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Carme, Moon of Jupiter

Carme is a Moon that orbits round the planet Jupiter. Its orbit circumference, the total distance it travels round its planetary parent is 144,663,765.05 km. The furthest it gets from its orbital parent (apoasis) is 29,332,233 km. Its mass is estimated/calculated at being 131,882,822,112,553,000 kg. Its density has been calculated at being 2.6 g/cm3. Its volume is 50,965 km3.

The orbital period, i.e. the period it takes to complete an orbit round Jupiter is 734.17 days. The figure is also known as the sidereel period. The figure comes from N.A.S.A..

The Semi-Major Axis of the orbit is 23,404,000 km, which is the furthest point from the centre to the edge of an elliptical point.

The equatorial circumference of Carme is 144.5 km. The mean radius, that is the average radius of Carme is 23.0 (assuming an albedo of 0.04) km. The surface area of Carme is 6,647.61 km2. The surface gravity of the said item is 0.017 m/s2. The average orbit velocity, that is the speed at which it orbits is 8,210.2 km/h.

The orbital inclination, the angle at which Carme orbits in relation to the orbital plane is 164.907 degrees. The orbital eccentricity is 0.2533, it is the degree at which Carme orbits close to a circular (0) orbit as opposed to an elliptical (1) orbit.

Not much is know about Carme, the only photograph we do have is shot from a distance. Carme was first discovered by Seth Barnes Nicholson in 1938 but it wasn't given its present day name until 1975. Carme wasn't the only one discovered, he also discovered three other moons. Up until 1975, they were simply known by Roman numerals IX (Sinope), X (Lysithea), XI (Carme) and XII (Anake). Wiki

Carme Mythological Legend

Carme was a Cretan demi-goddess, daughter of Euboulos, the demi-god of ploughing and planting of grain seed. She would become the mother of the huntress Britomartis with Zeus.Theoi

Carme Moon Group

Carme is the largest of the group of Jovian moons referred to as the Carme group. They have all been grouped together because it is believed they all shared the same common source. In addition to the supposed common source, all the members of the group are non-spherical and retrograde, that is they all orbit the planet Jupiter in the opposite direction that Jupiter rotates. As they are all retrograde in the group, they all end with the letter "e" as dictated by the International Astronomical Union, the international body that defines the names. Although some names have not yet been agreed upon. Kiddle

List of Members in Carme Group

Carme Facts

Orbital Circumference144,663,765.05 km
Furthest from parent (Apoasis)29,332,233 km
Mass131,882,822,112,553,000 kg
Density2.6 g/cm3
Volume50,965 km3
Orbital DirectionRetrograde, opposite to the parents direction
Date of Discovery30 July 1938
Orbital Period734.17
Semi-Major Axis23,404,000 km
Equatorial Circumference144.5 km
Mean Radius23.0 (assuming an albedo of 0.04) km
Surface Area6,647.61 km2
Surface Gravity0.017 m/s2
Average Orbit Velocity8,210.2 km/h
Orbital Inclination164.907
Orbital Eccentricity0.2533

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