In the original stories written by Ian Fleming, the protagonist organisation was SMERSH, a Russian intelligence organisation whose name meant 'Death to Spies'. However, it was too political to have that same organisation in films so SPECTRE was created. SPECTRE was unaligned to any government and was still headed by Ernst Stavro Blofeld, a Polish national. SPECTRE stands SPecial Executive for Counter-intelligence, Terrorism, Revenge and Extortion who is hellbent on starting World War Three.
SPECTRE features heavily in the Sean Connery and George Lazenby movies but does not appear afterwards. The exception to that is the Thunderball remake Never Say Never Again which is a non-EON Productions movie starring Sean Connery.
SPECTRE was a highly advanced organisation that had space ships at its disposal such as those that it used to capture American and Russian space craft in You Only Live Twice. In Diamonds Are Forever, SPECTRE had gotten hold of a satellite that it was using to attack nations of the world to hold them to ransom. They never quite got into actual space like Hugo Drax did with Moonraker. If they had gotten the chance , they would've.
After Diamonds Are Forever, SPECTRE disappeared from the movies due to a legal dispute between EON Productions that made the movies and Kevin McCrory who held claim to the organisations name which was not resolved until 2013. After obtaining the full rights to SPECTRE once more, EON Productions have named their 24th James Bond film after them.
The organisation had an octopus as their emblem. Although it never stood out, in the 24th film, Spectre, the emblem makes a clear return when James Bond shows a ring with the emblem on it to Mr White, the head of another organisation referred to as Quantum. Quantum is revealed to be a subsidiary faction of Spectre.
In the film SPECTRE, the organisation is still headed by Blofeld but before he reveals his 1 identity, he is referred to as Oberhauser but at his meteorite lair, he does have a white cat. The organisation is still hell bent on international incidents but at a more plausible level, the nuclear bombs have been replaced by more conventional terrorist acts with small scale bombs. The old scenes of where Spectre would hold conference meetings between its syndicates have included in the new film.
Ernst Stavro Blofeld is the head of the terrorist organisation SPECTRE and is the main antagonist in the books and the Sean Connery movies. Blofeld`s primary aim is to start Third World War between the U.S.S.R. and United States of America. In Blofelds first appearance in Dr. No, we see his face obscured but in the later movies, James Bond meets his nemesis. Donald Pleasance played Blofeld in You Only Live Twice and it was Donald`s idea to have the scar over his eye.
Blofeld is famous for having a white cat which has become something of a requirement now for all comedic megalomanics from Dr. Claw, the enemy of Inspector Gadget to Dr Evil in Austin Powers. Dr. Evil`s cat is a bald cat rather than the white hairy cat we are so familiar with seeing in the Bond Films.
In On Her Majesty`s Secret Service, after James Bond has got married, Blofeld drive past James Bond and fire a volley of bullets into the car. Blofeld fails to kills James Bond but kills James` wife Tracey. The last time we see Blofeld, he is a wheel chair trying to kill James Bond with a helicopter.
Ernst Stavros Blofeld was born on 28th May, 1908 to a Polish Man and his Greek Wife in Gdynia, Poland but back then it used to be part of Imperial Germany. He became highly educated and had managed to go University to study engineering. When World War 2 broke out, he turned to criminality by first assisting the Nazis which he saw as being the victor in any way and then when the war was going the Allies way, he swapped sides and was highly regarded. After the war, Blofeld went to South America where he began the creation of SPECTRE.1
Although as we`ve seen in the films, Blofeld was famous for being bald after two of the actors that have played him were bald, in the books he was described as being an overweight man with a full head of hair. Like the films, his description changed, he lost weight but never had the same capacity to cause as much world trouble as he did in the films.
After absence from the official James Bond films since Diamonds Are Forever, Blofeld makes a welcome return in Spectre first under the guise of Franz Oberhauser before eventually revealing his identity at his Morrocan hide-out. Also making a return is white cat that was made famous by the earlier incarnations. Out has gone the spacecrafts that kidnap spacecrafts that orbit the planet and out has gone the nuclear devices, in has come more realistic attrocities.
Whilst he has been away, he has been imitated and taken the mick out of. The most famous example of spoof Blofeld is in the Austin Powers films with the character Dr. Evil complete with the bald hair, scar and white cat.