Universe Guide


Aliens, Earth and Space Facts

Alien/UFO "Facts"

AlienAliens, what are they? Where are they? Are they here? Finding alien life will solve the greatest question we have asked, are we alone?
Aliens and Ancient CivilisationsHave aliens already been here on Earth and left their technology with ancient people such as the Aztecs, Incas and the Egyptians? Some people think so, here`s the UG view.
Area 51Area 51 is the common name for the United States secret experimental facility officially known as Groom Lake. It is suspected that the U.S. Air Force holds alien technology.
Drake EquationThe Drake Equation was devised by Frank Drake, a scientist to attempt to work out how many possible aliens there might be out there in the Universe.
Encountering AlienWhat would it be like to encounter an alien and what are the different types of encounters?
Finding AliensHow do we go about finding aliens in the galaxy and further afield.
U.F.O. - Unidentified Flying ObjectU.F.O. referred to by experts mean something that cannot be explained, it could be a plane but the experts have not identified it. Non-experts refer to UFO to being unworldly.
What are our expections of Aliens?What do we expect aliens too look like and will they be friendly.

Earth Facts

CloudClouds on Earth are groups of water droplets held high in the Earths atmosphere. On other planets such as Venus, clouds can consist of other materials such as nitrogen and hydrogen.
DinosaurDinosaurs and Prehistoric Monsters are different types of land/sea/air creatures that lived hundreds of millions of years ago before humans. It is believed that a meteor once killed them off.
Global Warming / Climate Change / Greenhouse EffectClimate Change refers to minor changes to the temperature of the planet, even though the temperature will change, the result effects will have a massive affect on the environment.
Mass ExtinctionThroughout history, there have been five mass extinctions, not just limited to the Dinosaurs. Extinctions have ranged from meteorite strike to changes to the weather, an ice age.
Micro-OrganismMicro-organisms are the smallest forms of life (bacteria) or non-life (virus because they can`t reproduce on their own) that can cause disease that can survive in extremely inhospitable places.
OverpopulationOverpopulation refers to there being too many people in such a small space. Even though the Earth is large, the resources that sustain us are dwindling and we need to look for new resources.
Renewable EnergyRenewable Energy is the generation of electricity through clean materials that leave little or no waste and do not harm the environment. Renewable energy can be generated from Wind, Solar, Water
RiverTowns have always been located near a river as its a means to gets goods to a town in a relatively quicker. The longest river in the world is Amazon in South America.
The Beginning of the UniverseThe current theory on the creation of the universe was that it was created from something that was so Infinitesimal small that expanded over the years to what it is today.
The End of Life on EarthAll life on Earth will end one day, it might be when the Sun explodes at the end of its life but it could end sooner as the result of one or another possible scenario such as meteorite strike.
The FutureWhat does the futue hold in store, it can be hypothesised but no one knows for certain. The future could be positive (Star Wars) or negative (Mad Max), the futue will tell.

Space Facts

AsteroidAsteroids are remants of the destruction of a planet or a planet that never managed to full form between Mars and Jupiter many millions of years ago.
Black HoleA black hole is a collapsed star that has so much gravity nothing can escape from its pull including light. Once pulled into the centre, it is believed you will crushed to atoms.
CometComets are known as dirty snowballs because they consist of a lot of ice and stuff. They are believed to been thousands of such comets in the Oort Cloud over a light year from the Sun.
ConstellationA constellation is a group of stars that make a recognisable shape, e.g. Ursa Major. The original list of 48 constellations was created by Greek Astronomer Ptolemy in 140A.D.
Cosmic CollisionsCosmic Collisions can range in size from the smallest particles to the largest, galaxies and even universe. They can affect the lives of humans such as the creation of the Moon.
Crop CirclesCrop circles since their earliest appearance have facinated many and been ignored and put down as fakes from sceptics. Some say they are signs from other worldly visits want to make contact.
Dark Energy and MatterDark Energy and Matter is stuff that makes up a large part of the universe but we cannot see. The race is on to find the first signs of these mysterious objects.
Dwarf StarA Dwarf Star is the most common type of star in the universe. Stars are grouped in two types, Dwarf such as our own Sun and Giant Stars that can be many times bigger than the Earth such as Antares.
EclipseEclipses have occurred throughout the history of the Earth and the Moon. An eclipse occurs when the Earth blocks the Moon (Lunar) or the Moon blocks the Earth (Solar) from the Sun.
End of the UniverseThe Universe will End one day but not for trillions and trillions of years, how it will end is open to a number of competing theories which we will look at on this page.
European Space AgencyThe European Space Agency is a collaboration of countries that have polled their resources together to advance their knowledge of space.
Extrasolar Planet (Exoplanet)Exoplanets are planets that orbit other stars in the universe. We have discovered thousands but they are all out of reach for our rockets to visit any. Exoplanets increase the likelihood of aliens.
Faster than LightThe Universe will End one day but not for trillions and trillions of years, how it will end is open to a number of competing theories which we will look at on this page.
GalaxyA galaxy is a large grouping of stars that orbit round what is believed to a supermassive black hole. The galaxy that we are in is called the Milky Way and is a small galaxy compared to Andromedas.
Gamma-Ray BurstsGamma-Ray Bursts are bursts of energy in the form of Gamma-Rays that are short and must be directed at a star or planet in order to affect them, they aren`t fired off in all directions.
Giant StarGaint stars are stars that are many times the size of our Star, most of which are at the end of their lives such as Antares which will one day go out in a supernova.
GravityGravity is the weakest of the four forces, the others are Weak Nuclear, Strong Nuclear and Electromagnetic. Gravity is what keeps us on the ground rather than floating in the air.
Hot and Super JupitersHot-Jupiters are planets that orbit close to their star whereas Super-Jupiters are exoplanets that are many times more massive that Jupiter.
International Space StationThe International Space Station is the result of the collaborative work of nations to put a station into orbit around the Earth. The main users of the ISS are the Russians and the United States.
Kuiper BeltThe Kuiper Belt is a belt of asteroids at the edge of the universe. Kuiper Belt objects are also know as Trans-Neptunian Objects as they are outside the orbit of the Neptune.
Life on other Planets and Moons in the Solar SystemThe Universe will End one day but not for trillions and trillions of years, how it will end is open to a number of competing theories which we will look at on this page.
Living in SpaceWouldn`t it be great to live in space, either on spacestation or on the moon or another planet such as Mars or further a field. We`d probably have to terraform the planet if we could.
MeteorAn object in space that is heading towards Earth is called a Meteroid, when it enters the atmosphere, it is a Meteor and when it crashes to Earth, it is a meteorite.
Meteorite Incidents (Tunguska and Chelyabinsk)The most famous major meteroite strikes in the recent past have both been in Russia, Tunguska in the East and the more populated Chelyabinsk in the west and is the more recent of the two.
Moon, Natural SatelliteMoons are naturally orbiting objects round a planet as opposed to an artificial satellite that scientists build and place round planets. The Moon is a Moon that orbits the Earth.
Multiple Star SystemSome stars aren`t solo like our Sun, they have companion stars orbiting them such as Algieba. The major star could have one, two or even upto as many eight or more. Tatooine could be real.
Multiverse and Parallel Universes / WorldsHave you ever wondered what life had been like if you had caught that number 16 bus the other day, another you did. There are a unlimited numbers of you doing the other decisions you might have made.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (N.A.S.A.)National Aeronautics and Space Administration is the main space agency of the United States, responsible for putting satellites and astronauts into space and space exploration and research.
NebulaNebula`s are giant areas of dust and cloud that can be put into one of five groups which are star forming, reflection, planetary, supernova remnant and dark.
Oort CloudThe Oort Cloud is a theoretical mass of comets about 1 light year from Earth. Also known as the Oort-Opik Cloud is named after Astronomers Jan Hendrik Oort and Ernst Opik. The evidence is based
Ophiuchus, the thirteenth Zodiac signOphiuchus, the Serpent Wrestler is seen as the thirteenth sign of the Zodiac but is shunned by Astrologers who are only interested in the original twelve signs of the Zodiac.
PlanetA planet is a large spherical object that orbits round a star. They can be either a rock planet as Earth or a gas giant such as Jupiter. A planet can have any number of orbitting moons round it.
PulsarA pulsar is a small star made of neutrons that rotate rapidly shooting off a beam of radiation. The neutron star at the centre of the pulsar can be tiny but expend such a large amount of energy.
QuasarA Quasar is the extremely active centre of some galaxies that tend to be located at the very edge of the observable universe and ten to be very old compared to local galaxies.
Rogue StarRogue stars can be stars that do not follow the standard path of normal stars round the galaxy or ones that have escaped the galaxy altogether.
SatelliteA Satellite is an object in space that is either natural such as a moon or artificial, put there by humans. The term satellite tend to refer to artificial satellites that we humans put into space.
Solar FlareSolar flares are when the Sun ejects a large amount of plasma. They can occur at any time and have the power to cause disruptions to the Earth satellites and the power lines.
Space ExplorationA list of major milestones up to 2004
Spaceflight PioneersA small list of people who made an active contribution to spaceflight such as Yuri Gagarin.
StarThe simpliest way to describe a star is that it is a great ball of fire but it is a little more complicated that than. A star is a giant ball of hydrogen turning into helium through nuclear fusion.
Star ClusterSome stars are grouped together with in galaxies such as the Pleiades in Taurus. Clusters can be Globular or Open and contain hundreds of stars together in a cluser.
Star Names and DesignationsStars names and designations follow standard practices and ever wondered why stars are named HIP, HD or Gliese?
Stars of Horror (Vampire, Zombie, Rogue, Gamma-Ray Bursts)These stars are ones to be avoided, some copy traits seen in supernatural creatures such as Zombies and Vampires whilst the others are horrible in their own right.
Sub, Super and Hospitable EarthsSub, Super and Hospitable Earths are exoplanets that could very well support life like here on Earth but they could also be larger or smaller than Earth.
SupernovaWhen a star has used up all its fuel, it can go supernova, the star could explode and result in in a supernova remnant.
The Milky WayThe Milky Way is the name given to the galaxy that contains the Earth. It is currently on a collision course with the bigger galaxy Andromeda at 75 miles a second.
The MoonThe Moon is a natural body that orbits our Sun and without it our planet would be unstable and have no tides. It is vital for our survival.
The Solar SystemThe Milky Way is the name given to the galaxy that contains the Earth. It is currently on a collision course with the bigger galaxy Andromeda at 75 miles a second.
The Space RaceThe Space Race is the era after the second world war that saw the United State of America and the U.S.S.R. compete for supremacy of space.
The SunThe Sun is the star that is at the centre of Solar System, it is a massive ball of hydrogen undergoing chemical reaction being turned into hydrogen.
Time TravelWhilst we all time travel into the future, it could be great is we could jump into the past or jump more than a second into the future.
UniverseThe Universe is everything, all the stars, the planets and everything. It might be one of many in the multiverse.
Universe Questions - Human ExplorationShort, straight to the point questions and answers to matters of the space exploration.
Vampire StarA Vampire Star is a star that is leeching hydrogen and energy from a close and nearby star. The Vampire star acts in the same way as a supernatural vampire, leeching blood from its victim.
Variable StarUnlike our static sun, some stars undo changes in their size and shape, i.e. bulging at the centre. There are different types of variable star and they can vary greatly in size between phases.
Wolf-Rayet StarsWolf-Rayet stars are stars that are no longer fusing hydrogen but are now fusing helium or more heavier elements such as nitrogen or carbon. The nearest star is Regor in Vela constellation.
Women in SpaceWomen have been as interested in space as much as their male counterparts but haven`t had the same opportunity to go into space as their male colleagues.
WormholeWormholes are a theorized portal connecting two parts of the galaxy or universe. With the great distances between Earth and other stars, a wormhole could provide a shortcut to other solar systems.
Zombie StarA Zombie star is created when a star goes supernova but instead of obliteration, it re-invents itself as a zombie star and can come back to life by leaching nearby stars and planets.

Space Probes

Cassini-Huygens SpacecraftThe Cassini-Huygens is a joint NASA and ESA spacecraft that was launched to the planet of Saturn and its moon, named after astromoners who discovered the rings and moons.
Kepler Space TelescopeKepler Space Telescope is a satellite that was put in orbit to study a region of space in Cygnus for exoplanets and it was succesful in finding thousands.
New Horizons mission to PlutoNew Horizons is the name for the NASA mission to Pluto, our once nineth planet in the solar system. It is the first visit to the once outer most planet in the solar system and may explore further.
Pioneer 10 and 11The Pioneer space probes were launched into NASA in the early seventies to travel out to the furthest parts of our solar system and beyond. They are no longer monitored by NASA.
Rosetta Space ProbeRosetta Space Probe is an European Space Agency mission to land a probe on a comet to find out whether humanity was seeded on this planet by the contents of a comet.
Voyager Space ProbesVoyager is the name of two deep space space probes that were sent into space in the 70`s. They have travelled further than any other probes and are still returning information back to NASA,.

U.F.O. Sightings

Rendlesham Forest IncidentRendlesham Forest Incident is an UFO incident that occurred near the U.S air force base RAF Woodbridge near Rendlesham, Suffolk, United Kingdom.
Roswell IncidentRoswell, New Mexico is the most famous incident of an alledge UFO crash. Roswell is located near the Walker Air Force Base, at the time one of the major air bases in the United States.


1MercuryMessenger of the GodsRocky
2VenusGoddess of LoveRocky
4MarsGod of WarRocky
5JupiterKing of GodsGas
6SaturnGod of TimeGas
7UranusFather of SaturnGas
8NeptuneGod of the SeaGas
9PlutoGod of DeathDwarf

Famous People

Full NameNationalityGenderDate of BirthDate of DeathOccupation
Edmund Halley, SirBritishMale29/10/165614/1/1742Astronomer
Johann Gottfried GalleGermanMale8/6/181210/7/1910Astronomer
William Herschel, SirGerman/BritishMale15/11/173825/8/1822Astronomer
Clyde TombaughAmericanMale4/2/190617/1/1997Astronomer
Isaac Newton, SirBritishMale25/12/164220/3/1727Scientist/Astronomer
H.G. WellsBritishMale21/9/186613/8/1946Author
Neil ArmstrongAmericanMale5/8/193020/8/2012Astronaut
Yuri Alekseyevich GagarinRussianMale9/4/193427/3/1968Cosmonaut
Iain M. BanksBritishMale16/2/1954Author
Isaac AsimovRussianMale2/1/19206/4/1992Author
Jules VerneFrenchMales8/2/192824/3/1905Author
Peter F. HamiltonBritishMale2/3/1960Author
Philip K. DicksAmericanMale16/12/19202/3/1960Author
C.S. LewisBritishMale29/11/189822/11/1963Author
Harry TurtledoveAmericanMale14/6/1949Author
Terry PratchettBritishMale28/4/1948Author
Albert EinsteinAmericanMale14/3/187918/4/1955Scientist
Thomas Keith GlennanAmericanMale8/9/190511/4/1995N.A.S.A. Administrator
George Walton LucasAmericanMale14/5/1944Film Producer
Eugene Wesley RoddenberryAmericanMale19/8/192124/10/1991Film and Television Producer
Sally RideAmericanFemale26/5/196123/7/2012Astronaut
Galileo GalileiItalianMale15/2/15648/1/1642Astronomer
Charles MessierFrenchMale26/6/173012/4/1817Astronomer
Helen SharmanBritishFemale30/4/1963Astronaut
Valentina TereshkovaBritishFemale6/3/1937Cosmonaut
Nicolaus CopernicusPolishMale19/2/147324/5/1543Astronomer
John Flamsteed, SirBritishMale19/8/164631/12/1719Astronomer
Thomas HendersonBritishMale28/12/179823/11/1844Astronomer
James WebbAmericanMale7/10/190627/3/1992N.A.S.A. Administrator
Johann KeplerGermanMale27/12/157115/11/1630Astronomer
Patrick MooreBritishMale4/3/19239/12/2012Astronomer and Presenter
Brian MayBritishMale19/7/1947Astronomer and Muscian.
Arthur C. ClarkeBritishMale16/12/194719/3/2008Author
Frank HerbertAmericanMale8/10/192011/2/1986Author
JRR TolkeinBritishMale3/1/1892 2/9/1973Author


CraftNationalityFirst Flew
ApolloAmericanOctober 11th 1968
GeminiAmericanAugust 21, 1965
MercuryAmericanMay 5th, 1961
SoyuzRussianNovember 21st, 1988
SpaceshuttleAmericanApril 12th, 1981
VoskhodRussianMarch 18th, 1965
VostokRussianApril 12th, 1961