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Geminids Meteor Shower

The Geminids meteor shower takes place within the boundaries constellation of the Gemini. The meteor showers occurs between December 6-19 with the peak occuring on the Dec. 13/14 every year . The Solar Longitude, mistakenly known as Lambda Omicron is 262 degrees. This value sometimes expressed as S.L. or λ ☉ is the the date of maximum activity. It is measured as a degree with zero degree indicating spring equinox (roughly March 21st/22nd). 90 is the Summer Solstice, 180 is the Autumn Equinox and 270 is the Winter Solstice. This degree is independent of the calender. AMS .

There are two Meteor Showers that are related to the Gemini, the twins constellation, the Geminids and the Epsilon-Geminids with the Epsilon-Geminids occuring earlier in the year.

The Geminids are different from the other meteor showers, in that they are associated with an asteroid rather than a comet such as Comet C / 1964 N1 Ikeya which is responsible for the Epsilon-Geminids meteor shower. The source of the meteors is an asteroid, it is speculated that Phaethon is actually a comet that has lost its ice and dust and therefore the meteors are it crumbling under the stress of orbiting

The radiant point of the meteor shower, the point at which they can be seen is by the Castor which is one of the heads of the twins in this constellation. To locate the centre of activity, just look towards the head.

The Geminids are particlarly noted for their colours compared to the other meteor showers. 65% White, 26% Yellow and the remaining 9% is Blue, Red and Green. They are one of the three major meteor showers of a year, the others are the Quadrantids and Perseids. Ref: SkyScrapers

The source of the meteor shower is (3200) Phaethon. The closest star to the radiant point of the meteor shower is Castor. The coordinates can also be determined by the Right Ascension (113.5) and the Declination (32.3).

The Zenith Hourly Rate or how many you expect to see during the hour is 120. The ZHR can radically increase if the comet or associated object is close by. The speed/velocity of the Meteor Shower particles is 34 km/s. The population index of the meteor shower is 3. The population index refers to the magnitude distribution of the meteorites, the smaller the index, the brighter the meteors are, the higher, the dimmer the meteors are. For this particular meteor shower, bright meteors are more frequent.

Geminids Meteor Shower Facts


CodeGEM
ConstellationGemini
Associated Asteroid(3200) Phaethon
Closest Star to Radiant PointCastor
Max Activity Date14 Dec
Population Index3
Activity PeriodDecember 6-19
Right Ascension113.5
Declination32.3
Solar Longitude / λ ☉262 °
Speed/Velocity34
Zenith Hourly Rate120
Semi-Major Axis1
Longitude262
Eccentricity1
Inclination23

Location of the Radiant Point for the Geminids Meteor Shower


Map showing the location of where the Geminids radiate from within Gemini



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