Universe Guide


101 G. Hya - HD78668 - HIP44936

101 G. Hya is a white to yellow giant star that can be located in the constellation of Hydra. HIP44936 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD78668. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 101. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major.

Location of 101 G. Hya

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 101 G. Hya, the location is 09h 09m 11.50 and -12d21`27.7 .

Proper Motion of 101 G. Hya

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 000.52 ± 000.22 towards the north and 020.11 ± 000.37 east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of 101 G. Hya

101 G. Hya has a spectral type of G6III. This means the star is a white to yellow coloured giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.93 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,989 Kelvin.

101 G. Hya has been calculated as 12.44 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 8,656,866.58.km.

101 G. Hya Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

101 G. Hya has an apparent magnitude of 5.76 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.01 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.05. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 101 G. Hya

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 7.09 which gave the calculated distance to 101 G. Hya as 460.03 light years away from Earth or 141.04 parsecs. In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 7.20 which put 101 G. Hya at a distance of 453.00 light years or 138.89 parsecs.

It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 460.03 years using the 1997 distance to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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101 G. Hya Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional Name101 G. Hya
Hipparcos Library I.D.44936
Bonner DurchmusterungBD-11 2565
Gould I.D.101
Henry Draper Designation78668

Visual Facts

Star Typegiant star
Absolute Magnitude0.01 / 0.05
Apparent Magnitude5.76
Right Ascension (R.A.)09h 09m 11.50
Declination (Dec.)-12d21`27.7
1997 Distance from Earth7.09 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 460.03 Light Years
 141.04 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth7.20 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 453.00 Light Years
 138.89 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.0.52 ± 0.22 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.20.11 ± 0.37 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.93
Spectral TypeG6III
Colour(G) White to Yellow

Estimated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)12.44
Calculated Effective Temperature4,989 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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