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Star

A Star in its simplest form are giant celestial bodies of gas that generate light, heat and energy through nuclear reaction. They can be many thousands and million times as big as the Earth. The nearest star to us is the Sun then the binary stars of Alpha and Proxima Centauri. They range in colour from red which is the coolest ( 3,500c ) to the very hot which is blue ( 45000c ). The stars are classified according to their temperature and the table below will list the different classes, colour, temperature and a sample star. Their class is no indication as to the size because Betelgeuse and Rigel are comparative in size. The difference is Betelgeuse is old whereas Rigel is relatively new. All the stars that are detailed on this site are in Milky Way, there is hardly any data out there for stars in the other galaxies or the rest of the universe. Each star has its own Solar System and in our solar system, there is only one star and that is The Sun.

Star Colours

Stars come in five distinct colours (Blue, White, Red, Orange, Yellow) and the colour is generally in proportion to its temperature and also its size. There are variations of the colours as you can see from the table below.

Blue stars are generally the hottest and largest of all the stars such as Rigel, a large blue star in Orion. The colours and their Stars are divided into two main groups, giants and dwarfs. Even though our Sun is generally bigger than a lot of other stars in the galaxy, it is still a dwarf star compared to other giants out there such as UY Scuti, a red hypergiant which is nearing the end of its life and will go out in a bang. The bigger a star is, the quicker it lives and dies. Red dwarf stars not Betelgeuse but Proxima Centarui will live a long life of many trillions of years perhaps compared to the ten-fifteen billion of our Sun.

There are no green coloured stars, at least not that have been discovered yet. Antares B star, the companion star of Antares appears green but that is due in part to to effect of the nearby larger star. Another example of a star that can appear green is Zubeneschamali that to some people have reported to be green. The question of whether these stars are green or an off-colour will be answered when advanced telescopes are made or we get to visit the star. Wiki


ClassColourTemperature (Kelvin)Sample star
OBlue30,000 or moreZeta Ophiuchi
BBluish-White10,000-30,000Rigel
AWhite7,500-10,000Altair
FYellowish White6,000-7,500Procyon A
GYellow5,500-6,000Rigil Kentaurus
KOrange3,700-5,500Aldebaran
M Red2,600-3,700Betelgeuse

Hertzsprung-Russell Star Colour Diagram


The image is courtesy of Nova Celestia which has free use image policy.

The Birth Nebulas

Stars are created when huge gas clouds begin to collapse and are pulled together by gravity. If during the process, the clouds are not strong enough, the process will fail and the star will become a brown dwarf. Successful collapse clouds will form protostars, broken parts of the cloud. The protostars will continue to collapse until nuclear reactions begin. Parts of the cloud that did not form into the star may become planets. The main ingredient of the star is Hydrogen which through nuclear reaction will turn into Helium and Plasma to be released out into space. The clouds start collapsing when an event has occurred, this could be caused by the explosion of an old star, the gravitational pull of a nearby star or some other event. These clouds are also known as nebulas. A example of a Nebula is the Cone Nebula. The actual cone is a small section of the nebula at the bottom. There are a number of different Nebula's, the Cone is known as a Dark Nebula, this is where light from stars behind are blocked out. Emission Nebulas are where stars are inside the nebulas. A example of a Emission Nebula is the Orion Nebula. The third type are nebulas that are lit up by nearby stars, they are called Reflection Nebulas. The M78. The Triffid Nebula is an example of a Emission/Reflection Nebula.

Cone Nebula, Dark Nebula


Cone Nebula

The Great Orion Nebula, Emissions Nebula


Cone Nebula

Triffid Nebula, Reflection Nebula


Triffid Nebula

Living Stars (Normal Star, Variable Stars, Binary Stars)

Throughout its life, a star could be normal like our Sun. A star that has a companion star is known as a Binary Star or a Multiple Star System. Binary refers to two whereas in space there are places where there are more than two stars in the same region of space affecting one another. A well known Binary Star is Polaris A binary star can be Equal ( Both star orbit a central point of gravity ), Unequal ( One star orbits another ) or Double Binary ( A pair of Equal or Unequal ) can be orbiting around a central point of gravity.

The final type is a Variable Star whose brightness could be caused by the internal physical changes. The brightness can change abruptly or in a pattern over a length of time. The reasons for the change in size is too much to go into here, you should check out the line earlier in this paragraph.

Star Clusters (Open Star Clusters, Globular Clusters)

Withn a galaxy, a number of stars could be grouped together whether it is a few tens of stars or millions of stars. These Star Clusters fall into two main types, Open Clusters which have no real shape compared to the near spherical look of Globular Clusters. The two most famous star clusters are the Hyades and Pleiades, both found in Taurus. The Pleiades is below.


Photo of the Pleiades


Death (White Dwarfs, Planetary Nebulas, Neutron Stars, Black Holes, Planets)

Like everything that begins, it must come to an end. When a star has finished processing its hydrogen, it dies. The Sun will do so one day but before then, the human race will have moved to another planet or has become extinct. Its end point is determined by its mass. Low mass stars come white dwarfs and high mass black holes. It had been once said that a star exploded near the Sun, the remnants of the star was captured by the Sun and became the planets we know today. The Sun is a medium mass planet which when it dies, it will grow bigger than it is today. The Sun will eventually explode and become a planetary nebula. Planetary Nebulas are stars that have a white dwarf at the centre and a gaseous ring round the out side. Large Mass stars will either become black holes if they are above 3 Solar Masses or a Neutron Star if they slightly less in weight. Neutron Star are stars consisting of Neutrons.

What is the Largest Star?

You might think that the Sun, our closest star is big but its tiny compared to other stars out there. The current largest stars in the the milky way that has so far been observed are the giants of VY Canis Majoris and UY Scuti and NML Cygni. These two giants of the cosmos are so vast and large, if they were placed at the centre of the solar system, their size will extend out past Jupiter. There might be an even larger star out there waiting to be observed, one that would make those two look like peas. The largest unknown star in the universe might not be in our galaxy but somewhere else. The largest star in the universe might make UY Scuti nothing more than a spec compared to the largest in the universe but given there are so many galaxies in the universe and some so far away, we will never be able to determine the largest in the universe.

How are stars named?

Stars with common names such as Sirius, Cursa, Regulus and Nunki are large stars that can be seen in the sky and have been known about since the early days of astronomy. They were given star names when astronomy was in its infancy. Stars aren't given common names any more because there are so many. The majority of those stars with common names will tend to be in the Northern Hemisphere as it was people in the Northern Hemisphere that tended to name them. An example of a named southern hemisphere star is Rigil Kentaurus, another name for Alpha Centauri. Stars that are named HD followed by a number come from the Henry Daper Catalog which was created in the early part of the twentieth century. Stars with starting with HIP are stars that were observed by the Hipparcos satellite from 1989 to 1993. A star can have a common name, a HD and a HIP name as well other names too. Stars with names starting Kepler are those that were observed by the kepler space telescope. A lot of the Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) you hear about mainly will be known as a Kepler planet having been discovered by the satellite.

Greek lettered stars are named in order of brightness, so for example Regulus is the brightest star in Leo and therefore named Alpha Leonis, the next is Beta Leonis (Denebola) followed by Gamma Leonis (Algieba), Delta Leonis (Zosma) etc, etc. There are some exceptions to this rule for example, Pollux is Beta Geminorum but it is in fact brighter than Alpha Geminorum (Castor).

Gliese stars are named after German astronomer Wilheim Gliese who catalogued 1000 stars that are within 65 light years from Earth. The list has since been expanded and you will probably have seen these stars when astronomers have been talking about extrasolar planets.

You may have seen companies advertised in papers and online to enable you to buy a stars name. If you buy a star, it will have no legal basis, it will not be officially recognised by the International Astronomical Union (I.A.U.) If you want something fun and waste your money but it won't be recognised. If you buy one and then talk about it to a professional astronomer, they won't know which star you mean. 2 If you were to open the naming of stars to the public, you could expect to find stars 'McDonalds', 'Microsoft', 'James Bond'. asteroids have been named after people such as Anne Frank, James Bond and Patrick Moore.

Some stars such as NML Cyngi are named after the people who discovered the star. In this case, the NML stands for Neugebauer, Martz, and Leighton who discovered the star in 1965. Having your surname initial in a stars name is going to be the closest anyone is ever going to get to having a star named after them.

What is the Smallest Star?

A star has to be big enough to start fusion reaction, turning hydrogen into helium etc. Its been said that the gas giant Jupiter is a failed star, its too small to start fusion reaction. It is possible to get a star started with a mass of 7.5% of the Sun. The smallest star would be a red dwarf star like Proxima Centauri which also happens to be our closest star after the Sun. Proxima Centauri is 12% the size of the Sun so it fits the bill of being a candidate of the smallest star. These red dwarf stars are so faint, they can't be seen from Earth without a telescope. The smallest star that can be seen with the naked eye is 1

Are there any Egg or non-Spherical Stars?

Suprisingly, there are a couple of well know stars, Regulus in the constellation of Leo and Vega in the constellation of Lyra are both non-spherical. Regulus is a four star multiple star system and the largest, Regulus A is slightly oval in shape. It probably caused by the other stars that are orbiting around it pulling at the sides so creating the bulge at the middle. However Vega does not have any companion stars its cause. The thing that makes these two out compared to our Sun is that they rotate faster than our local star, for example, our star roughly rotates at about 4,500 miles per hour whereas Regulus rotates at about 700,000 miles per hour and that clearly influences its shape as well. Its also known that the poles are hotter than the equator on Regulus and is brighter at the poles. ref:Universe Today

What is the closest star to Earth ?

The closest star to the Earth is the Sun which is 149,600,000 km away from us. The next closest star to the Earth is Proxima Centauri which is small red dwarf which latest research seems to be that it has a planet in orbit round it.. The next, non-Centauri and fourth nearest star is a small red dwarf star that is about 4.2 Light Years away from us, it is called Barnard's Star.

Rogue Stars

Rogue star are stars that are not part of a galaxy, they are free standing. They are also known as Interstellar Stars because they inhabit the regions of intergalactic space. They have somehow escaped the gravitational pull of the galaxy that they used to orbit. They were only thought to have existed until 1997 when the first ones were discovered in the Virgo constellation. The ones that were discovered are 300,000 light years away from a galaxy. An example of a rogue star is He-0437-5439, a star that is currently on its way out of the Milky Way at three times the orbital speed of our Sun orbiting the galactic centre.

Bayer Classification

In 1603, German astronomer Johann Bayer came up with the Bayer Classification, a way of labelling stars. He used Greek letters to start with to generally indicate the brightest star in the constellation. When he ran out of Greek letters, he would use latin letters capitalised and then carry on all the way up to z, omitting J and V. Generally speaking the brightest star in the constellation is alpha and so on. This is generally the rule but there are some exceptions. Where there were no brightest stars, he would assign the stars according to the location in the constellation. Vela and Puppis have no alpha stars. A star can have a common name such as Regulus, a Bayer Classification of Alpha Leonis and a Hip ID and a Henry Daper name. A star will not always have a common name such as in the case of Delta Centauri. Hip ID is the ID that the Hipparcos satellite assigned to that star.

What is Star Luminosity

Star Luminosity refers to the amount of energy that the star releases in comparison to our Sun. The Sun always has a Solar Luminosity value of 1, a figure that is greater means it releases more energy than the Sun by a factor of how much it is. Generally speaking, a blue star will have a higher luminosity that a red star. There are exceptions to this but generally this is how things are. The Luminosity is also related to the size, a red giant such as UY Scuti will emit thousands more times of energy than a blue giant star because of its size.

The higher a stars luminosity is, the shorter its life. Proxima Centauri emits a low amount of luminosity and will live longer than a blue giant such as Regulus.

NameGreek NameConstellationDistance (Lt. Yrs.)
AlmachGamma AndromedaeAndromeda392.97
AlpheratzAlpha AndromedaeAndromeda97.01
MirachBeta AndromedaeAndromeda197.44
NembusUpsilon PerseiAndromeda177.17
TitawinUpsilon AndromedaeAndromeda44
AlbaliEpsilon AquariiAquarius207.75
AnchaTheta AquariiAquarius187.45
HydriaEta AquariiAquarius167.87
SadachbiaGamma AquariiAquarius163.74
SadalmelikAlpha AquariiAquarius523.54
SadalsuudBeta AquariiAquarius537.34
SitulaKappa AquariiAquarius213.88
SkatDelta AquariiAquarius160.59
Al ThalimainIota AquilaeAquila391.08
AlshainBeta AquilaeAquila44.68
AltairAlpha AquilaeAquila16.73
BezekEta AquilaeAquila1382.05
Deneb el OkabEpsilon AquilaeAquila154.95
LibertasXi AquilaeAquila183.55
TarazedGamma AquilaeAquila394.87
Tseen FooTheta AquilaeAquila286.36
ChooAlpha AraeAra267.35
BoteinDelta ArietisAries169.7
HamalAlpha ArietisAries65.81
MesarthimGamma ArietisAries164.07
SheratanBeta ArietisAries58.66
CapellaAlpha AurigaeAuriga42.8
Capella AbAlpha Aurigae AbAuriga
HaedusZeta AurigaeAuriga785.94
HaldusEpsilon AurigaeAuriga2131.79
Hoedus IIEta AurigaeAuriga243.41
KabdhilinanIota AurigaeAuriga493.44
MahasimTheta AurigaeAuriga165.57
MenkalinanBeta AurigaeAuriga81.11
AlkaluropsMu BootisBootes113.13
ArcturusAlpha BootisBootes36.72
Asellus PrimusTheta BootisBootes47.39
Asellus SecundusIota BootisBootes94.81
Asellus TertiusKappa Bootis BBootes151.49
CeginusPhi BootesBootes169.7
IzarEpsilon BootesBootes202.59
MuphridEta BootisBootes37.17
NekkarBeta BootisBootes225.25
SeginusGamma BootisBootes86.79
AcubensAlpha CancriCancer188.32
AltarfBeta CancriCancer303.41
Asellus AustralisDelta CancriCancer130.57
Asellus BorealisGamma CancriCancer181.2
TegmenZeta CancriCancer81.81
CharaBeta Canum VenaticorumCanes Venatici27.53
Cor CaroliAlpha2 Canum VenaticorumCanes Venatici114.81
AdharaEpsilon Canis MajorisCanis Major405.17
AludraEta Canis MajorisCanis Major1988.8
FurudZeta Canis MajorisCanis Major362.4
MirzamBeta Canis MajorisCanis Major492.69
MulipheinGamma Canis MajorisCanis Major441.96
SiriusAlpha Canis MajorisCanis Major8.6
Sirius BAlpha Canis Majoris BCanis Major8.6
WezenDelta Canis MajorisCanis Major1606.72
GomeisaBeta Canis MinorisCanis Minor161.71
ProcyonAlpha Canis MinorisCanis Minor11.46
Procyon BAlpha Canis Minoris BCanis Minor11.41
Algiedi PrimaAlpha CapricorniCapricornus569.22
Algiedi SecundaAlpha2 CapricorniCapricornus105.83
AlshatNu CapricorniCapricornus253.23
ArmusEta CapricorniCapricornus161.47
DabihBeta CapricorniCapricornus326.82
Deneb AlgediDelta CapricorniCapricornus38.7
KastraEpsilon CapricorniCapricornus1055.54
NashiraGamma CapricorniCapricornus157.04
OkulPi CapricorniCapricornus545.42
AspidiskeIota CarinaeCarina765.64
AviorEpsilon CarinaeCarina605.13
CanopusAlpha CarinaeCarina309.16
MiaplacidusBeta CarinaeCarina113.17
AchirdEta CassiopeiaeCassiopeia19.42
CaphBeta CassiopeiaeCassiopeia54.74
CastulaUpsilon CassiopeiaeCassiopeia328.46
CihGamma CassiopeiaeCassiopeia549.1
MarfarkTheta CassiopeiaeCassiopeia133.56
RuchbahDelta CassiopeiaeCassiopeia99.41
SchedarAlpha CassiopeiaeCassiopeia228.25
SeginEpsilon CassiopeiaeCassiopeia411.82
HadarBeta CentauriCentaurus392.02
Ke KwanKappa CentauriCentaurus383.27
MenkentTheta CentauriCentaurus58.82
MuhlifainGamma CentauriCentaurus130.15
Proxima CentauriAlpha Centauri CCentaurus4.243
Rigil KentaurusAlpha CentauriCentaurus4.32
Al Kalb al RaiRho-2 CepheiCepheus245.05
AlderaminAlpha CepheiCepheus49.05
AlfirkBeta CepheiCepheus685.22
AlkurahXi CepheiCepheus96.53
AlrediphDelta CepheiCepheus865.15
ErraiGamma CepheiCepheus46
Garnet StarMu CepheiCepheus5930.24
Baten KaitosZeta CetiCetus234.99
Deneb AlgenubEta CetiCetus123.92
Deneb Kaitos SchemaliIota CetiCetus274.55
DiphdaBeta CetiCetus96.33
KaffaljidhmaGamma Ceticetus79.61
MenkarAlpha CetiCetus249.17
MiraOmicron CetiCetus298.96
Al KurudTheta ColumbaeColumba721.6
PhactAlpha ColumbaeColumba261.35
WeznBeta ColumbaeColumba87.19
DiademAlpha Comae BerenicesComa Berenices58.14
Alfecca MeridianaAlpha Coronae AustralisCorona Australis125.35
AlpheccaAlpha Coronae BorealisCorona Borealis75.05
NusakanBeta Coronae BorealisCorona Borealis111.81
AlgorabDelta CorviCorvus86.86
Gienah GhurabGamma CorviCorvus153.63
KrazBeta CorviCorvus145.67
MinkarEpsilon CorviCorvus317.9
AlkesAlpha CraterisCrater159.18
AcruxAlpha CrucisCrux321.98
Acrux BAlpha Crucis BCrux320.71
DecruxDelta CrucisCrux345.15
GacruxGamma CrucisCrux88.56
MimosaBeta CrucisCrux278.53
Al FawarisDelta CygniCygnus164.98
Albireo ABeta Cygni ACygnus434.31
AzelfafagePi-1 CygniCygnus1725.73
DenebAlpha CygniCygnus1411.96
GienahEpsilon CygniCygnus72.71
RuchbaOmega2 CygniCygnus399.22
SadrGamma CygniCygnus1832.38
Deneb DulfimEpsilon DelphiniDelphinus330.46
Musica18 DelphiniDelphinus245.6
RotanevBeta DelphiniDelphinus100.89
SualocinAlpha DelphiniDelphinus253.82
AldhibahZeta DraconisDraco328.46
AldhibainEta DraconisDraco92.08
AlrakisMu DraconisDraco89.48
AlsafiSigma DraconisDraco18.77
AltaisDelta DraconisDraco97.42
DsibanPsi1 DraconisDraco75.22
EdasichIota DraconisDraco101.2
EltaninGamma DraconisDraco154.29
GianfarLambda DraconisDraco333.16
GrumiumXi DraconisDraco112.55
KumaNu DraconisDraco98.66
RastabanBeta DraconisDraco380.14
ThubanAlpha DraconisDraco303.13
KitalphaAlpha EquuleiEquuleus190.29
AcamarTheta EridaniEridanus161.23
AchernarAlpha EridaniEridanus139.45
AngetenarTau-2 EridaniEridanus186.91
AzhaEta EridaniEridanus136.53
CursaBeta EridaniEridanus89.36
KeidOmicron-2 EridaniEridanus16.26
RanaDelta EridaniEridanus29.49
SadiraEpsilon EridaniEridanus10.49
TheeminUpsilon-2 EridaniEridanus213.88
ZaurakGamma EridaniEridanus203.34
ZibalZeta EridaniEridanus109.75
AlhenaGamma GeminorumGemini109.3
AlzirrXi GeminorumGemini58.7
CastorAlpha GeminorumGemini50.87
Castor BAlpha Geminorum BGemini
Castor CAlpha Geminorum CGemini
MebsutaEpsilon GeminorumGemini844.98
MekbudaZeta GeminorumGemini1376.22
PolluxBeta GeminorumGemini33.79
Tejat PosteriorMu GeminorumGemini231.65
Tejat PriorEta GeminorumGemini384.63
WasatDelta GeminorumGemini60.47
Al NairAlpha GruisGrus101.01
KajamOmega HerculisHercules250.13
KornephorosBeta HerculisHercules139.15
MaasymLambda HerculisHercules369.38
Ras AlgethiAlpha HerculisHercules359.61
RutilicusZeta HerculisHercules34.95
SarinDelta HerculisHercules75.14
AshleshaEpsilon HydraeHydra129.28
HydrobiusZeta HydraeHydra167.18
MinchirSigma HydraeHydra372.76
PersianAlpha IndiIndus98.33
AdhaferaZeta LeonisLeo274.09
Al Minliar al AsadKappa LeonisLeo201.34
AlgiebaGamma LeonisLeo130.1
AlterfLambda LeonisLeo329.13
ChertanTheta LeonisLeo165.06
DenebolaBeta LeonisLeo35.88
Ras Elased AustralisEpsilon LeonisLeo246.72
RasalasMu LeonisLeo124.11
RegulusAlpha LeonisLeo79.3
Regulus BAlpha Leonis BLeo77.49
Regulus CAlpha Leonis CLeo77.49
SubraOmicron LeonisLeo130.31
ZosmaDelta LeonisLeo58.43
ArnebAlpha LeporisLepus2218.8
NeshmetMu LeporisLepus185.95
NihalBeta LeporisLepus160.36
BrachiumSigma LibraeLibra288.38
Zuben el AkrabGamma LibraeLibra163.16
Zuben HakrabiEta LibraeLibra149.21
ZubenelgenubiAlpha LibraeLibra74.95
ZubeneschamaliBeta LibraeLibra185.11
HilasmusDelta LupiLupus883.91
Ke KouanBeta LupiLupus382.82
MenAlpha LupiLupus464.62
AladfarEta LyraeLyra1387.93
AlathfarMu LyraeLyra438.98
SheliakBeta LyraeLyra962.13
SulafatGamma LyraeLyra620.08
VegaAlpha LyraeLyra25.05
Polaris AustralisSigma OctantisOctans280.93
CebalraiBeta OphiuchiOphiuchus81.85
HanZeta OphiuchiOphiuchus366.06
MarfikLambda OphiuchiOphiuchus173.12
Ras AlhagueAlpha OphiuchiOphiuchus48.59
SabikEta OphiuchiOphiuchus88.37
SinistraNu OphiuchiOphiuchus150.72
Yed PosteriorEpsilon OphiuchiOphiuchus106.45
Yed PriorDelta OphiuchiOphiuchus171.12
AlnilamEpsilon OrionisOrion1976.75
AlnitakZeta OrionisOrion736.26
BellatrixGamma OrionisOrion252.45
BetelgeuseAlpha OrionisOrion497.96
MeissaLambda OrionisOrion1098.19
MintakaDelta OrionisOrion692.49
Nair Al SaifIota OrionisOrion2329.74
RigelBeta OrionisOrion862.87
SaiphKappa OrionisOrion647.15
TabitPi3 OrionisOrion26.32
ThabitUpsilon OrionisOrion2861.08
PeacockAlpha PavonisPavo178.82
AlgenibGamma PegasiPegasus391.55
BihamTheta PegasiPegasus92.29
EnifEpsilon PegasiPegasus689.56
HomamZeta PegasiPegasus204.36
JihKappa PegasiPegasus111.62
MarkabAlpha PegasiPegasus133.35
MatarEta PegasiPegasus214.3
SadalbariMu PegasiPegasus106.1
SalmTau PegasiPegasus161.71
ScheatBeta PegasiPegasus196.01
AlgolBeta PerseiPerseus89.93
AtikOmicron PerseiPerseus1120.84
Gorgonea TertiaRho PerseiPerseus307.7
MenchibXi PerseiPerseus1244.9
MenkibZeta PerseiPerseus751.53
MiramEta PerseiPerseus879.15
MirfakAlpha PerseiPerseus506.46
MisamKappa PerseiPerseus112.74
AnkaaAlpha PhoenicisPhoenix84.72
AlreschaAlpha PisciumPisces150.58
Fum al SamakahBeta PisciumPisces408.21
KahtEpsilon PisciumPisces181.81
Kullat NunuEta PisciumPisces349.59
LinteumDelta PisciumPisces311.22
Torcularis SeptentrionalisOmicron PisciumPisces279.49
FomalhautAlpha Piscis AustriniPiscis Austrinus25.13
AzmidiskeXi PuppisPuppis1199.13
HadirSigma PuppisPuppis193.68
MarkebKappa PuppisPuppis346.61
NaosZeta PuppisPuppis1083.6
TureisRho PuppisPuppis63.54
ShamAlpha SagittaeSagitta425.25
AlbaldahPi SagittariiSagittarius509.63
AlramiAlpha SagittariiSagittarius181.81
Arkab PosteriorBeta-2 SagittariiSagittarius134.17
Arkab PriorBeta-1 SagittariiSagittarius313.62
AscellaZeta SagittariiSagittarius88.2
Kaus AustralisEpsilon SagittariiSagittarius143.31
Kaus BorealisLambda SagittariiSagittarius78.18
NunkiSigma SagittariiSagittarius227.77
TerebellumOmega SagittariiSagittarius84.76
AcrabBeta ScorpiiScorpius404.17
AlniyatSigma ScorpiiScorpius696.93
AlniyatTau ScorpiiScorpius474.07
AntaresAlpha ScorpiiScorpius553.76
DschubbaDelta ScorpiiScorpius491.21
GirtabKappa ScorpiiScorpius483.2
GraffiasXi ScorpiiScorpius
JabbahNu ScorpiiScorpius474.07
LesathUpsilon ScorpiiScorpius576.26
SargasTheta ScorpiiScorpius300.33
ShaulaLambda ScorpiiScorpius571.21
WeiEpsilon ScorpiiScorpius63.72
AlyaTheta SerpentisSerpens169.44
UnukalhaiAlpha SerpentisSerpens73.96
AinEpsilon TauriTaurus146.66
AlcyoneEta TauriTaurus403.17
AldebaranAlpha TauriTaurus66.65
Asterope I21 TauriTaurus371.91
Asterope II22 TauriTaurus380.14
Atlas27 TauriTaurus382.37
Celaeno16 TauriTaurus377.07
Electra17 TauriTaurus404.67
ElnathBeta TauriTaurus133.89
Hyadum IGamma TauriTaurus161.55
Hyadum IIDelta-1 TauriTaurus155.61
KleeiaDelta-3 TauriTaurus148.53
Maia20 TauriTaurus383.27
Merope23 TauriTaurus380.14
Pleione28 TauriTaurus381.92
Taygeta19 TauriTaurus409.24
Tien KwanZeta TauriTaurus444.97
UshakaronXi TauriTaurus209.08
Caput TrianguliAlpha TrianguliTriangulum63.33
AtriaAlpha Trianguli AustralisTriangulum Australe390.61
BetriaBeta Trianguli AustralisTriangulum Australe40.37
GatriaGamma Trianguli AustralisTriangulum Australe183.86
Al KaphrahChi Ursae MajorisUrsa Major183.65
AlcorZeta Ursae Majoris Ursa Major81.72
AliothEpsilon Ursae MajorisUrsa Major82.55
AlkaidEta Ursae MajorisUrsa Major103.94
Alula AustralisXi Ursae MajorisUrsa Major
Alula BorealisNu Ursae MajorisUrsa Major399.22
DubheAlpha Ursae MajorisUrsa Major122.9
MegrezDelta Ursae MajorisUrsa Major80.51
MerakBeta Ursae MajorisUrsa Major79.75
MizarZeta Ursae MajorisUrsa Major85.81
MuscidaOmicron Ursae MajorisUrsa Major179.11
PhecdaGamma Ursae MajorisUrsa Major83.18
SarirTheta Ursae MajorisUrsa Major43.96
TalithaIota Ursae MajorisUrsa Major47.32
Talitha AustralisKappa Ursae MajorisUrsa Major358.42
Tania AustralisMu Ursae MajorisUrsa Major230.34
Tania BorealisLambda Ursae MajorisUrsa Major137.51
Akhfa al FarkadainZeta Ursae MinorisUrsa Minor368.96
Anwar Al FarkadainEta Ursae MinorisUrsa Minor96.99
KochabBeta Ursae MinorisUrsa Minor130.94
PherkadGamma Ursae MinorisUrsa Minor486.81
PolarisAlpha Ursae MinorisUrsa Minor432.58
Polaris AbAlpha Ursae Minoris AbUrsa Minor431.43
Polaris BAlpha Ursae Minoris BUrsa Minor431.43
YildunDelta Ursae MinorisUrsa MInor172.12
Koo SheDelta VelorumVela80.55
RegorGamma VelorumVela1117
SuhailLambda VelorumVela544.51
Tseen KeePhi VelorumVela1591.04
AlaraphBeta VirginisVirgo35.65
AuvaDelta VirginisVirgo198.4
CaphirTheta VirginisVirgo315.74
HezeZeta VirginisVirgo74.08
KhambaliaLambda VirginisVirgo186.49
PorrimaGamma VirginisVirgo38.11
Rijl al AwwaMu VirginisVirgo59.59
SpicaAlpha VirginisVirgo249.74
SyrmaIota VirginisVirgo72.53
VindemiatrixEpsilon VirginisVirgo109.6
ZaniahEta VirginisVirgo265.39
Lucida AnserisAlpha VulpeculaeVulpecula297.32
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