX Velorum4530.05-48d 05` 56.808h 42m 16.20
HY Velorum484.64-53d 06` 50.508h 42m 25.41
HZ Velorum248.03-39d 08` 30.108h 49m 52.40
IGR J08408-4503108721.11-45d 03` 30.308h 40m 47.80
IP Velorum1342.24-51d 13` 41.409h 43m 27.60
IS Velorum1105.64-47d 56` 14.008h 09m 43.16
IU Velorum1045.40-43d 10` 26.409h 00m 22.26
IV Velorum2673.47-52d 38` 19.709h 57m 10.95
IW Velorum335.90-50d 45` 54.210h 57m 07.88
KK Velorum1647.29-44d 37` 56.809h 07m 42.52
KL Velorum692.49-43d 36` 47.909h 12m 30.54
KQ Velorum489.00-42d 15` 03.910h 55m 01.04
KT Velorum499.48-53d 06` 00.408h 42m 19.02
KX Velorum3261.63-46d 31` 45.108h 50m 33.46
LN Velorum7585.19-45d 24` 38.608h 41m 56.91
LR Velorum4291.62-51d 33` 38.409h 18m 42.36
Luhman 1653d 19` 9.8610h 49m 18.723
LW Velorum169.26-51d 13` 58.610h 13m 22.88
Markeb572.22-55d 00` 38.509h 22m 06.83
Mu Velorum117.16-49d 25` 12.510h 46m 46.12
MV Velorum1148.46-56d 02` 35.610h 20m 54.81
MX Velorum3397.53-46d 58` 42.308h 05m 20.31
N Velorum2548.15-47d 19` 01.708h 41m 13.14
NN Velorum916.19-48d 41` 03.908h 09m 09.51
NO Velorum1359.01-46d 59` 30.008h 13m 36.16
NY Velorum279.25-40d 15` 50.008h 40m 19.22
NZ Velorum442.56-53d 03` 17.208h 39m 57.62
Omicron Velorum493.44-52d 55` 19.108h 40m 17.61
OP Velorum8815.23-45d 54` 45.108h 46m 30.55
OY Velorum368.55-52d 11` 19.409h 01m 44.57
P Velorum87.54-48d 13` 32.210h 37m 18.26
Psi Velorum61.37-40d 28` 00.809h 30m 42.11
QZ Velorum2651.73-55d 22` 23.609h 53m 00.11
R Velorum428.60-52d 11` 16.710h 06m 07.26
Regor1117.00-47d 20` 11.808h 09m 31.96
RZ Velorum1772.63-44d 06` 52.908h 37m 01.31
S Velorum512.03-45d 12` 31.009h 33m 13.24
Suhail544.51-43d 25` 57.409h 07m 59.78
SV Velorum-56 d 17` 22.410h 44m 56.35
SW Velorum5346.94-47d 24` 11.208h 43m 38.69
SX Velorum3048.26-46d 20` 34.808h 44m 53.47
T Velorum7090.51-47d 21` 43.108h 37m 40.83
Tseen Kee1591.04-54d 34` 04.109h 56m 51.75
V335 Velorum2296.92-51d 08` 48.209h 53m 50.11
V342 Vel5722.16-52d 36` 06.210h 20m 11.75
V361 Velorum1462.62-41d 06` 50.611h 02m 13.84
Vela X-13469.82-40d 33` 17.009h 02m 06.86
W Velorum967.84-54d 28` 42.110h 15m 14.85

Vela Constellation's Star Breakdown

Type Breakdown

BBlue-White 10,500 - 30,000k551
KLight Orange Star 3,700 - 5,200k511
AWhite 7,500 - 10,000k385
GYellow 5,200 - 6,000k333
FYellow-White 6,000 - 7,500k307
MRed Dwarf Star <3,700k62
OBlue Star >33,000k8

Size Breakdown

VMain Sequence800
IIINormal Giant772
IIBright Giant37
IbLess Luminous Supergiant29
IabIntermediate Luminous Supergiant8
IaLuminous Supergiant7
WWolf-Rayet Star3

Breakdown of Dwarf Stars by Type

sdsd Type SubDwarf Star1

Breakdown of Carbon Stars by Type

CC-Type Carbon Star2
SS-Type Carbon Star1
NN-Type Carbon Star1

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