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Southern Taurids Meteor Shower

When and where does the Southern Taurids Meteor Shower Occur

The Southern Taurids  meteor shower takes place within the boundaries constellation of Taurus. The meteor shower occurs between Sept 17-Nov 27 with the peak occurring on the Oct. 30-Nov. 7 every year.

The Solar Longitude (Abbrev: S.L., λ ☉) is 216 degrees, this value is the the date of maximum activity. It is measured as a degree with zero degree indicating spring equinox (roughly March 21st/22nd). 90 is the Summer Solstice, 180 is the Autumn Equinox and 270 is the Winter Solstice. This degree is independent of the calender. AMS .

The source of the meteor shower is Comet 2P/Encke. The coordinates can also be determined by the Right Ascension (47.9) and the Declination (12.8).

Zenith Hourly Rate

The Zenith Hourly Rate or how many you expect to see during the hour is 5. The ZHR can radically increase if the comet or associated object is close by. The speed/velocity of the Meteor Shower particles is 27 km/s. The population index of the meteor shower is 2. The population index refers to the magnitude distribution of the meteorites, the smaller the index, the brighter the meteors are, the higher, the dimmer the meteors are. For this particular meteor shower, faint meteors are more frequent.

How to Find and View the Southern Taurids

Although called the Southern Taurids, it doesn't mean that the meteor shower is for the Southern Hemisphere, it just means that it is more south of the two meteor showers. The related meteor shower is the Northern Taurids which occurs at the same time. Both meteor showers have different sources but are roughly located in the same location of night sky.

A hint to where to look is to spot where constellation">Orion is holding his shield and see which way he is pointing. Taurus appears in the night sky so this hint wll only work latter in the night when both constellations are visible.

Northern Hemisphere

The meteor shower can be seen shortly after it gets dark in an easterly direction. It will be visible in the night sky until Sun light blocks it when it rises. The radiant point will move in a south and then west direction.

Southern Hemisphere

The meteor shower will appear about 9 p.m. in the evening in a north-easterly direction where it will then move across the sky. It will not reach very high in the sky but will be low down. It should be visible until it gets light when Sun light will block it out.

Related Meteor Showers :-

Recent and Forthcoming Meteor Showers :-

Southern Taurids Meteor Shower Facts


CodeSTA
ConstellationTaurus
Associated Comet2P/Encke
Closest Star to Radiant PointUshakaron
Peak Activity DateOct. 30-Nov. 7
Population Index2
Activity PeriodSept 17-Nov 27
Right Ascension47.9
Declination12.8
Solar Longitude / λ ☉216 °
Speed/Velocity27
Zenith Hourly Rate5
Semi-Major Axis1.9500
Perihelion0.3530
Longitude34.4000
Eccentricity0.7980
Inclination5.3000

Location of the Radiant Point for the Southern Taurids Meteor Shower


Map showing the location of where the Southern Taurids radiate from within Taurus

The image showing the location of Southern Taurids was generated using the free application Stellarium.




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