Vulpecula (Pronounciation:Vol-peck-u-la, Abbrev:Vul, Latin:Vulpeculae) is a constellation, one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Vulpecula takes up 268.165 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.65% of the night sky. Vulpecula is the 55th largest in terms of size in the night sky.
The constellation name means The Fox . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Johannes Hevelius years later.
There are 5 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 953 stars. There are 44 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky.
Vulpecula is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Vulpecula is a northern hemispheric constellation which means it can't be seen easily or at all from the southern hemisphere.
There are 7 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Vulpecula. The current largest star so far identified in the constellation of Vulpecula is NR Vulpeculae.
There are 1 deep space objects that were identified by Charles Messier in this constellation. There are no non-Messier deep space objects in this constellation that are covered at present on this site.
The image at the top right of this page was generated using Night Vision, a free to use and download application by Brian Simspon.
You can't just go to one location and arrive at the constellation because the constellation is made up of stars at different locations and different distances. The nearest main star in the constellation is at a distance of 236.35 light years and the furthest main star is a distance of 811.35 light years. The average distance to the main stars is 403.65 light years.
The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.
The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 94736 and it is 81540.84 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
The brightest star in Vulpecula is Anser and is located about 35.78 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 4.44 but an absolute magnitude of -0.36 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is recognised as being the brightest in the constellation as it has the Bayer status of Alpha.
The dimmest star that can be seen in Vulpecula with the naked eye is HD 187193. The dim star has an apparent magnitude of 6. The dimmest star that a person is able to see with their naked eye is 6.0 magnitude based on the table in the reference. Ref: University of Michigan.
HD 189733 has an exoplanet in orbit and definitely not the location you want to be visiting for a holiday. The exoplanet orbiting HD 189733 is a harsh environment where the rain will shred your skin to bits. The planet orbits the star every 2.2 days. If there are any life on the planet, they should be avoided because if they can cope on this planet, they'll be made of tough stuff than us.
Vulpecula is fully visible in the night sky from November in the north east of the sky. It will be visible until end of June when it will start to disappear below the horizon.
Vulpecula is best seen from July onwards when it is fully visible in the night sky. It doesn't reach high ito the night sky, staying low on the horizon before disappearing in November.
Created by Johannes Hevelius in around 1687 and recognised by the International Astronomical Union.
|Is a Zodiac Sign||No|
|Area||268.165 sq. deg.|
|Percentage of Night Sky||0.65%|
|Site Exoplanet Count||7|
|Meteor Shower Count||1|
|Nearest Star||HIP 103441|
|Nearest Star with Exoplanet(s)||HD 189733|
|Largest Star||NR Vulpeculae|
|Dimmest Star||HD 187193|
|Furthest Star||HIP 94736|
|Bright Star Count||44|
|Hipparcos Star Count||953|
|Main Star Count||5|
|Messier Deep Space Object Count||1|
|Bordering / Neighbouring / Surrounding Constellations||Cygnus|
*Note: The number of Non-Messier Deep Space Object Count relates to how many are covered on this site not how many there are.
|Dumbell Nebula (M27, NGC6853)||Planetary Nebula||1.148-1.52 kly||+22:43 ( deg:m )||19h 59m 6|
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