Kuiper Belt and the Oort Cloud are two regions in space that encircle our solar system. The Kuiper Belt contains thousands of asteroids that orbit The Sun outside Neptune`s orbit. The Oort Cloud has not been proven to definately exist as yet unlike the Belt. It is believed Kuiper Belts originate from this region in space. To give some idea of where everything is, have a look at the picture below.
In the picture, copyrighted N.A.S.A., you will see from the picture just how distant these things are from us.
In an area just beyond Neptune lies the Kuiper Belt, an area that contains thousands of asteroids. It is named after Gerard Peter Kuiper, a Dutch Born American Astronomer ( Dec 7, 1905 - Dec 23, 1973) who suggested the existance of the Belt. His theory was not confirmed until August 30, 1992 with the discovery of 1992 QB1 object. It has never been given any other name apart from its original designation. The discoverers wanted to call it Smiley but as there was already an object out there with that name, they declined to give it another name. Kuiper Belt Objects are also known as Trans-Neptunian Object as they orbit the orbit further out than Neptune.
Its existance had first been put forward by Irish Astronomer Kenneth Edgeworth but he`s received little or no recgonition of this.
Sedna was at one time referred to as The Solar Systems tenth planet. However since then, its claim to that stature has diminished. It is three times the distance from the Sun as Pluto and people are questioning as to whether it is part of the Kuiper Belt or not.
There has been a debate as to what constitutes a planet, some saying Sedna is a planet and some saying that Pluto should no longer have that stature. We may never know for a while until the International Astronomer Union finally comes to a decision. Because of its orbit being so far from Pluto but not nearly as far as where the Oort Cloud is supposed to be, astronomers are wondering if there is another belt, an `Inner Oort Cloud`.
Pluto was the first Kuiper Belt Object discovered but was classed as a planet because other Kuiper Belt Objects had not yet been discovered. Pluto was downgraded when the KBO Eris was discovered and that Eris was bigger than Pluto. Eris was originally called Xena and its moon called Gabrielle but was changed so that it was in line with naming other planetoids, that is being named after ancient gods.
Other stars in other galaxies will almost certainly have their own Kuiper Belts but because KBOs are so tiny, we haven`t been able to observe any yet and probably won`t because of how far away and how small they are and our level of technology to discover them isn`t good enough yet.
If you have a powerful telescope and want to know where to look, the following picture will give you an idea where to point the lense. The time given is in Pacific Standard Time, you will need to adjust depending on where in the world you are.
The below table gives brief details of well known Kuiper Belt objects.
|Orcus||M.Brown, C. Trujillo, D. Rabonowitz||17 February 2004||Plutino|
|Ixion||Deep Ecliptic Society||22 May 2001||Plutino|
|Sedna||M.Brown, C. Trujillo, D. Rabonowitz||14 November 2003||Trans-Neptunian|
|Deucalion||Deep Ecliptic Survey||18 April 1999||Trans-Neptunian|
|Rhadamanthus||Deep Ecliptic Survey||17 April 1999||Trans-Neptunian|
|Chaos||Deep Ecliptic Suvey||19 November 1998||Kuiper Belt|
|Varuna||R. McMilan||28 November 2000||Kuiper Belt|
|Huya||Ignacio Ferrin||10 March 2000||Trans-Neptunian|
|Quaoar||M. Brown, C. Trujillo||4 June 2002||Kuiper Belt|
|Eris||M. E. Brown, C. A. Trujillo and D. Rabinowitz||21st October 2003||Trans-Neptunian|
|MakeMake||M. E. Brown, C. A. Trujillo, and D. L. Rabinowitz||31st March 2005||Trans-Neptunian|