Universe Guide


104 G. Eri - HD22243 - HIP16677

104 G. Eri is a blue main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of Eridanus. HIP16677 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD22243. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 104. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major.

Location of 104 G. Eri

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 104 G. Eri, the location is 03h 34m 37.46 and -09d52`05.8 .

Proper Motion of 104 G. Eri

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 005.40 ± 000.26 towards the north and 021.72 ± 000.42 east if we saw them in the horizon.

104 G. Eri Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 17.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of 104 G. Eri

104 G. Eri has a spectral type of A2V. This means the star is a blue coloured main sequence dwarf star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.01 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 9,392 Kelvin.

104 G. Eri has been calculated as 3.16 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,197,198.56.km.

104 G. Eri Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

104 G. Eri has an apparent magnitude of 6.25 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.24 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.56. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 104 G. Eri

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 6.29 which gave the calculated distance to 104 G. Eri as 518.54 light years away from Earth or 158.98 parsecs. In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 7.28 which put 104 G. Eri at a distance of 448.03 light years or 137.36 parsecs.

It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 518.54 years using the 1997 distance to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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104 G. Eri Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional Name104 G. Eri
Hipparcos Library I.D.16677
Bonner DurchmusterungBD-10 704
Gould I.D.104
Henry Draper Designation22243

Visual Facts

Star Typemain sequence dwarf star
Absolute Magnitude0.24 / 0.56
Apparent Magnitude6.25
Right Ascension (R.A.)03h 34m 37.46
Declination (Dec.)-09d52`05.8
1997 Distance from Earth6.29 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 518.54 Light Years
 158.98 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth7.28 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 448.03 Light Years
 137.36 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.5.40 ± 0.26 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.21.72 ± 0.42 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.01
Spectral TypeA2V
Colour(A) blue

Estimated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)3.16
Luminosity (x the Sun)17.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature9,392 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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