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Virgo Constellation

Virgo (Pronounciation:Vir-go, Abbrev:Vir, Latin:Virginis) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Virgo takes up 1294.428 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 3.14% of the night sky. The constellation gets its name as it name means The Virgin . The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D.

Virgo is a member constellation of the Zodiac grouping, a group of 12 star signs that astrologers use to predict someones future based on their date of birth and which constellation appeared when the Sun set. The Zodiac year may be divided up equally between the twelve signs but when they appear in the night sky no longer conforms to the Zodiac calendar. Virgo is an equatorial constellation that can be seen by countries nearest the Equator. The brightest star in Virgo is Spica. There are 16 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

IC1101, Largest Galaxy Discovered So Far

The largest galaxy so far discovered is known as IC 1101, it makes our galaxy, the milky way look so insignificant. Our galaxy is about 100,000 light years across but the IC1101 is reckoned to be 2 million light years radius. The location is controversial as some people put the galaxy in Virgo whilst others put it in Serpens. For here, I`ve chosen to put it in Virgo. The galaxy has grown large in part to it cannabalising other galaxies. It is an old, dying galaxy. Whilst there might be some star generation going on, most stars on their way out.

Sombrero Galaxy

The Sombrero Galaxy got its name from looking like a Sombrero, the flatness of the constellation as opposed to it looking like a ball and the central supermassive black hole at the centre of the galaxy. The galaxy is side onto us which gives it its flat nature. It is a galaxy with a lot of gas and star creation going on.

Size of Virgo

Virgo is the second largest constellation in the skies in area taken up. The largest of all constellations is Hydra which it not being a Zodiac sign means that Virgo not being the largest constellation false stop is the largest Zodiac constellation. Virgo accounts for 3.14% of the night sky.

Legend of the Constellation

It is believed the constellation represents Astraea, the virgin daughter of the god Zeus and the goddess Themis. She was a goddess of truth and justice because the scales were nearby. She ruled the world at one time but as man grew callous, she returned to the skies as a constellation.

Meteor Showers

There are 35 Meteor Showers that occur during the year within this constellation based on information gathered from Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland). The ones listed as the ones I've been able to find a date range for. For others if you have the time, you can visit the AMU site, obtains the SL value then use IMO tables to calculate the date. A lot of the Meteor Showers are weak and you need to do a lot of stargazing to spot them.

NameActivityPeak ActivityClosest Star
Pi VirginidsFebruary 13-April 8Mar. 3-9Pi Virginis
Eta VirginidsFebruary 24-March 27Mar. 18/19Zaniah
Theta VirginidsMarch 10-April 21Mar. 20/21Caphir
Alpha VirginidsMarch 10-May 6Apr. 7-18Spica
Gamma VirginidsApril 5-21Apr. 14/15Porrima
Mu Virginids1-Apr - 12-May24 - AprRijl al Awwa

Virgo Facts


NameVirgo
AbbreviationVir
Is a Zodiac Sign Yes
Brightest StarSpica
Area1294.428 sq. deg.
Percentage of Night Sky3.14%
Size Position2nd
Hemisphere Equatorial
Site Exoplanet Count16
Meteor Shower Count35
Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding ConstellationsComa Berenices
Virgo
Crater
Corvus
Hydra
Libra
Serpens
Bootes

Virgo Constellation Map


Virgo Constellation Star Map

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

List of Stars with Exoplanets in Virgo


StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)Exoplanet CountDeclinationRight Ascension
HD 10219596.671+02d 49` 18.311h 45m 42.40
HD 102329515.271+03d 28` 27.611h 46m 46.67
HD 10430441.631-10d 26` 41.412h 00m 44.37
HD 106252122.991+10d 02` 32.312h 13m 29.50
HD 106270276.881-09d 30` 47.812h 13m 37.34
HD 106515114.771-07d 15` 25.912h 15m 06.71
HD 107148167.011-03d 19` 10.812h 19m 13.52
HD 109271201.212-11d 37` 19.412h 33m 35.66
HD 11478366.861-02d 15` 54.213h 12m 43.87
HD 125612176.783-17d 28` 52.914h 20m 53.55
HD 126614236.871-05d 10` 38.714h 26m 48.37
HD 130322103.411-00d 16` 52.114h 47m 32.80
WD 1145+0171+01 d 28 ` 59.411h 48m 33.63

List of Named Stars in Virgo without Extrasolar Planets

As there's so many stars in the cosmos, not all the stars are listed here. The site has lots of stars not listed so if your star isn't listed and you know the Henry Draper or Hipparcos ID, type https://www.universeguide.com/star/ then followed by the HIPNNNNNN or HDNNNN where NNNNN is the number part of the name. The stars that I do list have either a traditional name, a bayer or other classification name.

StarDistance (Lt. Yrs.)DeclinationRight Ascension
1 G. Virginis376.20+08d 53` 01.611h 38m 09.87
1 Serpentis291.48-00d 10` 03.214h 57m 33.22
10 Virginis238.25+01d 53` 54.012h 09m 41.29
104 Virginis257.23-06d 07` 12.714h 27m 24.42
106 G. Virginis92.01-20d 35` 00.613h 03m 46.03
106 Virginis624.83-06d 54` 01.514h 28m 41.73
108 Virginis493.44+00d 43` 02.214h 45m 30.23
109 Virginis134.50+01d 53` 34.614h 46m 14.99
11 Virginis143.68+05d 48` 25.112h 10m 03.51
110 Virginis195.42+02d 05` 28.615h 02m 54.07
112 G. Virginis417.09-09d 32` 17.213h 09m 14.27
12 G. Virginis298.14-05d 20` 00.011h 51m 02.23
12 Virginis163.65+10d 15` 44.512h 13m 25.99
129 G. Virginis265.61-00d 40` 33.713h 17m 29.89
13 Virginis373.61-00d 47` 13.712h 18m 40.30
134 G. Virginis441.96+02d 56` 32.313h 20m 41.61
135 G. Virginis289.67-19d 29` 21.413h 21m 29.82
136 G. Virginis220.83+02d 05` 14.513h 21m 41.68
141 G. Virginis508.84-20d 55` 28.313h 23m 57.11
146 G. Virginis255.41-01d 11` 32.913h 26m 11.48
150 G. Virginis502.56-01d 21` 51.413h 29m 14.94
153 G. Virginis1062.42+07d 10` 43.813h 30m 00.08
16 Virginis307.99+03d 18` 45.812h 20m 21.15
17 Virginis97.60+05d 18` 20.112h 22m 32.14
183 G. Virginis608.51-09d 42` 33.713h 47m 13.40
185 G. Virginis103.28+06d 21` 02.313h 46m 57.42
19 G. Virginis695.44+00d 31` 50.211h 59m 03.38
194 G. Virginis504.90+05d 29` 50.013h 50m 24.67
199 G. Virginis107.89-08d 03` 31.613h 54m 58.30
2 Serpentis2296.92-00d 08` 24.915h 01m 48.92
20 G. Virginis879.15-10d 28` 33.511h 59m 09.38
20 Virginis472.70+10d 17` 44.4 12h 33m 02.91
204 G. Virginis252.84-03d 32` 58.713h 59m 49.30
207 G. Virginis364.84-17d 22` 01.214h 03m 04.18
208 G. Virginis278.77-22d 25` 17.814h 03m 53.10
209 G. Virginis194.72+04d 54` 03.514h 03m 55.76
21 Virginis258.45-09d 27` 07.512h 33m 46.80
210 G. Virginis410.79-14d 58` 18.014h 04m 27.00
211 G. Virginis329.13-05d 22` 53.014h 04m 14.57
213 G. Virginis392.02+02d 17` 51.114h 04m 37.45
221 G. Virginis144.96+01d 21` 44.414h 11m 31.28
224 G. Virginis193.68-00d 50` 42.414h 13m 40.67
225 G. Virginis139.80-05d 56` 52.514h 14m 21.49
226 G. Virginis246.72-18d 12` 02.414h 15m 24.11
229 G. Virginis209.62-06d 37` 17.514h 16m 21.41
230 G. Virginis457.45-03d 11` 46.414h 16m 30.18
231 G. Virginis409.75-18d 35` 08.514h 17m 03.79
233 G. Virginis580.36-08d 53` 04.014h 16m 48.75
235 G. Virginis106.14-07d 32` 30.514h 18m 00.57
239 G. Virginis206.30+00d 23` 03.714h 19m 40.97
240 G. Virginis331.47-06d 44` 46.014h 19m 53.25
243 G. Virginis56.07+01d 14` 33.814h 23m 15.15
244 G. Virginis159.03+05d 49` 12.414h 24m 11.39
25 Virginis225.10-05d 49` 54.712h 36m 47.37
250 G. Virginis258.65+00d 49` 44.114h 29m 50.51
252 G. Virginis693.96+04d 46` 20.314h 30m 45.39
254 G. Virginis243.95+02d 16` 38.714h 37m 28.49
257 G. Virginis942.67-01d 25` 03.114h 45m 11.74
26 G. Virginis515.27-01d 46` 04.812h 01m 01.75
261 G. Virginis457.45-00d 15` 27.014h 51m 00.11
265 G. Virginis701.43+04d 34` 04.014h 59m 23.11
27 G. Virginis729.67-07d 41` 01.212h 02m 51.68
27 Virginis205.13+10d 25` 34.612h 41m 34.46
271 G. Virginis547.25+05d 29` 53.115h 07m 40.32
28 Virginis813.37-07d 30` 00.712h 41m 57.68
29 G. Virginis228.73+05d 33` 28.612h 03m 44.53
3 G. Virginis380.59-02d 26` 09.411h 38m 24.09
31 Virginis233.31+06d 48` 23.912h 41m 57.16
33 G. Virginis581.40-03d 07` 53.612h 05m 59.83
33 Virginis147.25+09d 32` 26.812h 46m 22.38
34 Virginis271.58+11d 57` 29.312h 47m 13.62
35 Virginis583.48+03d 34` 21.812h 47m 51.42
37 Virginis598.46+03d 03` 24.312h 51m 36.91
38 Virginis106.76-03d 33` 11.112h 53m 11.31
4 Vir193.00+08d 14` 45.111h 47m 54.93
41 G. Virginis72.90-10d 18` 35.812h 15m 10.54
41 Virginis198.64+12d 25` 06.612h 53m 49.67
44 Virginis254.22-03d 48` 43.012h 59m 39.55
46 Virginis327.14-03d 22` 07.0 13h 00m 35.96
48 Virginis505.68-03d 39` 47.013h 03m 54.44
49 G. Virginis396.79-04d 58` 28.012h 23m 15.35
49 Virginis307.41-10d 44` 25.413h 07m 53.80
5 G. Virginis403.17-06d 40` 37.411h 43m 55.09
50 G. Virginis230.02-11d 36` 37.812h 25m 11.80
50 Virginis693.96-10d 19` 45.513h 09m 45.29
51 G. Virginis510.43+08d 36` 37.312h 27m 42.07
53 Virginis110.60-16d 11` 52.513h 12m 03.48
54 Virginis633.33-18d 49` 35.013h 13m 26.85
55 Virginis127.11-19d 55` 52.813h 14m 10.97
56 G. Virginis803.36+07d 36` 15.412h 31m 21.43
56 Virginis661.59-10d 22` 13.013h 14m 45.13
57 G. Virginis404.67-05d 03` 09.612h 31m 38.74
57 Virginis125.50-19d 56` 34.213h 15m 58.58
59 Virginis57.27+09d 25` 25.313h 16m 46.71
6 Virginis171.48+08d 26` 38.111h 55m 03.15
61 Virginis27.90-18d 18` 31.013h 18m 24.97
62 Virginis489.73-11d 18` 14.813h 20m 20.05
63 Virginis305.97-17d 44` 06.713h 23m 01.15
64 Virginis215.01+05d 09` 17.513h 22m 09.73
65 Virginis1244.90-04d 55` 27.813h 23m 18.91
66 Virginis97.74-05d 09` 50.113h 24m 33.14
68 G. Virginis557.54+03d 16` 56.912h 38m 04.43
68 Virginis440.17-12d 42` 27.413h 26m 43.24
69 Virginis280.21-15d 58` 25.113h 27m 27.24
7 Virginis305.40+03d 39` 18.811h 59m 56.92
70 Virginis58.66+13d 46` 48.713h 28m 25.95
71 Virginis320.40+10d 49` 06.213h 29m 13.04
72 Virginis173.58-06d 28` 13.113h 30m 25.70
73 Virginis249.74-18d 43` 43.813h 32m 02.87
74 Virginis399.71-06d 15` 20.613h 31m 57.95
75 Virginis514.45-15d 21` 46.813h 32m 51.69
76 Virginis235.16-10d 09` 53.713h 32m 58.09
77 Virginis258.24-07d 37` 21.413h 33m 24.56
78 Virginis184.80+03d 39` 32.513h 34m 07.91
79 G. Virginis218.46-01d 34` 36.512h 43m 38.02
80 Virginis316.97-05d 23` 47.013h 35m 31.29
82 Virginis509.63-08d 42` 11.113h 41m 36.83
83 Virginis823.64-16d 10` 44.613h 44m 29.82
84 Virginis238.42+03d 32` 17.113h 43m 03.88
85 G. Virginis228.41-06d 18` 05.912h 47m 33.42
85 Virginis345.88-15d 46` 02.713h 45m 35.09
86 Virginis406.69-12d 25` 35.613h 45m 56.33
87 Virginis676.69-17d 51` 35.113h 47m 25.35
88 G. Virginis508.84-10d 20` 17.612h 51m 22.93
89 Virginis244.32-18d 08` 02.713h 49m 52.34
9 G. Virginis114.44-00d 19` 07.211h 49m 01.40
90 Virginis246.53-01d 30` 11.113h 54m 42.20
91 G. Virginis322.61-04d 13` 28.212h 53m 38.12
92 G. Virginis223.40-11d 38` 54.912h 54m 18.74
92 Virginis294.37+01d 03` 02.013h 56m 27.89
94 Virginis386.45-08d 53` 30.014h 06m 17.77
95 Virginis189.30-09d 18` 48.714h 06m 42.91
96 Virginis414.97-10d 20` 04.614h 09m 00.60
98 G. Virginis795.52-12d 04` 00.912h 57m 12.68
Alaraph35.65+01d 45` 55.411h 50m 41.29
Auva198.40+03d 23` 51.412h 55m 36.48
Caphir315.74-05d 32` 20.113h 09m 57.01
Chi Virginis293.58-07d 59` 43.812h 39m 14.81
CS Virginis332.82-18d 42` 57.214h 18m 38.30
CU Virginis258.24+02d 24` 34.214h 12m 15.83
D2 Virginis252.64+07d 40` 23.912h 45m 37.12
EP Virginis867.46+05d 57` 01.812h 47m 02.29
EQ Virginis65.92-08d 20` 30.513h 34m 43.38
ET Virginis460.68-16d 18` 07.214h 10m 50.48
FS Virginis807.34+03d 20` 09.414h 14m 53.05
FT Virginis241.07-04d 36` 55.012h 27m 51.60
FW Virginis492.69+01d 51` 16.912h 38m 22.45
G Virginis316.66-08d 59` 03.213h 08m 32.49
Heze74.08-00d 35` 45.413h 34m 41.75
IQ Virginis467.28+00d 33` 07.611h 53m 50.30
Kappa Virginis254.82-10d 16` 26.614h 12m 53.74
Khambalia186.49-13d 22` 16.214h 19m 06.60
Lich12 d 40` 5713h 00m 01
LN Virginis478.25+11d 19` 54.413h 14m 31.24
Nu Virginis293.84+06d 31` 47.311h 45m 51.57
Omega Virginis497.20+08d 08` 03.411h 38m 27.61
Omicron Virginis163.24+08d 43` 58.212h 05m 12.67
Phi Virginis118.26-02d 13` 40.614h 28m 12.22
Pi Virginis384.17+06d 36` 51.812h 00m 52.39
Porrima38.11-01d 26` 58.312h 41m 40.00
Psi Virginis544.51-09d 32` 20.212h 54m 21.17
PSR B1257+12+12 d 40 ` 5713h 00m 01s
R Virginis1976.75+06d 59` 19.012h 38m 29.95
Rho Virginis118.30+10d 14` 09.012h 41m 53.01
Rijl al Awwa59.59-05d 39` 26.714h 43m 03.56
S Virginis3624.04-07d 11` 41.013h 33m 00.12
Sigma Virginis675.29+05d 28` 11.413h 17m 36.29
Spica249.74-11d 09` 40.513h 25m 11.60
Syrma72.53-05d 59` 58.314h 16m 00.88
Tau Virginis224.94+01d 32` 40.514h 01m 38.78
Upsilon Virginis261.56-02d 15` 55.214h 19m 32.55
Vindemiatrix109.60+10d 57` 32.813h 02m 10.76
Xi Virginis122.02+08d 15` 29.411h 45m 17.00
Y Virginis483.20-13d 12` 51.513h 34m 40.48
Zaniah265.39-00d 40` 00.312h 19m 54.39



Objects of Interest (Galaxies, Nebulas, Supernovas, etc) in Virgo


NameTypeDistanceDeclinationRight Ascension
IC 1101 GalaxyElliptical Galaxy1.04 Billion +05:44:4115h 10m 56m 1s
M49 Elliptical GalaxyElliptical Galaxy53.600-58.200+08:0012h 29m 8
M58 Spiral GalaxySpiral Galaxy~63.000+11:4912h 37m 0
M59 Elliptical GalaxyElliptical Galaxy55.000-65.000+11:3912h 42m 0
M60 Elliptical GalaxyElliptical Galaxy51.000-59.000+11:3312h 43m 7
M61 Spiral GalaxySpiral Galaxy50.2-54.6+04:2812h 21m 9
M84 Lenticular (S0) GalaxyLenticular (S0) Galaxy57.000-63.000+12:5312h 25m 1
M86 Lenticular (S0) GalaxyLenticular (S0) Galaxy28.000-34.000+12:5712h 26m 2
M87 Elliptical GalaxyElliptical Galaxy51.870-55.130+12:2412h 30m 8
M89 Elliptical GalaxyElliptical Galaxy47.000-53.000+12:3312h 35m 7
M90 Spiral GalaxySpiral Galaxy55.900-61.500+13:1012h 36m 8
Sombrero GalaxySpiral Galaxy28.700-30.900-11:3712h 40m 0


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