Universe Guide

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Star

A Star in its simpliest form are giant celestrial bodies of gas that generate light, heat and energy through nuclear reaction. They can be many thousands and million times as big as the Earth. The nearest star to us is the Sun then the binary stars of Alpha and Proxima Centauri. They range in colour from red which is the coolest ( 3,500c ) to the very hot which is blue ( 45000c ). The stars are classified according to their temperature and the table below will list the different classes, colour, temperature and a sample star. Their class is no indication as to the size because Betelgeuse and Rigel are comparative in size. The difference is Betelgeuse is old whereas Rigel is relatively new. All the stars that are detailed on this site are in Milky Way, there is hardly any data out there for stars in the other galaxies or the rest of the universe. Each star has its own Solar System and in our solar system, there is only one star and that is The Sun.

Star Colours

Stars come in five distinct colours (Blue, White, Red, Orange, Yellow) and the colour is generally in proportion to its temperature and also its size. There are variations of the colours as you can see from the table below.

Blue stars are generally the hotest and largest of all the stars such as Rigel, a large blue star in Orion. The colours and their Stars are divided into two main groups, giants and dwarfs. Even though our Sun is generally bigger than a lot of other stars in the galaxy, it is still a dwarf star compared to other giants out there such as UY Scuti, a red hypergiant which is nearing the end of its life and will go out in a bang. The bigger a star is, the quicker it lives and dies. Red dwarf stars not Betelgeuse but Proxima Centarui will live a long life of many trillions of years perhaps compared to the ten-fiftteen billion of our Sun.

There are no green coloured stars, at least not that have been discovered yet. Antares B star, the companion star of Antares appears green but that is due in part to to effect of the nearby larger star. Another example of a star that can appear green is Zubeneschamali that to some people have reported to be green. The question of whether these stars are green or an off-colour will be answered when advanced telescopes are made or we get to visit the star. Wiki


ClassColourTemperature (Kelvin)Sample star
OBlue33,000 or moreZeta Ophiuchi
BBluish-White10,500-30,000Rigel
AWhite7,500-10,000Altair
FYellowish White6,000-7,200Procyon A
GYellow5,500-6,000Sun
KOrange4,000-5,250Aldebaran
M Red2,600-3,850Betelgeuse

Hertzsprung-Russell Star Colour Diagram


The Birth Nebulas

Stars are created when huge gas clouds begin to collapse and are pulled together by gravity. If during the process, the clouds are not strong enough, the process will fail and the star will become a brown dwarf. Successful collapse clouds will form protostars, broken parts of the cloud. The protostars will continue to collapse until nuclear reactions begin. Parts of the cloud that did not form into the star may become planets. The main ingredient of the star is Hydrogen which through nuclear reaction will turn into Helium and Plasma to be splurted out. The clouds start collapsing when an event has occurred, this could be caused by the explosion of an old star, the gravitational pull of a nearby star or some other event. These clouds are also known as nebulas. A example of a Nebula is the Cone Nebula. The actual cone is a small section of the nebula at the bottom. There are a number of different Nebula`s, the Cone is known as a Dark Nebula, this is where light from stars behind are blocked out. Emission Nebulas are where stars are inside the nebulas. A example of a Emission Nebula is the Orion Nebula. The third type are nebulas that are lit up by nearby stars, they are called Reflection Nebulas. The M78. The Triffid Nebula is an example of a Emission/Reflection Nebula.

Dark NebulaEmission NebulaReflection Nebula
 
Cone NebulaOrion Nebulatriffid Nebula

Living Stars (Normal Star, Variable Stars, Binary Stars)

Throughout its life, a star could be normal like our Sun. A star that has a companion star is known as a Binary Star or a Mutiple Star System. Binary refers to two whereas in space there are places where there are more than two stars in the same region of space affecting one another. A well known Binary Star is Polaris A binary star can be Equal ( Both star orbit a central point of gravity ), Unequal ( One star orbits another ) or Double Binary ( A pair of Equal or Unequal ) can be orbiting around a central point of gravity.

The final type is a Variable Star whose brightness could be caused by the internal physical changes. The brightness can change abruptly or in a pattern over a length of time. The reasons for the change in size is too much to go into here, you should check out the line earlier in this paragraph.

Star Clusters (Open Star Clusters, Globular Clusters)

Withn a galaxy, a number of stars could be grouped together whether it is a few tens of stars or millions of stars. These Star Clusters fall into two main types, Open Clusters which have no real shape compared to the near spherical look of Globular Clusters. The two most famous star clusters are the Hyades and Pleiades, both found in Taurus. The Pleiades is below.


Photo of the Pleiades


Death (White Dwarfs, Planetary Nebulas, Neutron Stars, Black Holes, Planets)

Like everything that begins, it must come to an end. When a star has finished processing its hydrogen, it dies. The Sun will do so one day but before then, the human race will have moved to another planet or has become extinct. Its end point is determind by its mass. Low mass stars come white dwarfs and high mass black holes. It had been once said that a star exploded near the Sun, the remnants of the star was captured by the Sun and became the planets we know today. The Sun is a medium mass panet which when it dies, it will grow bigger than it is today. The Sun will eventually explode and become a planetary nebula. Planetary Nebulas are stars that have a white dwarf at the centre and a gaseous ring round the out side. Large Mass stars will either become black holes if they are above 3 Solar Masses or a Neutron Star if they slightly less in weight. Neutron Star are stars consisting of Neutrons.

What is the Largest Star?

You might think that the Sun, our closest star is big but its tiny compared to other stars out there. The current largest stars in the the milky way that has so far been observed are the giants of VY Canis Majoris and UY Scuti and NML Cygni. These two giants of the cosmos are so vast and large, if they were placed at the centre of the solar system, their size will extend out past Jupiter. There might be an even larger star out there waiting to be observed, one that would make those two look like peas. The largest unknown star in the universe might not be in our galaxy but somewhere else. The largest star in the universe might make UY Scuti nothing more than a spec compared to the largest in the universe but given there are so many galaxies in the universe and some so far away, we will never be able to determine the largest in the universe.

How are stars named?

Stars with common names such as Sirius, Cursa, Regulus and Nunki are large stars that can be seen in the sky and have been known about since the early days of astronomy. They were given star names when astronomy was in its infancy. Stars aren`t given common names any more because there are so many. The majority of those stars with common names will tend to be in the Northern Hemisphere as it was people in the Northern Hemisphere that tended to name them. An example of a named southern hemisphere star is Rigil Kentaurus, another name for Alpha Centauri. Stars that are named HD followed by a number come from the Henry Daper Catalog which was created in the early part of the twentieth century. Stars with starting with HIP are stars that were observed by the Hipparcos satellite from 1989 to 1993. A star can have a common name, a HD and a HIP name as well other names too. Stars with names starting Kepler are those that were observed by the kepler space telescope. A lot of the Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) you hear about mainly will be known as a Kepler planet having been discovered by the satellite.

Greek lettered stars are named in order of brightness, so for example Regulus is the brightest star in Leo and therefore named Alpha Leonis, the next is Beta Leonis (Denebola) followed by Gamma Leonis (Algieba), Delta Leonis (Zosma) etc, etc.

Gliese stars are named after German astronomer Wilheim Gliese who cataloged 1000 stars that are within 65 light years from Earth. The list has since been expanded and you will probably have seen these stars when astronomers have been talking about extrasolar planets. b

You may have seen companies advertised in papers and online to enable you to buy a stars name. If you buy a star, it will have no legal basis, it will not be officially recognised by the International Astronomical Union (I.A.U.) If you want something fun and waste your money but it won`t be recognised. If you buy one and then talk about it to a professional astronomer, they won`t know which star you mean. 2 If you were to open the naming of stars to the public, you could expect to find stars `McDonalds`, `Microsoft`, `James Bond`. asteroids have been named after people such as Anne Frank, James Bond and Patrick Moore.

Some stars such as NML Cyngi are named after the people who discovered the star. In this case, the NML stands for Neugebauer, Martz, and Leighton who discovered the star in 1965. Having your surname initial in a stars name is going to be the closest anyone is ever going to get to having a star named after them.

What is the Smallest Star?

A star has to be big enough to start fusion reaction, turning hydrogren into helium etc. Its been said that the gas giant Jupiter is a failed star, its too small to start fusion reaction. It is possible to get a star started with a mass of 7.5% of the Sun. The smallest star would be a red dwarf star like Proxima Centauri which also happens to be our closest star after the Sun. Proxima Centauri is 12% the size of the Sun so it fits the bill of being a candidate of the smallest star. These red dwarf stars are so faint, they can`t be seen from Earth without a telescope. The smallest star that can be seen with the naked eye is 1

Are there any Egg or non-Spherical Stars?

Suprisingly, there are a couple of well know stars, Regulus in the constellation of Leo and Vega in the constellation of Lyra are both non-spherical. Regulus is a four star multiple star system and the largest, Regulus A is slightly oval in shape. It probably caused by the other stars that are orbiting around it pulling at the sides so creating the bulge at the middle. However Vega does not have any companion stars its cause. The thing that makes these two out compared to our Sun is that they rotate faster than our local star, for example, our star roughly rotates at about 4,500 miles per hour whereas Regulus rotates at about 700,000 miles per hour and that clearly influences its shape as well. Its also known that the poles are hotter than the equator on Regulus and is brighter at the poles. ref:Universe Today

What is the closest star to Earth ?

The closest star to the Earth is the Sun which is 149,600,000 km away from us. The next closest star to the Earth is Proxima Centauri which is small red dwarf which latest research seems to be that it has a planet in orbit round it.. The next, non-Centauri and fourth nearest star is a small red dwarf star that is about 4.2 Light Years away from us, it is called Barnard`s Star.

Rogue Stars

Rogue star are stars that are not part of a galaxy, they are free standing. They are also known as Interstellar Stars because they inhabit the regions of intergalatic space. They have somehow escaped the gravital pull of the galaxy that they used to orbit. They were only thought to have existed until 1997 when the first ones were discovered in the Virgo constellation. The ones that were discovered are 300,000 light years away from a galaxy.

Bayer Classification

In 1603, German astronomer Johann Bayer came up with the Bayer Classification, a way of labelling stars. He used Greek letters to start with to generally indicate the brightest star in the constellation. When he ran out of Greek letters, he would use latin letters capitalised and then carry on all the way up to z, omitting J and V. Generally speaking the brightest star in the constellation is alpha and so on. This is generally the rule but there are some exceptions. Where there were no brightest stars, he would assign the stars according to the location in the constellation. Vela and Puppis have no alpha stars. A star can have a common name such as Regulus, a Bayer Classification of Alpha Leonis and a Hip ID and a Henry Daper name. A star will not always have a common name such as in the case of Delta Centauri. Hip ID is the ID that the Hipparcos satellite assigned to that star.



NameGreek NameConstellationDistance (Lt. Yrs.)
AlmachGamma AndromedaeAndromeda354.91
AlpheratzAlpha AndromedaeAndromeda97.07
MirachBeta AndromedaeAndromeda199.37
NembusUpsilon PerseiAndromeda173.86
TitawinUpsilon AndromedaeAndromeda43.93
AlbaliEpsilon AquariiAquarius229.53
AnchaTheta AquariiAquarius191.41
HydriaEta AquariiAquarius183.55
SadachbiaGamma AquariiAquarius157.8
SadalmelikAlpha AquariiAquarius758.52
SadalsuudBeta AquariiAquarius611.94
SitulaKappa AquariiAquarius234.31
SkatDelta AquariiAquarius159.57
Al ThalimainIota AquilaeAquila307.41
AlshainBeta AquilaeAquila44.71
AltairAlpha AquilaeAquila16.77
BezekEta AquilaeAquila1173.25
Deneb el OkabZeta AquilaeAquila153.71
LibertasXi AquilaeAquila204.36
TarazedGamma AquilaeAquila460.68
Tseen FooTheta AquilaeAquila287.12
ChooAlpha AraeAra242.32
BoteinDelta ArietisAries167.78
HamalAlpha ArietisAries65.92
MesarthimGamma ArietisAries204.36
SheratanBeta ArietisAries59.58
AlmaazEpsilon AurigaeAuriga2038.52
CapellaAlpha AurigaeAuriga42.2
HaedusZeta AurigaeAuriga787.83
HaldusEpsilon AurigaeAuriga2038.52
Hoedus IIEta AurigaeAuriga219.34
KabdhilinanIota AurigaeAuriga512.03
MahasimTheta AurigaeAuriga173.21
MenkalinanBeta AurigaeAuriga82.12
AlkaluropsMu BootisBootes120.98
ArcturusAlpha BootisBootes36.71
Asellus PrimusTheta BootisBootes47.52
Asellus SecundusIota BootisBootes97.25
Asellus TertiusKappa Bootis BBootes195.78
CeginusPhi BootesBootes163.08
IzarEpsilon BootesBootes209.75
MergaEpsilon BootisBootes152.84
MuphridEta BootisBootes36.99
NekkarBeta BootisBootes218.75
SeginusGamma BootisBootes85.18
AcubensAlpha CanceriCancer173.58
AltarfBeta CancriCancer290.44
Asellus AustralisDelta CancriCancer136.07
Asellus BorealisGamma CancriCancer158.49
TegmenZeta CancriCancer83.4
CharaBeta Canum VenaticorumCanes Venatici27.3
Cor CaroliAlpha2 Canum VenaticorumCanes Venatici110.19
La SuperbaY Canum VenaticorumCanes Venatici710.6
AdharaEpsilon Canis MajorisCanis Major430.86
AludraEta Canis MajorisCanis Major3197.68
FurudZeta Canis MajorisCanis Major336.25
MirzamBeta Canis MajorisCanis Major499.48
MulipheinGamma Centauri, Gamma Canis MajorisCanis Major402.17
PhurudZeta Canis MajorisCanis Major336.25
SiriusAlpha Canis MajorisCanis Major8.6
WezenDelta Canis MajorisCanis Major1792.11
GomeisaBeta Canis MinorisCanis Minor170.23
ProcyonAlpha Canis MinorisCanis Minor11.41
Algiedi PrimaAlpha CapricorniCapricornus686.66
Algiedi SecundaAlpha2 CapricorniCapricornus108.68
AlshatNu CapricorniCapricornus272.26
ArmusEta CapricorniCapricornus158.02
DabihBeta CapricorniCapricornus344.05
Deneb AlgediDelta CapricorniCapricornus38.56
KastraEpsilon CapricorniCapricornus662.93
NashiraGamma CapricorniCapricornus138.91
OkulPi CapricorniCapricornus665.64
AspidiskeIota CarinaeCarina692.49
AviorEpsilon CarinaeCarina632.1
CanopusAlpha CarinaeCarina312.72
MiaplacidusBeta CarinaeCarina111.17
AchirdEta CassiopeiaeCassiopeia19.42
CaphBeta CassiopeiaeCassiopeia54.46
CastulaUpsilon CassiopeiaeCassiopeia406.69
CihGamma CassiopeiaeCassiopeia613.09
MarfarkTheta CassiopeiaeCassiopeia137.45
RuchbahDelta CassiopeiaeCassiopeia99.41
SchedarAlpha CassiopeiaeCassiopeia228.57
SeginEpsilon CassiopeiaeCassiopeia441.96
HadarBeta CentauriCentaurus525.22
Ke KwanKappa CentauriCentaurus539.11
MenkentTheta CentauriCentaurus60.94
MuhlifainGamma CentauriCentaurus130.41
Proxima CentauriAlpha Centauri CCentaurus4.22
Rigil KentaurusAlpha CentauriCentaurus4.4
Al Kalb al RaiRho-2 CepheiCepheus237.21
AlderaminAlpha CepheiCepheus48.8
AlfirkBeta CepheiCepheus595.19
AlkurahXi CepheiCepheus101.7
AlrediphDelta CepheiCepheus982.42
ErraiGamma CepheiCepheus44.9
Garnet StarMu CepheiCepheus5260.7
Baten KaitosZeta CetiiCetus259.07
Deneb AlgenubEta CetiCetus117.62
Deneb KaitosBeta CetiCetus95.82
Deneb Kaitos SchemaliIota CetiCetus289.67
DiphdaBeta CetiCetus95.82
KaffaljidhmaGamma Ceticetus81.99
MenkabAlpha CetiCetus220.08
MenkarAlpha CetiCetus220.08
MiraOmicron CetiCetus418.69
Al KurudTheta ColumbaeColumba762.06
PhactAlpha ColumbaeColumba268.23
WeznBeta ColumbaeColumba85.97
DiademAlpha Comae BerenicesComa Berenices46.72
Alfecca MeridianaAlpha Coronae AustralisCorona Australis129.69
AlpheccaAlpha Coronae BorealisCorona Borealis74.72
NusakanBeta Coronae BorealisCorona Borealis114.04
AlchibaAlpha CorviCorvus3977.6
AlgorabDelta CorviCorvus87.89
Gienah GhurabGamma CorviCorvus164.9
KrazBeta CorviCorvus139.74
MinkarEpsilon CorviCorvus303.41
AlkesAlpha CraterisCrater174.33
AcruxAlpha CrucisCrux320.71
DecruxDelta CrucisCrux364.02
GacruxGamma CrucisCrux87.94
MimosaBeta CrucisCrux352.61
Al FawarisDelta CygniCygnus171.03
Albireo ABeta Cygni ACygnus385.54
AzelfafagePi-1 CygniCygnus1681.25
DenebAlpha CygniCygnus3229.34
GienahEpsilon CygniCygnus72.06
RuchbaOmega2 CygniCygnus404.17
RukhDelta CygniCygnus171.03
SadrGamma CygniCygnus1524.13
Deneb DulfimEpsilon DelphiniDelphinus358.82
Musica18 DelphiniDelphinus238.42
RotanevBeta DelphiniDelphinus97.39
SualocinAlpha DelphiniDelphinus240.71
AldhibahZeta DraconisDraco339.75
AldhibainEta DraconisDraco87.73
AlrakisMu DraconisDraco87.96
AlsafiSigma DraconisDraco18.81
AltaisDelta DraconisDraco100.23
EdasichIota DraconisDraco102.18
EltaninGamma DraconisDraco147.59
GianfarLambda DraconisDraco334.18
GrumiumXi DraconisDraco111.47
KumaNu DraconisDraco98.96
RastabanBeta DraconisDraco361.6
ThubanAlpha DraconisDraco308.87
TylEpsilon DraconisDraco87.73
KitalphaAlpha EquuleiEquuleus186.27
AcamarTheta EridaniEridanus161.31
AchernarAlpha EridaniEridanus143.81
AngetenarTau-2 EridaniEridanus182.72
AzhaEta EridaniEridanus133.18
BeidOmicron EridaniEridanus16.45
CursaBeta EridaniEridanus88.85
KeidOmicron-2 EridaniEridanus16.45
RanaDelta EridaniEridanus29.5
SadiraEpsilon EridaniEridanus10.5
TheeminUpsilon-2 EridaniEridanus208.81
ZaurakGamma EridaniEridanus221.13
ZibalZeta EridaniEridanus120
AlhenaGamma GeminorumGemini104.81
AlzirrXi GeminorumGemini57.2
CastorAlpha GeminorumGemini51.55
MebsutaEpsilon GeminorumGemini903.5
MekbudaZeta GeminorumGemini1169.04
PolluxBeta GeminorumGemini33.72
Tejat PosteriorMu GeminorumGemini231.81
Tejat PriorEta GeminorumGemini349.21
WasatDelta GeminorumGemini58.82
Al NairAlpha GruisGrus101.42
CujamEpsilon HerculisHercules112.05
KajamOmega HerculisHercules235.16
KornephorosBeta HerculisHercules147.79
MaasymLambda HerculisHercules367.3
Ras AlgethiAlpha HerculisHercules382.37
RutilicusZeta HerculisHercules35.21
SarinDelta HerculisHercules78.5
AshleshaEpsilon HydraeHydra135.17
HydrobiusZeta HydraeHydra150.72
MinchirSigma HydraeHydra352.61
PersianAlpha IndiIndus101.26
AdhaferaZeta LeonisLeo259.68
Al Minliar al AsadKappa LeonisLeo213.46
AlgiebaGamma LeonisLeo125.64
AlterfLambda LeonisLeo336.6
ChertanTheta LeonisLeo177.65
DenebolaBeta LeonisLeo36.18
Ras Elased AustralisEpsilon LeonisLeo250.7
Ras Elased BorealisMu LeonisLeo133.02
RasalasMu LeonisLeo133.02
RegulusAlpha LeonisLeo77.49
SubraOmicron LeonisLeo135.23
ZosmaDelta LeonisLeo57.71
ArnebAlpha LeporisLepus1284.11
NeshmetMu LeporisLepus184.38
NihalBeta LeporisLepus159.18
BrachiumSigma LibraeLibra292
Lanx AustralisBeta LibraeLibra160.04
Zuben el AkrabGamma LibraeLibra152.27
Zuben HakrabiEta LibraeLibra146.85
ZubenelegenbiAlpha LibraeLibra77.18
ZubeneschamaliBeta LibraeLibra160.04
Ke KouanBeta LupiLupus523.54
MenAlpha LupiLupus548.17
AladfarEta LyraeLyra1042.06
AlathfarMu LyraeLyra441.36
SheliakBeta LyraeLyra881.52
SulafatGamma LyraeLyra634.56
VegaAlpha LyraeLyra25.3
Polaris AustralisSigma OctantisOctans270.23
CebalraiBeta OphiuchiOphiuchus81.99
HanZeta OphiuchiOphiuchus458.09
MarfikLambda OphiuchiOphiuchus166.16
RasalhagueAlpha OphiuchiOphiuchus46.7
SabikEta OphiuchiOphiuchus84.13
SinistraNu OphiuchiOphiuchus152.77
Yed PosteriorEpsilon OphiuchiOphiuchus107.5
Yed PriorDelta OphiuchiOphiuchus170.23
AlnilamEpsilon OrionisOrion1342.24
AlnitakZeta OrionisOrion817.45
BellatrixGamma OrionisOrion243.04
BetelgeuseAlpha OrionisOrion427.47
HatysaIota OrionisOrion1325.87
MeissaLambda OrionisOrion1055.54
MintakaDelta OrionisOrion916.19
Nair Al SaifIota OrionisOrion1325.87
RigelBeta OrionisOrion772.9
SaiphKappa OrionisOrion721.6
TabitPi-3 OrionisOrion26.18
ThabitUpsilon OrionisOrion1545.8
PeacockAlpha PavonisPavo183.24
AlgenibGamma PegasiPegasus333.16
BihamTheta PegasiPegasus96.58
EnifEpsilon PegasiPegasus672.5
HomamZeta PegasiPegasus208.54
JihKappa PegasiPegasus115.09
MarkabAlpha PegasiPegasus133
MarkabTau PegasiPegasus165.9
MatarEta PegasiPegasus214.86
SadalbariMu PegasiPegasus116.7
ScheatBeta PegasiPegasus199.24
AlgolBeta PerseiPerseus92.82
AtikOmicron PerseiPerseus1475.85
Gorgonea TertiaRho PerseiPerseus325.19
MenchibXi PerseiPerseus1772.63
MenkibZeta PerseiPerseus982.42
MiramEta PerseiPerseus1331.28
MirfakAlpha PerseiPerseus591.95
MisamKappa PerseiPerseus112.28
AnkaaAlpha PhoenicisPhoenix77.4
AlreschaAlpha PisciumPisces139.09
Fum al SamakahBeta PisciumPisces492.69
KahtEpsilon PisciumPisces190.29
Kullat NunuEta PisciumPisces294.11
LinteumDelta PisciumPisces305.11
Torcularis SeptentrionalisOmicron PisciumPisces258.24
FomalhautAlpha Piscis AustriniPiscis Austrinus25.07
AzmidiskeXi PuppisPuppis1347.78
HadirSigma PuppisPuppis183.86
NaosZeta PuppisPuppis1399.84
TureisRho PuppisPuppis62.74
ShamAlpha SagittaeSagitta473.39
AlbaldahPi SagittariiSagittarius440.17
AlramiAlpha SagittariiSagittarius169.88
ArkabBeta SagittariiSagittarius138.67
Arkab PosteriorBeta-2 SagittariiSagittarius138.67
Arkab PriorBeta-1 SagittariiSagittarius378.38
AscellaZeta SagittariiSagittarius89.09
Kaus AustralisEpsilon SagittariiSagittarius144.64
Kaus BorealisLambda SagittariiSagittarius77.29
Kaus MeridionalisDelta SagittariiSagittarius144.64
NunkiSigma SagittariiSagittarius224.32
TerebellumOmega SagittariiSagittarius77.6
AcrabBeta ScorpiiScorpius530.35
AlniyatSigma ScorpiiScorpius734.6
AlniyatTau ScorpiiScorpius429.73
AntaresAlpha ScorpiiScorpius604.01
DschubbaDelta ScorpiiScorpius401.68
GirtabKappa ScorpiiScorpius463.96
GraffiasXi ScorpiiScorpius399
JabbahNu ScorpiiScorpius436.63
LesathUpsilon ScorpiiScorpius518.54
SargasTheta ScorpiiScorpius272.03
ShaulaLambda ScorpiiScorpius702.94
WeiEpsilon ScorpiiScorpius65.43
AlyaTheta SerpentisSerpens142.8
UnukalhaiAlpha SerpentisSerpens73.23
AinEpsilon TauriTaurus155.02
AlcyoneEta TauriTaurus367.72
AldebaranAlpha TauriTaurus65.12
Asterope I21 TauriTaurus386.91
Asterope II22 TauriTaurus354.14
Atlas27 TauriTaurus380.59
Celaeno16 TauriTaurus334.53
Electra17 TauriTaurus370.64
ElnathBeta TauriTaurus131.04
Hyadum IGamma TauriTaurus154.07
Hyadum IIDelta-1 TauriTaurus153.2
KleeiaDelta-3 TauriTaurus147.92
Maia20 TauriTaurus360
Merope23 TauriTaurus359.21
Pleione28 TauriTaurus387.37
Taygeta19 TauriTaurus372.76
Tien KwanZeta TauriTaurus417.09
UshakaronXi TauriTaurus222.18
Caput TrianguliAlpha TrianguliTriangulum64.12
AtriaAlpha Trianguli AustralisTriangulum Australe415.49
BetriaBeta Trianguli AustralisTriangulum Australe40.15
GatriaGamma Trianguli AustralisTriangulum Australe182.72
Al KaphrahChi Ursae MajorisUrsa Major196.01
AlcorZeta Ursae Majoris Ursa Major81.16
AliothEpsilon Ursae MajorisUrsa Major80.93
AlkaidEta Ursae MajorisUrsa Major100.7
Alula AustralisXi Ursae MajorisUrsa Major29
Alula BorealisNu Ursae MajorisUrsa Major421.4
DubheAlpha Ursae MajorisUrsa Major123.64
MegrezDelta Ursae MajorisUrsa Major81.44
MerakBeta Ursae MajorisUrsa Major79.42
MizarZeta Ursae MajorisUrsa Major78.16
MuscidaOmicron Ursae MajorisUrsa Major183.65
PhecdaGamma Ursae MajorisUrsa Major83.65
SarirTheta Ursae MajorisUrsa Major43.99
TalitaIota Ursae MajorisUrsa Major47.74
Talitha AustralisKappa Ursae MajorisUrsa Major423.04
Talitha BorealisIota Ursae MajorisUrsa Major47.74
Tania AustralisMu Ursae MajorisUrsa Major248.79
Tania BorealisLambda Ursae MajorisUrsa Major134.39
Akhfa al FarkadainZeta Ursae MinorisUrsa Minor375.76
Anwar Al FarkadainEta Ursae MinorisUrsa Minor97.3
KochabBeta Ursae MinorisUrsa Minor126.47
PherkadGamma Ursae MinorisUrsa Minor346.61
Pherkad MajorGamma Ursae MinorisUrsa Minor480.36
PolarisAlpha Ursae MinorisUrsa Minor431.43
Polaris AbAlpha Ursae Minoris AbUrsa Minor431.43
Polaris BAlpha Ursae Minoris BUrsa Minor431.43
YildunDelta Ursae MinorisUrsa MInor182.72
Koo SheDelta VelorumVela79.75
MarkebKappa VelorumVela454.27
RegorGamma VelorumVela840.63
SuhailLambda VelorumVela573.22
Tseen KeePhi VelorumVela1929.96
AlaraphBeta VirginisVirgo35.55
AuvaDelta VirginisVirgo202.46
CaphirTheta VirginisVirgo414.97
HezeZeta VirginisVirgo73.21
KhambaliaLambda VirginisVirgo186.7
PorrimaGamma VirginisVirgo38.59
Rijl al AwwaMu VirginisVirgo60.92
SpicaAlpha VirginisVirgo262.19
SyrmaIota VirginisVirgo69.78
VindemiatrixEpsilon VirginisVirgo102.25
ZaniahEta VirginisVirgo249.74
Lucida AnserisAlpha VulpeculaeVulpecula296.51

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