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Perseids Meteor Shower

When and where does the Perseids Meteor Shower Occur

The Perseids  meteor shower takes place within the boundaries constellation of Perseus. The meteor shower occurs between July 23-August 22 with the peak occurring on the Aug. 12/13 every year.

The Solar Longitude (Abbrev: S.L., λ ☉) is 140 degrees, this value is the the date of maximum activity. It is measured as a degree with zero degree indicating spring equinox (roughly March 21st/22nd). 90 is the Summer Solstice, 180 is the Autumn Equinox and 270 is the Winter Solstice. This degree is independent of the calender. AMS .

The coordinates can also be determined by the Right Ascension (48.2) and the Declination (58.1).

Zenith Hourly Rate

The Zenith Hourly Rate or how many you expect to see during the hour is 100. The ZHR can radically increase if the comet or associated object is close by. The speed/velocity of the Meteor Shower particles is 59 km/s. The population index of the meteor shower is 3. The population index refers to the magnitude distribution of the meteorites, the smaller the index, the brighter the meteors are, the higher, the dimmer the meteors are. For this particular meteor shower, bright meteors are more frequent.

General Perseids Information

The Perseids are one of the brightest meteor showers in the year coupled with a high rate per hour which hopefully won't be a let down when they do come about. Other major meteor showers include Lyrids in April and the end of year Geminids.

The Perseids are are associated with cometSwift-Tuttle which is a mid-range comet, taking 133 years to complete its orbit.

The Radiant Point location is Miram near the border with Cassiopeia who in the Grecian Legend is the mother of Andromeda who Perseus saved from being killed by Cetus.

How to Find and View the Perseids Meteor Shower

Northern Hemisphere

Perseids should be visible as soon as it gets dark. Over the course of the night, the radiant point will reach higher into the sky. If there's no moon, it should be possible to view a meteor. The radiant point is halfway between Miram and CS Camelopardalis.

Southern Hemisphere

The more north you are, the better the chance you are able to see the Perseids. If you are in Sydney for example, the radiant point barely reaches the horizon and you would have to go somewhere with a great advantage point. If you move north to Darwin, you will be able to see the Perseids. The best time would be six o'clock in the morning when it is highest in the sky on the 13th of August. Any earlier than 3 a.m., you have no chance. The radiant point in located just inside the Cassioepeia constellation.

Related Meteor Showers :-

Recent and Forthcoming Meteor Showers :-

Perseids Meteor Shower Facts


CodePER
ConstellationPerseus
Associated Comet109P/Swift-Tuttle
Closest Star to Radiant PointMiram
Peak Activity DateAug. 12/13
Population Index3
Activity PeriodJuly 23-August 22
Right Ascension48.2
Declination58.1
Solar Longitude / λ ☉140 °
Speed/Velocity59
Zenith Hourly Rate100
Semi-Major Axis9.5700
Perihelion0.9490
Longitude139.3000
Eccentricity0.9500
Inclination113.1000

Location of the Radiant Point for the Perseids Meteor Shower


Map showing the location of where the Perseids radiate from within Perseus

The image showing the location of Perseids was generated using the free application Night Vision.




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