Universe Guide

What is an Emission Nebula?

Emission Nebula Facts

What is an Emission Nebula?

An Emission Nebula is a nebula that shines brightly naturally as compared to that of a Reflection Nebula that is lit up by light from an external source. An emission nebula is lit up by an internal source. Emission Nebulas are also known as Diffuse Nebulas and H II Regions. Diffuse Nebula can also refer to Reflection Nebulae as well. Britannica.

An Emmission Nebula is formed when an event occurs that causes light internally to be generated. A region of itself could have collapsed and started generating light. It is believed that our Solar System was once a nebula of dust and cloud but some event cause the nebula tio collape and become an Emissions Nebula to start with. The dust and gas in the Nebula became the star and planets we see today.

The Solar System is no longer in a nebula, all the dust and gas got used up.

The nebula lights up due to the ionisation of the atoms in the nebula. Ionisation is the process by which a molecule or atom receives a negative or positive charge by gaining or loosing an electron caused by an external source such as Ultra-Violet or UV Light. An Ion is charged when the number of electrons do not equal the number of protons. North Western University

Emission nebulae can be located in regions of star formation where the stars emit the necessary light. They can also occur in planetary nebula which is when the dying star has exposed its core and has lit up the surrounding clouds of dust and gas. Evant Horizon

Emission Nebulae are normally but not exclusively red. This is because they contain hydrogen as their most common element. Space.fm By studying the nebula's spectrum, scientists and astronomers are able to determine a number of different things about the Nebula such as colours.

An Emission Nebula can contain over 100 to 10,000 Solar Masses. Their sizes can range from less than a light year across to several hundred light years across.

A nebula can be classified as more than one type, take the Trifid Nebula, it has elements of both Emission and Reflection Nebula.

The opposite of an Emissions Nebula is a Dark Nebula. The difference between an Emissions Nebula and a Dark Nebula is that the latter is not lit up either internally or externally. It is dark hence its name.

The Great Orion Nebula

Location of the Great Orion Nebula

The Great Orion Nebula is one of the closest star forming region to Earth. It was speculated that the Sun was born in this nebula some five billion years ago. Earth would have been born in a similar sort of nebula if this one wasn't it.

The nebula is visible with the naked eye on a clear night. You'd only be able to see a blur with a good pair of visual aids.

The first recorded observation of this nebula was on 26th November 1610 by Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, a French astronomer. It had not been spotted or mentioned about by previous astronomers such as Ptolemy, the Ancient Greek astronomer who devised many of the constellations that we used today. It was also not spotted by Al Sufi, the Arab astronomer or Galileo Galilei. It is possible but unlikely that it was not as bright before the first recorded observation. South Astrodel

It was added to the Messier catalogue at entry M42 and M43. Charles Messier believed that the two parts of the nebula were separate entities hence why they had two separate ids.

At the centres of these nebulas are stars being formed which are ionizing the cloud therefore illuminating the surrounding gas clouds. The constellation of Orion is one of the easiest constellations in the star to spot given the three stars in formation.

The picture below shows you where the nebula can be seen. The picture was generated using Stellarium free astronomy application.

Location of the Great Orion Nebula

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