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Saturn Info, Facts, Rings and Moons

Saturn's Ring System

Saturn

Saturn is most famous for its rings and was for a long time considered to be the edge of the solar system, that was until Sir William Herschel discovered Uranus. Orbiting round the planet is Titan which if it wasn't for its atmosphere wouldn't stand out. Titan is the only satellite moon in the solar system known to have an atmosphere. The rings were first noticed by Galileo Galilei after he had made the first telescope. It was not until 1655 when Christiaan Huygens was the first person to describe them as a disk surrounding Saturn.

Saturn's a Failed Star

It is the second largest planet in the solar system after Jupiter. It could be classed as a failed star given its size and composition. The smallest star so far discovered is EBLM J0555-57Ab which is in the constellation of Pictor. As the reference link shows, the star is roughly about the same size as Saturn. Saturn definitely has the size to become a star but it doesn't have the mass and that's what is important. Its not size but mass that determines whether a star can start nuclear fusion. Astronomy.com.

Visitors to Saturn, Pioneer, Voyager and Cassini

The first artificial visitor to Jupiter was the Pioneer 11 space probe back in 1979 on its journey out of the solar system. Since then, the Voyager probes have flown by and most recently the E.S.A. (European Space Agency) sent the Cassini-Huygens craft to look closer at Jupiter and its biggest moon Titan. The Cassini-Huygens probe is two parts, one to probe the planet from above, the other is to land on Titan. Both have successfully completed their original parts, arrive and land. The Cassini voyage round the planet continues. Huygens is named after Christiaan Huygens, the Dutch astronomer who discovered Titan. The Cassini part of the probe is named after Giovanni Domenico Cassini who discovered a number of Saturns moons and the separation of the rings.

The Cassini mission was bought to an end when the probe was directed to enter Saturn and break/burn up on entry. The satellite was destroyed so that it wouldn't crash into any of the other moons and cause possible contamination of the environments. They'll be future missions to the planet but not just yet because of other projects in the pipeline.

Saturn Legend

The inspiration for naming Saturn came from the Roman God of the same name. Saturn was known as the God of Agriculture, Liberation and Time. Saturn was also the father of Jupiter of which is the planet that is closest to Saturn and is closer in than Saturn.

The Greek equivalent of Saturn was the Greek God Cronus. Saturn's wife was known as Ops and likewise, the wife of Cronus was Rhea. Saturday, the seventh day of the week is named after the Saturn. ref:Crystal Links

Titan, Saturnian Moon

The Saturnian moon Titan is the only moon in the Solar System that has an atmosphere. The atmosphere is not one that humans would be able to breathe on, its gasses are mainly nitrogen. Earth main gas in the atmosphere is Nitrogen but it is oxygen that keeps us alive which Titan does not have. Titan is also the largest moon orbiting the planet Saturn but it is not the largest moon in the solar system. The largest moon in the solar system is Ganymede, a moon orbiting Jupiter. Also Earth's Moon, the moon is the largest moon in comparison with the planet it orbits.

Rhea, the Ringed Moon

Rhea is the second largest moon that orbits Saturn. It is notable for the fact that has a ring system like the planet it orbits. Its a faint one but it has one. It reported as being tenuous and further investigation is warranted. The ring system was discovered by the cassini-huygens space craft according to a report by N.A.S.A. .


Saturn Facts




List of Moons in orbit around Saturn



MoonDiscoveredOrbit Circumference
AegaeonAug. 15, 2008
Aegir12 December 2004
Albiorix9 November 2000
Anthe
Atlas1980
Bebhionn12 December 2004
Bergelmir12 December 2004
Bestla12 December 2004
Calypso1980
Daphnis1 May 2005
Dione1684
Enceladus1789
Epimetheus1966/1978
Erriapus2000
Farbauti12 December 2004
Fenrir12 December 2004
Fornjot12 December 2004
Greip6 March 2006
Hati12 December 2004
Helene1 March 1980
Hyperion1848
Hyrrokkin12 December 2004
Iapetus1671
Ijiraq23 September 2000
Janus1966
Jarnsaxa6 March 2006
Kari6 March 2006
Kiviuq7 August 2000
Loge6 March 2006
Methone1 June 2004
Mimas17 September 1789
Mundilfari2000
Narvi8 April 2003
Paaliaq7 August 2000
PalleneJune 1, 2004
Pan1990
Pandora1980
PhoebeAugust 1898
Polydeuces21 October 2004
Prometheus1980
Rhea1672
S/2004 S12
S/2004 S13
S/2004 S17
S/2004 S7
S/2006 S1
S/2006 S3
S/2007 S2
S/2007 S3
S/2009 S1
Siarnaq23 September 2000
Skathi23 September 2000
Skoll6 March 2006
Surtur6 March 2006
Suttungr2000
Tarqeq16 January 2007
Tarvos23 September 2000
Telesto1980
Tethys1684
Thrymr2000
Titan1655
Ymir2000

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