Saturn is most famous for its rings and was for a long time considered to be the edge of the solar system, that was until Sir William Herschel discovered Uranus. Orbiting round the planet is Titan which if it wasn't for its atmosphere wouldn't stand out. Titan is the only satellite moon in the solar system known to have an atmosphere. The rings were first noticed by Galileo Galilei after he had made the first telescope. It was not until 1655 when Christiaan Huygens was the first person to describe them as a disk surrounding Saturn.
It is the second largest planet in the solar system after Jupiter. It could be classed as a failed star given its size and composition. The smallest star so far discovered is EBLM J0555-57Ab which is in the constellation of Pictor. As the reference link shows, the star is roughly about the same size as Saturn. Saturn definitely has the size to become a star but it doesn't have the mass and that's what is important. Its not size but mass that determines whether a star can start nuclear fusion. Astronomy.com.
The first artificial visitor to Jupiter was the Pioneer 11 space probe back in 1979 on its journey out of the solar system. Since then, the Voyager probes have flown by and most recently the E.S.A. (European Space Agency) sent the Cassini-Huygens craft to look closer at Jupiter and its biggest moon Titan. The Cassini-Huygens probe is two parts, one to probe the planet from above, the other is to land on Titan. Both have successfully completed their original parts, arrive and land. The Cassini voyage round the planet continues. Huygens is named after Christiaan Huygens, the Dutch astronomer who discovered Titan. The Cassini part of the probe is named after Giovanni Domenico Cassini who discovered a number of Saturns moons and the separation of the rings.
The Cassini mission was bought to an end when the probe was directed to enter Saturn and break/burn up on entry. The satellite was destroyed so that it wouldn't crash into any of the other moons and cause possible contamination of the environments. They'll be future missions to the planet but not just yet because of other projects in the pipeline.
The inspiration for naming Saturn came from the Roman God of the same name. Saturn was known as the God of Agriculture, Liberation and Time. Saturn was also the father of Jupiter of which is the planet that is closest to Saturn and is closer in than Saturn.
The Greek equivalent of Saturn was the Greek God Cronus. Saturn's wife was known as Ops and likewise, the wife of Cronus was Rhea. Saturday, the seventh day of the week is named after the Saturn. ref:Crystal Links
The Saturnian moon Titan is the only moon in the Solar System that has an atmosphere. The atmosphere is not one that humans would be able to breathe on, its gasses are mainly nitrogen. Earth main gas in the atmosphere is Nitrogen but it is oxygen that keeps us alive which Titan does not have. Titan is also the largest moon orbiting the planet Saturn but it is not the largest moon in the solar system. The largest moon in the solar system is Ganymede, a moon orbiting Jupiter. Also Earth's Moon, the Moon is the largest moon in comparison with the planet it orbits.
Rhea is the second largest moon that orbits Saturn. It is notable for the fact that has a ring system like the planet it orbits. Its a faint one but it has one. It reported as being tenuous and further investigation is warranted. The ring system was discovered by the Cassini-Huygens Spacecraft according to a report by N.A.S.A..
|Aegaeon||Aug. 15, 2008||1,052,433.54 km|
|Aegir||12 December 2004||128,272,946.86 km|
|Albiorix||9 November 2000||96,726,713.37 km|
|Bebhionn||12 December 2004||100,947,762.72 km|
|Bergelmir||12 December 2004||120,893,879.74 km|
|Bestla||12 December 2004||119,926,793.86 km|
|Calypso||1 March 1980||2,371,369.91 km|
|Daphnis||1 May 2005||857,654.79 km|
|Farabauti||12 December 2004||126,146,054.43 km|
|Fenrir||12 December 2004||140,459,769.23 km|
|Fornjot||12 December 2004|
|Greip||6 March 2006||112,926,492.35 km|
|Hati||12 December 2004||119,813,373.85 km|
|Helene||1 March 1980||2,371,369.91 km|
|Hyrrokkin||12 December 2004||112,647,481.66 km|
|Ijiraq||23 September 2000||67,516,066.88 km|
|Jarnsaxa||6 March 2006||120,173,869.21 km|
|Kari||6 March 2006||130,186,531.63 km|
|Kiviuq||7 August 2000||70,588,248.86 km|
|Logi||6 March 2006||143,634,260.25 km|
|Methone||1 June 2004||1,221,702.55 km|
|Mimas||17 September 1789||1,165,663.95 km|
|Narvi||8 April 2003||116,260,381.58 km|
|Paaliaq||7 August 2000||87,080,192.85 km|
|Pallene||June 1, 2004||1,333,789.24 km|
|Phoebe||August 1898||80,808,357.62 km|
|Polydeuces||21 October 2004||2,369,799.06 km|
|S/2004 S13||12 December 2004||113,678,850.21 km|
|S/2004 S17||12 December 2004||121,200,183.62 km|
|S/2004 S7||12 December 2004||122,178,525.37 km|
|S/2005 S12||12 December 2004||121,512,877.18 km|
|S/2006 S1||6 March 2006||117,693,231.27 km|
|S/2006 S3||6 March 2006||133,000,661.82 km|
|S/2007 S2||2007||104,240,170.07 km|
|S/2007 S3||2007||118,243,025.18 km|
|Siarnaq||23 September 2000||108,394,044.13 km|
|Skathi||23 September 2000||95,953,368.15 km|
|Skoll||6 March 2006||104,560,866.80 km|
|Surtur||6 March 2006||136,538,557.68 km|
|Tarqeq||16 January 2007||112,134,455.81 km|
|Tarvos||23 September 2000||106,178,340.27 km|
|Telesto||1 March 1980||2,371,369.91 km|