Roswell is a small town located in the state of New Mexico with a population of 45,293 at the time of the 2000 Census. This screen shot below shows the location of Roswell in America. If it had not been for the U.F.O. - unidentified flying object incident, it probably wouldn't be as well known as it is today. It is situated three miles from Walker Air Force Base (also known as the Roswell Air Army Base) which was at the time one of the major air bases in the United States. The actual incident happened closer to a smaller town called Corona whose population is about 165 (2000 U.S. Census).
On or about the night of the July 8th, 1947, something crashed just outside the town of Corona. A rancher William 'Mac' Brazel discovered something on his land which he was unsure about. He reported it first to the authorities at Corona then to Roswell. Colonel Blanchard, the commanding officer at the nearby Air Base ordered two men to investigate. Those two men were Major Jesse Marcel and Captain Sheridan Cavitt. The area was cordoned off and the material taken away for analysis at Fort Worth. Blanchard releases a statement stating that a flying disk had crashed but this was then contradicted later by the colonel at Fort Worth stating that what had crashed was a weather balloon. Afterwards, it all goes quiet. Blanchard being contradicted didn't affect his career as he progressed higher up the Air Force by the time he retired.
It was not until the late seventies that interest in the flying saucer grew again. It all stemmed from a conversation between Ufologist Stanton T. Friedman and Major Jesse Marcel. He told the ufologist that he believed that what had crashed was indeed extra-terrestrial and that the US Government was covering it up. From then on, the media frenzy took over. In an interview he had given, ex-New Mexican Governor, Bill Richardson had stated that when he attempted to investigate the incident, the Department of Defense had put up barriers to him getting information about the incident. A video purporting to show an alien autopsy had been released by an unknown party. It is not clear as to whether the autopsy is that of an alleged dead alien from Roswell or from another incident.
The Roswell incident has been much speculated about. The US Government tries to put a lid on the stories by saying what crashed was a weather balloon. However people aren't buying into that story. There have been numerous books written about the subject. It has been featured in many science fiction programs along the way. The most famous example is that of Roswell, the story of a group of teenage aliens who study at Roswell High School. Roswell High doesn't actually exist in name. It has also been featured in a Star Trek - Deep Space Nine episode and is mentioned in a number of episodes of X-Files.