Universe Guide

Kale, Moon of Jupiter

Kale is a Moon that orbits round the planet Jupiter. It is also know by other designations, JXXXVII, S/2001 J8. Its mass is estimated/calculated at being 14,986,684,330,972 kg. Its density has been calculated at being 2.6. Its volume is 4.

Kale was discovered on 9 December 2001 by Scott S. Sheppard, David C. Jewitt and Jan T. Kleyna.

The orbital period, i.e. the period it takes to complete an orbit round Jupiter is 729.5 days. The figure is also known as the sidereel period. The figure comes from N.A.S.A..

The Equatorial Radius of the object is 1km. The Equatorial Radius is based on the assumption of the Albedo value. The value is the radius in km of the said object at the Equator.

The albedo of the object is 0.04. The Albedo is the amount of radiation that is reflected back into space by the object.

The Escape Velocity of the object is 5 km/h. The Escape Velocity is the speed an object needs to be travelling in order to break free from the objects gravity. The larger an object is, the more velocity (speed) is needed to break free from the object.The Semi-Major Axis of the orbit is 23220, which is the furthest point from the centre to the edge of an elliptical point.

The equatorial circumference of Kale is 6.3 km. The surface area of Kale is 12.57. The surface gravity of the said item is 0.001. The Mean orbit velocity, that is the speed at which it orbits is 8227.40 km/h. The is the average distance in km of the object is from its parent 23302000.00.

The orbital inclination, the angle at which Kale orbits in relation to the orbital plane is 165 degrees. The orbital eccentricity is 0.2521, it is the degree at which Kale orbits close to a circular (0) orbit as opposed to an elliptical (1) orbit.

Kale is a retrograde satellite moon of Jupiter. Retrograde refers to the fact that the moon is orbiting in the opposite direction to the way Jupiter is rotating. Retrograde moons can be identified easily by the fact that it ends with an e as opposed to those which end with an "a" where the moons follow the same direction. There does not seem to be a photo available of the moon.

The moon is small, it is only about 2 kilometers across, not a place that would be big enough for people to colonize, maybe a small outpost but nothing spectacular. Kale is also the name of a cabbage but the two are unrelated.

Kale Mythological Legend

Kale is name after a daughter of Zeus, also referred to as a Grace. Kale was beautiful, therefore living up to her name which meant beautiful. Kale would cross paths with Aphrodite, another Grecian God who didn't like the fact that Kale was seen by some to be more beautiful than she (Aphrodite) was. Aphrodite would turn those who disagreed with her into less fortunate souls. NASA

Carme Moon Group

Carme is the largest of the group of Jovian moons referred to as the Carme group. They have all been grouped together because it is believed they all shared the same common source. In addition to the supposed common source, all the members of the group are non-spherical and retrograde, that is they all orbit the planet Jupiter in the opposite direction that Jupiter rotates. As they are all retrograde in the group, they all end with the letter "e" as dictated by the International Astronomical Union, the international body that defines the names. Although some names have not yet been agreed upon. Kiddle

List of Members in Carme Group

Kale Facts

DesignationsJXXXVII, S/2001 J8
Mass (kg)14,986,684,330,972
Density (g/cm^3)2.6
Volume (km^3)4
Orbital DirectionRetrograde, opposite to the parents direction
Date of Discovery9 December 2001
DiscovererScott S. Sheppard, David C. Jewitt and Jan T. Kleyna
Orbital Period (days)729.5
Equatorial Radius (km)1
Escape Velocity (km/h)5
Semi-Major Axis (10^3 km)23220
Equatorial Circumference (km)6.3
Surface Area (km^2)12.57
Surface Gravity (m/s^2)0.001
Mean Orbit Velocity (km/h)8227.40
Average Orbit Distance (km)23302000.00
Orbital Inclination (degrees)165
Orbital Eccentricity0.2521

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